103 Multiple choice questions
- (1775-1783) The war that ended in the United States claiming thier independance as a new nation- The United States of America
journey of slaves from Africa, across the Atlantic, to the West Indies
or colonial America, so called because it was the middle portion of the
triangular trade route. Many slaves did not survive the trip.
- Black skinned people
patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the
Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the
- The father of Black gospel music
organized the very first gospel choir called ebenezer baptist church
- Teacher/ nation conscious rap
player/ lover rap
- Mammy was opposite of the slave master's wife. She was usually large, very dark, very loud, and demanding
Mammy's offshoot is the Aunt Jemima or the "Handkerchief Head
- American Anti slavery society
, Society formed to help abolitionist in1833 by Wendell Phillips
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Therefore, the NAACP was created as a form of lobbying that aimed at illuminating the unfavorable legal conditions of African Americans, especially the "extra legal" use of fear and intimidation tactics such as lynching.
- Empress of blues
wealthiest woman of the lifetime
died sept 26 1937
- wanted to go to the white school closer to her house took it to court with Brown vs. the board of education
commune in the Niger Delta region of Mali. During the trans-Saharan
trade, many of the goods coming in and out of Timbuktu also passed
through Jenne. It is known as one of the most ancient cities in
sub-Saharan Africa and is famous for its trading, learning and its Great
Americans they maintained that white people particularly white
Americans were superior race culturally, politically, economically,
physically and intellectually
- the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
original united states: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia
- French hero of the American Revolution and trusted advisor to George Washington.
- Son of Sultan Sunni Ali Built Schools in Gao, Timbuktu, and Jenne
- a series of agreements passed by Congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states
- January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968)
A member of the executive committee of the NAACP
Leader of the first nonviolent demonstration, the bus boycott that lasted 382 days and resulted in blacks and whites riding the bus equally.
President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Wrote "Letter From a Birmingham Jail" which was his manifesto of the Negro Revolution.
Delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech to 250,000 people in a peaceful march.
Won the Nobel Peace Prize
King was assassinated on April 4, 1968 while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis Tennessee
- Colonist were threw snowballs and dirt and the British soldiers so the soldiers open fired on the civilians, killing 5 people
- Army formed in 1775 by the Second Continental Congress and led by General George Washington
- Usually a Negro child who was harmless
being chased or eaten by alligators.
- Greek without cold
Jim Crow was born. He began his strange career as a minstrel caricature
of a black man created by a white man, Thomas "Daddy" Rice, to amuse
white audiences. By the 1880s, Jim Crow had become synonymous with a
complex system of racial laws and customs in the South that enabled
white social, legal, and political domination of blacks.
- Where slaves were put into warehouses, An enclosure where slaves could be held in temporary confinement
- Mansa Musa's son he became king
Ruled 4 years
- He was a noted editor, scholar and activist
He was a founding member of NAACP, which is the largest and oldest civil rights organization in America.
DuBois served as the editor of The Crisis magazine
speech given by Booker T. Washington in 1895 at the Cotton States and
international Exposition that proposed that blacks and whites should
agree to benefit from each other
- Kumbi Saleh very rich and colorful
divided because of religious separatism muslims lived in Salem and other half city Alghala
state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley; formed as
independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached
imperial status under Sunni Ali.
- Congress of racial equality
established by an interracial group
most wel known as freedom riders
- African American cultural movement
- Designed and Built many mosques and the university of sankore in timbuktu
- Student nonviolent coordinating committee
established in 1960
- United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
established school in West Africa, students came from miles to learn
philosphy, math, religion, medicine and science. (used Aristotles work)
destroyed in Battle of Tondibi
- ..., the founder of Mali empire. He crushed his enemies and won control of the gold trade routes
Haven abolitionist named Henry Beecher called Sharp's rifles a greater
moral force than the Bible in keeping slavery out of Kansas.
Teacher, lyricist, consul, author, editor, poet and activist.
Attended Atlanta University
First Black lawyer admitted to the bar in Florida.
"Under the Bamboo Tree" sold 400,000 copies.
Credited with writing "Lift Every Voice and Sing"
Involved with the NAACP from 1916 to 1930
- 1st African country of which there is no record of
By 1100 was no longer a commerical or millitary power
- Born a slave in tuckahoe talbot maryland
escaped enslavement 1838
joined the abolitionist movement sif educated motivated
married a white women
- Consildated and strengthened mali as a kingdom
skilled magician 1217-
- -African Amerian soldier who fought for America's freedom. -Fought at Lexington-Concord - became a hero at Bunker Hill.
- White men that dressed as black face characters
Developed in the early 1840s, peaked after the Civil War, and remained popular in the early 1900s
An original American (art?) form
- Ragtime was the first earliest manifiestations of the emancipated negro
Associated with piano
Men who mastered it was called professors
- process of preparing newly arrived slaves for the discipline of slavery and the realization that they were no longer free
- One of the most significant times in the political history of African Americans during the 1950's and 1960's.
The term "Movement" was a multidimensional approach to end racial discrimination and segregation in America
sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery
elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute
further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war
- Capital of Mali
- the trading of African people to the colonies of the New World in and around the Atlantic ocean
governor of Virginia who issued a proclamation promising freedom for
any enslaved black in Virginia who joined the British army
- an antislavery activist who wrote an account of his enslavement
abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories
in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers
Ferry after capturing an Armory
- capital of Songhai
- (February 4, 1913 - October 25, 2005)
Known for not giving up her seat to a white man while sitting on the bus.
