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21 True/False questions

  1. The second coming of Christ mosaic at San Vitale
    Christ was wearing the purple robe of a Roman emperor on earth as the ruler of the heavenly world. To each side of Christ is an angel. Next to each angel is S. Vitale and a bishop holding the church of S. Vitale. Located in the apse. Mosaic of Justinian and his attendants. Members of the church, court and military stood next to Justinian. Was a political statement, since Justinian just conquered Ravenna. Mosaic of Empress Theodore stood across the one of Justinian. Represents that Christ will return some day after the apocalypse. Represents that Justinian was given the right from Christ to take the space of the apse and to rule Ravenna.

          

  2. Squinch
    A corbeled arch used to transform a square bay into an octagon for the springing of a dome. It transforms the square central bay into an octagon that supports a drum and dome.

          

  3. Cathedral of Monreale, Sicily, 1174-1183
    Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.

          

  4. Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538 - 548 CE
    Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.

          

  5. San Marco, Venice, Italy, 1063 - 1089 CE
    Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.

          

  6. Naos
    Holy place of the church usually under the dome in Byzantine architecture.

          

  7. Hagia Sofia, Constantinople (Istanbul) Turkey
    A Byzantine church commisioned under Justinian I. The architects were Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. Conches were used create a longitudinal axis and nave in the central plan. Naos was positioned in the center of the building and the galleries are above the side aisles looking down at the naos. The main dome was supported on pendentives. Interior and exterior buttressing were used to support the church and the massive dome. When constructed it was the largest dome in the world.

          

  8. PendentiveA surface representing 1/4th of a sphere and often covering an apse.

          

  9. Semi-dome
    A corbeled arch used to transform a square bay into an octagon for the springing of a dome. It transforms the square central bay into an octagon that supports a drum and dome.

          

  10. Cross-in-square/quincunx planFloor plan with a single dome placed on a longitudinal base. The arms of a Greek cross are reduced and covered with barrel vaults that surround the crossing dome. Aisles and galleries enclose the church on 3 sides. 3 apses complete the 4th side. Built to modest scale.

          

  11. 3 types of church plans in Byzantine architecture
    Monastery where two churches were built adjacent to the shrine erected over the tome of St. Luke. The smaller church, the Theotokos Church, was a cross-in-square plan and built of squared stones surrounded by brick. Has a central dome raised on a drum. The corner bays used groin vaults. The larger Katholikon was constructed south of the Theotokos church, 20 years later. Has a cross dome plan. Has a large dome set over the nave, braced on 3 sides by a second level gallery.

          

  12. Palatine ChapelChurch of a palace.

          

  13. Roundel
    Half Dome

          

  14. Narthex
    Holy place of the church usually under the dome in Byzantine architecture.

          

  15. Hosios Loukos, Phocis, Greece, 11th century
    Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.

          

  16. Pseudo-DyonisiusA surface representing 1/4th of a sphere and often covering an apse.

          

  17. Double Shell PlanFloor plan with a single dome placed on a longitudinal base. The arms of a Greek cross are reduced and covered with barrel vaults that surround the crossing dome. Aisles and galleries enclose the church on 3 sides. 3 apses complete the 4th side. Built to modest scale.

          

  18. Cross dome plansFloor plan with a single dome placed on a longitudinal base. The arms of a Greek cross are reduced and covered with barrel vaults that surround the crossing dome. Aisles and galleries enclose the church on 3 sides. 3 apses complete the 4th side. Built to modest scale.

          

  19. Conch
    Half Dome

          

  20. Justinian I
    A corbeled arch used to transform a square bay into an octagon for the springing of a dome. It transforms the square central bay into an octagon that supports a drum and dome.

          

  21. Pantocrator
    Christ as ruler of the universe. An icon.