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  1. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE
  2. Martyrium
  3. "Harvesting the Grapes", Mausoleum of Constantina, 350 BC
  4. Longitudinal axis
  5. Drum
  6. Transept
  7. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 432 CE
  8. Greek-cross plan
  9. Centrally-planned
  10. Lunette
  11. The Basilica at Trier, Germany, 4th century CE
  12. Tesserae
  13. Torah
  14. Mausoleum
  15. Baptistery
  16. Constantinople
  17. Catacombs
  18. The Good Shepherd Sarcophagus, Rome, Late 4th Century CE
  19. Mosaic
  20. Mausoleum of Constantina Rome, 350 CE
  21. Side aisles
  22. Cathedral
  23. Orthodox Baptistery, Ravenna, Italy c. 458 CE
  24. Ambulatory
  25. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd" Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE
  26. Old Saint Peter's, Rome, c. 318-322 CE
  27. Arcade
  28. Nave
  1. a
    A series of arches carried on columns or piers. Series of columns.
  2. b
    Mosaic that depicts Christ as Roman, young, and beardless. Also depicted as a shepherd.
  3. c
    Centrally planned. Uses the Greek cross plan - cross with equal sides. The blue mosaics symbolized night. Alabaster windows - small windows to let in some light. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd".
  4. d
    The north and south arms of a basilican church.
  5. e
    An oval or circular opening to admit light in a dome or a semicircular panel containing a window, mural, or sculpture. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular.
  6. f
    A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetric. May be square, circular, or polygonal. The most important feature of a centrally-planned building is the open space at the center of the building, developed around a vertical axis.
  7. g
    In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave, generally separated from it by columns or piers.
  8. h
    Church in a basilica. Basilicas were cheap to construct with local materials. Incense cones were used to get rid of evil spirits. Clergy and the priest work at the church. Eucharist (communion) is practiced here. Everything was symbolic.
  9. i
    A scroll containing the laws of God for the religion of Judaism. Considered as the old testament in Christianity.
  10. j
    Pieces of glass used in mosaics that were not smooth.
  11. k
    Typical conegational church. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Columns in marble made of Spolia. No transept, only an apse.
  12. l
    A building, normally octagonal, used for Christian baptism.
  13. m
    Cross with equal sides.
  14. n
    Had a font - held water for baptism. Had 8 sides.
  15. o
    Originally Byzantium, name was changed when Constantine moved his capital here. City sits on the Bosporus. The modern day city is now known as Istanbul.
  16. p
    Begun as a martyrium to mark the tomb of St. Peter. Has a basilican plan with double aisles on each side of the nave and a transverse element or transept projecting beyond the side walls and extending across the nave in front of the apse.
  17. q
    Buildings erected as memorials to commemorate saints or sites of special importance to the Christian faith. When of major importance, they were attached to a tomb or shrine.
  18. r
    Stone casket with a engraving. Shows a figure of Christ, enlarged to show his importance.
    It depicts the Eucharist. The message is through the crucifixion of Christ, the faithful are promised Salvation.
  19. s
    A church that contains the seat or cathedra of a bishop.
  20. t Rotunda that holds a dome.
  21. u
    Center area of the church.
  22. v
    The curving passageway behind the choir of a church, often used to connect the radiating chapels.
  23. w
    An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.
  24. x
    Buildings erected to contain the tombs of important people.
  25. y A building designed along an horizontal axis.
  26. z
    A brick structure. Narthex - waiting area, vestibule, and area to gather before they go inside at the front of the building. Interior contains a ambulatory aisle. Was an annular barrel vault. Has a drum - portion of a building of a rotunda wall that pops up and holds a dome.
  27. aa
    Underground cemeteries. Made because Christians disapproved of cremation.
  28. ab
    A mosaic of an grape festival.