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85 True/False questions

  1. What is an indentured servant?Servants that had a specific period of time they were to work and after their time was served, they were free.

          

  2. W.E.B Dubois1. Introduced the idea of AA studies in academics
    2. Organized Atlanta University Conferences to study black life

          

  3. Why were Africans preferred over the white indentured servants as a source of labor?Black scholars opposed the development of a separate field of study
    White universities withdrew commitment and support from these academic black studies programs
    Some believed the program wouldn't survive as an academic discipline

          

  4. Black scholars in traditional disciplines and Black Nationalist groups differed regarding a separate Black Studies Program. Explain the difference in philosophies.2,000 and 4 linguistic goups
    Most native languages belong to the Niger Congo

          

  5. What is the most common language in Africa?Created by David Walker. It was a belief that all people of African descent should unite and go back to Africa

          

  6. History recalls that the first African slaves landed where?Ghana

          

  7. What were slaves?Slaves were the property of the slave owner.

          

  8. What are the various interdisciplinary fields in AA studies?Assimilation, Acceptance, Avoidance, Aggression, Accomodation

          

  9. Franz BoasFranz Boas delivered the graduation message at Atlanta University in which he dispelled many of those myths about Africa. Described Africa as an expansive continent with great empires such as Mali & Ghana.

          

  10. What is AA studies?A social philosophy that advocates genetic engineering. Keep the good genes and take out the bad.

          

  11. Benjamin Banneker1. Had a white mother and black father
    2. Educated at white schools
    3. Became a mathematician, astronomer, and inventor
    4. Drafted by Thomas Jefferson to serve with surveying commission to identify street lines in DC

          

  12. How did the end of the revolutionary war and America's victory affect the institution of slavery?They passed laws to endorse slavery such as: slaves had no rights except those given by slave masters, children and all descendants were sold into slavery with no rights as humans

          

  13. Why is the term "minority" inappropriate to use?It derives from the word "minor" meaning less than
    Has a negative psychological effect

          

  14. Dr. Nathan HareThe chairman of the 1st black studies program

          

  15. What was the most resource used in West Africa?Swhailli

          

  16. Crispus Attucks1.Wrote Origin of the Species & The Descent of Man.
    2. Darwin believed that Blacks were inferior to civilized races
    3. Process of elimination was a way to purify society of those who were unfit

          

  17. 2. What was the Middle Passage? Describe the conditions for the Africans being transported to the New World.1. The phase of the slave trade where slaves would be packed into ships for the voyage to the New World.
    2. The transport of African slaves across Atlantic
    3. About 12 million slaves were transported from Africa
    4. Mortality rates were high: about 2 million slaves died during the voyage
    causes of death:
    fever and disease due to unsanitary conditions, suicuide, starvation, mass murders by the ship's crew

          

  18. Avoidanceminority group avoids contact with the dominant group to escape prejudice

          

  19. Who is the Father of the Liberation Movement?David Walker

          

  20. Gunnar MyrdalWrote the book, "An American Dilemma"
    A Swedish economist
    studied southern AA and whites in the 1940's
    Said if AA are to avoid prejudice, discrimination, they must assimilate

          

  21. What was scientific racism? How did these scholars view African Americans?An empirical study.

          

  22. Cornel West"Race matters" Got his undergraduate from Harvard Univ and his Ph. D. from Princeton. Was the first AA to get a Ph. D.D from Princeton. An advocate about race, gender, and class.

          

  23. About how many African languages are there?Swhailli

          

  24. Describe the social and political climate that promoted the rise of Black Studies Programs at predominately-white universities.Political: Increased admission of Black students and hiring Black faculty at predominantly white universities; didn't think the study would prepare students for graduate school
    Social: Frustration that many students experienced in and outside of the classroom. Increased awareness of Black power and black consciousness movements in the black community

          

  25. Alexander Lucius TwlightWomen's rights activist and abolitionist, famous lecture, "Ain't I a woman." Fought segregation and worked with freed slaves.

          

  26. What are the 3 types of slavery?1. A dominant kingdom during the 16th and 18th century
    2. Known for bronze and copper artistry
    3. Great military strength
    4. Broken in the 18th

          

  27. What is the Pan-African Movement? Whose writings laid the foundation for the Movement?Belief that all people of African descent worldwide should unite in solidarity. David Walker laid the foundation for the movement.

