A horizontal structural member located on top of the studs used to hold the wall together.
a step or ledge in the foundation to accommodate the masonry. Purposes:1- Protects the framing of the house from water. 2- Keeps the masonry off the ground.
The vertical framing component of a structure that is usually built from 2" x 4" or 2" x 6" lumber
Framing or other construction large enough to accommodate pipes associated with plumbing. Usually 2 x 6 for residential.
type of drop: Change in elevation. For example in the garage. Serves 2 purposes: 1- So water cannot come into the garage. 2-So that your car can't go through the walls
Any change in elevation shown as a single line on floor plan, often shown with a drop symbol on Foundation Plan
A cooking stove with one or more ovens below the hotplates or burners located on the top, a single unit with oven and burners.
Any architectural woodwork that is not framing, lumber or structural wood on an architectural project. Examples: Wood door, wood windows, wood cabinets, window-door trim, wood stair rail or banister
Cabinetry in a house such as cabinets and or countertops. Any type of decorative woodwork that is non-structural.
Reflected Ceiling Plan
a plan that reflects the ceiling organization - useful for controlling/planning lighting effects and decoration
a short piece of stud used to transfer a load from a top plate to a header, or from a sill to a sole plate
Horizontal boards nailed in between the verticle studs to help prevent fire from moving up through the inside of a wall
a doubled 2x6 or 2x8 that is held up by trimmer boards. The header is used to transfer the weight of the wall around an opening down to the sole plate.