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  1. Coalbrokedale Bridge, 1778-9
    cast-iron bridge
    Architect: Abraham Darby
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  2. Altes Museum, 1825-28
    Berlin
    Karl Friedrich Schinkel
    Greek Revival

          

  3. St. Pancras Station, Midland Grand Hotel, 1868-1877
    London
    Sir George Gilbert Scott

          

  4. Marshall Field Warehouse, 1885-87
    Richardsonian Romanesque, America

          

  5. Hotel van Eetvelde, 1897
    Brussels
    Architect: Victor Hora
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"

          

  6. Casa Milá, 1905-07
    Barcelona
    Architect: A. Gaudí
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"

          

  7. Andrew Jackson Downing collaborated with Alexander Jackson Davis
    -Cottage Residences, 1842
    The Italianate or Gothic Cottage

          

  8. Harvard Yard, c.1750
    America: the Colonial Background, 17th, 18th Centuries
    Development of the open "campus"

          

  9. Gustave Eiffel, Tower, 1889
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  10. War Ministry, 1826-30
    Munich
    Leo von Klenze
    Rundbogenstil - Styles which seek escape from classical syntax (mainly popular in the German lands, sometimes said to be Romanesque revival, actually more indebted to Florentine Renaissance revival)

          

  11. British Museum, 1821
    London
    Robert Smirke
    Greek Revival

          

  12. Pitti Palace, 15th Century
    Florence
    Rundbogenstil - Styles which seek escape from classical syntax (mainly popular in the German lands, sometimes said to be Romanesque revival, actually more indebted to Florentine Renaissance revival)

          

  13. Scarborough, Grand Hotel, 1862-67
    Britain
    Cuthbert Broderick
    Features Mansard Roof, Dormer Windows, Consoles/Brackets
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"

          

  14. House of Parliament, 1838-61
    London
    Sir Charles Barry, decoration probably A.W.N. Pugin
    Gothic Revival, Second "Archaeological" Phase
    Gothic as "National" or Romantic Style

          

  15. "Victoria Mansion", 1859-63
    Portland, MA
    Architect: Henry Austin built for Ruggles Morse
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"

          

  16. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Exhibition-London, Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, 1850
    -Paris, Eiffel Tower, Galérie des Machines, 1889

          

  17. Chiswick House for Lord Burlington, 1725
    William Kent

          

  18. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Rails-Coalbrokedale Bridge, cast/wrought iron, 1779
    -Menai Straits Bridge, Thomas Telford, engineer, 1819-25
    -New York, Brooklyn Bridge, John and Washington Roebling, 1868

          

  19. The Gesù, Vignola 1568-76
    Rome
    Revised façade by G. della Porta

          

  20. Tribune Building, 1873-75
    New York, NY
    Architect: Richard Morris Hunt
    Not Steel Framed
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago

          

  21. L'Architecture, The Book
    Viollet-le-Duc
    "Victorian" Britain and America
    Structural Rationalism and "Victorian Gothic"

          

  22. Twickenham, "Strawberry Hill," c.1750
    Architect: Sir Horace Walpole
    (Creator of the "Gothick" Novel: Castle of Otranto, 1749)

          

  23. War and Navy Building, 1871-75
    Washington State
    Alfred B. Mullett
    Second Empire or U.S. Grant Style

          

  24. Parthenon, and Lysikrates Monument from Antiquities of Athens Book, 1763
    Authors: Stuart and Revett

          

  25. Essay Sur L'Architecture, 1753
    Abbé Marc-Antoine Laugier

          

  26. All Saints, Margaret St, 1859
    London
    Wm. Butterfield
    "Victorian" Britain and America
    Structural Rationalism and "Victorian Gothic"
    ...

          

  27. Cronkhill, c.1802
    John Nash
    The Italianate or Gothic Cottage
    -The rise of the American suburban house on a lawn
    -Asymmetry as a mark of intimate, personal function

          

  28. King's Cross Station, 1851-52
    Engineer: Lewis Cubitt
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  29. NA Griswold House, 1862-3
    Newport, RI
    Architect: RM Hunt
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America

          

  30. Awkwright's Cotton Mills by Night, 1782-83
    Joseph Wright of Derby (Painting)
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  31. Sezincote, 1805
    Samuel Pepys Cockerell
    Exotic Style

          

  32. Boston Public Library, 1887-95
    Architect: McKim, Meade and White
    The Classical Reaction, "American Renaissance"

          

  33. Glasgow School of Art, 1897-1909
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh
    Art Nouveau, "Orthogonal/graphic"

          

  34. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Bridges-Cornwall, engine house for a mine
    -Huddersfield viaduct, c. 1810 (great construction of British canals, 1750 - c.1815, till arrival of rail)
    -Loft factories, masonry bearing wall, cast iron interior frame
    -London, St. Katherine's Docks, Thomas Telford, 1826-1828
    -Manchester, NH, mills, 1830's

