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103 Multiple choice questions

  1. (1775-1783) The war that ended in the United States claiming thier independance as a new nation- The United States of America
  2. The journey of slaves from Africa, across the Atlantic, to the West Indies or colonial America, so called because it was the middle portion of the triangular trade route. Many slaves did not survive the trip.
  3. Black skinned people
  4. Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
  5. The father of Black gospel music
    organized the very first gospel choir called ebenezer baptist church
  6. Teacher/ nation conscious rap
    gansta rap
    player/ lover rap
    pornography rap
    gospel rap
  7. Mammy was opposite of the slave master's wife. She was usually large, very dark, very loud, and demanding
    Mammy's offshoot is the Aunt Jemima or the "Handkerchief Head
  8. American Anti slavery society
    , Society formed to help abolitionist in1833 by Wendell Phillips
  9. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
    Therefore, the NAACP was created as a form of lobbying that aimed at illuminating the unfavorable legal conditions of African Americans, especially the "extra legal" use of fear and intimidation tactics such as lynching.
  10. Empress of blues
    wealthiest woman of the lifetime
    died sept 26 1937
  11. wanted to go to the white school closer to her house took it to court with Brown vs. the board of education
  12. Urban commune in the Niger Delta region of Mali. During the trans-Saharan trade, many of the goods coming in and out of Timbuktu also passed through Jenne. It is known as one of the most ancient cities in sub-Saharan Africa and is famous for its trading, learning and its Great Mosque.
  13. White Americans they maintained that white people particularly white Americans were superior race culturally, politically, economically, physically and intellectually
  14. the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
  15. The original united states: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia
  16. French hero of the American Revolution and trusted advisor to George Washington.
  17. Son of Sultan Sunni Ali Built Schools in Gao, Timbuktu, and Jenne
  18. a series of agreements passed by Congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states
  19. January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968)
    A member of the executive committee of the NAACP
    Leader of the first nonviolent demonstration, the bus boycott that lasted 382 days and resulted in blacks and whites riding the bus equally.
    President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    Wrote "Letter From a Birmingham Jail" which was his manifesto of the Negro Revolution.
    Delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech to 250,000 people in a peaceful march.
    Won the Nobel Peace Prize
    King was assassinated on April 4, 1968 while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis Tennessee
  20. Colonist were threw snowballs and dirt and the British soldiers so the soldiers open fired on the civilians, killing 5 people
  21. Army formed in 1775 by the Second Continental Congress and led by General George Washington
  22. Usually a Negro child who was harmless
    being chased or eaten by alligators.
  23. Greek without cold
  24. 1828, Jim Crow was born. He began his strange career as a minstrel caricature of a black man created by a white man, Thomas "Daddy" Rice, to amuse white audiences. By the 1880s, Jim Crow had become synonymous with a complex system of racial laws and customs in the South that enabled white social, legal, and political domination of blacks.
  25. Where slaves were put into warehouses, An enclosure where slaves could be held in temporary confinement
  26. Mansa Musa's son he became king
    Ruled 4 years
  27. He was a noted editor, scholar and activist
    He was a founding member of NAACP, which is the largest and oldest civil rights organization in America.
    DuBois served as the editor of The Crisis magazine
  28. a speech given by Booker T. Washington in 1895 at the Cotton States and international Exposition that proposed that blacks and whites should agree to benefit from each other
  29. Kumbi Saleh very rich and colorful
    divided because of religious separatism muslims lived in Salem and other half city Alghala
  30. Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley; formed as independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali.
  31. Congress of racial equality
    established by an interracial group
    most wel known as freedom riders
  32. African American cultural movement
  33. Designed and Built many mosques and the university of sankore in timbuktu
  34. Student nonviolent coordinating committee
    established in 1960
  35. United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
  36. Formost, established school in West Africa, students came from miles to learn philosphy, math, religion, medicine and science. (used Aristotles work) destroyed in Battle of Tondibi
  37. ..., the founder of Mali empire. He crushed his enemies and won control of the gold trade routes
  38. New Haven abolitionist named Henry Beecher called Sharp's rifles a greater moral force than the Bible in keeping slavery out of Kansas.
  39. 1871-1938
    Teacher, lyricist, consul, author, editor, poet and activist.
    Attended Atlanta University
    First Black lawyer admitted to the bar in Florida.
    "Under the Bamboo Tree" sold 400,000 copies.
    Credited with writing "Lift Every Voice and Sing"
    Involved with the NAACP from 1916 to 1930
  40. 1st African country of which there is no record of
    By 1100 was no longer a commerical or millitary power
  41. Born a slave in tuckahoe talbot maryland
    escaped enslavement 1838
    joined the abolitionist movement sif educated motivated
    married a white women
  42. ...
  43. Consildated and strengthened mali as a kingdom
    skilled magician 1217-
  44. -African Amerian soldier who fought for America's freedom. -Fought at Lexington-Concord - became a hero at Bunker Hill.
  45. White men that dressed as black face characters
    Developed in the early 1840s, peaked after the Civil War, and remained popular in the early 1900s
    An original American (art?) form
  46. Ragtime was the first earliest manifiestations of the emancipated negro
    Associated with piano
    Men who mastered it was called professors
  47. process of preparing newly arrived slaves for the discipline of slavery and the realization that they were no longer free
  48. One of the most significant times in the political history of African Americans during the 1950's and 1960's.

    The term "Movement" was a multidimensional approach to end racial discrimination and segregation in America
  49. ...
