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  1. Residual Hearing
  2. > (On Audiogram)
  3. Poor ecological validity
  4. Aural Rehabilitation
  5. Profound Deafness
  6. Low Density Words
  7. Flat
  8. Nasal Murmur
  9. Production of Nasal Consonants
  10. Vocabulary Age
  11. National Association of the Deaf (NAD)
  12. Mild Hearing Loss
  13. 1970's
  14. Calculating Pure Tone Average
  15. First Formant
  16. Speech Descrimination
  17. Early 20th Century
  18. Manner Characteristics of Fricatives
  19. Perilingual
  20. [ (ON audiogram)
  21. External sound sources that Direct Audio Input connect to
  22. Open Set is more complicated to test
  23. Audiologists Role in Aural Rehabilitation
  24. Reverberations Effect on Hearing
  25. Rising
  26. Characterize Audiogram
  27. X (On an audiogram)
  28. Production of Stops
  29. Three professionals who provide AR services
  30. Severe Hearing Loss
  31. Body Structure or Function
  32. Hearing Loss
  33. High Frequency Words
  34. Multiple Talkers
  35. Components of Auditory Capacity
  36. Hard wired Devices
  37. Golden Age of Deaf Education
  38. Ethical Reasoning
  39. CI (On an Audiogram)
  40. Speech Cues
  41. Induction Loop System
  42. Production of Semivowels
  43. Spectogram
  44. Hearing Assistance Technology
  45. F3
  46. Open Set
  47. Ecologically Valid
  48. Speech Intelligibility Index
  49. Impacts quality of Hearing Aid Fitting
  50. Objectives for auditory training with adults
  51. Parts of a Hearing Aid
  52. Place Characteristics of Fricatives
  53. Solutions to the Occlusion Effect
  54. Normal Hearing
  55. CARE
  56. Hearing Aid Limitations
  57. Occlusion Effect
  58. Audiogram Insufficiencies
  59. Formant Transition
  60. Place of Articulation
  61. Real Ear Coupler Difference
  62. Audiologist
  63. Postlingually
  64. Situational
  65. Assistive Listening Device
  66. Neighborhood Density
  67. Source-Filter Model
  68. Three Types of Hearing Loss
  69. Production of Fricative Consonants
  70. Geronimo Cardano
  71. Sensorineural Loss
  72. Telecoil
  73. Acoustic cues for place of articulation in stop consonants
  74. Directional Microphone
  75. BlueTooth
  76. Data Logging
  77. What does an Audiogram Represent
  78. Percentage of survey respondents that reported never using aided speech perception testing with preschoolers
  79. Production of Affricates
  80. Five Degrees of Hearing Loss
  81. Hard of Hearing
  82. Place Characteristics of Nasals
  83. Mid 20th Century
  84. Negative SNR
  85. Telephone Relay Service
  86. Vowels
  87. Auditory Loop System
  88. HATS
  89. Benefits of Hearing Aids
  90. Deafness in History
  91. Types of ALDs
  92. 1960's
  93. Determining Gain
  94. ] (On Audiogram)
  95. Feedback Management
  96. 0 dB
  97. DSL informs Audiologist
  98. Auditory Performance
  99. Sound field Amplification
  100. What is Aural Rehabilitation
  101. Recorded Voice
  102. Volume Control
  103. How Hearing Aids are Fitted
  104. Dynamic Range
  105. Factors that Effect Speech Understanding
  106. Measured Hearing Aid Use
  107. Child Slight to Mild Hearing Loss
  108. Manner Cues to Stops
  109. Speech Acoustic Importance in AR
  110. Martha's Vineyard
  111. Factors in Test Selection
  112. Total Communication
  113. Cannot
  114. Single Talker
  115. Desired Sensation Level
  116. Major Limitation of the Munoz study
  117. Hearing Dogs
  118. Low Frequency Words
  119. Spectrum
  120. Styles of Hearing Aids
  121. Why Audiologists prefer live voice
  122. Difference between HATS and ALDs
  123. Qualities of ideal speech perception tests
  124. bad good
  125. 4 Suprasegmental Features of Speech
  126. The clinician's knowledge that influences therapy choices and clinical decision making
  127. Voicing Cues for Fricatives
  128. Voicing
  129. Thomas Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc
  130. Manner Characteristics of Nasals
  131. Place Cues for Stops
  132. PTA Lacks
  133. Profound Hearing Loss
