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243 True/False questions

  1. Reverberation TimeReliable everyone gets the same speaker and same words
    Use this whenever possible

          

  2. Sound field AmplificationImproves understanding in a group setting
    Uses loud speakers
    Everyone benefits not just the person with a hearing loss

          

  3. VoicingVF Vibration

          

  4. How Hearing Aids are FittedThe ADA allowed hearing impaired people to have these in all places

          

  5. Hard of HearingBilateral: PTA between 25-85 dB HL
    Evidence based research supporting benefits of hearing amplification
    Person with limited amount of hearing loss

          

  6. Directional MicrophoneWhat are the benefits and risks to the person related to service provision and do the benefits warrant the risk
    Is an example of.

          

  7. Cookie BiteCarry the most importance of speech intelligibility

          

  8. Early 20th CenturyDirect Connection from listener and ALD
    Beneficial for one on one conversations
    Cheap

          

  9. Hearing Aid LimitationsVaries across frequencies and influences auditory capacity
    Degree/Configuration determines amount of gain a hearing aid provides
    Degree/Configuration determines portions of speech spectrum that can be audible

          

  10. Martha's VineyardEveryone signs
    Had a large deaf population, probably from a genetic cause up to 1/4 of families were deaf
    Deaf citizens were treated equal
    Didn't formally educate Deaf on the isle

          

  11. Factors in Test SelectionAge
    Language Level
    Cognitive Ability
    Speech Intelligibility
    Primary Language
    Attention
    Time
    Length of deafness
    Visual Acuity

          

  12. A (On Audiogram)Aided, patient is using their hearing aid
    Sound Field instead of ear phone

          

  13. < (On Audiogram)Right Ear Bone Conduction

          

  14. Importance of Aided HearingPeople with Hearing Loss have more errors with this

          

  15. Auditory CapacityWho gives out HATS

          

  16. Negative SNRFundamental Frequency information
    VF vibrate before stop burst
    Voicing cue
    Only voiced stops have this

          

  17. Recorded VoiceFlexible, can stop easily, especially with young children
    Fast

          

  18. Vocabulary AgeC=Counseling and psychosocial (modifying personal attitude)
    A=Audibility and amplification
    R=Remediate communication activities
    E=Environmental/coordination/participation improvement

          

  19. Closed CaptionAll TVs now have this ability

          

  20. AudibilityRecent Technological Advance that individuals can use with their hearing aids

          

  21. Adult Slight to Mild Hearing Loss26-40 dB

          

  22. Dynamic RangedB difference between softest sound you can hear and loudest sound without pain
    Want to increase this with amplification
    Limited range makes it harder to fit a CI

          

  23. Samuel HeinickeFirst oral school in Germany
    Tactile cues while speaking
    1755

          

  24. Live Voice administrationWhere the audiologist uses their own voice to administer a hearing test

          

  25. Perceiving VowelsDon't rely on absolute frequencies
    Rely on the position of F1 and F2

          

  26. Narrative ReasoningUsed to understand the practical issues affecting clinical action
    Concerned with clients ability to have support for disability outside of clinic

          

  27. Hearing Aids and Noisy SituationsProblem: All sound gets amplified in the environment
    Creates communication strategies

          

  28. Feedback ManagementAuditory Training uses this to improve communication

          

  29. Conductive LossCombination of SNHL and Conductive Loss
    Outer, Middle, and Inner Ear involvement

          

  30. Unaided Presentation LevelNow test 50-60 dB SPL instead of 65-75 dB SPL
    Do this because of ecological validity

          

  31. Auditory Loop SystemUsed for people with hearing aids because it makes speech perception easier
    Not used for CI because they should be able to just have the auditory information

          

  32. EchoDelay >500 ms
    Caused by reverberation

          

  33. Intensities where Speech Cues Go AwayReliable
    Sensitive to differences between test conditions
    Correlates with speech perception in the real world

          

  34. Frequency range of human hearing20 Hz - 20,000 Hz

          

  35. Triangle on AudiogramRight Ear Air Masked

          

