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125 True/False questions

  1. High Occupational Achievement: William Higginsparticular profession, teachers, preachers, tailors, blacksmith

          

  2. William Lloyd Garrison1817 U.S. government funds to help create the colony of Liberia in Africa to be the place where blacks were to be sent back to Africa
    Black people wanted to leave on their own accord
    1830 over 1500 blacks were transported to Liberia the nation was undeveloped, living conditions were high and African americans had a hard time adjusting to the climate

          

  3. Free African Societylarger membership sponsored lectures and debates

          

  4. When did the black press begin1800's

          

  5. Dred Scott Decision 1857no black person could be a citizen or become a citizen congress could not interfere with slavery because they were private property

          

  6. Free blacks had to carry papersFavored emigration and not colonization

          

  7. Movement to the north-black who were living difficult lives moved to the north
    -1910-1970 1.7 million moved north or urban ares where there was jobs
    -black newspaper encouraged people to move to Chicago

          

  8. Name changing-method newly free blacks employed to reverse the process of slavery

          

  9. What did black newspapers provideprovided readers with common reading materials that could be shared by a large audience and encourage reading and emphasize literacy

          

  10. colonizationemerged because white americans did not know what to do with free black population the free blacks caused issues with slavery

          

  11. Langston Hugheshelped blacks adjust to society

          

  12. Wallace Thurmanfirst black newspaper started by reverend Peter William's and edited by senior and junior chiefs Samuel Carnish and John Russworm. Purpose was to oppose newspapers that encouraged slavery

          

  13. When did the abolitionist movement gained momentum1825

          

  14. Martin R Delaney viewsCondition Elevation, Emigration and Destiny of the Colored people of the U.S. Political Considered

          

  15. Society of friendsexpressed opposition of slavery in 1688 organized by Quakers, opposed because of morals
    societies were all white and didn't admit blacks, opposed the idea of owning other human being

          

  16. 14th amendantabolishment of slavery

          

  17. Other than people who else helped educate free blackschurches

          

  18. medium occupational achievement categoryparticular profession, teachers, preachers, tailors, blacksmith

          

  19. Reading Room-He was involved in the murder of several people
    -1859 Organized 21 men to invade Harpers Ferry in Virginia
    -Captured the town seized the US arsenal and freed 50 slaves
    -he was captured and jailed for his actions
    -He was known as a person who fought to get AA things they couldn't get for themselves
    -born 1800s religious went to school is Massachusetts had to drop out because of sight
    -organized schools, church, and post office
    -known for housing fugitive slaves
    -he had an anti slavery center was attacked and his son died
    -contacted black leaders, but they backed out because of violence

          

  20. perseverance Benevolence and mutual aid associationsecured money from more affluent and dispersed the money to less privileged

          

  21. quasi -free blackbought his freedom after earning money by making smoking tobacco/ pipes

          

  22. Slavery was ended in USexpressed opposition of slavery in 1688 organized by Quakers, opposed because of morals
    societies were all white and didn't admit blacks, opposed the idea of owning other human being

          

  23. High Occupational achievement categoryparticular profession, teachers, preachers, tailors, blacksmith

          

  24. Free blacks favored what policycertified freedom at all times and register with the town clerk every year of three wanted to keep up with the black population

          

  25. Harriett Wilsonwas a slave and later freed and published "the life of a slave girl" in 1861

          

  26. why wasn't slavery in the northseen as a sectional institution

          

  27. Sharecropping-most slaves returned to plantation that they worked on
    -they worked as sharecroppers
    -sharecropping was like slavery, almost always did sharecroppers accumulate debt that could never be repaid

          

  28. Gradual emancipationThomas Jefferson in 1777 wanted scree slaves to be gradual set free and then deported to another country

          

  29. Institutional Schools1775 british convinced slaves to fight for them for freedom america did the same but they didn't

          

  30. Charles Chestnuttwas a lawyer who became a writer his work received worldwide acclaim Mirror of tradition based on Wilmington riots