  134. Infrared Systems
  135. Manner of Affricates
  136. Prelingual
  137. FM Systems
  138. Programs
  139. CORE
  140. Audibility
  141. Auditory Visual Testing
  142. Samuel Heinicke
  143. Slope
  144. Omnidirectional Microphone
  145. Second Formant
  146. Acoustic Characteristics of Consonants
  147. Voicing Cue for Stops
  148. Open-Fit BTE
  149. Syntactic
  150. Conductive Loss
  151. Diphthongs
  152. Conference of Milan
  153. Factors in hearing Aid Use
  154. Average Difference
  155. Verifying Hearing Aids are close to Prescriptive Targets
  156. Patterns of Speech Perception and Hearing Loss
  157. Pragmatic Reasoning
  158. 5 Distinctions of consonant production according to Miller and Nicely's
  159. Frequency range of human hearing
  160. Hearing Aids and Noisy Situations
  161. TDD
  162. What is a closed-set speech perception measure
  163. Aided Presentation Tests
  164. Importance of Aided Hearing
  165. < (On Audiogram)
  166. Waveform
  167. Cheap
  168. 3 most commonly used speech perception measures with preschoolers according to Munoz 2012
  169. Speech Energy
  170. Auditory Resolution
  171. O (On audiogram)
  172. Telephone
  173. High Density Words
  174. Perceiving Vowels
  175. Prior
  176. FM Cost
  177. SLP's role in Aural Rehab
  178. Acoustic cues for manner of articulation in nasals
  179. Real ear Probe Mic
  180. Features of Hearing Aids
  181. Moderate Hearing Loss
  182. Voice Bar
  183. In-The-Ear and Completely in the canal
  184. Unaided Presentation Level
  185. SNR = O
  186. Acoustic Cues to Vowel Perception
  187. Positive SNR
  188. Bluetooth
  189. How we Quantify Audibility
  190. Vowel Recognition
  191. Narrative Reasoning
  192. Mixed Loss
  193. -5 dB
  194. Word Frequency
  195. Gallaudet College
  196. Echo
  197. Consonants
  198. Pedro Ponce de Leon
  199. Intensities where Speech Cues Go Away
  200. Hearing Loss Effect on Formants
  201. 1990's
  202. Consonant Classification
  203. Formants
  204. Patient activities and participation are influenced by these
  205. Alexander Graham Bell
  206. Candidates for Hearing Aids
  207. Rate of change in formant frequencies
  208. Closed Set
  209. Speech Banana
  210. Square on Audiogram
  211. Closed Caption
  212. Tent Shape
  213. PBK
  214. Distinguishing Vowels
  215. Hearing /s/ is being sensitive above this freuqency
  216. Cookie Bite
  217. Average level of conversational speech at 1 meter
  218. Triangle on Audiogram
  219. Live Voice administration
  220. Live Voice
  221. What we want to achieve with hearing aids
  222. Four objectives for auditory training with children
  223. +5 dB
  224. 1000 Hz
  225. Adult Slight to Mild Hearing Loss
  226. Auditory Capacity
  227. Corner Audiogram
  228. FM
  229. Functional Gain
  230. Acoustic Cues to Semivowels
  231. Charles Michel De L'Eppe
  232. Reverberation Time
  233. Vets who had a hearing loss
  234. 6 phonemes used in Ling Six Sound Test
  235. Vowel Production
  236. Behind-the Ear Aids
  237. A (On Audiogram)
  238. Speech Frequencies
  239. Scientific Reasoning
  240. Semantic
  241. Aural Habilitation
  1. a Person who contract deafness while acquiring first language
    Subset of prelingual
  2. b How much access do you have to the speech spectrum/speech banana
  3. c Whistling Noise
    Hearing Aid creates waves that are out of sync and cancel each other out
  4. d All TVs now have this ability
  5. e Frequency of most intense part of burst
    F2 Transition
    Frequency is Important
    Hardest to Distinguish
  6. f Flexible, can stop easily, especially with young children
    Fast
  7. g Varies across frequencies and influences auditory capacity
    Degree/Configuration determines amount of gain a hearing aid provides
    Degree/Configuration determines portions of speech spectrum that can be audible
  8. h How many other real words can you create by changing adding or deleting one phoneme in a word
  9. i Vowels classified by vowel height and frontness
