21 Multiple choice questions
Christ was wearing the purple robe of a Roman emperor on earth as the ruler of the heavenly world. To each side of Christ is an angel. Next to each angel is S. Vitale and a bishop holding the church of S. Vitale. Located in the apse. Mosaic of Justinian and his attendants. Members of the church, court and military stood next to Justinian. Was a political statement, since Justinian just conquered Ravenna. Mosaic of Empress Theodore stood across the one of Justinian. Represents that Christ will return some day after the apocalypse. Represents that Justinian was given the right from Christ to take the space of the apse and to rule Ravenna.
- Byzantine Emperor, had the greatest impact on architecture and culture on the Byzantine Empire. Ruled from Constantinople.
- A surface representing 1/4th of a sphere and often covering an apse.
A corbeled arch used to transform a square bay into an octagon for the springing of a dome. It transforms the square central bay into an octagon that supports a drum and dome.
- Basilica church, cross-in-square, and cross dome plan.
Floor plan with five objects arranged in a square, with one in the center. Byzantine churches with this plan typically have 5 domes, the center one being balanced with 4 diminutive domes at the corners. Has 9 bays. Other sections are barrel vaulted.
Christ as ruler of the universe. An icon.
Basilica church. Has a Mosaic Pantocrator. Main focus and icon of church.
plan with the ambulatory aisle is separated from the naos. Naos is the
inner shell, and the ambulatory aisle is the outer shell.
- A small circular panel or opening.
philosopher with beautiful writings about light. This inspired
byzantine architects. He felt that the universe was not chaos but highly
organized by god. That organization can be seen as a hierarchy. God on
top, Christ and angels under that, then virgin Mary, then saints, then
non saints, then lesser people, and then animals. God was pure light.
God can only been seen to humans as light.
Centrally planned church with an octagonal dome with octagonal galleries and aisles. Has a high drum and clerestory windows. Dome is made of hollow clay pots.
- Church of a palace.
Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.
Holy place of the church usually under the dome in Byzantine architecture.
plan with a single dome placed on a longitudinal base. The arms of a
Greek cross are reduced and covered with barrel vaults that surround the
crossing dome. Aisles and galleries enclose the church on 3 sides. 3
apses complete the 4th side. Built to modest scale.
A Byzantine church commisioned under Justinian I. The architects were Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. Conches were used create a longitudinal axis and nave in the central plan. Naos was positioned in the center of the building and the galleries are above the side aisles looking down at the naos. The main dome was supported on pendentives. Interior and exterior buttressing were used to support the church and the massive dome. When constructed it was the largest dome in the world.
The entrance porch or chamber before the nave of a church.
A spherical triangle that transforms a square bay into a circle for the springing of a dome.
Monastery where two churches were built adjacent to the shrine erected over the tome of St. Luke. The smaller church, the Theotokos Church, was a cross-in-square plan and built of squared stones surrounded by brick. Has a central dome raised on a drum. The corner bays used groin vaults. The larger Katholikon was constructed south of the Theotokos church, 20 years later. Has a cross dome plan. Has a large dome set over the nave, braced on 3 sides by a second level gallery.