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13 True/False questions

  1. FeudalismA system of small agricultural units organized by landlords with a force of arms, who gives basic needs and protection to peasants in return for their labor on the farm.

          

  2. Charles the Great/CharlemagneUnified France, the Low Countries, and Germany. 800 crowned Holy Roman Emperor. He encouraged architecture by donating lands and money for the construction of churches and monasteries and contributed to the westwerk. Contributor to Carolingian architecture.

          

  3. Monastery
    A religious institution providing living accommodations and worship space for monks.

          

  4. The Palatine Chapel at Aachen (792-805)
    Founded by Charlemagne and designed by Odo of Metz. Built by spolia from nearby Roman structures. A 16 sided aisle with a gallery overhead surrounded its central domed octagon. Construction included barrel and groin vaults, and an octagonal cloister vault in the dome. The main entrance is dominated by a westwerk. The interior of the chapel has 8 piers that supports the dome. Polychrome masonry is used in the semicircular arches of the main floor, while 16 marble columns from the Palace of the Exarchs in Ravenna were reused in the façade.

          

  5. BelfryThe tower or steeple in which bells are hung.

          

  6. St. Gall, ca. 817
    A dome with groined surfaces rising from a square or octagonal base. Also known as a domical vault.

          

  7. Saint Michaels, Hildesheim, Germany, 1000-1031Unified France, the Low Countries, and Germany. 800 crowned Holy Roman Emperor. He encouraged architecture by donating lands and money for the construction of churches and monasteries and contributed to the westwerk. Contributor to Carolingian architecture.

          

  8. Cloister Vault
    In a monastery, the covered walk surrounding a quadrangular court that connects the domestic buildings and the church.

          

  9. AbbeyThe tower or steeple in which bells are hung.

          

  10. Chapter House
    A dome with groined surfaces rising from a square or octagonal base. Also known as a domical vault.

          

  11. Westwerk
    The western façade including the entrance vestibule, rooms at one or more levels above, and one or more towers.

          

  12. Cloister
    In a monastery, the covered walk surrounding a quadrangular court that connects the domestic buildings and the church.

          

  13. CampanileA system of small agricultural units organized by landlords with a force of arms, who gives basic needs and protection to peasants in return for their labor on the farm.