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31 True/False questions

  1. Forum
    Platform of the Etruscan temple.

          

  2. Atrium
    Roman market. Roman equivalent of the Agora.

          

  3. Eave
    Porous and soft volcanic rock. Used in Etruscan settlements.

          

  4. Pilaster
    Part of roof that cantilevers out.

          

  5. Impluvium
    Platform of the Etruscan temple.

          

  6. Apollo, c. 500 BCEWas founded on 7 hills of the Tiber River. The town is formed off of the topography. Cattle market was the first forum of the city.

          

  7. Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerverteri, 3rd century BCE
    Interior was covered in plaster so they would carve into it. Everything the family might have were carved into the tomb walls, such as tools, robes, and cooking materials.

          

  8. City of RomeWas founded on 7 hills of the Tiber River. The town is formed off of the topography. Cattle market was the first forum of the city.

          

  9. True Arch
    A perfectly round arch that uses voussoirs.

          

  10. Voussoir
    Describes masonry that has canted sides, rounded bottom and rounded top. Used for a true arch.

          

  11. Triclinium
    A dining room.

          

  12. Tripartite
    Porch

          

  13. "Arch of Augustus", Perugia, 3rd century BCE
    Restored by the emperor Augustus in 40 CE.

          

  14. Rotunda
    Walls following a circle plan.

          

  15. Podium
    The central space of a Roman house, open to the sky and serving as a source of light and fresh air.

          

  16. Typical Pompeiian House Plan, 6th century BCE
    Has 3 doors on the street side. Vestibule would lead to the atrium. Impluvium - basin that would catch water falling from the roof in the atrium. Tablinum - reception room. Triclinium - dining room. Roman houses were constructed with stone, brick, and timber.

          

  17. Pax RomanaThe peace that existed between nationalities within the Roman Empire. Largest extinct of the Roman Empire. Rome piece under Emperor Augustus.

          

  18. Aulus Metelus 1st century BCE
    Statue of a Etruscan. Orator was a pose Romans used before they were to make a public speech. Senator, represented the Etruscan people.

          

  19. Atrium House
    Has an opening in the roof, the atrium, and a impluvium down below to collect falling rain water.

          

  20. Tuscan Order
    It has a base stone, shaft and capital. However the shafts were of wood on top of a stone base. Has no fluting. The capitol was also made of wood. The capital is spreading its width.

          

  21. Sarcophagus
    A stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription.

          

  22. Necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, 6th-7th century BCE
    A temple with Tuscan columns. Roof was wood framed with terracotta clay tiles. Has an eave and portico. Has no pediment. Has a gabled roof. The temple has one set of steps on the central axis. Has a main façade. Minimum number of columns. It is very practical. The cella is divided into three rooms (tripartite), each room dedicated to a different god. Temples were located in urban areas. Made of unbaked brick. Has terracotta statues aligned on the roof. The clay statues were painted.

          

  23. Capitoline Wolf, Rome, Italy 580-420 BCE
    Painted Terracotta Statue of Apollo. From a Etruscan temple.

          

  24. Portico
    Platform of the Etruscan temple.

          

  25. Decamanus
    East-west route.

          

  26. Tufa
    Porous and soft volcanic rock. Used in Etruscan settlements.

          

  27. Tumulus
    Porous and soft volcanic rock. Used in Etruscan settlements.

          

  28. Etruscan Temple, 6th century BCE
    Statue of a Etruscan. Orator was a pose Romans used before they were to make a public speech. Senator, represented the Etruscan people.

          

  29. Etruscans
    Circular structure.

          

  30. Cardo
    Main north-south Street.The cardo was the main north-south-oriented street in Roman cities, military camps, and coloniae. The cardo, an integral component of city planning, was lined with shops and vendors, and served as a hub of economic life. The main cardo was called cardo maximus

          

  31. Sarcophagus of the Reclining Couple, 520 BCE
    A temple with Tuscan columns. Roof was wood framed with terracotta clay tiles. Has an eave and portico. Has no pediment. Has a gabled roof. The temple has one set of steps on the central axis. Has a main façade. Minimum number of columns. It is very practical. The cella is divided into three rooms (tripartite), each room dedicated to a different god. Temples were located in urban areas. Made of unbaked brick. Has terracotta statues aligned on the roof. The clay statues were painted.