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31 True/False questions

  1. Buddhism
    Siddhartha Gautama, a Indian prince, from a wealthy family. Left his family to live a life of a beggar to understand suffering. Reached nirvana while meditating near a bodhi tree and shared his teachings to others.

          

  2. Northern Style Hindu Temple
    A Hindu temple with mandapas that have flat roofs. Tower is a vimana. Steps up in corbelling, hollow in the inside and has 4 sides. Made up of rows. Each unit is a window motif. Made of stone with a carved out hole with a statue in it. The hole lets light come in.

          

  3. Nirvana
    Entrance gate of a stupa. Is the entrance and gateway to the stupa, and the walkway.

          

  4. ViharasSmall monasteries of individual cells organized around open courts.

          

  5. ChaityasVillage memorials, where the ashes of deceased leaders were placed in a mound, often outside their settlement.

          

  6. Mandala3 spaces for ritual sacrifice in a Hindu temple. Offerings for the gods are burned in here and the smoke is received to the god.

          

  7. SamsaraReincarnation, we are born, live, die, and are reborn. A cycle represented in a wheel.

          

  8. Jainismlongest living religion. Originally the religion of the Brahmins. Foundation was the Vedas. 4 classes - priests, warriors, merchants/craftsmen, and laborers.

          

  9. Torana
    Entrance gate of a stupa. Is the entrance and gateway to the stupa, and the walkway.

          

  10. Vimana
    Tower/roof on a Southern Hindu temple. Steps up in corbelling, hollow in the inside and has 4 sides. Made up of rows. Each unit is a window motif. Made of stone with a carved out hole with a statue in it. The hole lets light come in.

          

  11. BuddhaReligion with no god. Based off of the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. Goal to reach nirvana and peace through meditation.

          

  12. Hindu Templelongest living religion. Originally the religion of the Brahmins. Foundation was the Vedas. 4 classes - priests, warriors, merchants/craftsmen, and laborers.

          

  13. Bodhi Tree
    3 tiered umbrella form, stylized stone versions of the sacred enclosure fense and famous Bodhi tree. Represents the bodhi tree.

          

  14. Axis Mundi
    Tower/roof on a Southern Hindu temple. Steps up in corbelling, hollow in the inside and has 4 sides. Made up of rows. Each unit is a window motif. Made of stone with a carved out hole with a statue in it. The hole lets light come in.

          

  15. RelicSomething from a holy person, ex. Hair, bones, ashes. Stupas were built on top of this.

          

  16. ChatraVillage memorials, where the ashes of deceased leaders were placed in a mound, often outside their settlement.

          

  17. HinduismReligion with no god. Based off of the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. Goal to reach nirvana and peace through meditation.

          

  18. Vedas
    Oldest sacred writings in India. Contain hymns and prescribe rituals for the worship of a pantheon of gods identified with the natural elements. Fundamental to Hinduism. Collection of writings before Hinduism. Records Indian culture, stories and ideas adapted by Hindus.

          

  19. Southern Style Hindu Temple
    A Hindu temple with mandapas that are covered in domes. The tower is a shikhara.

          

  20. PlinthInspired by Vardhamana (Mahavira or Great Hero) and Jina (the victor). Vardhamana found his version of the path to salvation in a complete rejection of the complex formulations of the Brahmins. Taught that escape from the world's unhappiness was attainable only through rigorous asceticism to purify the soul and by maintaining reverence for all living creatures.

          

  21. VedikaEnclosing fence arounnd a stupa, that delimited the path for circumambulation.

          

  22. Harmika
    A small platform with a railing located at the very top of a stupa.

          

  23. MandapasDiagram is carved into the plinth. The process of creating this is part of meditation and then the stupa is built over it afterwards. Guide to the universe. The mandala is orientated toward the cardinal points.

          

  24. Great Stupa, Sanchi, ca. 250 BCE - 250 CE
    Founded by Asoka. Typically stupa with a plinth as a base with its center on a axis mundi. Has a torana as a entrance. Has a circular path for meditation.

          

  25. Angkor Wat Cambodia
    Hindu temple. Royal shrine of the Khmer Dynasty. Built in stone and only uses corbeling. Has a central tower on a pyramid base. A moat surrounds the site.

          

  26. ShikharaReincarnation, we are born, live, die, and are reborn. A cycle represented in a wheel.

          

  27. Bodhisattva, c. 450-500
    Painting of the Buddha in a holy cave. Had very long earlobes. Dressed as a prince. Long earlobes represents wisdom.

          

  28. Shiva
    Mound of rubble and earth erected over relics. Were later covered with brick or stone. A solid mound.

          

  29. Parabolic arch
    Arch in perfect compression.

          

  30. Chaitya Hall Karla, India, c. 100
    A Hindu temple with mandapas that are covered in domes. The tower is a shikhara.

          

  31. Stupa
    Mound of rubble and earth erected over relics. Were later covered with brick or stone. A solid mound.