40 Multiple choice questions
- an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years
- "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted
refers to the period in United States history immediately following the
Civil War in which the federal government set the conditions that would
allow the rebellious Southern states back into the Union.
US writer who helped to establish the NAACP. His books include The
Souls of Black Folk (1903), and he was the editor of the NAACP magazine
Crisis (1910-34). He demanded racial equality should be immediate.
a large-scale, racially motivated conflict on May 31 and June 1, 1921,
in which a group of whites attacked the black community of Tulsa,
system of penal labor practiced in the Southern United States. Convict
leasing provided prisoner labor to private parties, such as plantation
owners and corporations such as the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company. The
lessee was responsible for feeding, clothing, and housing the
was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the
United States, as a result of race riots that occurred in more than
three dozen cities and one rural county. In most instances, whites
attacked African Americans.
the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to
vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of
1862, Age 16 both parents died, got a job as a teacher to keep family
together. Journalist and activist against racism.Anti-Lynching crusade.
So relentless she was exiled to the north. one of the earliest female
- The nation scared of another war, who to take over after such a president.
- a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey.
slavery or debt servitude, is a system where an employer compels a
worker to pay off a debt with work. Legally, peonage was outlawed by
Congress in 1867.
gave new energy to the white supremacy movement. Avatar of it's day.
Pushed film limits. 3 hours. Story of told families from pre civil war
to reconstruction. depicts politician and African Americans as greedy.
heroes of the story KKK.
by Congress during Reconstruction, the period following the Civil War
when the victorious northern states attempted to create a new political
order in the South. The act was intended to protect African Americans
from violence perpetrated by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), a white supremacist
segregation, especially in public schools, that happens "by fact"
rather than by legal requirement. For example, often the concentration
of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood
schools that are predominantly black, or segregated in fact ( de facto
), although not by law ( de jure ).
at the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society days
before the end of the Civil War, Douglass argues in favor of suffrage
for Blacks, as well as equality, rather than generosity.
- - Black urban workers- discrimination they faced.
reformer and the most influential black leader of his time (1856-1915)
preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accommodation.
He urged blacks to accept discrimination for the time being and
concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material
laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War.
These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African
Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy
based on low wages or debt.
U.S. Supreme Court case from 1896 that upheld the rights of states to
pass laws allowing or even requiring racial segregation in public and
private institutions such as schools, public transportation, restrooms,
- South: Annoyed at the election of Lincoln and the difference in lifestyles between the two.
North: Much more industrialized and relied much less on farming.
act of Congress during the early months of the American Civil War
permitting court proceedings for confiscation of any of property being
used to support the Confederate independence effort, including slaves.
- The colonization that was to be done by slaves
general William T. Sherman issued his Special Field Order No. 15, which
confiscated as Union property a strip of coastline stretching from
Charleston, South Carolina, to the St. John's River in Florida,
including Georgia's Sea Islands and the mainland thirty miles in from
after a popular 19th-century minstrel song that stereotyped African
Americans, "Jim Crow" came to personify the system of
government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the United
Civil Rights Act of 1964 provided that literacy tests used as a
qualification for voting in federal elections be administered wholly in
writing and only to persons who had completed six years of formal
battle of Fort Pillow, Fort Pillow massacre, was fought on April 12,
1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee,
during the American Civil War. Union massacre mostly Blacks
surrendering, but were killed
organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the
Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks
and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible
for many lawless and violent proceedings.
of a poll tax was a prerequisite to the registration for voting in a
number of states. The tax emerged in some states of the United States in
the late 19th century as part of the Jim Crow laws.
movement of 6 million blacks out of the rural Southern United States to
the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and
statute enacted by many American southern states in the wake of
Reconstruction (1865-1877) that allowed potential white voters to
circumvent literacy tests, poll taxes, and other tactics designed to
disfranchise southern blacks.
- recognized that slavery was a bad institution but one that was accepted and necessary for the South's economy.
in 1851 at the Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. Her short,
simple speech was a powerful rebuke to many antifeminist arguments of
the day. It became, and continues to serve, as a classic expression of
women's rights. Truth became, and still is today, a symbol of strong
First women millionaire. American entrepreneur who developed hair
products especially for black women and built the most successful
company owned by an African American at that time. Madam C.J. Walker.
enforced by law, while de facto segregation occurs when widespread
individual preferences, sometimes backed up with private pressure, lead
9, 1868, and granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in
the United States," which included former slaves recently freed.
Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1,
1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The
proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the
rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and
orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and
Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro
Improvement Association and African Communities. Believed blacks should
return to Africa.