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80 True/False questions

  1. LynchingExtrajudicial execution carried out by a mob by hanging, burning, mutilation and other means. To put to death by mob action without legal sanction. Lynch Law

          

  2. The Hampton ModelPeople who signed the declaration all owned slaves. "We hold the truths to be self-evident." Declaration promoted freedom, but not for black people.

          

  3. House Slave/Field SlaveHouse: service oriented, better off, 'born and bred' into family, socialized like family. Field: Production oriented, treated as machine/less direct contact with owner

          

  4. The Black PanthersFormed in 1966-1982. Bobby Seal, Huey Newton, Eldridge Cleaves and Kathleen Cleaver. Focused on protecting Black neighbor hoods initially. Became radical group. 10 point program- ie. free breakfast that combined Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence for Blacks.

          

  5. Talented TenthSuggested 1 in 10 black men would become part of an educated class dedicated to social change, later modified that anyone can be a guide

          

  6. Ida B. WellsSociologist, writer, editor, historian. Pran-Africanist civil rights activist. Graduated from Harvard. 1st black person to earn PHD from Harvard. University of Berlin. Crisis-NAACP. Stressed intellectual elite and demanded equal treatment compared to Washington's accomdationist ideals. Niagara Movement 1905- more radical, direct approach to resisting opponents.

          

  7. Instruments of Cultural HegemonyProposed by John Oglu. What is acting black? OCP used to explain group differences in academic achievement among young, particularly youth from minority groups. Suggestion Black students purposely underperform on tests

          

  8. Nature vs. Nurture1896. Plessy challenged segregation laws. US Court upheld constitutionality of state laws requiring segregation in public facilities. Legalized segregation and sanctioned existing segregation laws.

          

  9. Womanismcoined by Alice Walker in the book "In Search of Mother's Gardens: Womens Prose". A Black feminist or feminist of color. Celebrates blackness while being critical of gender and racial inequalities.

          

  10. The American ParadoxSenator Daniel Moynihan. Negro Family: Cae for National Action (1965). Focused on 'Black Pathology' which took into account Black education, family, jobless, crime, ghetto culture. Report criticized for blaming victim. Rule Ordered payments could only go to families with no man in the house.

          

  11. Socializationthe process of inheriting and projecting values, ideals, and norms into a group of people/culture, study of relationships, values, beliefs, organizational structures of societal groups (pg 100).

          

  12. African American Social Institutions, Black Church, Religion, vs SpiritualityEncompasses the black experience of all types of people

          

  13. Approximate number of African Americans in US13% of population in US are African American. About 43 million. (In Florida, blacks are 16.5%)

          

  14. Charles Hamilton HoustonProminent Lawyer who killed Jim Crow. Apart of the NAACP. "A lawyers either a social engineer or he is a parasite on society"

          

  15. Black Liberation Theology1966 National Committee of NEgreo Churches. Theology grounded in the experience of African Americans, and related to other Christian liberation theologies, used to combat focused racism. Financial blessing in the will of God for Christians. Faith, good speech and financial donations to Christina ministries will increase material wealth.

          

  16. GentrificationTransformation of communities, where governments begin pressuring these areas and preventing them from being livable

          

  17. Marcus GarveyThe United negro Improvement association. 1887-1940. Born in Jamaica. Orator, Journalist, Publisher, Black Nationalist, Pan Africanist, Back to Africa

          

  18. Tuskegee ExperimentsSocial heory that attempts to expalin cycle of poverty. Suggests poor people have values that predispose them to poverty, poor people learn to adapt to system of poverty and perpetuate it. Blames the culture, ignoring system

          

  19. Tools of Mis-educationPostcards, Carnivals, Themeparks, Movies, Books, Commercials, Education, Newspapers

          

  20. W.E.B. DuboisJournalist. Refused to give up her seat on Chesapeake and South Eastern Railroad. Sued and won, but case overturned by Tennessee Supreme Court. Civil Rights Activist (Black, women, social justice for all). Anti-lynching activist. Part of Women's suffrage March 1913. Part of Delta Sigma Theta.

