Architectural Design Set 5 flashcards |

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bottom chord

the bottom edge of a truss

load

forces, wheather permanent (dead load) or temporary (live load), that are applied to a truss

panel

a whole truss section. In large projects (for example a bridge or very large roof), seperate panels may be built then assembled together at the job site to make larger trusses

pitch

the angle of a roof; commonly expressed as a ratio of verticle to horizontal (7:12)

span

the distance a truss will support betwenn support pins

supports

also known as bearings, these are the points that hold the truss up. In doing so, they take the load from the truss and transfer it to the foundation

top chord

the top edge of a truss

web members

these are verticle and diagonal members that transfer the load of a truss to the supports.

Floor Plan

a simplified drawing that shows the size and arrangement of rooms, hallways, doors, windows, and storage areas on one floor of a home.

cutting plane/cutting plane line

the imaginary line or slice on a floor plan drawing showing where a building is cut, typically 4 feet above the floor, everything below the cutting plane line appears in the floor plan

orthographic projection

a 2-D, or flat, representation of a 3-D object using views of each side of the object.

plans/prints

pages of drawings of the building

elevation symbol

a small round symbol, indicated by a circle tucked inside a triangle on the floor plan. It has a line extending from which ends in an "L" shape. It gives the page number and the sheet number for the exterior or interior elevation

building section symbol

the small symbol indicated by a circle tucked inside a triangle on the floor plan thatgives the page number and drawing number for that particular section drawing within a set of drawings

program

a detailed list of needs that must be fulfilled by the building's final design

bubble diagram

freehand sketches used to determine room locations, flow of traffic, and spatial relationships

function/use

a description of how the building space or room is used

schematic design drawing

a drawing produced later in the design process that more fully explains the architectecural design to show the general relationships and space requirements for the space, may be used for the client

construction drawing

a very accurate drawing that shows the design, location, and dimensions of all parts of the building produced by an architect

interior door

a door that connects two rooms or spaces

exterior door

a door that connects a room to the outside

vestibule

an entry hall

tread

the horizontal part of the stair where your foot steps

riser

The vertical board between two treads of a flight of stairs

stair landing

A platform between flights of stairs or at the termination of a flight of stairs. Often used when stairs change direction. Normally no less than 3 ft. X 3 ft. square.

open to below

a term used to describe an upper space with a railing around an opening wher you can look into the space below

powder room

This is a small lavatory or bathroom

EXPO

abbreviation for exposed in floor plans, and unfinished floor or wall

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