Stair Design and Construction flashcards |

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total rise

vertical distance from the top to the bottom of the stair

total run

horizontal distance from end to end of stair

tread

horizontal step of the stair

riser

the vertical backing between each tread

stringer

the sturctural support for the tread

headroom

vertical distance measured from the stair nosing to the wall or floor above the stair, usually 6'8" by code

handrail

a railing to hold onto when you walk up the stairs

baluster

vertical members that support the handrail

enclosed stair

stair that has wall on both sides, also called housed or box stairs

landing

a floor area at either end, or possibly at some point in between

el

the main post between handrails at top and bottom of stairs

nosing

the rounded projection of the tread that extends past the riser

open stair

stairs which have no wall on one or both sides

stairwell

the opening in which the set of stairs is constructed

8 1/4"

maximum riser height for most residential buildings

1T + 1R = 17"-18"

used to determine total maximum and minimum run of stairs

winder

pie shaped tread used to conserve space in stair design

spiral stairs

used where little space is available

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