          

  21. Africanisms/African Cultural Retentionsretentions=survival, adaptions-modifications. Traits and customs of African culture that have been maintained and reused. Like Africatown, where ship called Clotilda arrived in Mobile with100-160 enslaved Africans, slaves formed their own community and had a chief and maintained their language and government. Bottle trees, healing practices (George Washington Carver). Soul food, Drum, Influence of Black Music.

          

  22. Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights ActCivil Rights Act 1964: ending legally sanctioned racial segregation. Voting Rights Act: removing racially motivated barriers that prevent non-whites from voting like Jim crow laws.

          

  23. Pan Africanismbelief in global unity of poeple of African descent for purposes of social, political, and economic empowerment.

          

  24. ColonizationWhites brought Blacks to America.

          

  25. Lift Every Voice and SingNational Negro Anthem, sung by the Johnsons

          

  26. Fictive Kin and Extended FamilyA pedagogy and educated process that focuses on manual training and resists any teaching that address injustice and inequalities. Hampton Normal and Agricultural institute was founded in 1868. Samuel Champman Armstrong: Union Solider, Agent of Freedman's Bureau, secured funds to open vocational institutions.

          

  27. Black Shift in Political PartiesMost Blacks supported Republican Party after Civil War. Whites motes to Republican party while Blacks moved to Democrat party during 1930s. Many whites resisted New Deal policies. Democrats under New Deal supported integration of military and civil rights legislation.

          

  28. Plessy vs. FergusonWhy do we do what we do? Is it Hereditary or environmental? Nature Theory= focuses on genetic predispositions, Nurture Theory=focuses on how they are taught

          

  29. Carter G. Woodson & Black History MonthProminent Lawyer who killed Jim Crow. Apart of the NAACP. "A lawyers either a social engineer or he is a parasite on society"

          

  30. Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee SNCCBeing Black in White culture and the internal struggles that come with it.

          

  31. "Race"Social construct based on biology, phenotypes, etc. Has a history and is a political domination utility. Refined and legitimized over time and internalized by masses.

          

  32. A Girl Like Meethnic cleansing, Taking Land, Texas Comanche County, Forsyth, Georgia 1912. Washington County, Indiana 1864. Pierce City, Missouri 1901. Creating issues for Blacks so whites can banish them.

          

  33. Great MigrationWhites brought Blacks to America.

          

  34. Oppositional Culture Theoryreligion, socialization, democracy, family elders, language and writing, music and dance that all connects the African people despite the distances they traveled.

          

  35. Booker T. WashingtonBorn into Slavery, attended Hampton University and Founder of Tuskegee Machine. 1895-speech given at cotten states exposition. Blacks should work and not fight for political equality. Stressed an industrial/trade-oriented education

          

  36. InterdisciplinaryA combination of numerous disciplines like psychology, english, art, biology in mapping out and understanding the African American experience.

          

  37. ReconstructionPeriod after Civil War from 1863-1877. Attempted to help freedmen through programs and also keep South in line through military intervention. Emancipation days, Juneteeth. Freedman's Bureau, Fought for voting rights, 40 acres and a mule proposal rejected by congress, Built institutions, faced discrimination and violence. Family reunite.

          

  38. Emancipation ProclamationPeriod after Civil War from 1863-1877. Attempted to help freedmen through programs and also keep South in line through military intervention. Emancipation days, Juneteeth. Freedman's Bureau, Fought for voting rights, 40 acres and a mule proposal rejected by congress, Built institutions, faced discrimination and violence. Family reunite.

          

  39. Reparationsidea that some payment should be made to those who have ben enslaved or to their descendants-proposed compensation from US government

          

  40. *Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955Phenotype=Observable physical characteristics, Genotype=genetic characteristics

          

  41. Abolitionistsidea that some payment should be made to those who have ben enslaved or to their descendants-proposed compensation from US government

          

  42. Haitian RevolutionThe false information hegemony produces in order to oppress Blacks.

          

  43. Brown vs. Board of EducationEducation needed integration, separate cannot be equal in education.

          

  44. The Black AestheticBased on unique African/Black world view. Dissuasions made popular during 1960s and connected to cultural politics of black nationalists. belief in artists as activists.

