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  1. "Victoria Mansion", 1859-63
    Portland, MA
    Architect: Henry Austin built for Ruggles Morse
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"
  2. The Gesù, Vignola 1568-76
    Rome
    Revised façade by G. della Porta
  3. Casa Milá, 1905-07
    Barcelona
    Architect: A. Gaudí
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"
  4. New wing of the Louvre, Visconti, and Lefuel
    for Napoleon III, 1852-57
    U.S. Grant Style (French Renaissance Revival)
  5. King's Cross Station, 1851-52
    Engineer: Lewis Cubitt
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  6. Harvard, Law School
    Richardosonian Romanesque, America, 1870's-80's
  7. Harvard Yard, c.1750
    America: the Colonial Background, 17th, 18th Centuries
    Development of the open "campus"
  8. Central Park, 1857-1880
    New York, NY
    Frederick Law Olmsted with Calvert Vaux
    Urban Planning
  9. Oak Park, Unity Temple, 1904-06
    Chicago
    Early Frank Lloyd Wright, Prairie Style
  10. National Library, 1865-92
    Athens
    Theophilus Hansen
    Greek Revival
  11. St. Pancras Station, Midland Grand Hotel, 1868-1877
    London
    Sir George Gilbert Scott
  12. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Industry
  13. Martin House, 1903
    Buffalo, NY
    Frank Lloyd Wright
    Influence of the dynamic, open plan and the 1910 Wasmuth publication of his works on the development of later European Synthetic Cubism and Neo-Plasticism
  14. Pennsylvania Station, 1902-11
    New York
    McKim, Meade and White
    American Beaux-Arts (American Renaissance)
  15. St. Louis and the Wainwright Building, 1890-91
    "Form Follows Function"
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago
  16. The Royal Crescent, 1767-1774
    Bath, England
    John Wood
  17. War Ministry, 1826-30
    Munich
    Leo von Klenze
    Rundbogenstil - Styles which seek escape from classical syntax (mainly popular in the German lands, sometimes said to be Romanesque revival, actually more indebted to Florentine Renaissance revival)
  18. Barton Aqueduct, opened in 1761
    Conveys the Bridgewater Canal over the River Irwell
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  19. Albert Dock, 1845
    London
    Engineer: Jesse Hartley
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  20. Glasgow School of Art, 1897-1909
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh
    Art Nouveau, "Orthogonal/graphic"
  21. Belper, West Mill, 1793-95
    William Strutt
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  22. Pitti Palace, 15th Century
    Florence
    Rundbogenstil - Styles which seek escape from classical syntax (mainly popular in the German lands, sometimes said to be Romanesque revival, actually more indebted to Florentine Renaissance revival)
  23. Home Insurance Building, 1883-85
    William Le Baron Jenney
    First, "Curtain Wall"
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago
  24. Paris Opéra, 1861-74
    Charles Garnier
    École Des Beaux-Arts and related styles
  25. Greek Revival
  26. Chiswick House for Lord Burlington, 1725
    William Kent
  27. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Exhibition
  28. Cumberland Terrace, Regent's Street Terraces, 1805
    London
    John Nash
    Greek Revival
  29. The Seven Lamps of Architecture, 1859
    John Ruskin, Art Critic
    Technical innovations have responded to the "necessities of the day" so rapidly that they overwhelm all other considerations.
    "The relationship of technique to idea is organic: practical law are always "exponents of moral ones."
  30. Historical Eclecticism
  31. Blenheim Palace, for the Duke of Marlborough, c.1705-1724
    by Sir John Vanbrugh
    and garden, by Lancelot "Capability" Brown, c.1758
  32. St. James-the-Less, 1846-48
    Philadelphia
    Drawings sent from Camden Society, Cambridge
    Ecclesiological Movement, England & America, 1830's...