  50. A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
  51. Capital of Mali
  52. the trading of African people to the colonies of the New World in and around the Atlantic ocean
  53. Royal governor of Virginia who issued a proclamation promising freedom for any enslaved black in Virginia who joined the British army
  54. an antislavery activist who wrote an account of his enslavement
  55. An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
  56. capital of Songhai
  57. (February 4, 1913 - October 25, 2005)
    Known for not giving up her seat to a white man while sitting on the bus.
    Worked for/with the NAACP
    Founded Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development after husband passed away
    Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996 by Bill Clinton.
    Received Congressional Gold Medal in 1999
    Died on October 25, 2005 in Detroit at the age of 92
  58. (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965)
    Born Malcolm Little
    Arrested and convicted on burglary charges and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    During his years in prison, Malcolm studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam.
    When he was paroled, he became a devoted follower of the NOI and changed his last name to X, stating that Little was his slave name.
    He was appointed a leader and Minister of the NOI raising the membership number from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 by 1963.
    During the CRM, X discovered that his leader was an infidel, and detached himself from him. This brought on a different attitude towards the NOI and he later terminated his relationship with the NOI.
    Made a pilgrimage to Mecca
    Tensions between him and Muhammad grew more dangerous after his trip to Mecca, and informants from the FBI warned officials that Malcolm was now marked for death.
    Malcolm X was assassinated February 21, 1965 while giving a speech at an engagement in Manhattan. He was shot 15 times at close range by three gunmen from the NOI.
  59. Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
  60. The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
  61. (Islam) a Muslim place of worship
  62. Was the "Hidden Black Child"
    Was responsible for ruining the happy lives of the "Big House."
    Made to be a likeable character.
    The mulatto approximated the White ideal of female attractiveness.
    Depicted as a seductress whose beauty drove white men to rape her.
  63. holy wars launched to forcibly spread the Islam faith
  64. Ran away a slave proud and free
    sailor who learned to read and write
    most active in the British Agitation
  65. Ruled songhay from the battefield kept four palaces in operation at once died in 1492 by drowning
  66. the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775)
  67. African American who served as a spy for the Patriots during the Revolutionary War.
  68. When the emperor resides
  69. Good for laughing, being happy, and playing music or making noise.
    Offered as a defense of slavery and segregation
  70. ...
  71. ...
  72. Ruler of Mali (r. 1312-1337). His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in 1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world. (p. 376)
  73. The beating of Drum was necessary because there was no common lauguage spoken between many of the different people of Africa
  74. ...
  75. Military Leader. Lead Moroccans in the battle against Songhai. They were outnumbered by 24,000, but they won with advanced weaponry
  76. Percusive instrumentthat has to be shaken manually to produce sound
  77. Latin sunny
  78. Wind instrument
    any instrument that needs air to produce a sound
  79. Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
  80. people who believed that slavery should be against the law
  81. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  82. ...
  83. greatest Ghana king; rule began in 1062; lots of gold ornaments; gold proved wealth
  84. Made the first america's motion picture called
    The birth of a nation
  85. Always chased, harassed, flogged, enslaved, and insulted.
    Docile and nonthreatening to Whites.
  86. the transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
  87. An anti-slavery newspaper written by William Lloyd Garrison. It drew attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
  88. emerged Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence-- all black artists with token pieces and Selma Burke (did the portait of Benjamin Franklin on the dollar bill)
  89. was born July 25, 1941 and lived in Chicago with his mother.
    Till went to visit his cousins and family in Money, Mississippi in August of 1955.
    One day, he and his cousins went to a local store and it was said that Till, being a prankster, spoke to the WHITE clerk by the name of Carolyn Bryant, saying, "bye baby".
  90. Drummed instrument percussive instrument that has a membrane stretched across it as primary means of sound
  91. Thought of himself as equal to White people.
    Often used big words and analogies that were wrong at the expense of Black people.
    provided a double-edged sword to the notion of slavery and racial hatred in this country.
  92. Incidence of concealing racial background on the basis of physical features associated with the dominant group
  93. long handguns, used to conquer the land of mail/Africa.
  94. a city in central Mali near the Niger river
  95. an African American abolitionist and orator. An advocate of militant abolitionism, Garnet was a prominent member of the abolition movement that led against moral suasion toward more political action. He joined the American Anti-Slavery Society and frequently spoke at abolitionist conferences. One of his most famous speeches, "Call to Rebellion," was delivered in 1843 to the National Negro Convention in Buffalo, New York. Disheartened by the hostile treatment of blacks in America, Garnet took a stance unpopular among black activists by supporting African colonization. He spent the last months of his life as minister to Liberia, a country in west Africa colonized by American ex-slaves and black freemen.
  96. James Weldon wrote this as a poem but it got set into a song by his brother and it became the black national anthem in the 1940's
  97. Golds
  98. Race
    Racial identity formation
    Passing
    Lynching
    Migration
    Black leadership
    Politics of accommodation
  99. British soldiers wearing red coats
  100. Man Mashan's uncle, he took the thrown ruled for 18 years until his death
  101. On Sunday night, October 16, with a small band of less than fifty men, John Brown seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the hope of securing sufficient ammunition to carry out a large-scale operation against the Virginia slaveholders. Immediately the countryside was alerted, and both federal and state governments dispatched troops that overwhelmed Brown and his men. Among those with Brown were several blacks, including Lewis Sheridan Leary, Dangerfield Newby, John Anthony Copeland, Shields Green, and Osborn Perry Anderson. Leary and Newby were killed; Copeland and Green were hanged; and Anderson escaped.
  102. a slave in Southampton Country, Virginia, who staged a bloody slave revolt & killed 60 whites in August 1831. It showed that blacks had a fighting spirit & also escalated the violence.
  103. the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace