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33 True/False questions

  1. Khufu (Cheops)
    King Sneferu's son. Had the largest true pyramid built at Giza.

          

  2. PylonSet of rules for designing figures and buildings, such as rules of proportion.

          

  3. ObeliskA line at the end of which movement terminates at a significant feature and thereby divides a composition into two equal parts.

          

  4. The Great Sphinx
    Windows placed high in a wall, generally above lower roof elements.

          

  5. Ka
    Spirit of the king. It was believed that a Ka statue at a king's tomb would keep the spirit from wandering away.

          

  6. Symbolic or metaphorical purpose of the pyramid
    A perfect geometric pyramid with flat, smooth sides.

          

  7. Pyramid at Saqarra, c. 2360 BCE
    3 pyramids - largest Khufu, Khafre - medium one, and Menkaure, the smaller one. Pyramids are solid stone. Perfect square at the base. Pyramids used to be covered by limestone. The four corners are orientated by the 4 cardinal points.

          

  8. Fowling Scene, Tomb of Nebamun - Thebes, Egypt c. 1400-1350 BCE
    Shows entry into the underworld of the pharaoh Hu-Nefer.

          

  9. ImhotepSet of rules for designing figures and buildings, such as rules of proportion.

          

  10. Pier
    Spirit of the queen.

          

  11. Papyrus and lotus capitals
    Lotus capital have two types closed bud for dark spaces that act as "night" and a open bud in open and bright spaces that act as "day". This plays on the nature of the lotus flower. Papyrus capitals also plays with nature.

          

  12. Hypostyle hall
    Sizable chambers created by rows of large columns placed closely together.

          

  13. Axis
    Spirit of the king. It was believed that a Ka statue at a king's tomb would keep the spirit from wandering away.

          

  14. Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt, c. 1473-1458 BCE
    3 pyramids - largest Khufu, Khafre - medium one, and Menkaure, the smaller one. Pyramids are solid stone. Perfect square at the base. Pyramids used to be covered by limestone. The four corners are orientated by the 4 cardinal points.

          

  15. Last Judgement of Hu-Nefer, Thebes, Egypt c. 1290-1280 BCE
    Shows entry into the underworld of the pharaoh Hu-Nefer.

          

  16. Necropolis
    A cemetery of mastabas, where pharaohs were once buried.

          

  17. Colonnade
    A linear series of columns with entablature.

          

  18. Temple of Amon-Re at Karnak, 1290-1224 BCE
    Fortified by an exterior wall with two entry gated and orientated by the 4 cardinal directions. Has pylon gates and a controlled path throughout the building. Has a series of enclosed courtyards between the pylons.

          

  19. Mastaba
    Earliest tombs that were built as eternal houses for the departed and were based on the design of dwellings for the living. They were built from bricks, bundled reeds and wooden supports. The building was a block like structure above ground containing a small room for offerings and another for the body and a statue of the deceased. Later a deep shaft was added to the design that places the body at its base with the shaft filled with stone and rubble to deter would-be robbers.

          

  20. The Pyramids at Giza, 2550-2460 BCE
    3 pyramids - largest Khufu, Khafre - medium one, and Menkaure, the smaller one. Pyramids are solid stone. Perfect square at the base. Pyramids used to be covered by limestone. The four corners are orientated by the 4 cardinal points.

          

  21. Step pyramid
    A perfect geometric pyramid with flat, smooth sides.

          

  22. Khafre's Ka Statue
    Son of Khufu, had the second largest true pyramid built at Giza.

          

  23. Menkaure (Mycerinus)
    Son of Khafre, had the smaller of the three main true pyramids at Giza.

          

  24. CaryatidA line at the end of which movement terminates at a significant feature and thereby divides a composition into two equal parts.

          

  25. Hypostyle Hall at the Temple of Amon-Re at Karnak, 1290-1224 BCE
    Sizable chamber created by rows of large columns placed closely together. Had a stone grill - screen that would cut down on the glare and keep sand from blowing into the window, and columns made of several stones. Has drawings etched into the stone and whitewashed.

          

  26. True pyramid
    A perfect geometric pyramid with flat, smooth sides.

          

  27. Canon
    Monumental masonry entrance gates. Represented the entrance of the sun being reborn every day and the underworld.

          

  28. Khafre (Chephren)
    Son of Khufu, had the second largest true pyramid built at Giza.

          

  29. Pharaoh
    Egyptian king.

          

  30. Clerestory
    Windows placed high in a wall, generally above lower roof elements.

          

  31. Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Egypt, c. 1500 BCE
    Fortified by an exterior wall with two entry gated and orientated by the 4 cardinal directions. Has pylon gates and a controlled path throughout the building. Has a series of enclosed courtyards between the pylons.

          

  32. Ma
    Spirit of the king. It was believed that a Ka statue at a king's tomb would keep the spirit from wandering away.

          

  33. Mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri 1473-1458 BCE
    Husband of Queen Hatshepsut.