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  • 1st Stage: Capture

    started in the late 1500s and exploded in the early 1600s. 500 villages in Africa were attaked by the Brittish colonies(the Americas). 15 to 25 people were killed in this raid and only 475/485 villagers were taken captive.

    2nd Stage: The Slavery Process

    slaves were placed in chains and ankle braclets, this stage lasted for approximately 7-30 days.This was a forced march with slaves arms behind their back and shackles around their ankles. 50 people died in this process and only about 400 slaves survived this stage.

    3rd Stage: The Basement

    400 slaves were chained to the walls beneath the ground. Waiting for the Brttish traders to arrive and receive them. Slaves withheld 3-6 inches of stagnet extrenuous stench water in the basement. When it rained the waste produced by the slaves contaminated the water. about 20 slaves died by the end of this stage.

    4th Stage:The Selling Process

    When the Europeans arrived the African cheifs would exchange slaves for new technology weapons and riches.The triangular trade took place during this period of the slavery process.Europeans would check the slaves to see if they were healthy and a good commodity for their production.After slaves were purchased they would take branding irons to label the slaves they traded. Men were branded on their chest whie women were branded underneath the breasts with an "E"

    5th Stage: The Door of No Return

    chained up in a couffle and placed in a muddy canoe.Being taken to the mothership 5 to 6 miles away. Ocean water would often hit the wounds of the slaves during this process. About 15 slaves were kiled during this process. About 350 slaves survived this process of slavery.

    6th Stage: Middle Passage

    Across the Atlantic and into the new world (North America). Children usually go through a one to three moth process to get to the new world. There are usually gender splits when slaves arrive in the new world.Many slaves were thrown over board due to disease or terrorization due to revolts or rebellion.Slaves were chained and stacked against each other making in hard for them to breath and would often spread around very harmful diseases.Eating was limited and food was passed around in a small bucket . Women were put in a seprate compartment in the ship often the crewmen would rape the women slaves. Very unsanitary conditions in the ship and approximately 30 % of slaves would die durign this process.

    7th stage:In the Americas

    Africans were brought to Chesapeake in this stage during 1619, this is were the africans were either sold to the French,Dutch or the Spanish.

    savanna

    a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.

    rain forest

    A forest that receives at least 2 meters of rain per year, mostly occurring in the tropical wet climate zone.

    hunting and gathering societies

    Small societies dependent on hunting animals and collecting wild plants rather than on ariculture.

    hierachical

    Refers to social system based on class rank.

    heiroglyphics

    ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds

    patrilineal

    based on or tracing descent through the male line

    patriarchal

    relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority

    Semitic

    Family of related languages long spoken across parts of western Asia and northern Africa. In antiquity these languages included Hebrew, Aramaic, and Phoenician. The most widespread modern member of the this language family is Arabic.

    Berbers

    people native to North Africa and the Sahara Desert.

    Ancient Ghana

    A nation found by the Sonike people, this nation had arisen in the early fourth century C.E as late as the 18th century. Its name comes from the Sonnike name for king. Its boundaries reached into the sahara desert to its north and into Senegal to its south. The kings in this nation were known as the richest monarchs.This nation exported pepper,slaves, and in abundance gold.

    Nubia,Kush, Meroe, and Axum

    To the south of Egypt in the upper Nile Valley, in what is today called Sudan layed this ancient region.This is where the first evidence had arisen about the first nations to have a large grain production and the concept of monarchy had arisen. The Egyptia colony controlled many of this nations copper and gold mines and also imported ivory,ebony,leopard belts, and slaves.The term pharoahs had arisen in one of these nations and their kings buried themselves in what they called pryamids. Many of the people within this nation practice the Egyptian religion.

    Songhai

    ...

    Kongo and Angola

    These nations lie within Centeral Africa.They divided their labor by gender and lived in villages of extended families, in addition gave semidivine status to their kings . This nation had in abundance a great aquatic agriculture, access to salt,iron,and trade with the interior. This was the first African nation that was converted to Christianity and modeled many of the European culture.

    lineage

    direct descent from an ancestor.

    matrilineal

    relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother.

    secret societies

    West African societies whose membership is secret or whose rituals are known only to society members. Their most significant function is the initiation of boys and girls into adulthood.

    assimilation

    The process by which peope of different backgrounds become similar to each other in culture and language.

    polytheistic

    Many gods.

    animistic

    The beliefs that inanimate objects have spitirual attributes.

    cal-and -response

    An African-American singing style rooted in Africa.A solo call tells a story to which a group responds,often with repeated lyrics.

    griot

    a member of a class of traveling poets, musicians, and storytellers who maintain a tradition of oral history in parts of West Africa.

    Guinea Coast

    The southward-facing coast of West Africa,from which many of the people caught up in the Atlantic slave trade departed from the Americas.

    indigo

    A plant used to make valuable blue dye

    chattel

    Enslaved people who were treated legally as property.

    Asiento

    means contract

    Industrial Revolution

    A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s

    factories

    Headquarters for European company that traded for slaves or engaged in other commercial enterproses on the West African coast.

    slaver

    A ship used to transport slaves from Africa to the Americas.

    indentured servant

    person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to America.

    Martinique

    An isand in the eastern Carribean Sea that was a French sugar producing colony from the seventeenth into the ninteenth century.

    Barbados

    An island nation in the Lesser Antilles located to the southeast of Puerto Rico.

    seasoning

    An often difficult period of adjustment to new climates, disease environments, and work routines, such as that experienced by slaves newly arrived in the Americas.

    acculturating

    change in individuals who are introduced to a new culture.

    Creoles

    Person of African or European descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.

    French and Indian War

    (1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.

    Spanish Armada

    A fleet that unsuccessfully attempted to carry out an invasion of England in 1588.

    joint-stock companies

    Primitive corporations that carried out Brittish and Dutch colonization in the Americas during the seventeenth century.

    Church of England

    Also called the Anglican Church, this was the Protestant Church established by King Henry VIII; religious radicals desired a "purer" church that was allowed by monarchs of the early seventeenth century, causing some to leave for the Americas.

    chattel slavery

    Absolute legal ownership of another person, including the right to buy or sell that person.(property)

    House of Burgesses

    1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America.Established in Jamestown,Virgina in 1619.

    slave codes

    Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights.

    manumission

    release from slavery by the slave master

    planter elite

    Those who owned the largest tobacco plantations

    low country

    The southern part of the US

    incest taboos

    prohibitions on sexual relations between relatives

    spirit possession

    The idea that a supernatural entity or personality can enter and use otherwise ordinary human bodies and personalities.

    divination

    the art or act of predicting the future or discovering hidden knowledge

    pidgin

    A simplified mixture of two or more language used to communicate between people who speak different langages.

    Black English

    Another term for African American English, Vernacular Black English, and Ebonics. A dialect used by many African Americans and used primarily by those in working-class families.

    gang system

    A mode of organizing labor that had West African antecedants. In this system American slaves worked in groups under the direction of slave driver

    Great Dismal Swamp

    A heavily forested area on the Virginia-North Carolina border that served as a refuge for fugitive slaves during the eigthteenth and nineteenth centuries

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