          

  35. Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America, 1860's-80's

          

  36. Bexley Heath, Red House, 1859
    William Morris and Architect Philip Webb
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Progressive Styles: The Arts and Crafts Movement, "Queen Anne" Style

          

  37. New wing of the Louvre, Visconti, and Lefuel
    for Napoleon III, 1852-57
    U.S. Grant Style (French Renaissance Revival)

          

  38. Barrière de la Villette, 1780's-90's
    Claude-Nicholas Ledoux
    Visionary Neoclassicism, France

          

  39. Harvard College, Memorial Hall, 1868
    Ware and Van Brunt
    "Victorial" Britain and America
    Structural Rationalism and "Victorian Gothic"

          

  40. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Industry-London, Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, 1850
    -Paris, Eiffel Tower, Galérie des Machines, 1889

          

  41. Paris Opéra, 1861-74
    Charles Garnier
    École Des Beaux-Arts and related styles

          

  42. The Seven Lamps of Architecture, 1859
    John Ruskin, Art Critic
    Technical innovations have responded to the "necessities of the day" so rapidly that they overwhelm all other considerations.
    "The relationship of technique to idea is organic: practical law are always "exponents of moral ones."

          

  43. The Royal Crescent, 1767-1774
    Bath, England
    John Wood

          

  44. Greek RevivalFirst half of the century, monumental representational architecture is dominated by more archaeological versions of revivals. In the second half, period revival styles are in the mode of free progressive eclecticism, less historical accurate or single-source, with the intense rivalry between the classical planning of the École des Beaux-Arts, and the structural progressive rationalism of the Gothic revival and the progressive eclectic styles (EX. Butterfield Gothic, Richardsonian Romanesque, English Freestyle, etc.)

          

  45. Parson Capon House, c.1683
    Topsfield, Mass.
    Early English Colonial
    Northern Shingle-Clapboard "Saltbox"

          

  46. Reliance Building, 1889-94 and 1894-99
    Chicago
    Architect: Burnham and Root
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago

          

  47. Cologne Cathedral, 1842-1880
    Gothic Revival as German Nationalism
    Gothic Revival, Second "Archaeological" Phase
    Gothic as "National" or Romantic Style

          

  48. Pennsylvania Station, 1902-11
    New York
    McKim, Meade and White
    American Beaux-Arts (American Renaissance)

          

  49. Cenotaph to Newton,
    Etienne-Louis Boullée
    Emphasis on freedom of movement, avoidance of "congestion," interjection of picturesque visual values, and the risk of "placelessness."

          

  50. St. James-the-Less, 1846-48
    Philadelphia
    Drawings sent from Camden Society, Cambridge
    Ecclesiological Movement, England & America, 1830's...
    Revise church design by return to medieval ritual ("High Church Anglicanism"), form in the service of right ritual, use of natural, not artificial, materials, ...simple forms

          

  51. Merchants' Exchange, 1832-34
    Philadelphia
    William Strickland
    Greek Revival

          

  52. Manchester, New Hampshire Mills, late 18th - mid 19th century
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  53. Vaux-le-Vicomte, 1657-61
    Louis le Vau
    c.1800/20 - c.1848 in Europe (British "Regency") to c.1860 in U.S. Archaeological accuracy in adhering to model, additive composition in simple unitary volumes...Dominant style for public representational buildings, mansions,

          

  54. Metro Entrances, 1899-1904
    Paris
    Architect: Hector Guimard
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"

          

  55. Harvard, Law School
    Richardosonian Romanesque, America, 1870's-80's

          

  56. Home Insurance Building, 1883-85
    William Le Baron Jenney
    First, "Curtain Wall"
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago

          

  57. Expansion of the U.S. Capitol, c.1854-1863 (-66)
    Thomas Ustick Walker
    American Beaux-Arts and related styles (Also known as American Renaissance)

          

  58. Brandenburg Gate, 1788-1791
    Berlin
    Architect: Karl Langhans

          

  59. Leyswood, Sussex, 1870
    Richard Norman Shaw, and so called "Queen Anne" Style
    Arts and Crafts Movement

          

  60. Palais Stoclet, 1905-11
    Brussels
    Josef Hoffman
    Art Nouveau, "Orthogonal/graphic"

          

  61. Cumberland Terrace, Regent's Street Terraces, 1805
    London
    John Nash
    Greek Revival

          

  62. Ste. Geneviève, 1757-92
    Paris
    Architect: J. -G. Soufflot
    "Gothic" Structural rationalism in classical architecture

          

  63. Martin House, 1903
    Buffalo, NY
    Frank Lloyd Wright
    Influence of the dynamic, open plan and the 1910 Wasmuth publication of his works on the development of later European Synthetic Cubism and Neo-Plasticism

          

  64. Blenheim Palace, for the Duke of Marlborough, c.1705-1724
    by Sir John Vanbrugh
    and garden, by Lancelot "Capability" Brown, c.1758