  36. Pragmatic ReasoningUsed to understand the meaning of the condition to the person
    Therapists strives to understand each patients "story"

          

  37. Speech Frequencies250 Hz- 8000 Hz

          

  38. O (On audiogram)Right Ear Air Conduction

          

  39. Moderate Hearing Loss40 dB HL - 70 dB HL

          

  40. Total CommunicationRestoring lost state of function
    Requires a team (Audiologist, SLP, Deaf Educator)
    Primary person may depend on age of client

          

  41. BlueToothCell phones can't connect directly to hearing aids
    Need a middle man

          

  42. Calculating Pure Tone AverageUsed to understand the meaning of the condition to the person
    Therapists strives to understand each patients "story"

          

  43. PrelingualRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  44. Scientific ReasoningResponsive to the size of the OC or Tongue Frontness
    High =Front Vowel
    Low =Back Vowel
    Allows us to differentiate vowels

          

  45. Voicing Cues for FricativesAdvantages
    Fits wide range of hearing loss
    Room for buttons
    Longer battery life
    Good for individual with dexterity issues
    Disadvantages
    More visible
    Can be vulnerable to rain
    Two pieces

          

  46. Real ear Probe MicSpeech mapping
    Goal is to have speech audible and MPO isn't exceeded

          

  47. 0 dBNoise is 5 dB Higher than Signal

          

  48. ] (On Audiogram)Left Ear Bone Masked

          

  49. Characterize AudiogramLeft Ear Bone Masked

          

  50. Infrared Systems$100-$1000

          

  51. Profound Hearing Loss20 dB HL - 40 dB HL

          

  52. Difference between HATS and ALDsHATS broader and encompass ALDs and alerting devices
    ALDs help a person in a specific situation

          

  53. Second FormantResponsive to the size of the OC or Tongue Frontness
    High =Front Vowel
    Low =Back Vowel
    Allows us to differentiate vowels

          

  54. Acoustic Characteristics of ConsonantsConstricted VT
    High frequency acoustic energy (above 2000 Hz)
    Low intensity
    Short
    Marks end of syllables

          

  55. Assistive Listening DeviceDevice that supports communication in difficult listening situations
    Improves SNR
    Decreases Distance
    Decreases reverberation

          

  56. Aural HabilitationFirst oral school in Germany
    Tactile cues while speaking
    1755

          

  57. PBKWhich of PBK WIPI and NU-CHIPS is an open set

          

  58. FMFrequency Modulated Radio Waves

          

  59. Conference of MilanEndorsement of oral education by international consortium of educators
    Favored oralism
    USA only country to oppose the oralist method

          

  60. Qualities of ideal speech perception testsReliable
    Sensitive to differences between test conditions
    Correlates with speech perception in the real world

          

  61. 1970'sLegislation mandating provision of services to children with hearing loss in public setting: PL 94:142
    Deaf read at a 3rd grade level
    Some parent centered programs emerging
    More emphasis on hearing
    Emergence of Total Communication

          

  62. Vowel RecognitionIs more accurate for vowels in context than for vowels in isolation

          

  63. Percentage of survey respondents that reported never using aided speech perception testing with preschoolersGave parents questionnaire and asked what they thought
    Data logged hearing aids

          

  64. External sound sources that Direct Audio Input connect toAudiograms are a visual representation of someones hearing level
    Tells us the softest sound they can hear
    Uses Speech Frequencies
    250-8000 Hz

          

  65. Hearing DogsThe ADA allowed hearing impaired people to have these in all places

          

  66. Verifying Hearing Aids are close to Prescriptive TargetsReal Ear Measures with probe mic
    Simulated real ear measures in test box

          

  67. Sensorineural LossCarry the most importance of speech intelligibility

          

  68. Five Degrees of Hearing LossNow test 50-60 dB SPL instead of 65-75 dB SPL
    Do this because of ecological validity

          

  69. Place Cues for StopsComplete closure of VT
    Cessation of airflow
    Consonant release burst
    Voice Bar

          

  70. Major Limitation of the Munoz studyClarification of responses could not be attempted as in if the WIPI was used as an open or closed set
    Low Response Rate

          

  71. Residual HearingWhat are the benefits and risks to the person related to service provision and do the benefits warrant the risk
    Is an example of.

