Architectural Design Set 1 2014-2015 flashcards |

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AIA

the American Institute of Architects; architects who are members of this organization often list the initials after their name.

case study

an in-depth study of one object or situation to help explain bigger ideas.

founding principal

here it means a chief architect who started or helped start an architecture firm.

principal architect

an architect that leads the firm or a teams of a architects on a project; they are responsible for the final decisions in the design of a building.

sustainable design

a building designed and constructed to have less negative impact on natural resources and to have a greater positive impact on the people who use it.

isometric drawing

A 3D representation of an object drawn with the horizontal plane at 30ยฐ to the vertical plane.

aerial perspective

visual phenomenon where forms appear less distance as they recede in space because of the greater density of the air between the viewer and the object.

axonometric drawing

a paraline drawing of an axonometric projection with all lines parallel to three principal axes drawn to scale (includes isometrics), any diagonal or curved lines are distorted . Any pictorial graphic that shows three faces of an object on one orthographic view may be classified as an axonometric

Cast shadows

the shadows projected upon a surface by an object that stands between the surface and the light source

composition

the organization of elements in a pictorial space

contour line

a line that follows the edge of the form, or travels across the surface, without shading or modeling the form.

convention

the use of a common visual language, application of standard rules of drawing for a specific purpose. In drawing architectural plan certain types of lines always mean the same thing, such as dashed lines used to represent object lines that are hidden from view.

design drawing

any drawing made to aid the visualization, exploration and evaluation of a concept; a drawing made during the design process

elements

the components that make up a drawing, or design-line, shape, space, form, space, value, texture and color.

entourage

contextual elements such as people, cars, furniture, plants, and landscape features; images of one's environment or surroundings used to compliment architectural delination

eye level

in perspective drawing the eye level is the same as the horizon line

form

the shape of an object indication mass. the shapes used in abstract design.

gesture drawing

quick scribbles or marks designed to show movement or action by flowing and through the interior of a form or composition. Visual shorthand, often used as a foundation for more extended drawing or to establish structure.

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