          

  31. Support against slaverySlavery opposed the teaching of Christianity and all men are created equal in the image of God so therefore slavery was inconsistent
    -waste of human resources
    menace to safety and peace

          

  32. Exception to Housing: Francis Saint Marks-Natchez Mississippi
    -freedom in 1820
    - learned law to be a barber and became successful
    -money lender and acquired wealth owned the best home in the city

          

  33. George Moses HortonStarted its own school

          

  34. What resulted as blacks gained the right to voteprovided readers with common reading materials that could be shared by a large audience and encourage reading and emphasize literacy

          

  35. ConventionsMutual Aid cemetery for people who were society outcast

          

  36. Richard Allen views"The Price of Liberty of African Americans and making of Liberia" colonization was traced back to NC

          

  37. Martin R. Delaneybought his freedom after earning money by making smoking tobacco/ pipes

          

  38. Argument for slaverySlavery opposed the teaching of Christianity and all men are created equal in the image of God so therefore slavery was inconsistent
    -waste of human resources
    menace to safety and peace

          

  39. Beneficial Mutual aid societyorganized limited resources for the poor

          

  40. Labor Unionsbought his freedom after earning money by making smoking tobacco/ pipes

          

  41. Lincoln University1854
    -The united States first degree-granting historical university. In Philly
    a lot of free black schools were named after Lincoln

          

  42. William Wells Brownconsidered the first female african american novelist Published the African American novel "our nig" 1859 in Boston

          

  43. Wealthy Blacks: James Forten-free black from Philly
    -educated abolitionist
    -made boats and was offered the opportunity to buy the company
    -at death he was worth $300,000
    -Supported William Lloyd Garrison

          

  44. Sarah FortenJames Forten daughter used a pin name Ada

          

  45. Men literary societieslarger membership sponsored lectures and debates

          

  46. Columbus, Ohio 1850Argue blacks should resist all forms of oppression and all free blacks need education
    blacks should pursue mechanical, agricultural, and professional pursuits

          

  47. 13th amendmentStarted its own school

          

  48. Zore Neale Herstonwrote their eyes were watching God

          

  49. New York association1830s society for poor children

          

  50. Revolutionary war1775 british convinced slaves to fight for them for freedom america did the same but they didn't

          

  51. Christopher McPherson-Mixed born in 1763 in VA and served in the revolutionary war.
    -Established a night school to educate black men 1811
    -hired a white teacher who was forced to leave

          

  52. Crater Woodsonwas the father of negro history

          

  53. Freedman's bureau-helped new slaves adjust to new lives
    -aided white refugees
    -provided medical services
    created schools
    -managed abandoned land
    -General Oliver Otis Howard was head of the Freeman's Bureau
    -1867 freedman's Bureau owned 36 hospitals

          

  54. Women Lynching-Marie Scott 1914 in Oklahoma was raped and her brother killed the white man and they were both lynched
    Mary Turner Lynched 1918 Georgia
    -Mary Tuener 1918 in Georgia her husband was lynched and she proceeded to try to get justice and she was lynched too

          

  55. Henry Highland Garnett-He was a descendant of an -African Ruler of the Mandingo Tribe
    -Born Maryland
    -Family escaped slavery they were granted permission to attend a funeral on another slave plantation
    -they escaped to New York
    -worked on a ship returned to find out slave catchers took his sister away
    -worked in long island had an accident and his leg was amputated
    -Noise academy of New Hampshire people opposed black people
    -Onnetta Theology Institute New York he graduated top of the class became a Presbyterian preacher
    -1843 Address to the slaves of the United States of America this address encouraged
    -white and black abolitionist afraid of Garnett
    -Soon the pamphlets circulated
    -Lectured on slavery throughout Europe
    -1865 another address called the Memorial Discourse spoken before congress and is the first to speak before congress

          

