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28 True/False questions

  1. Longitudinal axisA building designed along an horizontal axis.

          

  2. Transept
    The north and south arms of a basilican church.

          

  3. Arcade
    A series of arches carried on columns or piers. Series of columns.

          

  4. Constantinople
    An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.

          

  5. Drum
    A scroll containing the laws of God for the religion of Judaism. Considered as the old testament in Christianity.

          

  6. Mosaic
    An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.

          

  7. The Good Shepherd Sarcophagus, Rome, Late 4th Century CE
    Stone casket with a engraving. Shows a figure of Christ, enlarged to show his importance.
    It depicts the Eucharist. The message is through the crucifixion of Christ, the faithful are promised Salvation.

          

  8. Catacombs
    Underground cemeteries. Made because Christians disapproved of cremation.

          

  9. Orthodox Baptistery, Ravenna, Italy c. 458 CE
    Centrally planned. Uses the Greek cross plan - cross with equal sides. The blue mosaics symbolized night. Alabaster windows - small windows to let in some light. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd".

          

  10. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE
    Centrally planned. Uses the Greek cross plan - cross with equal sides. The blue mosaics symbolized night. Alabaster windows - small windows to let in some light. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd".

          

  11. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 432 CE
    Typical conegational church. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Columns in marble made of Spolia. No transept, only an apse.

          

  12. NaveRotunda that holds a dome.

          

  13. Greek-cross plan
    Pieces of glass used in mosaics that were not smooth.

          

  14. Baptistery
    A building, normally octagonal, used for Christian baptism.

          

  15. Centrally-planned
    A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetric. May be square, circular, or polygonal. The most important feature of a centrally-planned building is the open space at the center of the building, developed around a vertical axis.

          

  16. Mausoleum
    Buildings erected to contain the tombs of important people.

          

  17. Side aisles
    In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave, generally separated from it by columns or piers.

          

  18. Torah
    An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.

          

  19. Mausoleum of Constantina Rome, 350 CE
    A brick structure. Narthex - waiting area, vestibule, and area to gather before they go inside at the front of the building. Interior contains a ambulatory aisle. Was an annular barrel vault. Has a drum - portion of a building of a rotunda wall that pops up and holds a dome.

          

  20. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd" Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE
    Mosaic that depicts Christ as Roman, young, and beardless. Also depicted as a shepherd.

          

  21. Ambulatory
    The curving passageway behind the choir of a church, often used to connect the radiating chapels.

          

  22. Old Saint Peter's, Rome, c. 318-322 CE
    Begun as a martyrium to mark the tomb of St. Peter. Has a basilican plan with double aisles on each side of the nave and a transverse element or transept projecting beyond the side walls and extending across the nave in front of the apse.

          

  23. Lunette
    An oval or circular opening to admit light in a dome or a semicircular panel containing a window, mural, or sculpture. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular.

          

  24. Martyrium
    Buildings erected as memorials to commemorate saints or sites of special importance to the Christian faith. When of major importance, they were attached to a tomb or shrine.

          

  25. "Harvesting the Grapes", Mausoleum of Constantina, 350 BC
    A brick structure. Narthex - waiting area, vestibule, and area to gather before they go inside at the front of the building. Interior contains a ambulatory aisle. Was an annular barrel vault. Has a drum - portion of a building of a rotunda wall that pops up and holds a dome.

          

  26. Cathedral
    A scroll containing the laws of God for the religion of Judaism. Considered as the old testament in Christianity.

          

  27. The Basilica at Trier, Germany, 4th century CE
    Stone casket with a engraving. Shows a figure of Christ, enlarged to show his importance.
    It depicts the Eucharist. The message is through the crucifixion of Christ, the faithful are promised Salvation.

          

  28. Tesserae
    Pieces of glass used in mosaics that were not smooth.