          

  72. PerilingualPerson who contract deafness while acquiring first language
    Subset of prelingual

          

  73. 5 Distinctions of consonant production according to Miller and Nicely'sVoicing
    Nasality
    Affrication
    Duration
    Place of Articulation

          

  74. Patterns of Speech Perception and Hearing LossMinimal difficulties with voicing and manner because of the timing cues
    Placement is the hardest
    Misperception of final consonants because you lose intensity as the speech strand finishes

          

  75. Components of Auditory CapacityHearing Loss
    Dynamic Range
    Auditory Resolution

          

  76. Vets who had a hearing lossWWII primary focus on auditory training was on these people

          

  77. Features of Hearing AidsFeedback management
    Volume Control
    Programs
    Digital Noise Reduction
    Directional Microphones

    These depend on listeners situation they can change for different environments

          

  78. Place Characteristics of FricativesLength of Sound (voiceless longer)
    Intensity (Voiceless louder)
    Timing and Intensity cues

          

  79. Source-Filter ModelChange loudness of hearing aid
    Can sync both hearing aid

          

  80. Acoustic Cues to SemivowelsFrequency of most intense part of burst
    F2 Transition
    Frequency is Important
    Hardest to Distinguish

          

  81. Vowel ProductionOpen VT
    Vowels differ by tongue height and frontness
    Low and middle frequencies (<1000 Hz)
    Easy for people with HL to identify
    Most acoustic power in speech
    Longer
    Mark the syllables nucleus

          

  82. RisingRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  83. Low Frequency WordsHarder to recognize because they are not familiar

          

  84. 6 phonemes used in Ling Six Sound TestAge of Child
    Mothers Education Level
    Better ear PTA
    Site (NC, IA, NE)

          

  85. Omnidirectional MicrophonePicks up sound from all directions
    Best in quiet environments

          

  86. Audiologists Role in Aural RehabilitationProvides counciling services
    Insurance doesn't cover this
    Not really primary role see them annually/semiannually

          

  87. Mild Hearing Loss20 dB HL - 40 dB HL

          

  88. DiphthongsRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  89. Styles of Hearing AidsBTE
    ITE
    ITC
    CIC

          

  90. Impacts quality of Hearing Aid FittingUsed for people with hearing aids because it makes speech perception easier
    Not used for CI because they should be able to just have the auditory information

          

  91. ConsonantsCarry the most importance of speech intelligibility

          

  92. ProgramsRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  93. F3Liquids distinguished by this formant

          

  94. Open-Fit BTEAdvantages
    Less visible than BTE
    Low sounds enter the ear naturally
    Reduces occlusion effect
    Disadvantages
    Can't block low pitch noises
    Shorter battery life
    Vulnerable to rain
    Requires specificc configuration of HL (4 kHz notch)

          

  95. Real Ear Coupler DifferenceOn average parents said their child wore hearing aids 2.6 hours longer

          

  96. FormantsHearing Assistive Technology Systems
    Technology that provides auditory information in ways that people who have a hearing loss can use

          

  97. Child Slight to Mild Hearing Loss21-40 dB

          

  98. Four objectives for auditory training with childrenDevelopment of awareness of sound
    Development of gross discriminations
    Development of broad discriminations among simple speech patterns
    Development of finer discriminations for speech sounds

          

  99. Corner AudiogramLeft Ear Bone Masked

          

  100. Three Types of Hearing LossNormal
    Mild
    Moderate
    Moderate
    Severe
    Profound

          

  101. Alexander Graham BellOralist
    Opened school in Boston

          

  102. PostlinguallyRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  103. 1000 HzNoise is 5 dB Higher than Signal

          

  104. Hearing Assistance TechnologyCorner vowels are anchor
    Use corner vowels to help distinct the other vowels

          

  105. Place of ArticulationPeople with Hearing Loss have more errors with this

          

  106. Speech DescriminationFigurative area on an audiogram that shows us where speech sounds occur

          

