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  1. did not immediately free a single slave; only applied places where the federal government had no control (southern states fighting against the union); proclaimed freedom
  2. ended British slavery
  3. against lynching; did a study;
  4. pre-civil war period; increase in technology
  5. first evidence of slavery as an established legal ownership of another human being
  6. first to get PhD from Harvard; civil rights activist; wanted more than just an education for blacks
  7. prohibits the denial of citizen the right of vote based upon "race, color, or former slave status"; people of color/former slaves cannot be denied the right to vote
  8. bondage that makes human beings the property of another person; offspring included
  9. group of people whose members identify with each through common heritage
  10. Tunis Cambel was its president; he helped refugees come to the island
  11. those who were in the ____ would lso have to labor on railroads as part of their conviction
  12. 17th president; vetoed civil rights act of 1866 and then with 2/3 of the room against him it was turned into law
  13. raw good to Europe -> refining products & trading for slaves -> slaves to America to get raw goods
  14. the first battle over state's rights; stated that anyone born in the USA was a citizen of the country regardless if they had been born a slave or not; vetoed by Andrew Johnson
  15. hiding place in the underground railroad
  16. US house of Representatives; supported the 13th amendment
  17. established by Robert Finley as attempt to satisfy two groups in America; 1st group were people who wanted to free African slaves 2nd group was slave owners
  18. civil rights group; allowed both black men and women; Andrew Carnegie provided funding; went back and established chapters in their homes; pre - NAACP; blacks had a right to an education
  19. it came into question whether slaves could hold firearms and the danger it posed
  20. was created to help aid the transition of the newly freed Black Americans into society; well intentioned but Southern society's negative reaction to their work, along with supremacist groups rendered the bureau largely ineffective
  21. he was an abolitionist, writer, & conductor; helped a substantial # of slaves achieve their freedom
  22. had a long term relationship with a slave; did not believe that slaves could live side with their owners and should be sent back to Africa; believed that the biological make up of Blacks made them perfect for being slaves
  23. first group of indentured servants were brought over
  24. the awareness of Blacks of being an American and an African American
  25. first military unit consisting of black soldiers to be raised in the North during the Civil War; July 18, 1863
  26. was in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, & PA
  27. in Virginia; went around killing white families; 1831
  28. indentured servants
  29. period that immediately followed the end of the American Civil War (1865 to 1877); Andrew Johnson gave southerners their property back
  30. first black man in "new world"
  31. its racial and stereotypical nature was immediately an issue in the public
  32. owners of homes that hid slaves in underground railroad
  33. indentured servant uprising; race & racism truly began
  34. evangelical religious movement; motivated both black & white converts to fight the "sin" of slavery
  35. both helped in Underground Railroad
  36. targeted Republicans; goal was the restoration of the Democrats to power by getting rid of Republicans, which usually meant repressing civil rights and voting by the freedmen
  37. guardians of slaves' legal rights
  38. abolished slavery & involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime
  39. didn't drink alcohol; no dancing; against slavery
  40. random classification of humans having to do with physical characteristics
  41. leave cells in the early am and would not come back until 8pm; had to drink from the same water where there feet would be in; could rent a prisoner for $9/month
  42. collection of all Black Union military regiments during and after the American civil war
  43. darker skin of blacks; white people's lack of clarity to see Blacks as true Americans; Black's lack of clarity to see themselves outside of what white America describes and prescribes for them
  44. a conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image.
  45. shipped himself to the North to escape slavery
  46. 16th president; the great emancipator; referred to himself as anti-slaveru
  47. descendants of slave codes; continued same policies restraining Black ability to live and work freely; demolition of the southern Plantocracy
  48. people who helped find the underground railroad
  49. forces people to live and work in a labor setting to pay for debt over time, spanning several years, or can extend across generations (Jamestown pre-bacon's rebellion)
  50. forced to travel across the UK performing in "freak shows";
  51. placed ten confederate states under military control, grouping them into 5 military districts
  52. book written by W.E.B. Dubois; the veil
  53. adopted after the British Model From Barbados; Georgia copied
  54. born into slavery; advised presidents; Tuskegee University
  55. established at the end of the civil war and beginning of reconstruction period; their main concern was to reestablish white power, to reestablish control of the black labor force & to restore racial subordination in every aspect of Southern life
  56. played "Jumpin Jim Crow" in minstrel shows; established the name of the future system of Black oppression in law
  57. guaranteed a slave holder to recover an escaped slave
  58. authorized the creation of all Black American fighting units
  59. they were civilizing them, saving souls, and converting them to christianity
  60. deal that was made with Spain and purchasing Louisiana
  61. the perfect imaginary way of being for elderly women; was particularly insulting because they were seen as being a positive outcome of the slavery system
  62. slaves could hold firearms
  63. Harriet Beecher Stower wrote it; family was supportive of abolitionist cause; story enraged slavery minded southerners
  64. established in 1861; started civil war by their assault and successful siege
  65. young black kids not being controlled; wild in a sense (Uncle Tom's Cabin)
  66. an attack on Black and Republicans who were meeting in the N.O. to strategize the Civil Rights act of 1866.
  67. one of the first blacks to run for office; won in senate with overwhelming majority; president of st. catherine's island
  68. Philadelphia, PA
  69. first study of sociology; written by Dubois;
  70. name of people coming from North to South for money
  71. redefined grand larceny and anything that was stolen over $10 & animals could get you up to 5 years in prison
  72. President of the underground railroad
  73. stated that every state in the USA (including free states) had to turn in any runaway slaves
  74. bloodiest battle in the civil war; September 17, 1862
  75. ended the reconstruction era in a backroom deal between the Repulicans and Democrats
  76. attracted young white Southern men who were too young to be in the Civil war to have an opportunity to perpetrate violence against Black southerners
  77. first of many popular and famous Black American entertainment figures
  78. father of the south; saw prisoners as great source of profit; railroad lines in Southern Alabama
  79. citizenship clause if you are born in USA you are a citizen; due process clause safeguard from arbitrary denial of life, liberty, or property by the Government outside the sanction of law, equal protection clause citizens cannot be denied equal protection of the law
  80. gave 40 acres of rice land & mule for slaves
  81. designed to forestall the likelihood of slave insurrection, petty thievery, miscegenation, escapes, & countless other infractions; designed to control both slaves & their owners
  82. Booker T. Washington basically told them to make friends with the Southern whites; tells them that they are still the same people from before who took care of their children and fields; to trust them because the only difference now is that they are free and are getting paid