Question types

Start with

Question limit

of 40 available terms

Print test

40 Multiple choice questions

  1. an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years
  2. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted
  3. generally refers to the period in United States history immediately following the Civil War in which the federal government set the conditions that would allow the rebellious Southern states back into the Union.
  4. a US writer who helped to establish the NAACP. His books include The Souls of Black Folk (1903), and he was the editor of the NAACP magazine Crisis (1910-34). He demanded racial equality should be immediate.
  5. was a large-scale, racially motivated conflict on May 31 and June 1, 1921, in which a group of whites attacked the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
  6. ...
  7. A system of penal labor practiced in the Southern United States. Convict leasing provided prisoner labor to private parties, such as plantation owners and corporations such as the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company. The lessee was responsible for feeding, clothing, and housing the prisoners.
  8. which was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the United States, as a result of race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities and one rural county. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans.
  9. prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  10. Born 1862, Age 16 both parents died, got a job as a teacher to keep family together. Journalist and activist against racism.Anti-Lynching crusade. So relentless she was exiled to the north. one of the earliest female investigative journalists.
  11. The nation scared of another war, who to take over after such a president.
  12. a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey.
  13. debt slavery or debt servitude, is a system where an employer compels a worker to pay off a debt with work. Legally, peonage was outlawed by Congress in 1867.
  14. 1915 gave new energy to the white supremacy movement. Avatar of it's day. Pushed film limits. 3 hours. Story of told families from pre civil war to reconstruction. depicts politician and African Americans as greedy. heroes of the story KKK.
  15. passed by Congress during Reconstruction, the period following the Civil War when the victorious northern states attempted to create a new political order in the South. The act was intended to protect African Americans from violence perpetrated by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), a white supremacist group.
  16. Racial segregation, especially in public schools, that happens "by fact" rather than by legal requirement. For example, often the concentration of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood schools that are predominantly black, or segregated in fact ( de facto ), although not by law ( de jure ).
  17. Given at the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society days before the end of the Civil War, Douglass argues in favor of suffrage for Blacks, as well as equality, rather than generosity.
  18. - Black urban workers- discrimination they faced.
  19. educator, reformer and the most influential black leader of his time (1856-1915) preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accommodation. He urged blacks to accept discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity.
  20. were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
  21. A U.S. Supreme Court case from 1896 that upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing or even requiring racial segregation in public and private institutions such as schools, public transportation, restrooms, and restaurants.
  22. South: Annoyed at the election of Lincoln and the difference in lifestyles between the two.
    North: Much more industrialized and relied much less on farming.
  23. ...
  24. An act of Congress during the early months of the American Civil War permitting court proceedings for confiscation of any of property being used to support the Confederate independence effort, including slaves.
  25. The colonization that was to be done by slaves
  26. Union general William T. Sherman issued his Special Field Order No. 15, which confiscated as Union property a strip of coastline stretching from Charleston, South Carolina, to the St. John's River in Florida, including Georgia's Sea Islands and the mainland thirty miles in from the coast.
  27. Named after a popular 19th-century minstrel song that stereotyped African Americans, "Jim Crow" came to personify the system of government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the United States.
  28. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 provided that literacy tests used as a qualification for voting in federal elections be administered wholly in writing and only to persons who had completed six years of formal education.
  29. The battle of Fort Pillow, Fort Pillow massacre, was fought on April 12, 1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee, during the American Civil War. Union massacre mostly Blacks surrendering, but were killed
  30. secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent proceedings.
  31. payment of a poll tax was a prerequisite to the registration for voting in a number of states. The tax emerged in some states of the United States in the late 19th century as part of the Jim Crow laws.
  32. The movement of 6 million blacks out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.
  33. A statute enacted by many American southern states in the wake of Reconstruction (1865-1877) that allowed potential white voters to circumvent literacy tests, poll taxes, and other tactics designed to disfranchise southern blacks.
  34. recognized that slavery was a bad institution but one that was accepted and necessary for the South's economy.
  35. speech in 1851 at the Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. Her short, simple speech was a powerful rebuke to many antifeminist arguments of the day. It became, and continues to serve, as a classic expression of women's rights. Truth became, and still is today, a symbol of strong women.
  36. 1867-1919. First women millionaire. American entrepreneur who developed hair products especially for black women and built the most successful company owned by an African American at that time. Madam C.J. Walker.
  37. separation enforced by law, while de facto segregation occurs when widespread individual preferences, sometimes backed up with private pressure, lead to separation.
  38. July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States," which included former slaves recently freed.
  39. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  40. was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities. Believed blacks should return to Africa.