  107. Patient activities and participation are influenced by theseMinimal difficulties with voicing and manner because of the timing cues
    Placement is the hardest
    Misperception of final consonants because you lose intensity as the speech strand finishes

          

  108. What is a closed-set speech perception measureIt is what was used before newborn hearing screenings. They used a closed set due to limitations of a child's intelligibility or vocabulary skills. Items are presented with a limited number of options

          

  109. CI (On an Audiogram)Patient using their CI on a audiogram

          

  110. Word FrequencyHow common the word appears in language

          

  111. How we Quantify AudibilitySpeech Intelligibility Index
    Count the dots

          

  112. Production of SemivowelsAll voiced
    Minimum constriction of the VT
    Liquids and Glides

          

  113. Functional Gain0 dB HL - 20 dB HL

          

  114. Audiogram InsufficienciesOn average parents said their child wore hearing aids 2.6 hours longer

          

  115. Speech CuesVowels classified by vowel height and frontness
    Consonants classified by manner and place of articulation and their voicing
    Effects of hearing loss vary by degree of the loss

          

  116. Average DifferenceHow common the word appears in language

          

  117. 1960'sRecognition of need for early identification
    Large body aids, limited power
    Paucity of programs/ opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing
    Regionally defined in philosophical emphasis
    Treatment averaged 1-2 hours a week
    Minimal parent involvement

          

  118. Auditory Visual TestingPlug in hearing aid and it tells you how long it was used since the last session

          

  119. X (On an audiogram)Left Ear Bone Masked

          

  120. Speech Intelligibility IndexRestoring lost state of function
    Requires a team (Audiologist, SLP, Deaf Educator)
    Primary person may depend on age of client

          

  121. Place Characteristics of NasalsWeakening of formant intensity
    Especially F1
    Nasal murmur

          

  122. Voicing Cue for StopsVF Vibration

          

  123. Hearing Loss Effect on FormantsPeople with mid to high frequency loss struggle with differentiating F2

          

  124. -5 dBNoise is 5 dB Higher than Signal

          

  125. Square on AudiogramLeft Ear Air Masked

          

  126. FM CostMost Common
    Can hear low frequencies better than high frequencies

          

  127. bad goodIndividuals with unilateral hearing loss perform more poorly on speech perception tests when speech is directed towards the ___ ear and noise is directed towards the ____ ear

          

  128. Production of Fricative ConsonantsComplete closure of VT
    Cessation of airflow
    Consonant release burst
    Voice Bar

          

  129. Factors that Effect Speech UnderstandingListener
    Speaker
    Environment

          

  130. Mixed LossCombination of SNHL and Conductive Loss
    Outer, Middle, and Inner Ear involvement

          

  131. Aural RehabilitationCombination of speech and sign
    New sign systems emerged (PSE SEEI SEE II)

          

  132. Volume Control$100-$1000

          

  133. What does an Audiogram RepresentAudiograms are a visual representation of someones hearing level
    Tells us the softest sound they can hear
    Uses Speech Frequencies
    250-8000 Hz

          

  134. Profound DeafnessThe ADA allowed hearing impaired people to have these in all places

          

  135. Acoustic cues for place of articulation in stop consonantsNarrow constriction of articulatory tract
    Creates turbulent air flow

          

  136. SemanticSpeech understanding _____ be accurately predicted on the basis of an audiogram alone

          

  137. TelephoneTelecoils used for this purpose

          

  138. What we want to achieve with hearing aidsConsistent amplified signal that will improve speech perception
    There fore access to speech spectrum

          

  139. Body Structure or FunctionA person's ability to judge whether two speech stimuli are the same or different

          

  140. Acoustic Cues to Vowel PerceptionLength of Sound (voiceless longer)
    Intensity (Voiceless louder)
    Timing and Intensity cues

          

  141. Determining GainPrescriptive Targets
    National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL for adults)
    Desired Sensation level (DSL for children)

          

  142. [ (ON audiogram)Right Ear Bone Masked

          

  143. SNR = ONoise is 5 dB Higher than Signal

          