    Revise church design by return to medieval ritual ("High Church Anglicanism"), form in the service of right ritual, use of natural, not artificial, materials, ...simple forms
  33. Twickenham, "Strawberry Hill," c.1750
    Architect: Sir Horace Walpole
    (Creator of the "Gothick" Novel: Castle of Otranto, 1749)
  34. Urban Planning
  35. Paris, 1852-70
    Rebuilding of street system under Baron Haussman
    Prefect of the Seine
    Urban Planning
  36. Ste. Geneviève, 1757-92
    Paris
    Architect: J. -G. Soufflot
    "Gothic" Structural rationalism in classical architecture
  37. "Victorian" Britain and America, "Second Empire" France, c. 1850-1900
  38. Reliance Building, 1889-94 and 1894-99
    Chicago
    Architect: Burnham and Root
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago
  39. British Museum, 1821
    London
    Robert Smirke
    Greek Revival
  40. Isaac Bell House, 1881-83
    Newport, RI
    Architects: McKim, Meade, and White
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America
  41. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Bridges
  42. Examples of "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture: Rails
  43. Menai Bridge, 1819-26
    Architect: Thomas Telford
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  44. Marshall Field Warehouse, 1885-87
    Richardsonian Romanesque, America
  45. House of Parliament, 1838-61
    London
    Sir Charles Barry, decoration probably A.W.N. Pugin
    Gothic Revival, Second "Archaeological" Phase
    Gothic as "National" or Romantic Style
  46. Barrière de la Villette, 1780's-90's
    Claude-Nicholas Ledoux
    Visionary Neoclassicism, France
  47. Essay Sur L'Architecture, 1753
    Abbé Marc-Antoine Laugier
  48. War and Navy Building, 1871-75
    Washington State
    Alfred B. Mullett
    Second Empire or U.S. Grant Style
  49. Cologne Cathedral, 1842-1880
    Gothic Revival as German Nationalism
    Gothic Revival, Second "Archaeological" Phase
    Gothic as "National" or Romantic Style
  50. Reform Club, 1837-41
    London
    Sir Charles Barry
    (Left of building is Traveller's Club, 1829-32)
    Renaissance Revival
  51. Brandenburg Gate, 1788-1791
    Berlin
    Architect: Karl Langhans
  52. The Railway Office, 1830
    Liverpool
    First railway station in Britain
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  53. NA Griswold House, 1862-3
    Newport, RI
    Architect: RM Hunt
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America
  54. Custis-Lee Mansion, 1802-04
    Arlington, VA
    Center Portico, 1817
    Greek Revival
  55. Crystal Palace at Great Exhibition of 1851
    London
    by Greenhouse designer: Joseph Paxton
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  56. Palais Stoclet, 1905-11
    Brussels
    Josef Hoffman
    Art Nouveau, "Orthogonal/graphic"
  57. Sezincote, 1805
    Samuel Pepys Cockerell
    Exotic Style
  58. Expansion of the U.S. Capitol, c.1854-1863 (-66)
    Thomas Ustick Walker
    American Beaux-Arts and related styles (Also known as American Renaissance)
  59. Chicago Columbian Exposition, 1893
    Architect: Burnham and Root
    Master Planners
    The Classical Reaction, "American Renaissance"
  60. Piet Mondrian, Composition in Blue, 1917
    Influence of the dynamic, open plan and the 1910 Wasmuth publication of his works on the development of later European Synthetic Cubism and Neo-Plasticism
  61. Hotel van Eetvelde, 1897
    Brussels
    Architect: Victor Hora
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"
  62. Harvard College, Memorial Hall, 1868
    Ware and Van Brunt
    "Victorial" Britain and America
    Structural Rationalism and "Victorian Gothic"
  63. Metro Entrances, 1899-1904
    Paris
    Architect: Hector Guimard
    Art Nouveau "biomorphic, whiplash line"
  64. Gustave Eiffel, Tower, 1889
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  65. Cenotaph to Newton,
    Etienne-Louis Boullée
  66. New York City Hall Post Office, 1875
    Alfred B. Mullett
    Second Empire or U.S. Grant Style
  67. Watts-Sherman House, 1874
    Newport, RI
    Architect: H. Richardson with Stanford White
    Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America
  68. Balloon Frame and the "Stick" and "Shingle Style," America, 1860's-80's
  69. Merchants' Exchange, 1832-34
    Philadelphia
    William Strickland
    Greek Revival
  70. Brooklyn Bridge, 1870-1883
    Architect: John and Washington Roebling
    Longest suspension bridge in the world upon completion, 5989 ft.
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  71. Bibliothèque Ste. Geneviève, (1836-) 1842-50
    Henri Labrouste
    Structural "Rationalism" and the École: use of "modern" materials in representational architecture
  72. Cronkhill, c.1802
    John Nash
    The Italianate or Gothic Cottage
    -The rise of the American suburban house on a lawn
    -Asymmetry as a mark of intimate, personal function
  73. Parthenon, and Lysikrates Monument from Antiquities of Athens Book, 1763
    Authors: Stuart and Revett
  74. Galerie Des Machines
    Universal Exhibition of 1889
    Paris
    Charles Duteret and Victor Contamin
    420x115m.
  75. Palazzo Caprini, c.1502
    Rome
    Architect: Bramante
    High Renaissance, Italy
    Introduction of Basement podium and Piano nobile
  76. Parson Capon House, c.1683
    Topsfield, Mass.
    Early English Colonial
    Northern Shingle-Clapboard "Saltbox"
  77. Scarborough, Grand Hotel, 1862-67
    Britain
    Cuthbert Broderick
    Features Mansard Roof, Dormer Windows, Consoles/Brackets
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"
  78. All Saints, Margaret St, 1859
    London
    Wm. Butterfield
    "Victorian" Britain and America
    Structural Rationalism and "Victorian Gothic"
  79. Manchester, New Hampshire Mills, late 18th - mid 19th century
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  80. Chicago and the Steel Framed Skyscraper, mid 1880's-1890's
    Louis Sullivan, Carson, and Pire Scott
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago
  81. Tribune Building, 1873-75
    New York, NY
    Architect: Richard Morris Hunt
    Not Steel Framed
    Steel Framed Curtain Wall Skyscraper, America & Chicago
  82. St. Pancras Station, 1865-68
    (With Great Northern Hotel)
    Sir George Gilbert Scott
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  83. Carson House, 1884-85
    Eureka, CA
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Victorian "Italianate"
  84. Coalbrokedale Bridge, 1778-9
    cast-iron bridge
    Architect: Abraham Darby
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  85. Boston Public Library, 1887-95
    Architect: McKim, Meade and White
    The Classical Reaction, "American Renaissance"
  86. Altes Museum, 1825-28
    Berlin
    Karl Friedrich Schinkel
    Greek Revival
  87. A.W.N. Pugin's Contrasts, 1836
    Gothic as Moral and Cultural Renewal
  88. Bexley Heath, Red House, 1859
    William Morris and Architect Philip Webb
    "Victorian" Britain and America, Progressive Styles: The Arts and Crafts Movement, "Queen Anne" Style
  89. Leyswood, Sussex, 1870
    Richard Norman Shaw, and so called "Queen Anne" Style
    Arts and Crafts Movement
  90. Andrew Jackson Downing collaborated with Alexander Jackson Davis
    -Cottage Residences, 1842
    The Italianate or Gothic Cottage
  91. Awkwright's Cotton Mills by Night, 1782-83
    Joseph Wright of Derby (Painting)
    "History-Free" Engineer's Architecture
  92. Vaux-le-Vicomte, 1657-61
    Louis le Vau
  93. Robie House, 1906-09
    Chicago
    Early Frank Lloyd Wright, Prairie Style
  94. The Royal Pavillion, c. 1815-23
    Brighton
    Architect: John Nash for the Prince of Regent (George IV)
    Exotic Style
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c -London, Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, 1850
    -Paris, Eiffel Tower, Galérie des Machines, 1889
  4. d
  5. e
  6. f ...
  7. g Rail Stations, Britain: -Liverpool, 1830
    -London, Paddington, 1852
    -London, King's Cross, by engineer Lewis Cubitt, 1851-52
  8. h
  9. i
  10. j
  11. k
  12. l
  13. m
  14. n
  15. o
  16. p
  17. q
  18. r
  19. s
  20. t
  21. u
  22. v
  23. w
  24. x -Coalbrokedale Bridge, cast/wrought iron, 1779
    -Menai Straits Bridge, Thomas Telford, engineer, 1819-25
    -New York, Brooklyn Bridge, John and Washington Roebling, 1868
  25. y
  26. z
  27. aa Emphasis on freedom of movement, avoidance of "congestion," interjection of picturesque visual values, and the risk of "placelessness."
  28. ab
  29. ac
  30. ad
  31. ae
  32. af
  33. ag
  34. ah
  35. ai
  36. aj
  37. ak
  38. al
  39. am
  40. an
  41. ao From approximately mid-century, increasingly ornamental styles, and complex compositions. "...non archaeological, 'progressive' eclecticism. Two dominant movements were Beaux-Arts progressive synthetic eclecticism, and Gothic Revival progressive eclecticism. Both argued for the free synthesis of multiple historical sources. Beaux-Arts agreed in favor of communicable languages, and the continuation of Ren-Baroque "concatenated" symmetrical compositions; Gothic revival lead to justifying analytic rationalism as criterion for design decisions, and asymmetrical compositions as the icon of practicality or individuality.
  42. ap
  43. aq
  44. ar
  45. as
  46. at
  47. au
  48. av
  49. aw
  50. ax
  51. ay -Cornwall, engine house for a mine
    -Huddersfield viaduct, c. 1810 (great construction of British canals, 1750 - c.1815, till arrival of rail)
    -Loft factories, masonry bearing wall, cast iron interior frame
    -London, St. Katherine's Docks, Thomas Telford, 1826-1828
    -Manchester, NH, mills, 1830's
  52. az
  53. ba
  54. bb
  55. bc
  56. bd
  57. be
  58. bf
  59. bg
  60. bh
  61. bi
  62. bj
  63. bk
  64. bl
  65. bm
  66. bn
  67. bo
  68. bp
  69. bq
  70. br
  71. bs
  72. bt
  73. bu First half of the century, monumental representational architecture is dominated by more archaeological versions of revivals. In the second half, period revival styles are in the mode of free progressive eclecticism, less historical accurate or single-source, with the intense rivalry between the classical planning of the École des Beaux-Arts, and the structural progressive rationalism of the Gothic revival and the progressive eclectic styles (EX. Butterfield Gothic, Richardsonian Romanesque, English Freestyle, etc.)
  74. bv c.1800/20 - c.1848 in Europe (British "Regency") to c.1860 in U.S. Archaeological accuracy in adhering to model, additive composition in simple unitary volumes...Dominant style for public representational buildings, mansions,
  75. bw
  76. bx
  77. by
  78. bz
  79. ca
  80. cb
  81. cc
  82. cd
  83. ce
  84. cf
  85. cg
  86. ch
  87. ci
  88. cj
  89. ck
  90. cl
  91. cm
  92. cn
  93. co
  94. cp