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87 True/False questions

  1. 70s and 80sthis was the most terrible period in the history of modern Africa.

    disillusionment - after 10 years, this government is not serving any interest. Education is not better and unemployment is still high.

    Gambia and Somalia have multiparty systems. If you are doing what the country wants, you are safe.

          

  2. Microfinancethis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  3. Challenges to kinshipwestern culture, christianity, education, capitalism.

          

  4. white eyes dark reflections1) westerners introduced Authoritarianism to many places in Africa.
    2) pre-colonialism, women had more power.
    3) westerners used Christianity and Social Darwinism to justify domination/occupation and Reconstruction of African identities.

          

  5. Soccer in Africa: Amputee Soccer and World Cupthis has been an ongoing conflict between the Séleka, a coalition of rebel groups led by Michel Djotodia, and the government. Millions of people had died, and Bozize was inducted for crimes against humanity. Once Djotodia and the Seleka got into office, the seleka said to be divided. Attacks still go on today. Seleka are mostly muslim so its a religion war as well.

          

  6. Dambisa Moyothis was a part of a system of community justice inspired by tradition and established in 2001 in Rwanda, in the wake of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, when between 900,000 and 1m Rwandans, mostly Tutsi, were slaughtered. After the genocide, it was difficult to prison the large amounts of people accused of human rights violations. This court system is a method of transitional justice, designed to promote healing and to move on from this crisis. This system has come under criticism thought because of the danger it posts to survivors.

          

  7. Clinton Foundationthis is a nonprofit foundation founded by Bill Clinton with the state mission to help improve access to worldwide investment, opportunity, and lifesaving services. It focusses on health security economic empowerment, leadership development and citizen service.

          

  8. Pan Africanismthis is Kwame Nkrumah's idea for the unity of all Africans and that Africans everywhere ought to unite in common effort to assert their dignity and use their resources for meeting their needs and realizing their aspirations. Kwame was also the first president of Ghana.

          

  9. Hero Ratsthis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  10. African Film Industrythey generally try to portray a different version of Africa. usually in politics.

    Chinua Achebe- he was born in Nigeria. Writes in English. He taught at Brown. He's known for his criticism of portrayal of Africans in Heart of Darkness.

    Wole Soyinka - he was born in Nigeria. He was accused of being a rebel during the Nigerian Civil war and was imprisoned. He writes in English and won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

    Nguigi wa Thiong'o - he wrote the River Between. He's from Kenya, and was imprisoned by the Kenyan government and eventually left Kenya for the UK and US.

          

  11. Reclaiming SomaliaAl-Shabaab - means youth in Arabic. It emerged as a radical young wing / terrorist group in Somalia whose goal is to crush western backed Somali government in Mogadishu and create a strict Islamic state. It's leader is Abdi Godane, they have recently joined al-Qaeda. Somalia has an unstable government. Al-Shabaab has been known to kidnap young kids and force them into their ranks. And they attack people a lot.

          

  12. Nelson Mandelawhen their was an apartheid in South Africa, which gave privilege to White South Africans, he committed a non-violent group to sabotage the apartheid government.

          

  13. Common African StereotypesSamuel Eto - camroon football player. He is involved with Unicef, WHO and the One movement.

    Dikembe Mutombo Foundation - this is a health and education program in which they work with children.

          

  14. How Europe Underdeveloped Africathis is a book written by Walter Rodney, which takes the view that Africa was deliberately exploited and underdeveloped by European colonial regimes. He argues that railroads were constructed only in areas beneficial to colonial exports, or Europe only built infrastructure in places that would help them. Led to skewed development.

          

  15. South Sudan and Eritreathis happened at a National Liberation Council meeting when President Salva Kiir ordered General Marial Ciennoung to leave the meeting and go to the barracks to disarm the troops. After he disarmed everyone, he ordered that the Dinka members be re-arned. Once his order was questioned by a deputy from the Nuer ethnicity, fight ensued. The Neur soldiers then rearmed and fighting erupted between the Dinka and Nuer soldiers of the Presidential Guard. Salva Kiir has called this a coup attempt. Leader of the rebel attempt was vice president Machar, because he aaas dismissed from office.