  144. Occlusion EffectSelecting from a limited number of options
    Doesn't require verbal response
    Easy though
    Think of a multiple choice question

          

  145. CannotDiagnostic Reasoning may occer ___ to meeting client

          

  146. CAREC=Counseling and psychosocial (modifying personal attitude)
    A=Audibility and amplification
    R=Remediate communication activities
    E=Environmental/coordination/participation improvement

          

  147. Manner of AffricatesRelative Silence
    Release Burst
    Rapid Transitions
    Frication
    Duration cues MOST important

          

  148. Positive SNROptions are theoretically unlimited
    Harder
    Not given possible answers
    Think short answer questions

          

  149. Mid 20th Century50 Hz - 10,000 Hz

          

  150. SpectrumShows intensity (dB) over frequency (Hz)
    Y axis is intensity
    X axis is frequency
    Good for vowel identification
    No time dimention

          

  151. TDDSignal equals Noise

          

  152. Auditory ResolutionInner ear reflects a spectral (frequency) and temporal (timing) differences amoung sound patterns
    Limits individuals ability to perceive contrasts among amplified speech
    Impacts speech perception even after HL and dynamic range issues are addressed
    has effect on performance in noisy environments

          

  153. Desired Sensation LevelWhere conversation is taking place

          

  154. Single TalkerWhere conversation is taking place

          

  155. Open SetDiagnostic Reasoning may occer ___ to meeting client

          

  156. Distinguishing VowelsCorner vowels are anchor
    Use corner vowels to help distinct the other vowels

          

  157. High Density WordsCombination of two vowels
    More dynamic
    See a formant transition

          

  158. SLP's role in Aural RehabProvides counciling services
    Insurance doesn't cover this
    Not really primary role see them annually/semiannually

          

  159. Auditory PerformanceVaries in individuals with profound deafness
    Partially predicts hearing aid benefit
    Difficult to assess clinically
    Psychophysical measures difficult to apply clinically
    Relationship between psychophysics and speech perception is not clear
    PTA is inadequate

          

  160. Induction Loop SystemCommon in recorded measures
    Easier for people with Hearing Loss

          

  161. Geronimo CardanoFirst physician who recognize deafs could reason
    1500's
    Had a deaf son and he created a code of symbols
    Thought deaf people could be educated

          

  162. 1990'sRecognition of need for early identification
    Large body aids, limited power
    Paucity of programs/ opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing
    Regionally defined in philosophical emphasis
    Treatment averaged 1-2 hours a week
    Minimal parent involvement

          

  163. Ecologically ValidTests are comparable to "real world" contexts

          

  164. Hard wired DevicesDirect Connection from listener and ALD
    Beneficial for one on one conversations
    Cheap

          

  165. Deafness in HistoryPeople with hearing loss were denied rights throughout history
    NO outward sign of intelligence because they didn't speak

          

  166. FlatAll Frequencies at the same intensity
    Children with SNHL tend to have this

          

  167. > (On Audiogram)Right Ear Bone Conduction

          

  168. Open Set is more complicated to testLength of Sound (voiceless longer)
    Intensity (Voiceless louder)
    Timing and Intensity cues

          

  169. Data LoggingPlug in hearing aid and it tells you how long it was used since the last session

          

  170. Speech EnergyFundamental Frequency information
    VF vibrate before stop burst
    Voicing cue
    Only voiced stops have this

          

  171. Candidates for Hearing AidsPeople with conductive losses
    Neural part of auditory system is intact

          

  172. First FormantRare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses

          

  173. Multiple TalkersBetter ecological validity
    You meet many people
    Have to adjust to different voices

          

  174. Telephone Relay ServiceBTE
    ITE
    ITC
    CIC

          

  175. TelecoilUsed for listening to phone
    Uses magnets
    Works best with landlines

          

  176. Measured Hearing Aid UseGave parents questionnaire and asked what they thought
    Data logged hearing aids

          

  177. Hearing LossSet by audiologist
    Useful for different situations
    Can have multiple in one aid

          

