architectural designs (2.1_HID_AR_FACS) flashcards |

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Cape Cod

Story-and-a-half house
Gabled ends
Symmetrical faรงade
Shingles or wide clapboard exterior
Steep roof
Little or no eave overhang
Central chimney
Multipaned windows
Functional shutters
Simple design
Little or no decorative exterior trim
Dormers

Contemporary

Irregular, asymmetrical faรงade
Strong, geometric shapes
Large windows, often tall and seemingly randomly placed in the faรงade
Clerestory windows
One or two stories
Distinctive roofline โ€” sometimes flat, other times gabled โ€” usually with wide eave overhang
Natural, often local, building materials
Sustainable, eco-friendly materials, such as bamboo flooring and granite countertops
Extensive use of natural light
Open floor plan in L, T, H or U shape to embrace outdoor space
Flexible layout to adapt to changes in family needs
Green heating, air-conditioning and plumbing systems to conserve energy
Solar energy systems

Craftsman

low-pitched, front or side gabled roofs (sometimes clipped or hipped)
dormer windows and multiple roof planes
generously overhanging eves
exposed rafters and beams
extended rafter ends, sometimes decoratively shaped (e.g., oriental flares)
decorative braces and stickwork under the gables
decorative attic vents in front facing gables
wood or stone siding such as horizontal wood slats, wood shingles, cut stone cladding
generous full or partial width front porches
porch support columns often extending to ground level (no break at the porch floor)
tapered porch columns supported by low pedestals made of stone, brick, wood or stucco
sloping foundation walls and porch supports
stone covered foundation walls and porch supports
stone exterior chimneys
additional trellised porches
wide exterior window and door casing
windows with multi-paned top sashes and single-paned bottom sashes
stained glass in exterior windows and doors

Prairie Style

Low-pitched roof
Overhanging eaves
Horizontal lines
Open floor plan
Clerestory windows
Introduced by Frank Lloyd Wright

Ranch

Single story
Low pitched gable roof
Deep-set eaves
Horizontal, rambling layout: Long, narrow, and low to the ground
Rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped design
Large windows: double-hung, sliding, and picture
Sliding glass doors leading out to patio
Attached garage
Simple floor plans
Emphasis on openness (few interior walls) and efficient use of space
Built from natural materials: Oak floors, wood or brick exterior
Lack decorative detailing, aside from decorative shutters

Southern Colonial

Large columns lining the front of the house
House elevated because of the threat of hurricanes and flooding
Vertical lines of windows
Colored window shutters
Intricate decoration above the front door
Symmetry
Originated from the times of southern plantations in the 18th and 19th centuries
Historically 2 Stories - In the last two decades dormers have allowed for 3rd floor

Spanish

Asymmetrical
Low-pitched flat, gable, or hip roof, typically with no overhang
Tile roof
Half round arches, doors, and windows
Stucco over adobe brick, or adobe brick exterior walls
Plaster interior walls
Ornate tile, wrought iron, and wood work

Victorian

Steeply pitched roof of irregular shape, usually with dominant front-facing gable
Textured shingles (and/or other devices) to avoid smooth-walled appearance
Partial or full-width asymmetrical porch, usually one story high and extended along one or both side walls
Asymmetrical facade

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