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  1. Skara Brae, Orkney Islands, Scotland, c. 3100 - 2500 BCE
  2. Midden
  3. Bucrania
  4. Heel Stone
  5. Menhir
  6. Thatch
  7. Purlins
  8. Palisade
  9. Hall of the Bulls, Caves at Lascaux, France,
    c. 15000 - 13000 BCE
  10. Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England
    c. 2900 - 1400 BCE
  11. Neolithic
  12. Mortise-&-Tenon Joint
  13. Mesolithic
  14. Paleolithic
  15. Post and lintel
  16. Catal Huyuk, Turkey
    c. 6500 - 5700 BCE
  17. Paleolithic Hut
  18. Newgrange passage grave, County Meath, Ireland - 3100 BCE
  19. Longhouse
  20. Passage grave, British Isles
  21. Sympathetic Magic
  22. Fresco
  23. Twine
  24. Cromlech
  25. Cap Stone
  26. Megaliths
  27. Dolmen (trilithon)
  28. Two earliest known urban communities
  29. Alignment, Carnac, France, c. 4250 - 3750 BCE
  30. Stone Alignment
  31. Aubrey Hole
  1. a
    Circular pattern of stones.
  2. b New Stone Age
  3. c
    Painting painted into the plaster as it was wet.
  4. d
    Paleolithic cave paintings. Paintings inside of the cave was made from minerals that were cut out of rock and then crushed into a powder and then was mixed with animal fat.
  5. e
    This site used to contain a series of Paleolithic camp sites before the village. Shelters were made of midden and thatch.
  6. f
    Horizontal beams (tree branches) that were used with twine to form roofs.
  7. g
    A horizontal member, supported on its two ends by columns.
  8. h
    Several rows of stone alignments. 2 miles long and made up of menhirs.
  9. i
    Is a Cromlech. Made in 4 stages, and has a round ditch around it. The ditch was a perfect circle. 100 feet in diameter. Has a post and lintel system. Between the two cromlechs of post and lintels there was a circle of blue stones.
  10. j
    Several rows of stones.
  11. k Old Stone Age
  12. l Multifamily buildings during the Neolithic Era, usually made out of timber wood. As early as 6000-5000 BCE. 20-30 people could live in them. Hearth was outside, and there is only one door. House divided in 3 sections - work, sleep/eat, and grain.
  13. m
    Layers of domestic debris that forms into hills that can be used to be built into as shelter.
  14. n
    An earthen mound and passage grave. Had decorative boulders that surrounded the perimeter. Aligned with the solstices.
  15. o
    2 upright posts capped by a single lintel.
  16. p
    Twisted dried grass that is then braided and was used to tie things together.
  17. q
    Neolithic Era. Burial grave for people of prestige. Had a passage way to the burial chamber and created a series of dolmens in the passage way. At the end of the passage way there is a domed vault.
  18. r
    Bundles of dry grass.
  19. s
    Stone put in the landscape, vertically by humans.
    Ex: Carnac France
  20. t
    A stone fixed on top of something, like a wall or tomb.
  21. u Middle Stone Age
  22. v
    Row of timber columns that are sharpened on the top and then used to fence in a Neolithic village to protect the residents.
  23. w
    Large stone, often used in Neolithic Monuments.
  24. x
    Were built with landscape materials. They were bind by tree branches with braided grass on top. They would also have stones surrounding the outside of the hut and the hut would have a circular or oval shape.
  25. y
    A single large block of sarsen stone standing within the Avenue outside the entrance of the Stonehenge earthwork.
  26. z
    Neolithic City. Unfortified, dense with dwellings without streets. Entries into buildings were on the roof tops and there was high openings in the walls for ventilation. Dwellings were made of mud-brick walls and a post-&-lintel timber framework.
  27. aa
    knob and socket system used to join pieces of wood or stone together.
  28. ab Jericho and Catal Huyuk
  29. ac
    Paleolithic Era. Idea that you could go into a sacred space and recreate the image of the animal and recreate its spirit. Prehistoric people would also throw rocks and arrowheads at the animal paintings to recreate the hunt.
  30. ad
    A ring of fifty-six Chalk pits at Stonehenge, named after John Aubrey.
  31. ae
    Bulls head made from plaster, horns, and skulls.