  178. Charles Michel De L'EppeStart of formal Sign Language
    1760
    Priest
    Established first free public school for deaf in France
    Wanted to standardize sign/fingerspelling

          

  179. Aided Presentation TestsNow test 50-60 dB SPL instead of 65-75 dB SPL
    Do this because of ecological validity

          

  180. Ethical ReasoningTelecoils used for this purpose

          

  181. 4 Suprasegmental Features of SpeechIntonation
    Rhythm
    Stress
    Pitch

          

  182. Voice BarFundamental Frequency information
    VF vibrate before stop burst
    Voicing cue
    Only voiced stops have this

          

  183. Why Audiologists prefer live voiceClient is very young age
    Shorter than if sample was recorded
    Could pause if the client needs a break

          

  184. SlopeWhich of PBK WIPI and NU-CHIPS is an open set

          

  185. Poor ecological validityPrimary disadvantage of administering a recorded single word recognition test in a quiet sound booth

          

  186. FM SystemsTransmitter and receiver need to be on same FM Channel
    Versatile
    May get interference with other radio waves

          

  187. Rate of change in formant frequenciesAge
    Language Level
    Cognitive Ability
    Speech Intelligibility
    Primary Language
    Attention
    Time
    Length of deafness
    Visual Acuity

          

  188. Types of ALDsUsed for listening to phone
    Uses magnets
    Works best with landlines

          

  189. Acoustic cues for manner of articulation in nasalsNasal Murmur
    Formant Weakening

          

  190. Solutions to the Occlusion EffectBTE
    ITE
    ITC
    CIC

          

  191. Consonant ClassificationVoicing
    Manner of Articulation
    Place of Articulation

          

  192. Golden Age of Deaf EducationImproves understanding in a group setting
    Uses loud speakers
    Everyone benefits not just the person with a hearing loss

          

  193. Normal Hearing0 dB HL - 20 dB HL

          

  194. Objectives for auditory training with adultsAge of Child
    Mothers Education Level
    Better ear PTA
    Site (NC, IA, NE)

          

  195. In-The-Ear and Completely in the canalAdvantages
    One piece
    Less vulnerable to rain
    Similar features to BTE
    Disadvantages
    Less powerful than BTE
    Smaller battery life
    Prone to feedback

          

  196. National Association of the Deaf (NAD)Transition in and out of vowels
    Similar to homorganic stops

          

  197. Thomas Gallaudet and Laurent ClercFounded first American Deaf School in 1817
    Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Institution of Deaf and Dumb Persons
    Later to become the Connecticut School for the Deaf

          

  198. Tent ShapeHard wire devices are relatively

          

  199. SpectogramDelay >500 ms
    Caused by reverberation

          

  200. Factors in hearing Aid UseAge of Child
    Mothers Education Level
    Better ear PTA
    Site (NC, IA, NE)

          

  201. Speech Acoustic Importance in ARFigurative area on an audiogram that shows us where speech sounds occur

          

  202. Hearing /s/ is being sensitive above this freuqency2000 Hz

          

  203. SyntacticUsed for listening to phone
    Uses magnets
    Works best with landlines

          

  204. Infrared SystemsOptions are theoretically unlimited
    Harder
    Not given possible answers
    Think short answer questions

          

  205. Production of StopsWhere conversation is taking place

          

  206. Manner Characteristics of NasalsWeakening of formant intensity
    Especially F1
    Nasal murmur

          

  207. Speech BananaFigurative area on an audiogram that shows us where speech sounds occur

          

  208. 3 most commonly used speech perception measures with preschoolers according to Munoz 2012Intonation
    Rhythm
    Stress
    Pitch

          

  209. Manner Characteristics of FricativesExtended period of noise then Stops
    Timing

          

  210. Pedro Ponce de LeonFirst physician who recognize deafs could reason
    1500's
    Had a deaf son and he created a code of symbols
    Thought deaf people could be educated

          

  211. SituationalCombination of two vowels
    More dynamic
    See a formant transition

          

  212. Average level of conversational speech at 1 meter65 dB SPL

          

  213. Closed SetC=Communication Status: Hearing Loss and Activity Limitations
    O=Overall Participation Variables
    R=Related personal Factors
    E=Environmental Factors