          

  45. Virgil Hawkins, George Starke, George AllenBlack Codes: When able, whites changed/created laws to abuse African Americans. Blacks could not bear arms, had no legal standing in court. Grandfather clause, segregation and Jim Crow, Vagrancy Laws (way to control). 40 Acres and A Mule: Idea that Freedman's Bureau would obtain land and distribute it to slaves who worked on land.

          

  46. Resistance during SlaveryEuropeans: Chattal slavery. Singled out on a larger scale, started largest forced migration in History, economic system and industry supported by laws, institution a cruel and unjust exercise of power against Africans for prolonged period. African slavery= condition of warring tribes, law breakers, it was specific to certain areas, Africans remained on continent, had opportunities to make money by selling themselves, way to work way out of slavery

          

  47. Post Traumatic Slave SyndromePeople who signed the declaration all owned slaves. "We hold the truths to be self-evident." Declaration promoted freedom, but not for black people.

          

  48. *Double ConsciousnessBeing Black in White culture and the internal struggles that come with it.

          

  49. Types of Racismbelief in global unity of poeple of African descent for purposes of social, political, and economic empowerment.

          

  50. Cultureintegrated system of learned behaviors, traditions, customs, and languages which is not biological inheritance.

          

  51. Baynard Rustin1912-1987. Civil Rights, gay rights activist, Nonviolence. Traveled to India to learn nonviolent protest techniques. Key organizer of the 1963 March on Washington for JObs and Freedom, influenced Martin Luther King Jr.

          

  52. The New Negro and Alaine LockPeople who signed the declaration all owned slaves. "We hold the truths to be self-evident." Declaration promoted freedom, but not for black people.

          

  53. Freedman's BureauAbolitionist, Writer, Orator. 1818-1895. Went to Europe, was helped to buy his own Freedom. Was powerful opponent of slavery. Addressed American paradox head-on. "Men of Color to arms". recruited over 100 free blacks-including two of sons.

          

  54. Mis-Educationidea that some payment should be made to those who have ben enslaved or to their descendants-proposed compensation from US government

          

  55. Race-Liftingthe process of inheriting and projecting values, ideals, and norms into a group of people/culture, study of relationships, values, beliefs, organizational structures of societal groups (pg 100).

          

  56. Nathan Hare and San Francisco StateKey political period that was started by cultural action like the Black Arts movement in 1960s. Took place in Harlem, New York. Emphasized black writing and culture.

          

  57. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcom XPeople who signed the declaration all owned slaves. "We hold the truths to be self-evident." Declaration promoted freedom, but not for black people.

          

  58. Phenotype and GenotypeSuggested 1 in 10 black men would become part of an educated class dedicated to social change, later modified that anyone can be a guide

          

  59. Dr. Akbar's destructive attitudes (legacy of Slavery)Europeans: Chattal slavery. Singled out on a larger scale, started largest forced migration in History, economic system and industry supported by laws, institution a cruel and unjust exercise of power against Africans for prolonged period. African slavery= condition of warring tribes, law breakers, it was specific to certain areas, Africans remained on continent, had opportunities to make money by selling themselves, way to work way out of slavery

          

  60. Correlates of AchievementSocial heory that attempts to expalin cycle of poverty. Suggests poor people have values that predispose them to poverty, poor people learn to adapt to system of poverty and perpetuate it. Blames the culture, ignoring system

          

  61. Ethnicity, NationalityEthnicity=shared cultural heritage, shared ancestry, homeland, history. Nationality=legal relationship between a person and a nation state.

          

  62. African Diasporabelief in global unity of poeple of African descent for purposes of social, political, and economic empowerment.

          

  63. *Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC)Key political period that was started by cultural action like the Black Arts movement in 1960s. Took place in Harlem, New York. Emphasized black writing and culture.

