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  1. Jesse Fauset
  2. William Monroe Trotter
  3. Double V Campaign
  4. Jim Crow Laws
  5. NAACP
  6. Marcus Garvey
  7. The Negro World
  8. Tuskegee Model and Machine
  9. 14th Amendment
  10. Springfield IL Riot
  11. Nella Larsen
  12. Claude Mckay
  13. Blacks and the New Deal
  14. Enforcement Acts
  15. Ralph Bunche
  16. McLaurin v. Oklahoma
  17. Sweatt v. Painter
  18. March on Washington Movement
  19. Frederick Douglas
  20. Lynching
  21. Blacks and WWI
  22. 13th Amendment
  23. Asa Philip Randolph
  24. Atlanta Compromise Speech 1895
  25. Compromise of 1877
  26. Oscar DePriest
  27. National Negro Congress
  28. Mary M. Bethune
  29. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters 1925
  30. Amy Jacques Garvey
  31. Mary Church Terrell
  32. EO 8802
  33. American Equal Rights Association 1869
  34. The Freedmen's Bureau
  35. Post-WWI Riots
  36. Zora Neale Hurston
  37. WIlmington Riot 1898
  38. W.E.B Du Bois
  39. The Crisis
  40. Black working women and WWI
  41. Langston Hughes
  42. Niagara Movement 1905
  43. Black Codes
  44. Anna Julia Cooper
  45. Universal Negro Improvement Association 1914
  46. Madame C.J. Walker
  47. Congressional Reconstruction
  48. Ida B. Wells-Barnett
  49. Spread of Disfranchisement
  50. Harlem Reaissance
  51. Henry McNeal Turner
  52. Paul Robeson
  53. Scottsboro 9
  54. Black Reconstruction
  55. 15th Amendment
  56. National Association of Colored Women
  57. Booker T. Washington
  58. Sipuel v. Oklahoma State Board of Regents
  59. Souls of Black Folk
  60. Double Consciousness
  61. Leonidas Dyer/Dyer Bill
  62. Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada
  63. National Urban League
  64. Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  65. Great Black Migration
  66. 19th Amendment
  67. Wallace Thurman
  68. Mary White Ovington
  69. Nixon v. Herndon (Texas White Primary) 1927
  70. Alaine Locke
  71. US v. Guinn 1915/Buchanan v. Warley 1917/Moore v. Dempsey 1923
  72. The New Negro
  73. Phillip A. Payton/Afro American Realty Company
  74. James Weldon Johnson
  75. Talented Tenth
  1. a Cornell graduate, masters degree from U. Penn, and a editor, poet, essayist and novelist.
  2. b Guinn= Grandfather Clause shot down.
    Buch=Restrictive covenants. Civil government instituted racial segregation.
    Moore= New trial by equal peers.
    Dyer=Passes house, fails senate.
  3. c The movement of 2 million blacks out of the South to the Midwest, North, and West from 1910 to 1930. African Americans migrated to escape racism and to seek jobs in industrial cities.
  4. d The founder of the NAACP, she was a white social worker who supported people in black neighborhoods and wanted to help give equal rights to blacks. She started the NAACP in a national conference to answer the "Negro Question" and decide what should be done.
  5. e Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
  6. f National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  7. g Some laws required that voters pay poll taxes, take literacy tests, or prove residency.

    Jim Crow laws imposed segregation in public places, which shut African-Americans out of many political conversations.

    Many Northern legislators were furious about Southern actions, but the Supreme Court upheld state actions in several cases.
  8. h 1938; the Equal Protection clause is violated. State can not give money to a student to go to a out of state school but must rather allow them to go to the whites school or build a new one.
  9. i an interracial organization formed in 1910 to help solve social problems facing African Americans who lived in the cities
  10. j Mastered the nuances of the political arena in the late 19th century which enabled him to manipulate the media, raise money, strategize, network, pressure, reward friends and distribute funds while punishing those who opposed his plans for uplifting blacks.
  11. k Harlem Renaissance. Satirist, Grim, used sardonic wit. "The Blacker the Berry" - Emma Lou is the heroine, talked about black hypocrisy about color prejudice among themselves. HR.
  12. l A term coined by Alain Locke in essay with same title, it refers to a new sense of identity for blacks. Embodied ideals of Harlem Renaissance, new reality of urban, unified, pushing limits, resisting Jim Crow. , the advancement of the perspective of the african american a term coined in 1925.
  13. m voice of black women in newspaper print, help started the Black Cross Nurses, UNIA, was also the wife of Marus Garvey. She started editing the biography of Marcus Garvey and through this work became a strong political face of the UNIA and represenation of the females in the organization
  14. n As an American novelist of the Harlem Renaissance best know for Quicksand and Passing
  15. o ...
  16. p First african american woman to earn more than 1 million dollars by selling hair care product., This African American used her wealth from a product she produced to hire many African American women to work for her and donated to numerous civil rights associations.
  17. q Red Summer of 1919, Chicago. Due to much competition from uprising sociopolitical groups at the time. Great Migration brought thousands of blacks to the surrounding Chicago areas, particularly in the south where jobs were previously held by Europeans (Irish). Fiercely defended jobs and territory.
  18. r Blacks could vote and had rights, but black codes kept them virtually enslaved. They did get more political power, however.
  19. s 1941 a tool to organize a mass march on Washington DC designed to pressure the government into desegregating the armed forces and providing fair working opportunities for blacks. Organized by A. Philip Randolph. March would make the U.S. look bad on the world stage.
  20. t 1903; a sociological work by W. E. B. Du Bois argueing that blacks must act forcefully to become free.
  21. u a speech given by Booker T. Washington in 1895 at the Cotton States and international Exposition that proposed that blacks and whites should agree to benefit from each other
  22. v Case involving racial segregation toward African Americans by the University of Oklahoma's and the application of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  23. w A Harvard trained professional who called for equal rights immediately for African Americans. He founded the NAACP that aimed to help African Americans improve.
  24. x The World War II-era effort of black Americans to gain "a Victory over racism at home as well as Victory abroad."
  25. y He was a black who was elected to the General Assembly in the 1868 election. He was expelled from it, but then re-admitted later.
  26. z Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
  27. aa Not permitted to be in Marines. Mess boys in Navy. Did not trust COMPETENCY/COURAGE. Failed intelligence tests.
  28. ab The NAACP's pamphlet, which borrowed the name from Thomas Paine's speech about the American Revolution.
  29. ac The division of an individual's identity into two or more social realities
  30. ad deals with grad school program, admitting blacks to program but telling them they have to sit in back of class, certain part of library, certain part of cafeteria, he wins (say he isn't treated equally)
  31. ae Womanhood a vital element in the regeneration and progress of a race 1892 (The Nadir
  32. af African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
  33. ag fought for the equal rights for the blacks, her father was a former slave but became a millionaire, in 1953, she led a committee that won a suit to end iscrimination in Washington hotels, restaurants, buses, and other public facilities. Helped found the National Association of Colored Women
  34. ah (1870-1871) Congress in response to the KKK and others, passed these acts to protect black voters. It created penalties on person who interfered with any citizen's right to vote. Outlaws the activities of the KKK
  35. ai The return of 11 ex-Confederates to high offices and the passage of the Black Codes by southern legislatures angered the Republicans in Congress so that they adopted a plan that was harsher on southern whites and more protective of freed blacks.
  36. aj African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
  37. ak "Father of Harlem" Rented properties to blacks.
  38. al Seperate but equal facilities based upon race is constitutional
  39. am (1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
  40. an putting a person to death by mob action without due process of law
  41. ao Anti Lynching Crusader in early twentieth century
  42. ap African American woman that served as advisor to FDR. Headed the National Youth Administration.
  43. aq Led Liberty Loans/Rallies. Led to better working conditions and pay.
  44. ar Held the lowest-paying jobs and faced harsh social and political discrimination, but received significant benefits from the New Deal relief programs
  45. as African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
  46. at The newspaper that Marcus Garvey would write editorials for displaying his idea
  47. au United States diplomat and United Nations official (1904-1971), frist African American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize; helped legitimize the United Nations; Medal of Freedom from Kennedy
  48. av First African American representative in congress from a northern state; Illinois.
  49. aw 1950 separate but equal formula generally unacceptable in professional schools
  50. ax Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
  51. ay Decision which struck down a 1923 Texas law forbidding blacks from voting in the Texas Democratic Party primary.
  52. az 1908. Sparked by two arrests of blacks for crimes against whites. When they were about to be lynched, sheriff removed the men from the county and it started the riot.
  53. ba African American concert singer whose passport was revoked and was blacklisted from the stage, screen, radio and television under the McCarran Act of the red scare of the 1950s due to his public criticism of American racist tendencies.
  54. bb a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Garvey. The organization enjoyed its greatest strength in the 1920s, prior to Garvey's deportation from the United States of America, after which its prestige and influence declined. Since a schism in 1949, there have been two organizations claiming the name.
  55. bc Nine black teenagers accused in Alabama of raping two white women on a train in 1931. Supported by American Communist party. Argued for trial rights to be convicted by peers.
  56. bd This was the African American reform led by Josephine Ruffin
  57. be Founded by W.E.B. DuBois in 1905 to promote the education of African Americans in the liberal arts; end segregation & discrimination in unions, courts, & public accommodations; equality of opportunity. This took place in Niagara Falls, New York.
  58. bf The new negro, negro intelligence, vibrant with a new psychology
  59. bg Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
  60. bh founder of Boston Guardian, believed that victims of racism should not support a racist American government
  61. bi 1941, banned discrimination in government defense work; the 1st act to ban discrimination in work; however, the military remained segregated despite the act
  62. bj A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919.
  63. bk 1) Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office, 4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts. 1868
  64. bl African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
  65. bm Union founded by A.Philip Randolph in 1925 to help African Americans who worked for the Pullman Company.
  66. bn Anti-lynching bill 1922
  67. bo American poet and part of the Harlem Renaissance, he was influenced by jazz music.
  68. bp Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude. 1870.
  69. bq 1865. Amendement abolishing and continually prohibiting slavery. With limited exception, such as those guilty of comitting a crime, it also prevents indentured servitude.
  70. br Organization founded in 1926 to unite African-American protest groups
  71. bs Created the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (first AA union) to fight the terrible conditions at the Pullman Company (luxury train company); worked for equality and jobs. Organizer of the March on Washington
  72. bt Awhite mob seized the reins of government in the port city and, in so doing, destroyed the local black-owned newspaper office and terrorized the African American community
  73. bu According to W. E. B. DuBois, the ten percent of the black population that had the talent to bring respect and equality to all blacks
  74. bv An African American cultural movement of the 1920s and early 1930s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City.
  75. bw An agency set up by the federal government to help former slaves after the civil war 1865.