          

  28. What is chattel slavery?Slaves were the property of the slave owner.

          

  29. Henry M. StanleyWrote "In Darkest Africa" an account of his experiences

          

  30. How did African slavery differ from European slavery?1. African slavery existed before European slavery, and when the Europeans came they took advantage of a system that was already in place.
    2. In Europe, they had chattel slavery which meant that slaves were property with no rights and no freedom. They were slaves for life.

          

  31. What is the oldest of the West African great empires?David Walker

          

  32. Prince HallA preacher who established the first African Lodge. Founder of Black Freemasonry. He supported emigration to Africa movements and advocated schools for black children in Boston

          

  33. Frederick Douglassformer slave who escaped
    was a speaker who used the technique moral-suasion ( intentions used to influence or change behavior)
    advocated assimilation and integration

          

  34. What was the 1st University to offer African American coursesFisk University

          

  35. What are the three groups most likely to be taken into African slavery?Swhailli

          

  36. What state did the black studies program get established?San Francisco State in 1968 and Dr. Nathan Hare was the chairman of the first black studies program

          

  37. What are the five social institutions that are largely focused on in AA studies?Assimilation, Acceptance, Avoidance, Aggression, Accomodation

          

  38. How many African languages are there? What is the most common language spoken by most Africans?1. About 2,000 languages
    2. Swahili is the most common language spoken

          

  39. Be able to identify and describe the (3) Great African Empires:
    Ghana
    Black Studies, Afro-American Studies, African American Studies

          

  40. Why did the colonies legalize slavery?1. Continuing labor shortage
    2. Growing slave population
    3. Slaves becoming more disorderly and difficult to control

          

  41. African American studies is an empirical field of study. What does that mean?It is a scientific study

          

  42. Origin of the SpeciesWritten by Charles Darwin

          

  43. African American Studies is interdisciplinary. What does that mean?It is a scientific study

          

  44. Describe Black's involvement in the Revolutionary War.Slave owning set the stage for the commercial network linking Europeans and Africans in the slave trade

          

  45. Songhay1. Emerged as a dominant power under Sonni Ali
    2. The most advanced society on the African continent
    3. Known for it intellectual climate
    4. Major contribution-Education
    a. establishment of schools, colleges, and universites
    b. Timbuktu was an intellectual center where many West African scholars were concentrated
    *Africans were the 1st to develop the idea of "university"
    5. Civil wars and invasions weakened the empire

          

  46. Charles Darwin1.Wrote Origin of the Species & The Descent of Man.
    2. Darwin believed that Blacks were inferior to civilized races
    3. Process of elimination was a way to purify society of those who were unfit

          

  47. What were some of the negativity AA studies took on?Codes enacted by the state to discipline and control the slave and define the relationship between African slaves and whites

          

  48. What is Manumission?A name for slaves that escaped

          

  49. Mali1. Were previously under the Ghanaian empire, emerged as a power after the decline and destruction of Ghana, King embraced Muslim religion and formed alliances with Muslim nations
    2. Economy-agricultural, presence of other crafts
    3. King Mansa Musa made a pilgrimage to Mecca. It was the first time a king traveled from West Africa to Mecca
    4. Mali got raided by other nations which weakened it and led to its decline

          

  50. David Walker's Appeal: To the Couloured Citizens of the World1. Written to Black in the U.S
    2. Condemned white Christianity for supporting slavery
    3. Encouraged Blacks to resist slavery/ bondage

          

  51. How was the three -fifths doctrine applied in the Dred Scott Decision?The constitution of the United states would count blacks as three-fifths of a person. It would be used to determine a state's total population for legislative representation and taxing purposes.

          

  52. Sojourner TruthWrote the book, "An American Dilemma"
    A Swedish economist
    studied southern AA and whites in the 1940's
    Said if AA are to avoid prejudice, discrimination, they must assimilate

          

  53. What did historian John Hope Franklin mean when he talked about the "quasi-free Negro"?It offered courses in literature, law, astronomy, medicine, & math. It was located in Timbuktu.

