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  1. Crop Rotation
  2. Animal Domestication
  3. Sustainable Agriculture
  4. Growing Season
  5. Double Cropping
  6. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture
  7. Livestock Ranching
  8. Secondary Economic Activity
  9. Extensive Commercial Agriculture
  10. Seed Planting
  11. Soil Erosion
  12. Wetland Destruction
  13. Quaternary Economic Activity
  14. Truck Farm
  15. Plant Domestication
  16. Hunting and Gathering
  17. Extensive Subsistence Agriculture
  18. Von Thunen's Model
  19. Monoculture
  20. Green Revolution
  21. Horticulture
  22. Second Agricultural Revolution
  23. Tertiary Economic Activity
  24. Forestry
  25. Milkshed
  26. Feedlot
  27. Commercial Agriculture
  28. Intensive Commercial Agriculture
  29. Irrigation
  30. Plantation Agriculture
  31. Deforestation
  32. Market Gardening
  33. Industrial Agriculture
  34. Organic Agriculture
  35. Nomadic Herding/Pastoralism
  36. Luxury Crops
  37. Shifting Cultivation (slash-and-burn)
  38. Primary Economic Activity
  39. Agricultural Hearths
  40. Agribusiness
  41. Sauer, Carl O.
  42. Third Agricultural Revolution
  43. First Agriculture Revolution
  44. Quinary Economic Activity
  45. Mediterranean Agriculture
  46. Desertification
  47. Biotechnological Revolution
  48. Vegetative Agriculture
  49. Pesticides
  50. Dairying
  51. Aquaculture
  52. Agriculture
  53. Staple Grains
  54. Biotechnology and GMOs
  1. a
    Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.

    Agribusinesses usually insist that GMOs are put in food to make them grow faster, or taste better.
  2. b
    economic activity associated with the provision of services (transportation, banking, retailing, education, routine, office-based jobs)

    This is the third step of agriculture and this is when the product actually gets to us, the consumer
  3. c
    tools and equipment were modified, methods of soil preparation, fertilization, crop care, and harvesting improved the general organization of agriculture made more efficient

    The second agricultural evolution was happening at the same time as the Industrial Revolution
  4. d
    Destruction of forests

    Deforestation is a large problem in Latin America and in the middle east.
  5. e
    genetic modification of a plant such that its reproductive success depends on human intervention

    Some examples of these crops are corn, rice, soybeans, and tomatoes.
  6. f
    the area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied

    This is the closest ring to the market because if it took a while to transport to the market it would expire or sour
  7. g

    Farming is what agriculture is, there are two main types: subsistence and commercial.
  8. h
    Movement of soil components, especially topsoil, from one place to another, usually by wind, flowing water, or both. This natural process can be greatly accelerated by human activities that remove vegetation from soil.

    Soil erosion is very bad for communities that are completely based on agriculture because that means that soil is being carried away, soil that could be used for crops
  9. i
    Harvesting twice a year from the same field.

    This is used in India quite a lot so they have more food to feed the masses.
  10. j
    crops produced without the use of synthetic or industrially produced pesticides and fertilizers

    This is the kind of crops that subsistent farmers grow, without any harmful chemicals
  11. k
    A form of agriculture that uses large scale mechanization and fossil fuel combustion, enabling farmers to replace horses and oxen with faster and more powerful methods of farming.

    This started in the third agricultural revolution and also helped agribusinesses take off
  12. l
    The small scale production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers as cash crops sold directly to local consumers. Distinguishable by the large diversity of crops grown on a small area of land, during a single growing season. Labor is done manually.

    In local communities or in local markets you can usually buy fresh crops from local farmers
  13. m
    An agricultural system practiced in the Mediterranean-style climates of Western Europe, California, and portions of Chile and Australia, in which diverse specialty crops such as grapes
  14. n
    Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.

    Desertification is starting to hurt the earth and we are slowly losing places to plant crops.
  15. o
    Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil- restoring crops with cash crops and reducing in-puts of fertilizer and pesticides.

    they are trying to find even more ways of sustainable agriculture so that future generations won't be out of food resources
  16. p
    farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a single crop, year after year

    This is practiced in India and is not good for the people because they don't get all of the nutrients they need
  17. q
    A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.

    This is one of the most common forms of agriculture because it will get you crops fast but it uses up land very quickly so you need multiple sites for this type of agriculture.
  18. r
    The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.

    This is used in Shifting Cultivation the most because you can only use they field for 3 or so years.
  19. s
    A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually genes, to modify products, to make or modify plants and animals, or to develop other microorganisms for specific purposes.
    genetically modified organisms

    These are getting used in plants and livestock more and more to make them grow faster, fatter, and to taste better.
  20. t
    A crop or livestock system in which land quality or extent is more important than capital or labor inputs in determining output
  21. u
    The original invention of farming and domestication of livestock 8,000-14,000 years ago and the subsequent dispersal of these methods from the source regions

    Before the first agricultural revolution there were hunters and gatherers.
  22. v
    Non-subsistence crops such as tea, cacao, coffee, and tobacco

    These crops are in high demand constantly and make agribusinesses lots of money
  23. w
    the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber

    This is needed a lot more where shifting cultivation is because they cut down entire forests just for one crop
  24. x
    Intensive farming in a commercial economy, crops have high yields and market value

    Some crops included in this would be corn, grains, and coffee
  25. y
    Raising marine and freshwater fish in ponds and underwater cages

    Aquaculture is popular for decoration more so than to actually raise the fish.
  26. z
    the season during which a crop grows best

    For apples the season is fall, it all depends on the crop.
  27. aa
    Cultivation of crops carried out with simple hand tools such as digging sticks or hoes.