          

  214. WaveformChanges in amplitude over time
    X Axis: Time
    Y Axis: Amplitude
    Vowels are dark area because they have the most acoustic energy
    Can't distinguish between different sounds

          

  215. Production of Nasal ConsonantsComplete closure of VT
    Cessation of airflow
    Consonant release burst
    Voice Bar

          

  216. Low Density WordsAdvantages
    Less visible than BTE
    Low sounds enter the ear naturally
    Reduces occlusion effect
    Disadvantages
    Can't block low pitch noises
    Shorter battery life
    Vulnerable to rain
    Requires specificc configuration of HL (4 kHz notch)

          

  217. AudiologistWho gives out HATS

          

  218. Live VoiceUsed for listening to phone
    Uses magnets
    Works best with landlines

          

  219. What is Aural RehabilitationFacilitate language acquisition/habilitation
    Reduce restrictions of communication
    Provide benefit to client and communication partners
    Goal is to minimize hearing related disabilities
    Want to limit negative effects of hearing loss

          

  220. PriorDiagnostic Reasoning may occer ___ to meeting client

          

  221. Gallaudet CollegeRecent Technological Advance that individuals can use with their hearing aids

          

  222. The clinician's knowledge that influences therapy choices and clinical decision makingMainly work with pediatric cases of hearing loss
    Facilitate development of language
    Work with parent to help teach speech and language outside of visits

          

  223. Formant TransitionParent advising/counciling/tutoring
    Very young children with congenital hearing loss
    Want to expose child to language

          

  224. Parts of a Hearing AidReceiver
    Microphone
    Amplifier
    Battery

          

  225. Three professionals who provide AR servicesAudiologist
    Speech-Language Pathologist
    School Personnel

          

  226. CheapHearing Assistive Technology Systems
    Technology that provides auditory information in ways that people who have a hearing loss can use

          

  227. DSL informs Audiologista scale of 0-1
    1=completely audible
    Tells if hearing aid is fitted well
    Compare target SII and the SII measured
    want to be within 5 dB

          

  228. VowelsC=Communication Status: Hearing Loss and Activity Limitations
    O=Overall Participation Variables
    R=Related personal Factors
    E=Environmental Factors

          

  229. Behind-the Ear AidsAdvantages
    Fits wide range of hearing loss
    Room for buttons
    Longer battery life
    Good for individual with dexterity issues
    Disadvantages
    More visible
    Can be vulnerable to rain
    Two pieces

          

  230. High Frequency WordsEasy to recognize because they are common

          

  231. BluetoothRecent Technological Advance that individuals can use with their hearing aids

          

  232. Manner Cues to StopsPeriod of silence
    Release burst
    RAPID transitions in and out of adjacent sounds
    Frequency, intensity, and timing are important

          

  233. Production of AffricatesCombination of fricative and stop

          

  234. Auditory CapacityCapacity to detect and differentiate sound patterns
    Varies in individuals with profound deafness
    Partially predicts hearing aid benefits

          

  235. Benefits of Hearing AidsReceiver
    Microphone
    Amplifier
    Battery

          

  236. COREHearing Assistive Technology Systems
    Technology that provides auditory information in ways that people who have a hearing loss can use

          

  237. PTA LacksTelling us different configurations and their effect on speech
    how children perceive speech with hearing aids

          

  238. Reverberations Effect on HearingSpeech has peaks and valleys
    Valleys get filled in by reverberation
    Creates muffled speech

          

  239. Severe Hearing Loss40 dB HL - 70 dB HL

          

  240. HATSC=Counseling and psychosocial (modifying personal attitude)
    A=Audibility and amplification
    R=Remediate communication activities
    E=Environmental/coordination/participation improvement

          

  241. +5 dBMost Common
    Can hear low frequencies better than high frequencies

          

  242. Neighborhood DensityHow many other real words can you create by changing adding or deleting one phoneme in a word

          

  243. Nasal MurmurLow Frequency (500 Hz)
    Easy for people with hearing loss to hear because of the low frequency