  56. Philip A. Randolphran a school for women
    -allowed black women to attend
    -didnt respond to threats and changed the schools name to High School for colored women and misses
    -When she changed the name the town council prohibited the teaching of AA women not from the state
    -Crandall was arrested and fled from Connecticut and fled to Illinois
    -worked under William Lloyd Garrison

          

  57. High Occupational achievement: Richard AllenBethel AME minister, operated a school and boot store

          

  58. women Literary societiessmaller and held in homes
    encouraged women to publish in newspapers they had to take on pin names to disguise identities

          

  59. Clark Cleggwrote a work called if we must die

          

  60. John Brown-He was involved in the murder of several people
    -1859 Organized 21 men to invade Harpers Ferry in Virginia
    -Captured the town seized the US arsenal and freed 50 slaves
    -he was captured and jailed for his actions
    -He was known as a person who fought to get AA things they couldn't get for themselves
    -born 1800s religious went to school is Massachusetts had to drop out because of sight
    -organized schools, church, and post office
    -known for housing fugitive slaves
    -he had an anti slavery center was attacked and his son died
    -contacted black leaders, but they backed out because of violence

          

  61. Martin R Delaney wrote a bookCondition Elevation, Emigration and Destiny of the Colored people of the U.S. Political Considered

          

  62. African Dorcas Society1828 NY black women who distributed clothing to the poor

          

  63. High Occupational Achievement: Henry Gleeparticular profession, teachers, preachers, tailors, blacksmith

          

  64. Freedom Journal-Ideology was an abolitionist and supported women suffrage
    -Free blacks had obligation to help those enslaved
    -worked with Garrison to create the Liberator
    -Started star 1847 changed to Douglass paper
    -Refused to accept segregation and discrimination where ever it existed
    -conducted a boycott
    -opposed colonization and capital punishment and lynching
    -he said that there was a need for blacks to support each other
    -lloyd Garrison gave Douglass a lifeline
    -parted ways because white abolitionist were taking over
    -became free 1838 Anna murray married again to a white women thought he was a cop out

          

  65. John Franklinwrote books on free blacks of NC

          

  66. Prudence Crandall-method newly free blacks employed to reverse the process of slavery

          

  67. Aid societies reflected the divisions in the black community-Charleston, SC 1790
    Brown Society limited to membership to light skins
    -Charleston SC, 1792
    Free Dark Men of Color
    for darker people only

          

  68. First Black female editorMary Ann Shadd
    provincial freeman

          

  69. Haiti Emancipation1805

          

  70. Entrepreneurial Schools-Ideology was an abolitionist and supported women suffrage
    -Free blacks had obligation to help those enslaved
    -worked with Garrison to create the Liberator
    -Started star 1847 changed to Douglass paper
    -Refused to accept segregation and discrimination where ever it existed
    -conducted a boycott
    -opposed colonization and capital punishment and lynching
    -he said that there was a need for blacks to support each other
    -lloyd Garrison gave Douglass a lifeline
    -parted ways because white abolitionist were taking over
    -became free 1838 Anna murray married again to a white women thought he was a cop out

          

  71. New England Anti-slavery SocietyJames McCrumble was the president

          

  72. Wealthy Blacks: Thomas Day-Made Furniture
    -Born in Virginia and moved to NC
    -opened wood working shop parents moved to warren county or Hillsborough
    -married a women from another county when they married he was fearful that he couldn't get her into NC
    -opened stock in State bank
    -open real estate
    -son continued the business

          

  73. Joseph RobertsEducated at Princeton in 1792 attempted to educate free blacks and whites

          

  74. Paul Laurencehelped blacks adjust to society

          

  75. Mutual Aid Societies-Named themselves to mark freedom. ex. Robert Freeman
    -slaves took names after their trade. ex. James Cook
    -altered name spelling to make themselves distinct
    -some retained slave owners names as a way to exploit the power and authority their owner had

          

  76. Leo M"The Price of Liberty of African Americans and making of Liberia" colonization was traced back to NC

          

  77. Harlem renaissance1930's
    sparked by Dubois idea of the new negro
    -new generation of black intelligence
    -effort to recreate themselves
    -literary figures emerged