    Consonants classified by manner and place of articulation and their voicing
    Effects of hearing loss vary by degree of the loss
  10. j Left Ear Bone Conduction
  11. k Harder to recognize because they are not familiar
  12. l Voicing
    Manner of Articulation
    Place of Articulation
  13. m Varies in individuals with profound deafness
    Partially predicts hearing aid benefit
    Difficult to assess clinically
    Psychophysical measures difficult to apply clinically
    Relationship between psychophysics and speech perception is not clear
    PTA is inadequate
  14. n 70 dB HL - 90 dB HL
  15. o Set by audiologist
    Useful for different situations
    Can have multiple in one aid
  16. p 250 Hz- 8000 Hz
  17. q Listener
    Speaker
    Environment
  18. r Become deaf after age 5 had normal hearing and developed speech and language
  19. s People with Hearing Loss have more errors with this
  20. t 2000 Hz
  21. u Change in
    Intensity Frequency and Duration
    Just need to focus on F1 and F2
  22. v Adjectives describe nouns not verb
  23. w Doesn't restore normal hearing
    Doesn't work well in noisy situations
    Many models cause the occlusion Effect
  24. x Used for children who won't cooperate
    Speech mapping in a test box
    Average values used
  25. y Recent Technological Advance that individuals can use with their hearing aids
  26. z Right Ear Bone Conduction
  27. aa Voice Bar
    Aspiration
    Timing Cues are Major factor
    VOT length, longer yields voiceless
  28. ab 65 dB SPL
  29. ac Restrictions and limitations of a health condition
    personal Factors
    Environmental Factors
  30. ad Figurative area on an audiogram that shows us where speech sounds occur
  31. ae Speech understanding _____ be accurately predicted on the basis of an audiogram alone
  32. af Common in recorded measures
    Easier for people with Hearing Loss
  33. ag Voicing
    Nasality
    Affrication
    Duration
    Place of Articulation
  34. ah Endorsement of oral education by international consortium of educators
    Favored oralism
    USA only country to oppose the oralist method
  35. ai 20 dB HL - 40 dB HL
  36. aj Gave parents questionnaire and asked what they thought
    Data logged hearing aids
  37. ak Telecommunication Device for the Deaf
    This is how deaf people communicated before text or video messaging
    They hooked up their phone to this and typed out their message
    Both recipients need this device
  38. al Eclectic approaches: schools of lip reading
    Electronic hearing aids debuted in the 20's
    More rigorous effort at utilization of residual hearing aid in communication
    WWII had a lot of adults who had a HL and that was different than a child born with a HL
  39. am Easy to recognize because they are common
  40. an Minimal difficulties with voicing and manner because of the timing cues
    Placement is the hardest
    Misperception of final consonants because you lose intensity as the speech strand finishes
  41. ao Cell phones can't connect directly to hearing aids
    Need a middle man
  42. ap Prescriptive Targets
    National Acoustic Laboratory (NAL for adults)
    Desired Sensation level (DSL for children)
  43. aq Combination of speech and sign
    New sign systems emerged (PSE SEEI SEE II)
  44. ar Which of PBK WIPI and NU-CHIPS is an open set
  45. as Delay >500 ms
    Caused by reverberation
  46. at 100 dots plotted in speech banana
    Plot audiogram line
    Count the dots below line
    1000-4000 Hz most clustered
    Can have same PTA but different scores here
  47. au Is more accurate for vowels in context than for vowels in isolation
  48. av 0 dB HL - 20 dB HL
  49. aw Real Ear Measures with probe mic
    Simulated real ear measures in test box
  50. ax All Frequencies at the same intensity
    Children with SNHL tend to have this
  51. ay What are the benefits and risks to the person related to service provision and do the benefits warrant the risk
    Is an example of.
