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  1. 6th Stage: Middle Passage
  2. acculturating
  3. divination
  4. pidgin
  5. Church of England
  6. chattel
  7. rain forest
  8. slave codes
  9. Industrial Revolution
  10. spirit possession
  11. matrilineal
  12. Asiento
  13. slaver
  14. Black English
  15. indigo
  16. Barbados
  17. planter elite
  18. 5th Stage: The Door of No Return
  19. polytheistic
  20. Guinea Coast
  21. Mali
  22. heiroglyphics
  23. French and Indian War
  24. Ancient Ghana
  25. joint-stock companies
  26. griot
  27. savanna
  28. chattel slavery
  29. hierachical
  30. incest taboos
  31. 2nd Stage: The Slavery Process
  32. patriarchal
  33. Kongo and Angola
  34. animistic
  35. hunting and gathering societies
  36. manumission
  37. Creoles
  38. Spanish Armada
  39. 4th Stage:The Selling Process
  40. House of Burgesses
  41. 1st Stage: Capture
  42. seasoning
  43. Nubia,Kush, Meroe, and Axum
  44. cal-and -response
  45. gang system
  46. assimilation
  47. indentured servant
  48. Martinique
  49. Semitic
  50. secret societies
  51. low country
  52. 7th stage:In the Americas
  53. patrilineal
  54. Berbers
  55. 3rd Stage: The Basement
  56. factories
  57. Great Dismal Swamp
  58. lineage
  1. a 400 slaves were chained to the walls beneath the ground. Waiting for the Brttish traders to arrive and receive them. Slaves withheld 3-6 inches of stagnet extrenuous stench water in the basement. When it rained the waste produced by the slaves contaminated the water. about 20 slaves died by the end of this stage.
  2. b Africans were brought to Chesapeake in this stage during 1619, this is were the africans were either sold to the French,Dutch or the Spanish.
  3. c chained up in a couffle and placed in a muddy canoe.Being taken to the mothership 5 to 6 miles away. Ocean water would often hit the wounds of the slaves during this process. About 15 slaves were kiled during this process. About 350 slaves survived this process of slavery.
  4. d Primitive corporations that carried out Brittish and Dutch colonization in the Americas during the seventeenth century.
  5. e the art or act of predicting the future or discovering hidden knowledge
  6. f Enslaved people who were treated legally as property.
  7. g The beliefs that inanimate objects have spitirual attributes.
  8. h 1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America.Established in Jamestown,Virgina in 1619.
  9. i The southern part of the US
  10. j The idea that a supernatural entity or personality can enter and use otherwise ordinary human bodies and personalities.
  11. k West African societies whose membership is secret or whose rituals are known only to society members. Their most significant function is the initiation of boys and girls into adulthood.
  12. l A nation found by the Sonike people, this nation had arisen in the early fourth century C.E as late as the 18th century. Its name comes from the Sonnike name for king. Its boundaries reached into the sahara desert to its north and into Senegal to its south. The kings in this nation were known as the richest monarchs.This nation exported pepper,slaves, and in abundance gold.
  13. m A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
  14. n A fleet that unsuccessfully attempted to carry out an invasion of England in 1588.
  15. o Small societies dependent on hunting animals and collecting wild plants rather than on ariculture.
  16. p Those who owned the largest tobacco plantations
  17. q When the Europeans arrived the African cheifs would exchange slaves for new technology weapons and riches.The triangular trade took place during this period of the slavery process.Europeans would check the slaves to see if they were healthy and a good commodity for their production.After slaves were purchased they would take branding irons to label the slaves they traded. Men were branded on their chest whie women were branded underneath the breasts with an "E"
  18. r Headquarters for European company that traded for slaves or engaged in other commercial enterproses on the West African coast.
  19. s An often difficult period of adjustment to new climates, disease environments, and work routines, such as that experienced by slaves newly arrived in the Americas.
  20. t A ship used to transport slaves from Africa to the Americas.
  21. u based on or tracing descent through the male line
  22. v ...