Worked for/with the NAACP
Founded Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development after husband passed away
Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996 by Bill Clinton.
Received Congressional Gold Medal in 1999
Died on October 25, 2005 in Detroit at the age of 92
- (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965)
Born Malcolm Little
Arrested and convicted on burglary charges and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
During his years in prison, Malcolm studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam.
When he was paroled, he became a devoted follower of the NOI and changed his last name to X, stating that Little was his slave name.
He was appointed a leader and Minister of the NOI raising the membership number from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 by 1963.
During the CRM, X discovered that his leader was an infidel, and detached himself from him. This brought on a different attitude towards the NOI and he later terminated his relationship with the NOI.
Made a pilgrimage to Mecca
Tensions between him and Muhammad grew more dangerous after his trip to Mecca, and informants from the FBI warned officials that Malcolm was now marked for death.
Malcolm X was assassinated February 21, 1965 while giving a speech at an engagement in Manhattan. He was shot 15 times at close range by three gunmen from the NOI.
- Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
- The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
- (Islam) a Muslim place of worship
- Was the "Hidden Black Child"
Was responsible for ruining the happy lives of the "Big House."
Made to be a likeable character.
The mulatto approximated the White ideal of female attractiveness.
Depicted as a seductress whose beauty drove white men to rape her.
- holy wars launched to forcibly spread the Islam faith
- Ran away a slave proud and free
sailor who learned to read and write
most active in the British Agitation
- Ruled songhay from the battefield kept four palaces in operation at once died in 1492 by drowning
- the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775)
- African American who served as a spy for the Patriots during the Revolutionary War.
- When the emperor resides
- Good for laughing, being happy, and playing music or making noise.
Offered as a defense of slavery and segregation
of Mali (r. 1312-1337). His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in
1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the
Mediterranean world. (p. 376)
- The beating of Drum was necessary because there was no common lauguage spoken between many of the different people of Africa
Leader. Lead Moroccans in the battle against Songhai. They were
outnumbered by 24,000, but they won with advanced weaponry
- Percusive instrumentthat has to be shaken manually to produce sound
- Latin sunny
- Wind instrument
any instrument that needs air to produce a sound
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852.
The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become
- people who believed that slavery should be against the law
- Southern Christian Leadership Conference
- greatest Ghana king; rule began in 1062; lots of gold ornaments; gold proved wealth
- Made the first america's motion picture called
The birth of a nation
- Always chased, harassed, flogged, enslaved, and insulted.
Docile and nonthreatening to Whites.
transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were
carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the
colonies in the Americas
anti-slavery newspaper written by William Lloyd Garrison. It drew
attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of
words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
Charles White, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence-- all black artists
with token pieces and Selma Burke (did the portait of Benjamin Franklin
on the dollar bill)
- was born July 25, 1941 and lived in Chicago with his mother.
Till went to visit his cousins and family in Money, Mississippi in August of 1955.
One day, he and his cousins went to a local store and it was said that Till, being a prankster, spoke to the WHITE clerk by the name of Carolyn Bryant, saying, "bye baby".
- Drummed instrument percussive instrument that has a membrane stretched across it as primary means of sound
- Thought of himself as equal to White people.
Often used big words and analogies that were wrong at the expense of Black people.
provided a double-edged sword to the notion of slavery and racial hatred in this country.
- Incidence of concealing racial background on the basis of physical features associated with the dominant group
- long handguns, used to conquer the land of mail/Africa.
- a city in central Mali near the Niger river
African American abolitionist and orator. An advocate of militant
abolitionism, Garnet was a prominent member of the abolition movement
that led against moral suasion toward more political action. He joined
the American Anti-Slavery Society and frequently spoke at abolitionist
conferences. One of his most famous speeches, "Call to Rebellion," was
delivered in 1843 to the National Negro Convention in Buffalo, New York.
Disheartened by the hostile treatment of blacks in America, Garnet took
a stance unpopular among black activists by supporting African
colonization. He spent the last months of his life as minister to
Liberia, a country in west Africa colonized by American ex-slaves and
Weldon wrote this as a poem but it got set into a song by his brother
and it became the black national anthem in the 1940's
Racial identity formation
Politics of accommodation
- British soldiers wearing red coats
- Man Mashan's uncle, he took the thrown ruled for 18 years until his death
Sunday night, October 16, with a small band of less than fifty men,
John Brown seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the
hope of securing sufficient ammunition to carry out a large-scale
operation against the Virginia slaveholders. Immediately the countryside
was alerted, and both federal and state governments dispatched troops
that overwhelmed Brown and his men. Among those with Brown were several
blacks, including Lewis Sheridan Leary, Dangerfield Newby, John Anthony
Copeland, Shields Green, and Osborn Perry Anderson. Leary and Newby were
killed; Copeland and Green were hanged; and Anderson escaped.
slave in Southampton Country, Virginia, who staged a bloody slave
revolt & killed 60 whites in August 1831. It showed that blacks had a
fighting spirit & also escalated the violence.
- the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace