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31 True/False questions

  1. Menhir
    Stone put in the landscape, vertically by humans.
    Ex: Carnac France

          

  2. Passage grave, British IslesOld Stone Age

          

  3. Cap Stone
    A single large block of sarsen stone standing within the Avenue outside the entrance of the Stonehenge earthwork.

          

  4. Stone Alignment
    A horizontal member, supported on its two ends by columns.

          

  5. Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England
    c. 2900 - 1400 BCE

    Is a Cromlech. Made in 4 stages, and has a round ditch around it. The ditch was a perfect circle. 100 feet in diameter. Has a post and lintel system. Between the two cromlechs of post and lintels there was a circle of blue stones.

          

  6. Heel Stone
    A stone fixed on top of something, like a wall or tomb.

          

  7. Two earliest known urban communities
    knob and socket system used to join pieces of wood or stone together.

          

  8. Aubrey Hole
    Painting painted into the plaster as it was wet.

          

  9. Alignment, Carnac, France, c. 4250 - 3750 BCE
    Neolithic City. Unfortified, dense with dwellings without streets. Entries into buildings were on the roof tops and there was high openings in the walls for ventilation. Dwellings were made of mud-brick walls and a post-&-lintel timber framework.

          

  10. PaleolithicNew Stone Age

          

  11. Fresco
    Bundles of dry grass.

          

  12. Mortise-&-Tenon Joint
    A horizontal member, supported on its two ends by columns.

          

  13. MesolithicNew Stone Age

          

  14. Catal Huyuk, Turkey
    c. 6500 - 5700 BCE

    Neolithic City. Unfortified, dense with dwellings without streets. Entries into buildings were on the roof tops and there was high openings in the walls for ventilation. Dwellings were made of mud-brick walls and a post-&-lintel timber framework.

          

  15. Midden
    Layers of domestic debris that forms into hills that can be used to be built into as shelter.

          

  16. Bucrania
    Bulls head made from plaster, horns, and skulls.

          

  17. Thatch
    Twisted dried grass that is then braided and was used to tie things together.

          

  18. Skara Brae, Orkney Islands, Scotland, c. 3100 - 2500 BCE
    Several rows of stone alignments. 2 miles long and made up of menhirs.

          

  19. Sympathetic Magic
    Paleolithic Era. Idea that you could go into a sacred space and recreate the image of the animal and recreate its spirit. Prehistoric people would also throw rocks and arrowheads at the animal paintings to recreate the hunt.

          

  20. Hall of the Bulls, Caves at Lascaux, France,
    c. 15000 - 13000 BCE

    Is a Cromlech. Made in 4 stages, and has a round ditch around it. The ditch was a perfect circle. 100 feet in diameter. Has a post and lintel system. Between the two cromlechs of post and lintels there was a circle of blue stones.

          

  21. Newgrange passage grave, County Meath, Ireland - 3100 BCE
    Neolithic Era. Burial grave for people of prestige. Had a passage way to the burial chamber and created a series of dolmens in the passage way. At the end of the passage way there is a domed vault.

          

  22. Twine
    Twisted dried grass that is then braided and was used to tie things together.

          

  23. Cromlech
    Circular pattern of stones.

          

  24. LonghouseMultifamily buildings during the Neolithic Era, usually made out of timber wood. As early as 6000-5000 BCE. 20-30 people could live in them. Hearth was outside, and there is only one door. House divided in 3 sections - work, sleep/eat, and grain.

          

  25. Megaliths
    Large stone, often used in Neolithic Monuments.

          

  26. Post and lintel
    Several rows of stones.

          

  27. Dolmen (trilithon)
    2 upright posts capped by a single lintel.

          

  28. Purlins
    Twisted dried grass that is then braided and was used to tie things together.

          

  29. Palisade
    Layers of domestic debris that forms into hills that can be used to be built into as shelter.

          

  30. Paleolithic Hut
    Were built with landscape materials. They were bind by tree branches with braided grass on top. They would also have stones surrounding the outside of the hut and the hut would have a circular or oval shape.

          

  31. NeolithicMiddle Stone Age