  23. w Absolute legal ownership of another person, including the right to buy or sell that person.(property)
  24. x ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds
  25. y Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights.
  26. z Also called the Anglican Church, this was the Protestant Church established by King Henry VIII; religious radicals desired a "purer" church that was allowed by monarchs of the early seventeenth century, causing some to leave for the Americas.
  27. aa direct descent from an ancestor.
  28. ab change in individuals who are introduced to a new culture.
  29. ac release from slavery by the slave master
  30. ad The process by which peope of different backgrounds become similar to each other in culture and language.
  31. ae Family of related languages long spoken across parts of western Asia and northern Africa. In antiquity these languages included Hebrew, Aramaic, and Phoenician. The most widespread modern member of the this language family is Arabic.
  32. af Refers to social system based on class rank.
  33. ag prohibitions on sexual relations between relatives
  34. ah Another term for African American English, Vernacular Black English, and Ebonics. A dialect used by many African Americans and used primarily by those in working-class families.
  35. ai Many gods.
  36. aj To the south of Egypt in the upper Nile Valley, in what is today called Sudan layed this ancient region.This is where the first evidence had arisen about the first nations to have a large grain production and the concept of monarchy had arisen. The Egyptia colony controlled many of this nations copper and gold mines and also imported ivory,ebony,leopard belts, and slaves.The term pharoahs had arisen in one of these nations and their kings buried themselves in what they called pryamids. Many of the people within this nation practice the Egyptian religion.
  37. ak means contract
  38. al person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to America.
  39. am (1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
  40. an people native to North Africa and the Sahara Desert.
  41. ao a member of a class of traveling poets, musicians, and storytellers who maintain a tradition of oral history in parts of West Africa.
  42. ap The southward-facing coast of West Africa,from which many of the people caught up in the Atlantic slave trade departed from the Americas.
  43. aq Across the Atlantic and into the new world (North America). Children usually go through a one to three moth process to get to the new world. There are usually gender splits when slaves arrive in the new world.Many slaves were thrown over board due to disease or terrorization due to revolts or rebellion.Slaves were chained and stacked against each other making in hard for them to breath and would often spread around very harmful diseases.Eating was limited and food was passed around in a small bucket . Women were put in a seprate compartment in the ship often the crewmen would rape the women slaves. Very unsanitary conditions in the ship and approximately 30 % of slaves would die durign this process.
  44. ar A forest that receives at least 2 meters of rain per year, mostly occurring in the tropical wet climate zone.
  45. as slaves were placed in chains and ankle braclets, this stage lasted for approximately 7-30 days.This was a forced march with slaves arms behind their back and shackles around their ankles. 50 people died in this process and only about 400 slaves survived this stage.
  46. at relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
  47. au a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.
  48. av started in the late 1500s and exploded in the early 1600s. 500 villages in Africa were attaked by the Brittish colonies(the Americas). 15 to 25 people were killed in this raid and only 475/485 villagers were taken captive.
  49. aw A simplified mixture of two or more language used to communicate between people who speak different langages.
  50. ax relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother.
  51. ay An island nation in the Lesser Antilles located to the southeast of Puerto Rico.
  52. az These nations lie within Centeral Africa.They divided their labor by gender and lived in villages of extended families, in addition gave semidivine status to their kings . This nation had in abundance a great aquatic agriculture, access to salt,iron,and trade with the interior. This was the first African nation that was converted to Christianity and modeled many of the European culture.
  53. ba A plant used to make valuable blue dye
  54. bb A heavily forested area on the Virginia-North Carolina border that served as a refuge for fugitive slaves during the eigthteenth and nineteenth centuries
  55. bc An isand in the eastern Carribean Sea that was a French sugar producing colony from the seventeenth into the ninteenth century.
  56. bd An African-American singing style rooted in Africa.A solo call tells a story to which a group responds,often with repeated lyrics.
  57. be Person of African or European descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.
  58. bf A mode of organizing labor that had West African antecedants. In this system American slaves worked in groups under the direction of slave driver