Early Christian Architecture flashcards |

This is a Free Service provided by Why Fund Inc. (a 501 C3 NonProfit) We thank you for your donation!

(1. Click on the course Study Set you wish to learn.) (2. If you wish you can click on "Print" and print the test page.) (3. When you want to take a test...click on anyone of the tests for that Study Set.) (4. Click on "Check Answers" and it will score your test and correct your answers.) (5. You can take all the tests as many times as you choose until you get an "A"!) (6. Automated college courses created from lecture notes, class exams, text books, reading materials from many colleges and universities.)


Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Start Long-Term Learning
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder


Underground cemeteries. Made because Christians disapproved of cremation.


A scroll containing the laws of God for the religion of Judaism. Considered as the old testament in Christianity.


An oval or circular opening to admit light in a dome or a semicircular panel containing a window, mural, or sculpture. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular.


Buildings erected to contain the tombs of important people.



Rotunda that holds a dome.


Center area of the church.

Side aisles

In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave, generally separated from it by columns or piers.


The north and south arms of a basilican church.


A series of arches carried on columns or piers. Series of columns.


A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetric. May be square, circular, or polygonal. The most important feature of a centrally-planned building is the open space at the center of the building, developed around a vertical axis.


Longitudinal axis

A building designed along an horizontal axis.


A building, normally octagonal, used for Christian baptism.


Buildings erected as memorials to commemorate saints or sites of special importance to the Christian faith. When of major importance, they were attached to a tomb or shrine.

Greek-cross plan

Cross with equal sides.


The curving passageway behind the choir of a church, often used to connect the radiating chapels.


A church that contains the seat or cathedra of a bishop.

The Good Shepherd Sarcophagus, Rome, Late 4th Century CE

Stone casket with a engraving. Shows a figure of Christ, enlarged to show his importance.
It depicts the Eucharist. The message is through the crucifixion of Christ, the faithful are promised Salvation.

The Basilica at Trier, Germany, 4th century CE

Church in a basilica. Basilicas were cheap to construct with local materials. Incense cones were used to get rid of evil spirits. Clergy and the priest work at the church. Eucharist (communion) is practiced here. Everything was symbolic.

Old Saint Peter's, Rome, c. 318-322 CE

Begun as a martyrium to mark the tomb of St. Peter. Has a basilican plan with double aisles on each side of the nave and a transverse element or transept projecting beyond the side walls and extending across the nave in front of the apse.

Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, c. 432 CE

Typical conegational church. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Columns in marble made of Spolia. No transept, only an apse.

Mausoleum of Constantina Rome, 350 CE

A brick structure. Narthex - waiting area, vestibule, and area to gather before they go inside at the front of the building. Interior contains a ambulatory aisle. Was an annular barrel vault. Has a drum - portion of a building of a rotunda wall that pops up and holds a dome.

Orthodox Baptistery, Ravenna, Italy c. 458 CE

Had a font - held water for baptism. Had 8 sides.

Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE

Centrally planned. Uses the Greek cross plan - cross with equal sides. The blue mosaics symbolized night. Alabaster windows - small windows to let in some light. Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd".

Mosaic: "Christ as the Good Shepherd" Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, c. 425 CE

Mosaic that depicts Christ as Roman, young, and beardless. Also depicted as a shepherd.

"Harvesting the Grapes", Mausoleum of Constantina, 350 BC

A mosaic of an grape festival.


An image or art created by an arrangement of pieces of tile, glass, or stone.


Pieces of glass used in mosaics that were not smooth.


Originally Byzantium, name was changed when Constantine moved his capital here. City sits on the Bosporus. The modern day city is now known as Istanbul.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

Please allow access to your computerโ€™s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.


We canโ€™t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording

This is a Plus feature


๎€‚ Create Study Set