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39 True/False questions

  1. WEB DuboisWanted the white curriculum

          

  2. 14th AmendmentDue process and equal

          

  3. The AlamoWas not for "freedom" but was a slave-owner rebellion against Mexico which abolished slavery.

          

  4. Jared Diamond-Worlds best expert on birds, microbiologist.
    -Says, "Why you white men have so much cargo, and we blacks have none?"
    -Attended conferences that would discuss why Europe is highly developed while Africa is not?
    -He looked into, why is Europe so developed? Why did Europe conquer Africa, and not the other way around?
    -Wrote a book called Guns, Germs, and Steel.
    >Guns (which Europe had because they had steel) > arrows (Africa had).
    >Europe also had weapons of steel.
    >Europe has germs from 13 animals that can be domesticated.
    >Europe goes by Latitude, Africa goes by Longitude (North South) Hot dry some places, cool/wet others.
    >Europe grows a lot of crops.

          

  5. Socratic Method-The Africans took control of the ship.
    -The case, United States v. The Amistad (1841) was finally decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of the Mende, restoring their freedom. It became a symbol in the movement to abolish slavery.

          

  6. Free Dixy RadioStarted by Robert Williams

          

  7. Narrow Nationalism GroupsMarcus Garvey, Black Muslims (older group)

          

  8. Vagrancy LawsDon't work = go to jail, get off by $10 fine, pay off debt by working on a plantation.

          

  9. Taught in old black schoolsDon't work = go to jail, get off by $10 fine, pay off debt by working on a plantation.

          

  10. John BrownWas not for "freedom" but was a slave-owner rebellion against Mexico which abolished slavery.

          

  11. ReconstructionThe murder of a 14-year old black boy by Mississippi racists in 1955 sparked the modern civil rights movement by placing the ugly face and history of racism before the public.

          

  12. Kansas Missouri War-The Africans took control of the ship.
    -The case, United States v. The Amistad (1841) was finally decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of the Mende, restoring their freedom. It became a symbol in the movement to abolish slavery.

          

  13. Sabotaged Amendments-The Civil War Amendments were sabotaged by the Black Codes and Jim Crow laws which permitted local law enforcement officials to fine blacks for vagrancy, hire out to the former slave plantations some blacks so they could pay their fines for vagrancy, and arrest unemployed blacks. Blacks were often falsely arrested for vagrancy crimes and then forced to work on a plantation for free to pay a fine.
    -The 13th Amendment (slavery abolished) was sabotaged by vagrancy laws, the 14th Amendment (equal protection under the law and due process) was sabotaged by all white juries and lynching, and the 15th Amendment (the right to vote) was sabotaged by poll taxes, violence, grandfather clauses, and literacy tests. All of the southern states passed such laws to deny African American rights gained during Reconstruction.

          

  14. Colonialism-Settlers that practice the destruction of another group religion, culture, and replaces ethnic self-identification with a Eurocentric mode of thought.

          

  15. Groups slavery was tried onSupported black curriculum

          

  16. Narrow NationalismMarcus Garvey, Black Muslims (older group)

          

  17. 15th AmendmentGives African Americans the right to vote

          

  18. Peter CamperFacial angles that said it was scientific that blacks were more related to monkeys

          

  19. Vincente GuerroFacial angles that said it was scientific that blacks were more related to monkeys

          

  20. Booker T Washington-Ex-Marine (Black)
    -Wrote "Negroes with Guns" 1955
    -Member NAACP
    -Believes in militant self-defense -> B.P.P. - M.S.D. - 1966
    -Chec Guevara and Fidel Castro were his friends.

          

  21. Black colleges-Created during reconstruction so that blacks would not compete with whites.
    -Curriculum; Major subjects included cooking, sowing dance, sports.
    -Verses white schools who's major subjects were for doctors, lawyers, and engineers
    -W.E.B. Dubois wanted the white curriculum (Booker T. Washington supported black curriculum)

          

  22. 13th AmendmentAbolish slavery

          

  23. Emmit TillThe murder of a 14-year old black boy by Mississippi racists in 1955 sparked the modern civil rights movement by placing the ugly face and history of racism before the public.

          

  24. The Amistad-The Africans took control of the ship.
    -The case, United States v. The Amistad (1841) was finally decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of the Mende, restoring their freedom. It became a symbol in the movement to abolish slavery.

          

  25. Samuel MortonScientific racist, said he could measure the volume of the brain and tell who is white and who isn't.

          

  26. Difference between Washington and Dubois-W.E.B. Dubois wanted the white curriculum (Booker T. Washington supported black curriculum)

          

  27. Marx says capitalism created1. Racism through the slave trade.
    2. A justification for slavery by developing racist theories
    3. The modern system of racism

          

  28. Revolutionary Nationalism Groups-Black pride but not against any other ethnic group

          

  29. Revolutionary NationalismBlack Panther Party (original), African Blood Brotherhood (ABB) 1917-1919

          

  30. Dred Scott decision-Decision by US Supreme Court which said African Americans were not US citizens but property.
    -Decision led to Kansas-Missouri War which involved the pro-slavery state of Missouri against anti-slavery Kansas
    -Pro-slavery men in Missouri were called "Buckwhakers" and anti-slavery men in were called "Jayhawkers".

          

  31. Redeemerment-Reconstruction was overthrown by the "Southern Redeemers" who wanted their voting rights back.
    -The "Southern Redeemer Movement" tried to sabotage the Civil War amendments through educational ideas that were vocational only for blacks.

          

  32. Black Panther Party-Was one of 2 major groups that fought segregation - defended blacks.

          

  33. "We the people"Meant whites with money and land

          

  34. Plessy vs. Ferguson decison 1896-Homer Plessy who was "1/8th black" went to US Supreme Court where the court ruled that:
    1. Segregation was legal
    2. "Separate but equal" was established
    3. The "one drop rule"

          

  35. Brutality1. Whipping
    2. Burning
    3. Kidnapping
    4. Dismemberment
    5. Drawn and quartered
    6. When blacks died they sometimes fed bodies to hogs or buried them in graves.

          

  36. Marxism arguedArgued the class is central to oppression of black people

          

  37. Communist partyThe murder of a 14-year old black boy by Mississippi racists in 1955 sparked the modern civil rights movement by placing the ugly face and history of racism before the public.

          

  38. Racial Etiquette- The whole intent of Jim Crow etiquette boiled down to one simple rule: blacks must demonstrate their inferiority to whites by actions, words, and manners. Laws supported this racist code of behavior whenever racial customs started to weaken or breakdown in practice -- as they did during the Reconstruction era. When the laws were weakly or slowly applied, whites resorted to violence against blacks to reinforce the customs and standards of behavior. Indeed, whites commonly justified lynchings and the horrible murders of blacks during the Jim Crow era as defensive actions taken in response to black violations of the color line and rules of racial etiquette.

          

  39. Robert Williams-Ex-Marine (Black)
    -Wrote "Negroes with Guns" 1955
    -Member NAACP
    -Believes in militant self-defense -> B.P.P. - M.S.D. - 1966
    -Chec Guevara and Fidel Castro were his friends.