NAME

Question types


Start with


Question limit

of 52 available terms

Print test

52 True/False questions

  1. Aztecs
    There empire started in the present day, Valley of Mexico. Capital located at Tenochtitlan.

          

  2. The Palace at Palenque, 7th century CE
    Mayan city, set in dense jungles, hills, and valleys. Lord Pacal was the ruler who built the city. The city also had earthen platforms with stepped pyramids, sometimes with wide stairs, and temples with elongated paths.

          

  3. Corbel Vaults
    A ceremonial ritual invented by the Olmecs and adapted by later civilizations in Mexico.

          

  4. Temple of the Inscriptions, c. 683 CE
    Located at Teotihuacan. Temple not meant to walk up, had a temple up top as a ceremonial area. Has tableros of feathered serpents and storm gods. Feathered Serpent represented the dry season. Storm god represents the rainy season.

          

  5. Chichen-Itza Yucatan Mexico
    Mayan city. Main building are Caracol ( astronomical observatory, circular plan tower), the Castillo, (or Temple of Kulkulkan is a pyramid with stairs leading up each of its four sides), and the Temple of Warriors (has carved ranks and files of columns flank two sides of the pyramid. The carving includes eagles, jaguars, plumed serpents and Toltec warriors).

          

  6. Frieze
    Ancient empire that controlled modern day Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Capital was at Cuzco. Had no written language and were skilled at masonry.

          

  7. Olmecs
    There empire started in the present day, Valley of Mexico. Capital located at Tenochtitlan.

          

  8. Talud-Tablero of the Zapotecs and Mixtecs
    Temple at Palenque composed of 9 levels, each level represented a level in heaven and one steep stair case on the front face. Made of permanent materials. Had a roof cone. Pacal's tomb was underneath the Temple of the Inscriptions. Only Mayan temple used as a burial place.

          

  9. TupikTeepee structure covered with animal skins.

          

  10. Inca
    Structure made by bending enough saplings into arch-shaped cross-sections to form a vault or dome like volume, then covering it with mats or bark.

          

  11. Teotihuacan Mexico, 200 BCE - 900 CE
    Largely densely populated city. 6th largest city in the world at that time. Founders unknown, later inhabited by the Aztecs. It was a planned city. The smaller pyramids had one central staircase that led up to the temple. Temples used talud and tablero techniques. The stepped Pyramid of the Moon marked the north, alongside the causeway was a series of earthen terraces that faces the stepped Pyramid of the Sun.

          

  12. Ball Courts
    A ceremonial ritual invented by the Olmecs and adapted by later civilizations in Mexico.

          

  13. Pueblos
    Housing complexes, often with several stories, made with adobe or stone.

          

  14. Stelae of Copan
    Vertical, carved monoliths, similar to totem poles. Mayans called these tree stones and were carved with images of kings.

          

  15. Caral
    Volcanic stone that Aztecs used as building material.

          

  16. Fresco - Bounty Giving Goddess, Tetitla Palace, Teotihuacan, Mexico 600-750 CE
    Earth/Nature goddess. Principal god of the city, responsible for agricultural renewal. Mesoamericans believed that human sacrifice was needed for the goddess to renew the crops.

          

  17. Roof comb
    Tribe name means mother culture. First civilization in Central America. They invented a calendar, numbering system, hieroglyphic writing and made astronomical observations. Invented the ball court and established a hierarchical society with nobility. Created the first Mesoamerican artistic style that united an ethnic group.

          

  18. Cyclopean stone masonry
    Upright slabs with inscriptions. The Mayans called them tree-stones. Were sometimes vertical, and had carved monoliths or would be hung on roof combs.

          

  19. Tablero
    The sloping faces on the levels of a temple.

          

  20. Pyramid of the Sun, 100 BCE
    Great stepped pyramid of Teotihuacan. Has a ceremonial staircase on one side. Core of the pyramid was compacted earth and rubble. Each four corners face the cardinal directions and has a child buried underneath. To replenish the earth they sacrificed people here.