          

  64. African vs. European SlaveryEuropeans: Chattal slavery. Singled out on a larger scale, started largest forced migration in History, economic system and industry supported by laws, institution a cruel and unjust exercise of power against Africans for prolonged period. African slavery= condition of warring tribes, law breakers, it was specific to certain areas, Africans remained on continent, had opportunities to make money by selling themselves, way to work way out of slavery

          

  65. Asa Philip Randolph and Executive order 88021887-1979. Civil Rights activist. Labor activism (worked with unions and workers). Formed the MOWASH committee for desegregating military. Also put pressure on military to set equal pay for Black soldiers. Executive order 8802 against employment discrimination in industries.

          

  66. *The Moynihan ReportSenator Daniel Moynihan. Negro Family: Cae for National Action (1965). Focused on 'Black Pathology' which took into account Black education, family, jobless, crime, ghetto culture. Report criticized for blaming victim. Rule Ordered payments could only go to families with no man in the house.

          

  67. Colorism, Lookism, Passing, WhiteningIdeology around 'whitening' skin color to be more acceptable in society. Based exclusively on phenotypes. Whitening is also a term used in Latin America in order to 'advance the race' by marrying only whites. Prejudice based on appearance.

          

  68. 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments13th Amendment: ratified on December 6, 1865. No slavery, but law didn't say Blacks were citizens. 14th Amendment: Provided Citizenship to Africans in United States, Created African Americans as Nationality, did not promise right to vote. 15th Amendment: African American Males given right to vote on 2/3/1870. A person could not be deprived of the right to vote because of race, did not include women.

          

  69. Culture of PovertySocial heory that attempts to expalin cycle of poverty. Suggests poor people have values that predispose them to poverty, poor people learn to adapt to system of poverty and perpetuate it. Blames the culture, ignoring system

          

  70. Juan GarridoBorn in West Africa. Traveled with Ponce De Leon for 13 years. Was a conquistador, not a slave.

          

  71. SankofaMeans go back and fetch it in the Akan language of Ghana. Symbolized by a bird plucking its tail fathers or taking the egg off its back.

          

  72. Banishmentethnic cleansing, Taking Land, Texas Comanche County, Forsyth, Georgia 1912. Washington County, Indiana 1864. Pierce City, Missouri 1901. Creating issues for Blacks so whites can banish them.

          

  73. African Cultural Unityreligion, socialization, democracy, family elders, language and writing, music and dance that all connects the African people despite the distances they traveled.

          

  74. *The Harlem RenaissancePeople who signed the declaration all owned slaves. "We hold the truths to be self-evident." Declaration promoted freedom, but not for black people.

          

  75. African American StudiesEncompasses the black experience of all types of people

          

  76. Shirley ChisholmExtrajudicial execution carried out by a mob by hanging, burning, mutilation and other means. To put to death by mob action without legal sanction. Lynch Law

          

  77. Frederick DouglasAbolitionist, Writer, Orator. 1818-1895. Went to Europe, was helped to buy his own Freedom. Was powerful opponent of slavery. Addressed American paradox head-on. "Men of Color to arms". recruited over 100 free blacks-including two of sons.

          

  78. Black Codes 40 Acres and a Mule1966 National Committee of NEgreo Churches. Theology grounded in the experience of African Americans, and related to other Christian liberation theologies, used to combat focused racism. Financial blessing in the will of God for Christians. Faith, good speech and financial donations to Christina ministries will increase material wealth.

          

  79. African Americans and the Declaration of Independenceretentions=survival, adaptions-modifications. Traits and customs of African culture that have been maintained and reused. Like Africatown, where ship called Clotilda arrived in Mobile with100-160 enslaved Africans, slaves formed their own community and had a chief and maintained their language and government. Bottle trees, healing practices (George Washington Carver). Soul food, Drum, Influence of Black Music.

          

  80. Historically Black Colleges & Universities HBCU'sFree Blacks built schools. 1837 Cheyney University Pennsylvania. Types of schools: Normal school-designed to train schools and students. Agricultural and Mechanical. Philanthropist: EX Julius Rosenwald.