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  • who was crispus attucks?

    first guy to die in Boston Massacre. was african american, was used as a symbol to rally African Americans to the army

    did the notions of universal liberty apply to african americans?


    trans-ATL slave trade in the declaration of independence

    passage denouncing it deleted by congress. only passage about slavery will accuse brits of provoking slaves to revolt.

    what did african americans believe the language of the dec of independence entail?

    abolition of slavery

    george washington

    emancipated his slaves at his death

    what did ideas about liberty and tyranny do for blacks?

    encouraged them to protest and escape

    what are freedom suits?

    african americans suing on technicalities to obtain freedom

    phillis wheatley

    born in Gambia. purchased as servant by John Wheatley. very intelligent, wrote poetry. was sent to London to get education

    benjamin baneker

    born free. first person to build large clock in US. first african american govt employee. publishes almanac. dialogue with thomas jefferson on slavery

    what sides did blacks fight on in american revolution?


    were blacks wanted in continental army?

    no. would disrupt social hierarchy

    what was lord dunmore's ethiopian regiment?

    last english governor of VA offered to liberate blacks if they joined ethiopian regiment

    who was Col. Tye?

    a part of ethiopian regiment. captures rebel militia captain. is known for guerilla tactics. promoted over 24 black soldiers

    peter salem, salem poor?

    believed if they fought they would be granted freedom

    what is a manumission?

    formal emancipation from slavery

    what influenced increase in manumissions?

    revolution rhetoric

    what did increased european immigration in north lead to?

    decreased need for slave labor

    what was the first to abolish slavery?

    NE states

    who was elizabeth freeman?

    first black slave in MA to file freedom suit and win

    who were the cuffe brothers?

    established first integrated school in MA and helped establish friendly society of Sierra Leone

    what was the NW ordinance of 1787?

    expanded US territory. slavery prohibited here

    who was anthony benzet?

    directed first anti-slavery organization, Pennsylvania society for promoting the abolition of slavery

    who became president of pa society for promoting abolition of slavery?

    benjamin franklin

    what was umbrella organization over others?

    american convention for promoting the abolition of slavery and improving the condition of the african race

    what was catch of most anti-slavery organizations?

    blacks weren't actually allowed in them. anti slavery did not always mean pro black

    what is gradual emancipation?

    people being freed after long number of years

    what happened with gradual emancipation?

    slave owners were reimbursed for their "loss of property"

    why was immediate emancipation feared?

    afraid slave owners would neglect elderly slaves

    what did george washington do?

    emancipated slaves at his death

    what were majority of free populations in deep south?

    illegitimate children

    passage about slavery was not put in what?


    how long was the trans atl secured for?

    20 years

    what did the security of trans atl lead to?

    increased rates of slaves being brought into US. 40,000 will enter charleston.

    what did some states do (VA MA RI CN) about trans atl?

    banned their citizens from participating although slavery itself was not illegal

    fugitive slave law of 1793

    if slaves escaped from SC and went to place like MA, slave owner could come to MA and retrieve them even though slavery was illegal there

    3/5 clause

    for every 5 slaves, 3 get counted as people and 3/5 of slaves would be taxed

    what increased cotton production?

    eli whitney's cotton gin

    what was second middle passage?

    internal slave trade. focused on bring slaves from old east and old south to the deep south

    scientific racism and great chain of being

    god created hierarchy. blacks more closely related to apes than whites

    free black communities?

    created out of desire to preserve identity

    free african society was?

    in philly. basically a frat organization

    prince hall masons?

    established by prince hall, free slave living in boston. rejected by americans, instead initiated by irish lodge

    what was the first complete african american school?

    augustine school in philadelphia

    what was the african religion retained in the us?


    who founded the episcopal church?

    absalom jones

    who founded mother bethel?

    richard allen

    what established the West African colony of liberia as a refuge for slaves?

    the american colonization society

    what was sierra leone founded as?

    country to resettle people who had been slaves in american colonies

    what were problems with liberia?

    no good soil, people already living there, no similarities between natives and americans

    gabriel's revolt in VA

    literate slave in Va. plotted to seize Richmond and capture the governor. two enslaved people alerted authorities and participants are are hunted down. gabriel executed

    charles deslondes and german coast revolt in LA

    largest slave revolt in american history. 180-200 people involved. they will be massacred and those left alive will tortured and then executed

    toussaint louverture

    black george washington

    free black slave owners


    term slavery

    "if you work for me for 5 more years, i'll give you my freedom"

    sold down river

    sold rebellious slaves further south for punishment. 400,000 slaves will be moved from the old south to the deep south

    thomas jefferson had sexual relations with who

    sally hemmings


    robert newsom would rape her. eventually entered relationship. bf told her to stop relations. celia kill robert. chops him up and burns him


    move feet and body in circle to symbolize connection between past, present, and future

    praise houses

    meeting houses

    ub phillips

    pioneering historian on slavery. he thought slavery was benign, paternalism and christian inducing thing

    stanley elkins

    african americans not biologically inferior but were made inferior by conditions of plantations

    abdu-i-rahman ibrahim

    ambushed, sold into slavery, sent word to john quincy adams to get his release. henry clay secures his freedom. slave owner lets him go free only if he returns to africa

    evangelical abolitionism in the 19th century was heavily inspired by ______

    the second awakening

    denmark vesey

    led massive revolt. affiliated with ame church. gulla jack. 100 arrested and vesey and jack executed. ame disbanded

    samuel cornish

    creator of first african american newspaper

    charlotte forten

    philadelphia female anti-slavery society

    maria stewart

    very passionate anti-slavery spokesperson

    alethia tanner

    washington d.c. purchased her freedom and then went on to purchase many others'

    william lloyd garrison

    radicalized by baltimore alliance. most important abolitionist of 19th century

    the liberator

    newspaper founded by garrison

    nat turner's revolt

    led revolts that were not very objective. killed 57 whites. revered by abolitionists

    philadelphia hall

    venue built by abolitionists but riots will destroy it

    elijah p. lovejoy

    will have abolitionist newspaper. forced to leave st. louis and throw his presses in MS river and mob killed him

    why will the american anti-slavery society split?

    garrison's radicalism and because he was a feminist

    liberty party

    first anti slavery political party

    moral suasion

    use of religious language to persuade people to abandon slavery

    black convention movement and black churches

    coming together for blacks to have dialogue about issues plaguing african american community

    black church

    most important venue for blacks to speak out against slavery

    black newspapers

    spread ideas about anti slavery

    frederick douglass's north star

    most important black owned, black ran newspaper

    cinque and the amistad

    slave ship picks up people up in Sierra Leone but as making their way into USA the slaves will rise up and kill everyone on ship except for two people who were supposed to steer them back to africa. brought them back to africa but eventually won their freedom

    Madison Washington and slave ship Creole

    destined for sail to deep south. slaves took control of ship and sailed for bahamas. because of british law once they reached shores of bahamas they were free

    what was organized for the purpose of violently and physically resisting slave owners coming into the north to get slaves?

    William Still and PA vigilance association

    how is texas and manifest destiny related to slavery?

    question of slavery in newly acquired territories really pushes the US toward the civil war

    what was free labor ideology?

    didn't necessarily like blacks but didn't want them in labor field

    what is wilmot proviso?

    concept that slavery should be illegal in this territory

    what was the free soil party founded on?

    free labor

    in CA's constitution what type of state did they want to be?

    free labor state

    what did the CA compromise entail?

    1) admits CA as a free state 2) outlaws slave trade in DC 3) created stronger fugitive slave act

    what did the fugitive slave act of 1850 do?

    forced marshals and even citizens to help capture suspected runaways

    personal liberty laws

    ignored federal law and made it illegal for state law enforcement to help with capturing fugitive slaves

    how did william and ellen craft escape slavery?

    dressed ellen as sickly white man and cast william as her servant. got on train and went all the way to boston


    escaped slavery and came to boston but was captured by slave catchers. ban of african americans stormed jail and broke him out. went to canada

    what did the kansas-nebraska act do?

    wanted to take territory in LA purchase and make it a state (Nebraska) but bc of MO compromise, slavery would be illegal. revised bill to make two states: kansas and nebraska

    why was the republican party founded?

    to contain slavery to where it already existed

    what was the dred scott decision?

    sent to illinois for four years and his master died. inherited by master's widow. sues for freedom based on fact that he was brought into state where slavery was illegal. ruled in scott's favor

    john brown and harper's ferry raid

    wanted to lead revolt against harper's ferry, steal weapons, give weapons out and lead a slave revolt. VA militia is called in by robert e lee. revolt is put down and brown is executed

    why is civil war started?

    not to abolish slavery but to bring the south back into national fold

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