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96 Multiple choice questions

  1. First half of the century, monumental representational architecture is dominated by more archaeological versions of revivals. In the second half, period revival styles are in the mode of free progressive eclecticism, less historical accurate or single-source, with the intense rivalry between the classical planning of the École des Beaux-Arts, and the structural progressive rationalism of the Gothic revival and the progressive eclectic styles (EX. Butterfield Gothic, Richardsonian Romanesque, English Freestyle, etc.)
  2. Emphasis on freedom of movement, avoidance of "congestion," interjection of picturesque visual values, and the risk of "placelessness."
  3. c.1800/20 - c.1848 in Europe (British "Regency") to c.1860 in U.S. Archaeological accuracy in adhering to model, additive composition in simple unitary volumes...Dominant style for public representational buildings, mansions,
  4. -Coalbrokedale Bridge, cast/wrought iron, 1779
    -Menai Straits Bridge, Thomas Telford, engineer, 1819-25
    -New York, Brooklyn Bridge, John and Washington Roebling, 1868
  5. -Cornwall, engine house for a mine
    -Huddersfield viaduct, c. 1810 (great construction of British canals, 1750 - c.1815, till arrival of rail)
    -Loft factories, masonry bearing wall, cast iron interior frame
    -London, St. Katherine's Docks, Thomas Telford, 1826-1828
    -Manchester, NH, mills, 1830's
  6. -London, Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, 1850
    -Paris, Eiffel Tower, Galérie des Machines, 1889
  7. From approximately mid-century, increasingly ornamental styles, and complex compositions. "...non archaeological, 'progressive' eclecticism. Two dominant movements were Beaux-Arts progressive synthetic eclecticism, and Gothic Revival progressive eclecticism. Both argued for the free synthesis of multiple historical sources. Beaux-Arts agreed in favor of communicable languages, and the continuation of Ren-Baroque "concatenated" symmetrical compositions; Gothic revival lead to justifying analytic rationalism as criterion for design decisions, and asymmetrical compositions as the icon of practicality or individuality.
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  10. Rail Stations, Britain: -Liverpool, 1830
    -London, Paddington, 1852
    -London, King's Cross, by engineer Lewis Cubitt, 1851-52
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