          

  16. griotthey are a ethnic group of semi-nomadic people inhabiting southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. They are declared as "indigenous" by the UN.

          

  17. Regional Economic Communitiesthis was a part of a system of community justice inspired by tradition and established in 2001 in Rwanda, in the wake of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, when between 900,000 and 1m Rwandans, mostly Tutsi, were slaughtered. After the genocide, it was difficult to prison the large amounts of people accused of human rights violations. This court system is a method of transitional justice, designed to promote healing and to move on from this crisis. This system has come under criticism thought because of the danger it posts to survivors.

          

  18. camel traina series of camels carrying goods or passengers or both in a group as part of a regular or semi-regular service between two points. Their ability to withstand harsh conditions made camels ideal for communication and trade in the desert.

          

  19. 3 obligations to African parents:this is Kwame Nkrumah's idea for the unity of all Africans and that Africans everywhere ought to unite in common effort to assert their dignity and use their resources for meeting their needs and realizing their aspirations. Kwame was also the first president of Ghana.

          

  20. great african empireswestern sudan, ghana, mali - timbuktu, songhai, great zimbabwe

          

  21. Boko Haramthis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  22. Belgian Massacrewhen their was an apartheid in South Africa, which gave privilege to White South Africans, he committed a non-violent group to sabotage the apartheid government.

          

  23. African Heroesthis is a cultural ideology that is dedicated to the history of Black people. Its a response to racist attitudes about African people and their historical contributions and revisits their history with an African cultural and ideological focus. Molefi Kete Asante is an African-American Studies professor who is widely known for his writings on Afrocentricity.

          

  24. bride pricethis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  25. Educationit is a collective affair. It takes a village. An African child grows feeling indebted to nuclear family, extended family, and community.

          

  26. Cheetah Generationthese are hungry grassroots who have been let down by their governments and all they want to do is reshape the continent. This is because of the growth of human capital leading to a generation of inventors, markers and bloggers.

          

  27. Languagesthis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  28. Massaiit is a collective affair. It takes a village. An African child grows feeling indebted to nuclear family, extended family, and community.

          

  29. Precolonial AfricaChina has provided aid projects to Africa in an effort to improve their image. They lend more money to Africa than World bank. They hope to help Africa achieve better development while benefitting from their natural resources. In Angola, if they can't back the loan, China gets the right to mine or take resources Angola has.

          

  30. Bad African WordsSamuel Eto - camroon football player. He is involved with Unicef, WHO and the One movement.

    Dikembe Mutombo Foundation - this is a health and education program in which they work with children.

          

  31. Reconstruction of African Identitiesthese RECs group together individual countries in subregions for the purpose of achieving greater economic integration.

          

  32. Elders in Africahead of family's contractual agreement, held responsible for transgressions, distinguished wisdom (versed in folk lore, ancestral theology, family and kinship.

          

  33. Cell Phone Phenomenonthese are hungry grassroots who have been let down by their governments and all they want to do is reshape the continent. This is because of the growth of human capital leading to a generation of inventors, markers and bloggers.

          

  34. Food Security and GMOscauses of food shortages: drought, extreme weather, climate change, cad crop dependence.

    Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa: funded by gates to double income of farmers and ensure that countries are towards sustainable and climate friendly agriculture.

    GMOs - these are genetically modified organisms that are the source of genetically modified foods.

    Monsato - this is an american company that creates genetically engineered seeds.

          

  35. Bongo Flavathis is an Islamic jihadist terrorist organization based in Nigeria. It was founded by Mohammed Yusef, and they try to establish a pure Islamic state, trying to stop westernization. They are known for attacking Christians and government targets. They want Nigeria to split into the North and South and for everyone to follow strict Shirya Law.

          

  36. Miriam Makebashe was a grammy award winning South African singer that popularized African music around the world. She campaigned against the South African system of apartheid and she had her citizenship taken from her.

          

  37. Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadershipthis is a prize that celebrates excellence in African leadership. It celebrates African leaders who have developed their countries, liften people out of poverty and paved the way for sustainable and equitable prosperity.

          

  38. Music in AfricaChina has provided aid projects to Africa in an effort to improve their image. They lend more money to Africa than World bank. They hope to help Africa achieve better development while benefitting from their natural resources. In Angola, if they can't back the loan, China gets the right to mine or take resources Angola has.

          

  39. African WritersSamuel Eto - camroon football player. He is involved with Unicef, WHO and the One movement.

    Dikembe Mutombo Foundation - this is a health and education program in which they work with children.

          

  40. Urban Slang in Kenyayouth make up 60% of Kenyan population. Many migrated from rural areas to city.

    Sheng: this is a type of slang created in the 1960s in Kenya that is consistently growing and changing. It can be found everywhere in Kenya. Does not have a safe place within education.

          

  41. Sustainable Energy and Climate Change InitiativesDESERTEC - this is a foundation that aims at creating a global renewable energy plan based on harnessing sustainable power from sites where renewable sources of energy are abundant and transferring it to consumption centers.

          

  42. Shell Oil and the Ogonilandwhen their was an apartheid in South Africa, which gave privilege to White South Africans, he committed a non-violent group to sabotage the apartheid government.

          

  43. patron client relationshipthis was a series of migrations of the Bantu people from the Congo area to present day Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. They probably came because of: drought and famine, population increase, need to find fertile land, tribal conflicts, and disease.

          

  44. Expansion of Technologythis is to improve water sanitization and filtration because of diseases you can get from lack of filter.

    Bio Sand Filtration - this absorbs and collects parasites and viruses, filtering anything bigger than a grain of sand.

    Play Pumps - these are water sources get very deep water underground by having children play on a wheel essentially.

          

  45. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundationthis is one of the largest private foundations in the world. The primary aims are to globally enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty.

          

  46. Thomas Sankarahe was the Presdient of Burkina Faso and a pan-Africanist whose revolutionary programs for African self-reliance made him an icon to many of Africa's poor.

          

  47. Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP)many of the cities are pretty young. And they have turned into places to work but not your home. Its a migration of well-educated citizens and young people coming to urban settings. Globalization, new technologies and media forms developed in these urban areas. They redefine existing cultures and help develop new culture. They also have matatu's, which are privately owned minibuses that play very loud music and give people rides.

          

  48. The Wretched of the Earththis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  49. paradox of plentyor called the resource curse, this happens when a country is suddenly revealed to have lots of natural resources. Its economy will shift towards production of these resources and expose the economy to shorts in the global prices for these commodities. The economy will be more fragile as a result.

          

  50. Economy70% of the African population is rural. They rely on agriculture, subsistence farming, livestock farming. There are food shortages in cities (which must import all their food). They export raw materials and don't make much final products. If they did process their own raw materials, they will make more money, if they don't, their children will suffer and children/youth are 50% of population.

          

  51. Rationale for Colonizing Africacolonization: a system of political, economic, cultural domination imposed on a technologically advanced foreign minority on an indigenous majority.

    Causes: decline of plantation economies in the West Indies. Industrial Revolution in Europe: demand of raw materials and desire to control new markets.

    Motives: european nationalism, missionary activity, military and navel bases, social and economic revolution.

          

  52. negritude70% of the African population is rural. They rely on agriculture, subsistence farming, livestock farming. There are food shortages in cities (which must import all their food). They export raw materials and don't make much final products. If they did process their own raw materials, they will make more money, if they don't, their children will suffer and children/youth are 50% of population.

          

  53. Millennium Village Projectthis is an approach to ending poverty by promoting an approach to rural development by improving access to clean water, sanitation and infrastructure such as education, food and healthcare. These villages ensure that communities have an opportunity to get themselves out of the poverty trap.

          

  54. Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)this is the area encircling the earth near the equator where the northeast and southeast trade winds come together.

          

  55. Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africathis was a court-like restorative justice body once the country joined together after the apartheid. Witnesses identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences, and some were selected for public hearings. It was a crucial component of the transition to full and free democracy in South Africa. Its thought to have been a success.

          

  56. Resource Dependencerelying on something for your economy and well being. If this is depleted then you don't have a source of income.

          

  57. Official Sheng Station (Ghetto Radio)this is a mutually agreed instrument that is a voluntary self-monitoring mechanism. It works to create uniformity and to make sure their is democracy, solid economics and development. 21 countries have yet to join.

          

  58. which minerals do they produce?this was a scheme to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the mainstream rough diamond market to ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine governments.

          

  59. Sirleaf JohnsonSamuel Eto - camroon football player. He is involved with Unicef, WHO and the One movement.

    Dikembe Mutombo Foundation - this is a health and education program in which they work with children.

          

  60. The Mau Mau Rebellionthese are hungry grassroots who have been let down by their governments and all they want to do is reshape the continent. This is because of the growth of human capital leading to a generation of inventors, markers and bloggers.

          

  61. Afrocentrismthis is a cultural ideology that is dedicated to the history of Black people. Its a response to racist attitudes about African people and their historical contributions and revisits their history with an African cultural and ideological focus. Molefi Kete Asante is an African-American Studies professor who is widely known for his writings on Afrocentricity.

          

  62. Conditions Prior to Colonizationthis is a nonprofit foundation founded by Bill Clinton with the state mission to help improve access to worldwide investment, opportunity, and lifesaving services. It focusses on health security economic empowerment, leadership development and citizen service.

          

  63. Gacaca Courtsthis was a part of a system of community justice inspired by tradition and established in 2001 in Rwanda, in the wake of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, when between 900,000 and 1m Rwandans, mostly Tutsi, were slaughtered. After the genocide, it was difficult to prison the large amounts of people accused of human rights violations. This court system is a method of transitional justice, designed to promote healing and to move on from this crisis. This system has come under criticism thought because of the danger it posts to survivors.

          

  64. Millennium Cities Initiativethis is project that aims to assist cities, located near Millennium Villages, to achieve development goals. They focus on policy impacting FDI, with a view to creating employment and foster economic growth.

          

  65. Theories of Africa and Africans in historyremapping.reshaping/renaming of Africa, Europeanization of continent ("Lake Victoria," "Rhodesia" after Cecil Rhodes.

          

  66. Central African Republic Political Crisisthis has been an ongoing conflict between the Séleka, a coalition of rebel groups led by Michel Djotodia, and the government. Millions of people had died, and Bozize was inducted for crimes against humanity. Once Djotodia and the Seleka got into office, the seleka said to be divided. Attacks still go on today. Seleka are mostly muslim so its a religion war as well.

          

  67. common themes in articles on Africachild soldiers, malnourishment, scantily dressed, an African Nobel prize winner. "short people who eat primates." NGOs project false numbers to make outside world believe situation for all Africans is dire. Aids and War.

          

  68. bantu migrationa series of camels carrying goods or passengers or both in a group as part of a regular or semi-regular service between two points. Their ability to withstand harsh conditions made camels ideal for communication and trade in the desert.

          

  69. Ancient Egyptthey created hieroglyphic writing in 3000 BC. They used pictures that stood for different letters.

          

  70. Number of peoplethis was a scheme to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the mainstream rough diamond market to ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine governments.

          

  71. China n Africahead of family's contractual agreement, held responsible for transgressions, distinguished wisdom (versed in folk lore, ancestral theology, family and kinship.

          

  72. Shaka Zuluthis is a non-governmental organization that trains African rats to detect land mines and tuberculosis. These detection rats provide solutions to global problems.

          

  73. Marriage in Africaall adults are expected to marry and build enduring ties between families and kinship groups.

    there are various types of marriage: arranged, wife inheritance, polygamy, monogamy, female husband

          

  74. The River Betweena literary and ideological movement developed by french-speaking black intellectuals, writers, and politicians in France in the 1930s. It's founder was Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor. They were fighting against French political and intellectual hegemony and domination.

          

  75. Authoritarian Rulehe was one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom (1828). He has been called a military genius for his reforms and innovations, and condemned for his brutality of his reign. He modernizing the way people fight.

          

  76. Kimberly Processan amount of money or property or wealth paid by the groom or his family to the parents of a woman upon marriage of their daughter to the groom.

          

  77. South Sudan ConflictChina has provided aid projects to Africa in an effort to improve their image. They lend more money to Africa than World bank. They hope to help Africa achieve better development while benefitting from their natural resources. In Angola, if they can't back the loan, China gets the right to mine or take resources Angola has.

          

  78. Arab Spring and Aftermath in North Americacolonization: a system of political, economic, cultural domination imposed on a technologically advanced foreign minority on an indigenous majority.

    Causes: decline of plantation economies in the West Indies. Industrial Revolution in Europe: demand of raw materials and desire to control new markets.

    Motives: european nationalism, missionary activity, military and navel bases, social and economic revolution.

          

  79. trans-saharan trade routethis is a type of trade that requires travel across the Sahara to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast.

          

  80. Geographical Diversitythey generally try to portray a different version of Africa. usually in politics.

    Chinua Achebe- he was born in Nigeria. Writes in English. He taught at Brown. He's known for his criticism of portrayal of Africans in Heart of Darkness.

    Wole Soyinka - he was born in Nigeria. He was accused of being a rebel during the Nigerian Civil war and was imprisoned. He writes in English and won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

    Nguigi wa Thiong'o - he wrote the River Between. He's from Kenya, and was imprisoned by the Kenyan government and eventually left Kenya for the UK and US.

          

  81. Rural Urban Migrationthis was a series of migrations of the Bantu people from the Congo area to present day Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. They probably came because of: drought and famine, population increase, need to find fertile land, tribal conflicts, and disease.

          

  82. 3 main patterns of interactionregional - members of same ethnic or language group.
    interregional - north vs west trans saharan trade
    international - east coast with Arabs, Indians and Chinese.

          

  83. Joyce Bandashe established several non governmental and charitable foundations all towards improving the lives of citizens, particularly women. She is now the President of Malawi and has since launched diplomatic offense to repair Malawi's international relations and to regain the supporters that were lost during the previous presidency.

          

  84. Grassroots Technologythis is to improve water sanitization and filtration because of diseases you can get from lack of filter.

    Bio Sand Filtration - this absorbs and collects parasites and viruses, filtering anything bigger than a grain of sand.

    Play Pumps - these are water sources get very deep water underground by having children play on a wheel essentially.

          

  85. Rewriting the ConstitutionAl-Shabaab - means youth in Arabic. It emerged as a radical young wing / terrorist group in Somalia whose goal is to crush western backed Somali government in Mogadishu and create a strict Islamic state. It's leader is Abdi Godane, they have recently joined al-Qaeda. Somalia has an unstable government. Al-Shabaab has been known to kidnap young kids and force them into their ranks. And they attack people a lot.

          

  86. Decolonizing the Mindnumber of mobile connections have grown at 30% rate annually. 72% of Africans own phones now. It promotes more commerce and entrepreneurship.

          

  87. African Peer Review Mechanismthey generally try to portray a different version of Africa. usually in politics.

    Chinua Achebe- he was born in Nigeria. Writes in English. He taught at Brown. He's known for his criticism of portrayal of Africans in Heart of Darkness.

    Wole Soyinka - he was born in Nigeria. He was accused of being a rebel during the Nigerian Civil war and was imprisoned. He writes in English and won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

    Nguigi wa Thiong'o - he wrote the River Between. He's from Kenya, and was imprisoned by the Kenyan government and eventually left Kenya for the UK and US.