          

  21. Pit houses
    Timber frames set above 3-4ft deep pits and covered with pine needles, reed or grass mats, and earth. Used in northern and northwestern California.

          

  22. Plank houses
    Timber frames set above 3-4ft deep pits and covered with pine needles, reed or grass mats, and earth. Used in northern and northwestern California.

          

  23. Typical Mayan City
    Never used a grid. Most were in a hilly, wet landscape. Built platforms, then causeways connecting them. Then they built buildings on top of them. City center is composed of pyramids, staircases, palaces, plazas, and ball courts. City = building masses + void spaces. Buildings were to make a back drop for the activities in the plazas.

          

  24. Causeway
    The oldest known, large scale, urban ceremonial complex in the Americas. Located at modern day Lima Peru. Oldest South American earthen pyramid.

          

  25. Nazca Glyphs
    designs made in the ground by removing the upper desert strata of rusted metallic particles, revealing the lighter colored sediment underneath. Some depicted humans, llamas, monkeys and even a spider. They were used as ritual pathways defining multiple geometric forms.

          

  26. The Maya
    A conical skeleton of poles covered with bison hides. Its vertical axis was tilted and it had an oval base to combat against harsh winter winds. Its covering could also be opened up for hot weather ventilation. It was beneficial for tribes that moved frequently because it was temporary, mobile, reusable, and quickly constructed.

          

  27. Temple of the Feathered Serpent - 3rd century CE
    Temple at Palenque composed of 9 levels, each level represented a level in heaven and one steep stair case on the front face. Made of permanent materials. Had a roof cone. Pacal's tomb was underneath the Temple of the Inscriptions. Only Mayan temple used as a burial place.

          

  28. Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon
    The capital of the Aztecs. Was established on a series of small islands. It had 4 long causeways that divided the city into quadrants. In the center was the ceremonial center and built pyramids, ball courts and temples. The Temple Mayor included 2 subsidiary temples, one dedicated to the rain, water, and agriculture god Tlaloc and the other for Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun, war, conquest, tribute, and dominion.

          

  29. Machu Picchu, Peru, c. 1450 CE
    Great stepped pyramid of Teotihuacan. Has a ceremonial staircase on one side. Core of the pyramid was compacted earth and rubble. Each four corners face the cardinal directions and has a child buried underneath. To replenish the earth they sacrificed people here.

          

  30. Basalt
    The oldest known, large scale, urban ceremonial complex in the Americas. Located at modern day Lima Peru. Oldest South American earthen pyramid.

          

  31. The ciudadelas of the Chimor Kingdom at Chan Chan 1000 CE
    Temple at Palenque composed of 9 levels, each level represented a level in heaven and one steep stair case on the front face. Made of permanent materials. Had a roof cone. Pacal's tomb was underneath the Temple of the Inscriptions. Only Mayan temple used as a burial place.

          

  32. Wigwam
    Structure made by bending enough saplings into arch-shaped cross-sections to form a vault or dome like volume, then covering it with mats or bark.

          

  33. Temple 1, Tikal, El Petén, Guatemala 650 BCE
    Temple at Palenque composed of 9 levels, each level represented a level in heaven and one steep stair case on the front face. Made of permanent materials. Had a roof cone. Pacal's tomb was underneath the Temple of the Inscriptions. Only Mayan temple used as a burial place.

          

  34. CiutadelaLarge palace compounds, rectangular in plan and divided into 3 sequential precincts. A citadel. Fort with a palace inside that was elevated.

          

  35. Sechin AltoLargest architectural complex in the Americas. The ceremonial center uses the U-shaped plan that sets a precedent for future civilizations.

          

  36. U-shaped planLarge palace compounds, rectangular in plan and divided into 3 sequential precincts. A citadel. Fort with a palace inside that was elevated.