  52. az Length of Sound (voiceless longer)
    Intensity (Voiceless louder)
    Timing and Intensity cues
  53. ba Fundamental Frequency information
    VF vibrate before stop burst
    Voicing cue
    Only voiced stops have this
  54. bb Changes in amplitude over time
    X Axis: Time
    Y Axis: Amplitude
    Vowels are dark area because they have the most acoustic energy
    Can't distinguish between different sounds
  55. bc Used for people with hearing aids because it makes speech perception easier
    Not used for CI because they should be able to just have the auditory information
  56. bd Better ecological validity
    You meet many people
    Have to adjust to different voices
  57. be Extended period of noise then Stops
    Timing
  58. bf Relative Silence
    Release Burst
    Rapid Transitions
    Frication
    Duration cues MOST important
  59. bg WWII primary focus on auditory training was on these people
  60. bh Most Common
    Can hear low frequencies better than high frequencies
  61. bi Restoring lost state of function
    Requires a team (Audiologist, SLP, Deaf Educator)
    Primary person may depend on age of client
  62. bj Amplify speech sounds and environmental sounds
    Works well in quiet enviornments
  63. bk Age of Child
    Mothers Education Level
    Better ear PTA
    Site (NC, IA, NE)
  64. bl People with mid to high frequency loss struggle with differentiating F2
  65. bm Characterized by formant transitions
    Glides distinguished by F2
    Liquids distinguished by F3
  66. bn Time on X axis
    Frequency on Y Axis
    Intensity is the darkness

    Visual representation of components of speech
  67. bo 75 dB HL = Consonant Place
    90 dB HL = Initial Consonant Voicing
    100 dB HL = Vowel Place
    105 dB HL = Vowel Place
    105 dB HL = Talker Gender
    115 dB HL = Syllable Number
    >115 dB HL = Vowel Height
  68. bp How common the word appears in language
  69. bq Invented signs to get out of the "Vow of Silence"
    Priest
    Taught the Deaf
  70. br Signal equals Noise
  71. bs Patient using their CI on a audiogram
  72. bt Pressure Vent in earmold or ITE
    Openfit aids
    Reprogramming of hearing aid
  73. bu Where the audiologist uses their own voice to administer a hearing test
  74. bv Which factor is more important to consider when selecting pediatric speech perception measures
  75. bw Problem: All sound gets amplified in the environment
    Creates communication strategies
  76. bx USA's response to the conference of Milan
    Kept sign language alive during the reign of oralism
  77. by Liquids distinguished by this formant
  78. bz 3 Frequency = 500 Hz 1000 Hz 2000 Hz
    4 Frequency = 500 Hz 1000 Hz 2000 Hz 4000 Hz
  79. ca Opens in 1864
    Lincoln signs the charter
    Only accredited college to offer degrees to deaf students
    Manual Method (Sign)
  80. cb Responsive to the size of the OC or Tongue Frontness
    High =Front Vowel
    Low =Back Vowel
    Allows us to differentiate vowels
  81. cc Recognition of need for early identification
    Large body aids, limited power
    Paucity of programs/ opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing
    Regionally defined in philosophical emphasis
    Treatment averaged 1-2 hours a week
    Minimal parent involvement
  82. cd Audiograms are a visual representation of someones hearing level
    Tells us the softest sound they can hear
    Uses Speech Frequencies
    250-8000 Hz
  83. ce 21-40 dB
  84. cf Right Ear Bone Masked
  85. cg Competence distinction
    Requires
    Sensory aids to detect sound patterns
    Listening experience to learn relationships between sounds and their source
    Cannot reflect auditory capacity
    Non native english speakers and young children
  86. ch The ADA allowed hearing impaired people to have these in all places
  87. ci A person's ability to judge whether two speech stimuli are the same or different
  88. cj Inner ear reflects a spectral (frequency) and temporal (timing) differences amoung sound patterns
    Limits individuals ability to perceive contrasts among amplified speech
    Impacts speech perception even after HL and dynamic range issues are addressed
    has effect on performance in noisy environments
  89. ck Utilizing hearing aids as soon as possible and maximize cues to perceive speech
    Distinguish between subtle differences among sounds
  90. cl Individuals with unilateral hearing loss perform more poorly on speech perception tests when speech is directed towards the ___ ear and noise is directed towards the ____ ear
  91. cm Complete closure of VT
    Cessation of airflow
    Consonant release burst
    Voice Bar
  92. cn Hearing Loss
    Dynamic Range
    Auditory Resolution
