Paleolithic Era. Idea that you could go into a sacred space and recreate the image of the animal and recreate its spirit. Prehistoric people would also throw rocks and arrowheads at the animal paintings to recreate the hunt.
Layers of domestic debris that forms into hills that can be used to be built into as shelter.
Multifamily buildings during the Neolithic Era, usually made out of timber wood. As early as 6000-5000 BCE. 20-30 people could live in them. Hearth was outside, and there is only one door. House divided in 3 sections - work, sleep/eat, and grain.
A single large block of sarsen stone standing within the Avenue outside the entrance of the Stonehenge earthwork.
Hall of the Bulls, Caves at Lascaux, France,
c. 15000 - 13000 BCE
Paleolithic cave paintings. Paintings inside of the cave was made from minerals that were cut out of rock and then crushed into a powder and then was mixed with animal fat.
Were built with landscape materials. They were bind by tree branches with braided grass on top. They would also have stones surrounding the outside of the hut and the hut would have a circular or oval shape.
Skara Brae, Orkney Islands, Scotland, c. 3100 - 2500 BCE
This site used to contain a series of Paleolithic camp sites before the village. Shelters were made of midden and thatch.
Catal Huyuk, Turkey
c. 6500 - 5700 BCE
Neolithic City. Unfortified, dense with dwellings without streets. Entries into buildings were on the roof tops and there was high openings in the walls for ventilation. Dwellings were made of mud-brick walls and a post-&-lintel timber framework.
Passage grave, British Isles
Neolithic Era. Burial grave for people of prestige. Had a passage way to the burial chamber and created a series of dolmens in the passage way. At the end of the passage way there is a domed vault.
grange passage grave, County Meath, Ireland - 3100 BCE
An earthen mound and passage grave. Had decorative boulders that surrounded the perimeter. Aligned with the solstices.
Alignment, Carnac, France, c. 4250 - 3750 BCE
Several rows of stone alignments. 2 miles long and made up of menhirs.
Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England
c. 2900 - 1400 BCE
Is a Cromlech. Made in 4 stages, and has a round ditch around it. The ditch was a perfect circle. 100 feet in diameter. Has a post and lintel system. Between the two cromlechs of post and lintels there was a circle of blue stones.
Row of timber columns that are sharpened on the top and then used to fence in a Neolithic village to protect the residents.