    This is also known as subsistence agriculture
  28. ab
    An extensive commercial agricultural activity that involves the raising of livestock over vast geographic spaces typically located in semi-arid climates like the American West.

    This is practiced here but not as much as it is up west.
  29. ac
    genetic modification of an animal such that it is rendered more amenable to human control

    Some examples of animal domestication are cattle, goats, sheep, and chicken.
  30. ad
    20th century; tractor; monoculture; irrigation; petroleum; Agro-Biotechnology

    the third agricultural revolution started to introduce more machines to harvest the fields with
  31. ae
    service sector industries that require a high level of specialized knowledge skill (scientific research, high-level management)

    This is the part of the 3rd step where the scientists are involved
  32. af
    economic activity concerned with the direct extraction of natural resources from the environment-- such as mining, fishing, lumbering, and especially agriculture

    This is the first step of agriculture and is obviously the most important
  33. ag
    Agricultural revolution that increased production through improved seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation; helped to support rising Asian populations.

    The Green Revolution is also noted in India where it helped the nation from starvation and helped it to now become of the leading nations of exporting crops
  34. ah
    When wetlands are drained and filled so the land can be used for buildings and other development

    This is very bad for the land, if we continue to do this we will lose an environment and many animals that live there.
  35. ai
    A way of supplying water to an area of land

    Irrigation has been around for hundreds of years and is still used in many parts of the world.
  36. aj
    An agricultural activity involving the raising of livestock, most commonly cows and goats, for dairy products such as milk, cheese, and butter.

    This is a huge part of agriculture because most people will buy cheese, milk, and butter monthly maybe even twice a month.
  37. ak
    The killing of wild animals and fish as well as the gathering of fruits, roots, nuts, and other plants for sustenance.

    This was used before agriculture was first discovered. Women gathered and men hunted.
  38. al
    consists of any agricultural economy in which the crops and/or animals are used nearly exclusively for local or family consumption on large areas of land and minimal labor input per acre

    This type of agriculture is slowly becoming extinct because agribusinesses are becoming more prominent
  39. am
    Production system based on a large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop. Almost all plantations were established within the tropics; in recent decades, many have been divided into smaller holdings or reorganized as cooperatives

    Plantation agriculture has been around for a few hundred years and has proved to be an important form of agriculture.
  40. an
    areas of settlement during the neolithic period, especially along major rivers, from where farming and cultivation of livestock emanates

    These hearths are still active in growing these crops or housing this livestock.
  41. ao
    ..., defined cultural landscape, as an area fashioned from nature by a cultural group. A combination of cultural features such as language and religion; economic features such as agriculture and industry; and physical features such as climate and vegetation. "Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium, the cultural landscape is the result."

    He is still cited today about his beliefs, and people generally agree with all of his work.
  42. ap
    Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.

    This kind of agriculture is mostly done my agribusinesses.
  43. aq
    A radical change in agriculture that involves altering the genetic strands of agricultural products to increase productivity

    This is when GMOs were introduced. They make are food larger but not necessarily better
  44. ar
    the reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds that result from sexual fertilization

    Sometimes this is seen with shifting cultivation so that they can again slash and burn and then start the process all over again
  45. as
    Economic activity involving the processing of raw materials and their transformation into finished industrial products; the manufacturing sector

    This is the second step of agriculture and is when natural materials get turned into the junk foods we know and love
  46. at
    Commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning batering or the exchange of commodities.

    This is generally found in the south east and is probably the most well known kind of agriculture around here.
  47. au
    explains and predicts agricultural land use. more intensive land uses closer to the market place. more extensive land farther from the market place.

    Von Thunen said that all land is uniform and he did not take into account that there were different weather patterns
  48. av
    Grains that can be stored and used throughout the year

    Wheat is a good example of a staple grain.
  49. aw
    Any one of various substances used to kill harmful insects (insecticide), fungi (fungicide), vermin, or other living organisms that destroy or inhibit plant growth, carry disease, or are otherwise harmful.

    Pesticides are good to get rid of insects but they are not always safe for human consumption.
  50. ax
    the raising of livestock for food by moving herds from place to place to find pasture and water

    This is most common in northern Africa, there they mostly want camels to herd
  51. ay
    service sector industires concerned with the collection, processing, and manipuation of information and capital (finance, administration, insurance, legal services)

    This part of the 3rd step is the part where they have to talk about how fast the food is selling or how quickly it grew or was made. Or if they need more or less genetically modified genes in them
  52. az
    reproduction of plants by direct cloning of existing plants

    The 'fresh' vegetables that we get at the grocery store were probably made through this method
  53. ba
    A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.

    This needs the most hands on work and is the hardest kind of agricultural practice
  54. bb
    a building where livestock are fattened for market

    This is mostly used in agribusinesses