          

  37. Stele/stelae
    Upright slabs with inscriptions. The Mayans called them tree-stones. Were sometimes vertical, and had carved monoliths or would be hung on roof combs.

          

  38. Iglu (Igloo)
    Housing complexes, often with several stories, made with adobe or stone.

          

  39. Akapana Temple
    Largest structure at Tiwanaku (Bolivia Highlands), a stepped pyramid faced with sandstone with a earthen core. Has a sunken court on top.

          

  40. Monte Alban (600 BCE - 1000 CE)
    Largely densely populated city. 6th largest city in the world at that time. Founders unknown, later inhabited by the Aztecs. It was a planned city. The smaller pyramids had one central staircase that led up to the temple. Temples used talud and tablero techniques. The stepped Pyramid of the Moon marked the north, alongside the causeway was a series of earthen terraces that faces the stepped Pyramid of the Sun.

          

  41. Palace of Ateltelco Teotihuacan, ca. 200 BCE-900 CE.
    Largely densely populated city. 6th largest city in the world at that time. Founders unknown, later inhabited by the Aztecs. It was a planned city. The smaller pyramids had one central staircase that led up to the temple. Temples used talud and tablero techniques. The stepped Pyramid of the Moon marked the north, alongside the causeway was a series of earthen terraces that faces the stepped Pyramid of the Sun.

          

  42. Tenochtitlan (Mexico City)
    Never used a grid. Most were in a hilly, wet landscape. Built platforms, then causeways connecting them. Then they built buildings on top of them. City center is composed of pyramids, staircases, palaces, plazas, and ball courts. City = building masses + void spaces. Buildings were to make a back drop for the activities in the plazas.

          

  43. Palenque, 7th century CE
    Mayan city, set in dense jungles, hills, and valleys. Lord Pacal was the ruler who built the city. The city also had earthen platforms with stepped pyramids, sometimes with wide stairs, and temples with elongated paths.

          

  44. Great Pyramid and Ball Court, La Venta, Mexico, c. 1100-400 BCE
    Largely densely populated city. 6th largest city in the world at that time. Founders unknown, later inhabited by the Aztecs. It was a planned city. The smaller pyramids had one central staircase that led up to the temple. Temples used talud and tablero techniques. The stepped Pyramid of the Moon marked the north, alongside the causeway was a series of earthen terraces that faces the stepped Pyramid of the Sun.

          

  45. WikiupMade from bent saplings that formed an arch-shape, forming a domical skeleton that was covered with smaller saplings and thatch.

          

  46. Cerro BlancoLocated at the Moche River Valley in South America, capital of the Moche culture. There were two great, adobe structures by 100 CE, the Huaca del Sol (Pyramid of the Sun), and the smaller Huaca de la Luna (Pyramid of the Moon).

          

  47. Talud
    Was a vertical face with a message of a temple level. Also a frieze.

          

  48. Teepee
    A conical skeleton of poles covered with bison hides. Its vertical axis was tilted and it had an oval base to combat against harsh winter winds. Its covering could also be opened up for hot weather ventilation. It was beneficial for tribes that moved frequently because it was temporary, mobile, reusable, and quickly constructed.

          

  49. Shed Houses
    Timber frames set above 3-4ft deep pits and covered with pine needles, reed or grass mats, and earth. Used in northern and northwestern California.

          

  50. Kivas
    Sunken, circular pit houses that were sacred and social spaces.

          

  51. Temple-pyramid and plaza layout
    Layout developed from the Olmecs and was repeated in future civilizations. The plan sits on an axis defined by an orthogonal arrangement of earthen platforms surrounding a ceremonial plaza lined with basalt columns. Temple and pyramid sits opposite of each other on the opposite ends of the axis.

          

  52. totem poles
    Timber frames set above 3-4ft deep pits and covered with pine needles, reed or grass mats, and earth. Used in northern and northwestern California.