28 Multiple choice questions
Mosaic that depicts Christ as Roman, young, and beardless. Also depicted as a shepherd.
An oval or circular opening to admit light in a dome or a semicircular panel containing a window, mural, or sculpture. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular.
A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetric. May be square, circular, or polygonal. The most important feature of a centrally-planned building is the open space at the center of the building, developed around a vertical axis.
The north and south arms of a basilican church.
A scroll containing the laws of God for the religion of Judaism. Considered as the old testament in Christianity.
Buildings erected to contain the tombs of important people.
Cross with equal sides.
The curving passageway behind the choir of a church, often used to connect the radiating chapels.
Begun as a martyrium to mark the tomb of St. Peter. Has a basilican plan with double aisles on each side of the nave and a transverse element or transept projecting beyond the side walls and extending across the nave in front of the apse.
A mosaic of an grape festival.
Originally Byzantium, name was changed when Constantine moved his capital here. City sits on the Bosporus. The modern day city is now known as Istanbul.
In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave, generally separated from it by columns or piers.
Centrally planned. Uses the Greek cross plan - cross with equal sides. The blue mosaics symbolized night. Alabaster windows - small windows to let in some light. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd".
Underground cemeteries. Made because Christians disapproved of cremation.
Buildings erected as memorials to commemorate saints or sites of special importance to the Christian faith. When of major importance, they were attached to a tomb or shrine.
A series of arches carried on columns or piers. Series of columns.
Church in a basilica. Basilicas were cheap to construct with local materials. Incense cones were used to get rid of evil spirits. Clergy and the priest work at the church. Eucharist (communion) is practiced here. Everything was symbolic.
- A building designed along an horizontal axis.
A church that contains the seat or cathedra of a bishop.
A building, normally octagonal, used for Christian baptism.
Typical conegational church. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Columns in marble made of Spolia. No transept, only an apse.
Center area of the church.
Had a font - held water for baptism. Had 8 sides.
Pieces of glass used in mosaics that were not smooth.
An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.
A brick structure. Narthex - waiting area, vestibule, and area to gather before they go inside at the front of the building. Interior contains a ambulatory aisle. Was an annular barrel vault. Has a drum - portion of a building of a rotunda wall that pops up and holds a dome.
- Rotunda that holds a dome.
Stone casket with a engraving. Shows a figure of Christ, enlarged to show his importance.
It depicts the Eucharist. The message is through the crucifixion of Christ, the faithful are promised Salvation.