          

  65. Chicago Columbian Exposition, 1893
    Architect: Burnham and Root
    Master Planners
    The Classical Reaction, "American Renaissance"

          

  66. Brooklyn Bridge, 1870-1883
    Architect: John and Washington Roebling
    Longest suspension bridge in the world upon completion, 5989 ft.
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  67. "Victorian" Britain and America, "Second Empire" France, c. 1850-1900From approximately mid-century, increasingly ornamental styles, and complex compositions. "...non archaeological, 'progressive' eclecticism. Two dominant movements were Beaux-Arts progressive synthetic eclecticism, and Gothic Revival progressive eclecticism. Both argued for the free synthesis of multiple historical sources. Beaux-Arts agreed in favor of communicable languages, and the continuation of Ren-Baroque "concatenated" symmetrical compositions; Gothic revival lead to justifying analytic rationalism as criterion for design decisions, and asymmetrical compositions as the icon of practicality or individuality.

          

  68. New York City Hall Post Office, 1875
    Alfred B. Mullett
    Second Empire or U.S. Grant Style

          

  69. Historical EclecticismFirst half of the century, monumental representational architecture is dominated by more archaeological versions of revivals. In the second half, period revival styles are in the mode of free progressive eclecticism, less historical accurate or single-source, with the intense rivalry between the classical planning of the École des Beaux-Arts, and the structural progressive rationalism of the Gothic revival and the progressive eclectic styles (EX. Butterfield Gothic, Richardsonian Romanesque, English Freestyle, etc.)

          

  70. Paris, 1852-70
    Rebuilding of street system under Baron Haussman
    Prefect of the Seine
    Urban Planning

          

  71. Palazzo Caprini, c.1502
    Rome
    Architect: Bramante
    High Renaissance, Italy
    Introduction of Basement podium and Piano nobile

          

  72. National Library, 1865-92
    Athens
    Theophilus Hansen
    Greek Revival

          

  73. The Railway Office, 1830
    Liverpool
    First railway station in Britain
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  74. St. Louis and the Wainwright Building, 1890-91
    "Form Follows Function"
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago

          

  75. Oak Park, Unity Temple, 1904-06
    Chicago
    Early Frank Lloyd Wright, Prairie Style

          

  76. Galerie Des Machines
    Universal Exhibition of 1889
    Paris
    Charles Duteret and Victor Contamin
    420x115m.

          

  77. Bibliothèque Ste. Geneviève, (1836-) 1842-50
    Henri Labrouste
    Structural "Rationalism" and the École: use of "modern" materials in representational architecture

          

  78. Reform Club, 1837-41
    London
    Sir Charles Barry
    (Left of building is Traveller's Club, 1829-32)
    Renaissance Revival

          

  79. Chicago and the Steel Framed Skyscraper, mid 1880's-1890's
    Louis Sullivan, Carson, and Pire Scott
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago

          

  80. Crystal Palace at Great Exhibition of 1851
    London
    by Greenhouse designer: Joseph Paxton
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  81. Barton Aqueduct, opened in 1761
    Conveys the Bridgewater Canal over the River Irwell
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  82. St. Pancras Station, 1865-68
    (With Great Northern Hotel)
    Sir George Gilbert Scott
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  83. Piet Mondrian, Composition in Blue, 1917
    Influence of the dynamic, open plan and the 1910 Wasmuth publication of his works on the development of later European Synthetic Cubism and Neo-Plasticism

          

  84. Menai Bridge, 1819-26
    Architect: Thomas Telford
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  85. A.W.N. Pugin's Contrasts, 1836
    Gothic as Moral and Cultural Renewal

          

  86. Robie House, 1906-09
    Chicago
    Early Frank Lloyd Wright, Prairie Style

          

  87. Belper, West Mill, 1793-95
    William Strutt
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture

          

  88. Carson House, 1884-85
    Eureka, CA
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"

          

  89. Urban Planning

          

  90. Custis-Lee Mansion, 1802-04
    Arlington, VA
    Center Portico, 1817
    Greek Revival

          

  91. Central Park, 1857-1880
    New York, NY
    Frederick Law Olmsted with Calvert Vaux
    Urban Planning

          

  92. St. Catherine's Docks, 1826-28
    London
    Architect: Thomas Telford and Phillip Hardwick
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
    ...

          

  93. The Royal Pavillion, c. 1815-23
    Brighton
    Architect: John Nash for the Prince of Regent (George IV)
    Exotic Style

          

  94. Isaac Bell House, 1881-83
    Newport, RI
    Architects: McKim, Meade, and White
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America

          

  95. Albert Dock, 1845
    London
    Engineer: Jesse Hartley
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
    ...

          

  96. Watts-Sherman House, 1874
    Newport, RI
    Architect: H. Richardson with Stanford White
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America