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Business Logistics Chapter 11-12 flashcards |
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  • Building-blocks concept

    Combining smaller packages into larger units that can be more efficiently handled at one time

    Closed-loop systems

    Refers to systems that consider the return flow of products, their reuse, and the marketing and distribution of recovered products

    Cube out

    Occurs when a cargo takes up a vehicle's or a container's cubic capacity before reaching its weight capacity

    Ergonomics

    The science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the abilities of the worker

    Globally Harmonized System of Classification and labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

    An effort by the United Nations to classify and label hazardous materials that provides three key pieces of information (1) a symbol, (2) a signal work, and (3) a hazard statement

    Materials Handling

    The short-distance movement of material between two or more points

    Packaging

    Materials used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery, and presentation of goods.

    Pallet

    A small platform on which goods are placed for handling by mechanical means

    Part-to-picker system

    The pick location is brought to the picker (A carousel)

    Picker-to-part system

    An order picker goes to where the product is located (A forklift)

    Shrink-wrap

    Plastic wrapping that when heated shrinks in size to form a cover over the product

    Slip sheet

    A flat sheet of either fiberboard material or plastic that is placed under the unit load

    Unit load (unitization)

    Consolidation of several units into larger units to improve efficiency in handling and to reduce shipping costs

    Weighing out

    Cargo reaches a vehicle's or a container's weight capacity without filling its cubic capacity

    Accessorial service

    Transportation service that is supplemental to line-haul transportation

    Barge

    Flat board boat used to transport heavy products

    Broker

    A company that helps both shipper and carrier achieve lower freight rates and more efficient utilization of carrier equipment. Brokers also help match carriers to loads

    Common Carrier

    Transportation carrier that has agreed to serve the general public and assumes four legal obligations: service, delivery, reasonable rates, and avoidance of discrimination

    Consignee

    The receiver of a shipment

    Contract Carrier

    A contract carrier provides specialized service to each customer based on a contractual arrangement

    Department of Transportation (DOT)

    U.S. federal government body with primary responsibility for transportation safety regulation

    Dimensional weight

    Considers a shipment's density (the amount of space occupied relative to weight) to determine a shipment's billable weight

    Exempt carrier

    A for-hire carrier that has been exempted from economic regulation through provisions in carious pieces of legislation

    Freight Forwarder

    Consolidates freight shipments and buys transportation services in volume trades

    Intermodal transportation

    Using a container that can be transferred from the vehicle of one mode to a vehicle of another, and with the movement covered under a single bill of lading

    Land bridge services

    Refers to a combination of water transportation and surface transportation between an origin and destination port

    Less-than-truckload (LTL) carrier

    Shipments that range from about 150 to 10,000 pounds; they are often too big to handle manually, yet they do not fill an entire truck

    Line-haul

    Terminal-to-terminal movement of freight or passengers

    Lock

    Raises or lowers barges so that they can meet the river's level as they move upstream or downstream

    Parcel Carriers

    Companies that specialize in transporting parcels

    Piggyback transportation

    Truck trailers on flatcars

    Private carrier

    Companies whose primary business is other than transportation provide their own transportation service by operating truck, railcars, ships, or airplanes

    Rail gauge

    The distance between the inner sides of two parallel rail tracks

    Shippers' associations

    Nonprofit membership cooperatives that perform basically the same function as freight forwarders

    Slurry systems

    Transport products that are ground into a powder, mixed with water, and then shipped in slurry form through a pipeline

    Surface Transportation Board

    A U.S. government agency with primary responsibility for regulating railroad pricing and service

    TEU

    Twenty-foot equivalent unit; a measure of the number of 20-foot containers that are used or handled

    Terminal

    A carrier or public facility where freight (or passengers) is sifted between vehicles or modes

    Ton Miles

    The number of tons times the number of miles

    Transportation

    Actual physical movement of goods and people between two points

    Truckload (TL) carrier

    A motor carrier that focuses on shipments of greater than 10,000 pounds

    Unit load devices (ULD)

    An alternative name for airfreight containers

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