### Analytic hierarchy process

A modeling structure for representing multi criteria problems with sets of criteria and alternatives commonly found in business

### certainty

A condition under which is assumed that future values are known for sure and only one result is associated with an action

### decision analysis

Methods for determining the solution to a problem, typically when it is inappropriate to use iterative algorithms

### Decision table

Information and knowledge conveniently organized in a systematic, tabular manner, often prepared for further analysis

### Decision tree

A graphical presentation of a sequence of interrelated decisions to be made under assumed risk. This technique classifies specific entities into particular classes based upon the features of the entities

### Environmental scanning and analysis

A process that involves conducting a search for and an analysis of information in external databases and flows of information

### Goal seeking

Analyzing a model to determine the level an independent variable should take in order to achieve a specific level or value of goal variable

### Influence diagram

A diagram that shows the various types of variables in a problem and how they are related to each other (eg, decision, Independent, results)

### Intermediate result variable

A variable that contains the value of an intermediate outcomes in mathematical models.

### Linear programming

A mathematical model for the optimal solution of resource allocation problems. All the relationships among the variables in this type of model are linear.

### Mathematical programming

An optimization technique for the allocation of resources, subject to constraints.

### Multiple goals

Refers to a decision situation in which alternatives are evaluated with several, sometimes conflicting, goals

### Uncontrollable variable

A factor that affect the results of a decision but is not under the control of the decision maker.

### Result variable

A variable that expresses the results of a decision, usually one of the goals of a decision making problem

### Risk analysis

A decision making method that analyzes the risk, based on assumed known probabilities, associated with different alternative

### Sensitivity analysis

A study of the effect of a change in one or more input variables on a proposed solution