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25 True/False questions

  1. Ziggurat
    Neo-Sumerian, ruler of the city state of Lagash in Southern Mesopotamia.

          

  2. Stela
    Neo-Sumerian, ruler of the city state of Lagash in Southern Mesopotamia.

          

  3. Pilaster
    A vertical upright stone with a message on it. They were placed in cities and plazas. The stone had laws of business and trade.

          

  4. Sun-dried brickMain building material of Sumerians. Caused their architecture to be laid out in rectangular shapes.

          

  5. The temple of Marduk (Tower of Babel) and palace, c. 575 BCE
    Neo-Sumerian Ziggurat. Only ziggurat that retains some of its architectural details. Its original height was 70ft with a 200x150ft base.

          

  6. Winged bulls with human heads
    Sculptural figures that guard the main entry of the Assyrian palace in Khorsabad.

          

  7. Cylinder seal
    Piece of stone in the shape of a cylinder and had pictograms, and a message on it. They were used to roll on a clay tablet to roll on a message. First photo copier.

          

  8. Palace of Darius and Xerxes at Persepolis (Iran) 518-460 BCE
    The ceremonial capital of Persia, founded by King Darius. The palace has resemblances of Egyptian temple gates and hypostyle halls, Hittite audience chambers, and Mesopotamian sculpted animal motifs. The palace had a terrace 1500x900ft that contained reception courts, banquet rooms, and audience halls in a loose orthogonal layout.

          

  9. Crenellation
    Independent urban communities and were the first literate civilizations.

          

  10. Terracotta conesSmall clay cones that were pressed into a wall of wet plaster with the pointed end in, creating an mosaic. The outer ends were often painted black, red, or white.

          

  11. Assyrian Citadels
    Independent urban communities and were the first literate civilizations.

          

  12. Gate of Ishtar c. 575 BCESmall clay cones that were pressed into a wall of wet plaster with the pointed end in, creating an mosaic. The outer ends were often painted black, red, or white.

          

  13. Hypostyle hall
    Rows of columns equally spaced, enclosed by walls. Supports a roof on top.

          

  14. CausewayPaved, elevated road.

          

  15. Stela of King Hammurabi (king of Babylon)
    Had a series of platforms that held gardens at each level. It was watered by a paddle wheel system from the river. The gardens surrounded the palace.

          

  16. Column
    Base+shaft+capitol

          

  17. Khorsabad, Assyria (Iraq), c. 720 BCE
    Entrance Gate of Babylon, had one of the first paved roads lead to it. Has a large portal (door) and is flanked on both sides with a double height tower and crenelations. It is a blue color from a glaze from lapis lazuli (a blue stone) and had gold from crushed gold leaf as ornament. The lion represented the king and was a political image.

          

  18. Audience hall (Hall of 100 Columns)
    Had a series of platforms that held gardens at each level. It was watered by a paddle wheel system from the river. The gardens surrounded the palace.

          

  19. Votive Figures, Square Temple - Eshunna, Iraq, c. 2700 BCE
    Neo-Sumerian Ziggurat. Only ziggurat that retains some of its architectural details. Its original height was 70ft with a 200x150ft base.

          

  20. City States
    Flattened column attached to an wall. Used for ornament, not support.

          

  21. CuneiformPaved, elevated road.

          

  22. Niche
    Neo-Sumerian, ruler of the city state of Lagash in Southern Mesopotamia.

          

  23. Hanging Gardens of Babylon
    Had a series of platforms that held gardens at each level. It was watered by a paddle wheel system from the river. The gardens surrounded the palace.

          

  24. Gudea
    A vertical upright stone with a message on it. They were placed in cities and plazas. The stone had laws of business and trade.

          

  25. Ziggurat of Ur, Sumeria, Mesopotamia, c. 2100 BCE
    Fortified Assyrian Citadel with a palace and town with fortified, deep walls. Has towers around it. Has a Ziggurat and the palace. Rooms organized courtyards open to the sky. The royal city was built by Sargon II. The palace area was designed by orthogonal geometry and was organized by a series of courts. The palace's courts were surrounded by rectangular rooms. At the entrance to the palace was carved winged bulls with human heads on stone blocks.