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  1. Double Shell Plan
  2. Narthex
  3. San Marco, Venice, Italy, 1063 - 1089 CE
  4. Pseudo-Dyonisius
  5. Hagia Sofia, Constantinople (Istanbul) Turkey
  6. Roundel
  7. The second coming of Christ mosaic at San Vitale
  8. Squinch
  9. Cross-in-square/quincunx plan
  10. Cross dome plans
  11. Cathedral of Monreale, Sicily, 1174-1183
  12. Naos
  13. Pantocrator
  14. Pendentive
  15. Hosios Loukos, Phocis, Greece, 11th century
  16. Justinian I
  17. Palatine Chapel
  18. Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538 - 548 CE
  19. 3 types of church plans in Byzantine architecture
  20. Semi-dome
  21. Conch
  1. a
    Basilica church. Has a Mosaic Pantocrator. Main focus and icon of church.
  2. b Church of a palace.
  3. c
    Holy place of the church usually under the dome in Byzantine architecture.
  4. d
    A spherical triangle that transforms a square bay into a circle for the springing of a dome.
  5. e Byzantine Emperor, had the greatest impact on architecture and culture on the Byzantine Empire. Ruled from Constantinople.
  6. f
    Centrally planned church with an octagonal dome with octagonal galleries and aisles. Has a high drum and clerestory windows. Dome is made of hollow clay pots.
  7. g
    The entrance porch or chamber before the nave of a church.
  8. h
    Monastery where two churches were built adjacent to the shrine erected over the tome of St. Luke. The smaller church, the Theotokos Church, was a cross-in-square plan and built of squared stones surrounded by brick. Has a central dome raised on a drum. The corner bays used groin vaults. The larger Katholikon was constructed south of the Theotokos church, 20 years later. Has a cross dome plan. Has a large dome set over the nave, braced on 3 sides by a second level gallery.
  9. i A surface representing 1/4th of a sphere and often covering an apse.
  10. j A small circular panel or opening.
  11. k Religious philosopher with beautiful writings about light. This inspired byzantine architects. He felt that the universe was not chaos but highly organized by god. That organization can be seen as a hierarchy. God on top, Christ and angels under that, then virgin Mary, then saints, then non saints, then lesser people, and then animals. God was pure light. God can only been seen to humans as light.
  12. l Floor plan with the ambulatory aisle is separated from the naos. Naos is the inner shell, and the ambulatory aisle is the outer shell.
  13. m
    Centrally planned Greek cross church. Has hemispherical internal domes covering each arm of the Greek cross plan and one central dome in the center. Crossing - In a basilican church, the space where transepts, nave, and choir intersect. The domes are set on pendentives, with barrel vaults that connect the piers. Model for Romanesque churches in Southern France.
  14. n Basilica church, cross-in-square, and cross dome plan.
  15. o
    Christ as ruler of the universe. An icon.
  16. p
    Half Dome
  17. q Floor plan with a single dome placed on a longitudinal base. The arms of a Greek cross are reduced and covered with barrel vaults that surround the crossing dome. Aisles and galleries enclose the church on 3 sides. 3 apses complete the 4th side. Built to modest scale.
  18. r
    A Byzantine church commisioned under Justinian I. The architects were Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus. Conches were used create a longitudinal axis and nave in the central plan. Naos was positioned in the center of the building and the galleries are above the side aisles looking down at the naos. The main dome was supported on pendentives. Interior and exterior buttressing were used to support the church and the massive dome. When constructed it was the largest dome in the world.
  19. s
    Christ was wearing the purple robe of a Roman emperor on earth as the ruler of the heavenly world. To each side of Christ is an angel. Next to each angel is S. Vitale and a bishop holding the church of S. Vitale. Located in the apse. Mosaic of Justinian and his attendants. Members of the church, court and military stood next to Justinian. Was a political statement, since Justinian just conquered Ravenna. Mosaic of Empress Theodore stood across the one of Justinian. Represents that Christ will return some day after the apocalypse. Represents that Justinian was given the right from Christ to take the space of the apse and to rule Ravenna.
  20. t
    A corbeled arch used to transform a square bay into an octagon for the springing of a dome. It transforms the square central bay into an octagon that supports a drum and dome.
  21. u
    Floor plan with five objects arranged in a square, with one in the center. Byzantine churches with this plan typically have 5 domes, the center one being balanced with 4 diminutive domes at the corners. Has 9 bays. Other sections are barrel vaulted.