          

  54. What was the first HBCU to have a Black Studies Program?Black scholars opposed the development of a separate field of study
    White universities withdrew commitment and support from these academic black studies programs
    Some believed the program wouldn't survive as an academic discipline

          

  55. David WalkerA preacher who established the first African Lodge. Founder of Black Freemasonry. He supported emigration to Africa movements and advocated schools for black children in Boston

          

  56. Africa was known as The Dark Continent. Why?Pennsylvania Abolition Society

          

  57. What is Maroons?A social philosophy that advocates genetic engineering. Keep the good genes and take out the bad.

          

  58. What was Nat Turner's Revolt? How was it used to justify slavery?Prisoners of war, enslaved for payment of a debt, punishment for a crime

          

  59. What are the five contributions of the discipline?Prisoners of war, enslaved for payment of a debt, punishment for a crime

          

  60. What were slaves allowed to do?Marry, have families, and income, could buy their freedom, most slaves were women, the Atlantic slave trade favored male slaves

          

  61. Colonial ModelWrote the book, "An American Dilemma"
    A Swedish economist
    studied southern AA and whites in the 1940's
    Said if AA are to avoid prejudice, discrimination, they must assimilate

          

  62. How did the 13 colonies respond to the antislavery sentiments?They passed laws to endorse slavery such as: slaves had no rights except those given by slave masters, children and all descendants were sold into slavery with no rights as humans

          

  63. What were slave codes?An interdisciplinary academic field of study that examines the history and challenges of Blacks who are of African descent living in North America, the diaspora, and Africa.

          

  64. How were slaves important to the economy?Slave owning set the stage for the commercial network linking Europeans and Africans in the slave trade

          

  65. Which Empire was known for resurrecting Black learning and education?Songhay

          

  66. What were slave raids?A social philosophy that advocates genetic engineering. Keep the good genes and take out the bad.

          

  67. Accomodationthe process of adapting or adjusting to someone or something

          

  68. What was the three-fifths doctrine?Pennsylvania Abolition Society

          

  69. What is eugenics?A social philosophy that advocates genetic engineering. Keep the good genes and take out the bad.

          

  70. AssimilationMay respond by challenging prejudice and discrimination . Also referred to as defiance that may be violent or nonviolent.

          

  71. Why do African American scholars reject the use of minority to describe African Americans as a group?1. Minority derives from the word minor, meaning less than
    2. It has negative psychological effects
    3. It implies that a group is always in a subordinate position.

          

  72. What is the Pan-African movement?Created by David Walker. It was a belief that all people of African descent should unite and go back to Africa

          

  73. Carter Woodson"Race matters" Got his undergraduate from Harvard Univ and his Ph. D. from Princeton. Was the first AA to get a Ph. D.D from Princeton. An advocate about race, gender, and class.

          

  74. Endogamus and ExogamusFranz Boas delivered the graduation message at Atlanta University in which he dispelled many of those myths about Africa. Described Africa as an expansive continent with great empires such as Mali & Ghana.

          

  75. Acceptanceminority group avoids contact with the dominant group to escape prejudice

          

  76. David Livingstone1. Father of black liberation ideology
    2. His book: David Walker's Appeal: To the Coloured Citizens of the World

          

  77. Who began Negro History/Black History Week?Carter Woodson

          

  78. AggressionThe minority/dominated group responds to minority groups status by rationalizing and accepting prejudice.

          

  79. What was the University of Sankore & where was it located?It offered courses in literature, law, astronomy, medicine, & math. It was located in Timbuktu.

          

  80. What was the antislavery movement?Created by David Walker. It was a belief that all people of African descent should unite and go back to Africa

          

  81. What was the Kingdom of Benin?Pennsylvania Abolition Society

          

  82. What predominately-white university was the first to implement a Black Studies Program?Howard University

          

  83. List the other academic terms used for African American studies.Black Studies, Afro-American Studies, African American Studies

          

  84. Immigration ModelImmigration: Immigrants voluntarily came to this country seeking prosperity, at first they experienced harassment by law enforcement, they worked together and gained economic and political power, and assimilated into the dominant culture.

          

  85. Journal of Negro HistoryWomen's rights activist and abolitionist, famous lecture, "Ain't I a woman." Fought segregation and worked with freed slaves.