          

  78. Boston SchoolsThomas's Paul African Baptist Church to educate blacks because they were denied access to school in 1806

          

  79. Lynchings-Marie Scott 1914 in Oklahoma was raped and her brother killed the white man and they were both lynched
    Mary Turner Lynched 1918 Georgia
    -Mary Tuener 1918 in Georgia her husband was lynched and she proceeded to try to get justice and she was lynched too

          

  80. Benevolent Mutual aid societyorganized limited resources for the poor

          

  81. Philanthropic SchoolsPartially Funded by groups outside of the community
    ex. Rosen Wall Schools

          

  82. what were free blacks considersNew york, Boston, Philly, Baltimore, Washington D.C., pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Missouri, Charleston, New Orleans, Louisville

          

  83. Leonard Currywrote Free Blacks in Urban America, there were major cities to which blacks migrated and there are striking parallels to where blacks congregated now and those cities
    -organized blacks into three different categories in his book

          

  84. Rochester, New York 1853-Black codes which were similar to the codes imposed on free blacks
    -restricted what blacks could and could not do
    -Blacks had to work, could testify only against other blacks
    -regulated firearms
    -had curfews

          

  85. Freedman's saving and trust company1865 this was a bank that was designed to cater to blacks and failed, but Douglass was the president

          

  86. Claude Mckaywrote a work called if we must die

          

  87. Potter Fieldwhite jew who was lynched for the udder of a factory worker taken jail but was removed from his cell to be lynched

          

  88. Thomas Paul-educated at Princeton in 1792
    -Attempted to educate free blacks and whites
    -minister and teacher who educated both blacks and whites in Raleigh NC

          

  89. Plessey vs. Ferguson 1897Argue blacks should resist all forms of oppression and all free blacks need education
    blacks should pursue mechanical, agricultural, and professional pursuits

          

  90. 15th amendmentvoting right

          

  91. Frederick Douglass-Ideology was an abolitionist and supported women suffrage
    -Free blacks had obligation to help those enslaved
    -worked with Garrison to create the Liberator
    -Started star 1847 changed to Douglass paper
    -Refused to accept segregation and discrimination where ever it existed
    -conducted a boycott
    -opposed colonization and capital punishment and lynching
    -he said that there was a need for blacks to support each other
    -lloyd Garrison gave Douglass a lifeline
    -parted ways because white abolitionist were taking over
    -became free 1838 Anna murray married again to a white women thought he was a cop out

          

  92. Slavery in Brazil ended-Born in Wilmington NC 1785
    -encouraged slaves to be violent
    -raised by free mother moved to Boston and worked and study
    -he opened a second hand clothing store
    -served as a correspondent for the freedom journal
    had a pamphlet called "Walker Appeal"
    -advocated for teaching black history and black self determination

          

  93. Free black men housing-free blacks had a hard time finding housing
    -Blacks were crowded in blind alleys and courts
    -poor neighborhoods on the outskirts of the city
    -durham neighborhoods were called hayti after Haiti

          

  94. Wilmington Riots of 18981828 Philly

          

  95. 1805-He was involved in the murder of several people
    -1859 Organized 21 men to invade Harpers Ferry in Virginia
    -Captured the town seized the US arsenal and freed 50 slaves
    -he was captured and jailed for his actions
    -He was known as a person who fought to get AA things they couldn't get for themselves
    -born 1800s religious went to school is Massachusetts had to drop out because of sight
    -organized schools, church, and post office
    -known for housing fugitive slaves
    -he had an anti slavery center was attacked and his son died
    -contacted black leaders, but they backed out because of violence

          

  96. High occupational achievement: David Scottwas a baptist minister and worked as a laborer
    high occupational people had two jobs to have enough money

          

  97. Exception to Housing: William Johnson-Charleston, SC
    -owned slaves

          

  98. John Charvis-He was involved in the murder of several people
    -1859 Organized 21 men to invade Harpers Ferry in Virginia
    -Captured the town seized the US arsenal and freed 50 slaves
    -he was captured and jailed for his actions
    -He was known as a person who fought to get AA things they couldn't get for themselves
    -born 1800s religious went to school is Massachusetts had to drop out because of sight
    -organized schools, church, and post office
    -known for housing fugitive slaves
    -he had an anti slavery center was attacked and his son died
    -contacted black leaders, but they backed out because of violence

          

  99. African American Female Intelligence Society1832 included both white and black

          

  100. Dynamic of names-Named themselves to mark freedom. ex. Robert Freeman
    -slaves took names after their trade. ex. James Cook
    -altered name spelling to make themselves distinct
    -some retained slave owners names as a way to exploit the power and authority their owner had

          

  101. David Walkerwrote a work called if we must die

          

  102. John Chavis-educated at Princeton in 1792
    -Attempted to educate free blacks and whites
    -minister and teacher who educated both blacks and whites in Raleigh NC

          

  103. Literary societylarger membership sponsored lectures and debates

          

  104. Reconstruction 1865-18721775 british convinced slaves to fight for them for freedom america did the same but they didn't

          

  105. New York Convention 18471830s society for poor children

          

  106. Francis Ellen Watkins HarperAA abolitionist, born in Baltimore, Member of the Women's Christian Temperance Union published multiple poems

          

  107. Rise of the KKKThomas's Paul African Baptist Church to educate blacks because they were denied access to school in 1806

          

  108. Harriett Jacobstalk about life as free slaves, delegates came from various regions

          

  109. Free blacks migrated toNew york, Boston, Philly, Baltimore, Washington D.C., pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Missouri, Charleston, New Orleans, Louisville

          

  110. Black Churcheswrote blacker the berry
    recruited to write plays for hollywood

          

  111. Literary organization were important because-they allowed blacks to make accomplishments collectively that they couldn't individually
    -protected the free black community
    -provided experience in managements of institutions
    -sense of belonging and heightened sense of awareness
    organization provided opportunities of social intercourse
    -created a sense of community for all blacks

          

  112. First black newspaper-was freedom journal
    -John Russworm, Samuel Cornish
    -1827 only lasted two years many felt that the mainstream press degraded African Americans
    Cornish was born in 1885 in Philly attended free African Schools became a minister

          

  113. Dred Scott decision confirmedno black person could be a citizen or become a citizen congress could not interfere with slavery because they were private property

          

  114. Philadelphia Convention 1830met for the bettering of ways and means for bettering out conditions
    richard allen was the president
    talked about emigration
    black colleges
    William Lloyd Garrison attended

          

  115. Lusford Laneblacks attempted to create labor unions

          

  116. John Russworm and Edward Joneswrote books on free blacks of NC

          

  117. American Colonization1817 U.S. government funds to help create the colony of Liberia in Africa to be the place where blacks were to be sent back to Africa
    Black people wanted to leave on their own accord
    1830 over 1500 blacks were transported to Liberia the nation was undeveloped, living conditions were high and African americans had a hard time adjusting to the climate

          

  118. Events leading to the Civil War1828 Philly

          

  119. Wealthy Blacks: Paul CuffeMassachusetts, Quaker gave him his freedom. He worked as a sailor at the age of 16 to learn more about sailing. He was captured in the American Revolution and released. Brother helped to deliver supplies to Nantucket transported free blacks, transported 38 blacks to Africa

          

  120. Low occupational achievement categoryDentist and a barber

          

  121. Sojuner Truth (Isabelle Van Wagner)-was freedom journal
    -John Russworm, Samuel Cornish
    -1827 only lasted two years many felt that the mainstream press degraded African Americans
    Cornish was born in 1885 in Philly attended free African Schools became a minister

          

  122. Bethel AME ChurchStarted its own school

          

  123. Who also helped to educate free blackswhite people also helped

          

  124. what was the typical Women occupational categorylow occupational achievement

          

  125. Female anti -slavery societyJames McCrumble was the president