  93. co A wire is around the room and transmits auditory information that people with hearing aids can use
    This is easier than a FM system
  94. cp Don't rely on absolute frequencies
    Rely on the position of F1 and F2
  95. cq Used to understand the practical issues affecting clinical action
    Concerned with clients ability to have support for disability outside of clinic
  96. cr Used for listening to phone
    Uses magnets
    Works best with landlines
  97. cs Person was born without hearing or lost hearing at an early
    Speech/Language has yet to develop
  98. ct Rare
    Noise is louder then the signal
  99. cu BTE
    ITE
    ITC
    CIC
  100. cv Easy to recognize because the are not confused with other words
  101. cw Development of awareness of sound
    Development of gross discriminations
    Development of broad discriminations among simple speech patterns
    Development of finer discriminations for speech sounds
  102. cx Consistent amplified signal that will improve speech perception
    There fore access to speech spectrum
  103. cy Open VT
    Vowels differ by tongue height and frontness
    Low and middle frequencies (<1000 Hz)
    Easy for people with HL to identify
    Most acoustic power in speech
    Longer
    Mark the syllables nucleus
  104. cz Auditory Training uses this to improve communication
  105. da Reliable
    Sensitive to differences between test conditions
    Correlates with speech perception in the real world
  106. db Parent advising/counciling/tutoring
    Very young children with congenital hearing loss
    Want to expose child to language
  107. dc Left ear airconduction
  108. dd HATS broader and encompass ALDs and alerting devices
    ALDs help a person in a specific situation
  109. de Low Frequency (500 Hz)
    Easy for people with hearing loss to hear because of the low frequency
  110. df Now test 50-60 dB SPL instead of 65-75 dB SPL
    Do this because of ecological validity
  111. dg Pediatric prescriptive Approach
    dB HL-> dB SPL
    Create targets for speech
    Create targets for Maximum Power Output
  112. dh We use this to understand speech
    AR maximizes residual hearing
    Gives more access to speech spectrum
    How does amplification effect this
  113. di $100-$1000
  114. dj Client is very young age
    Shorter than if sample was recorded
    Could pause if the client needs a break
  115. dk Picks up from one side more than the others
    Reduce unwanted noise
  116. dl Words in a sentence are related to each other
  117. dm This is a middle man for an individual who has a TDD and an individual who doesn't have a TDD
  118. dn C=Communication Status: Hearing Loss and Activity Limitations
    O=Overall Participation Variables
    R=Related personal Factors
    E=Environmental Factors
  119. do Carry the most importance of speech intelligibility
  120. dp Source = VF Vibration
    Filter = VT Shape
    Output=Combination of source and filter
    This allows us to precieve different vowels
  121. dq Acoustic resonances in the VT
  122. dr 50 Hz - 10,000 Hz
  123. ds 24%
  124. dt Signal is 5 dB Higher than Noise
  125. du Greatest amount of energy in speech is found below this frequency
  126. dv dB difference between softest sound you can hear and loudest sound without pain
    Want to increase this with amplification
    Limited range makes it harder to fit a CI
  127. dw PTA is equal to or greater than 90 dB HL
    No speech perception
    No benefits from hearing aids
    CI candidate
    Each person is different not homogenous
    They have different auditory capacities and ability to benefit from amplification
  128. dx Combination of fricative and stop
  129. dy Constricted VT
    High frequency acoustic energy (above 2000 Hz)
    Low intensity
    Short
    Marks end of syllables
  130. dz 90 dB HL +
  131. ea Mainly work with pediatric cases of hearing loss
    Facilitate development of language
    Work with parent to help teach speech and language outside of visits
  132. eb Shows intensity (dB) over frequency (Hz)
    Y axis is intensity
    X axis is frequency
    Good for vowel identification
    No time dimention
  133. ec Is verification done by Real Ear Measure or Functional Gain
  134. ed Telling us different configurations and their effect on speech
    how children perceive speech with hearing aids
  135. ee Advantages
    Less visible than BTE
    Low sounds enter the ear naturally
    Reduces occlusion effect
    Disadvantages
    Can't block low pitch noises
    Shorter battery life
    Vulnerable to rain
    Requires specificc configuration of HL (4 kHz notch)
  136. ef Left Ear Air Masked
  137. eg Everyone signs
    Had a large deaf population, probably from a genetic cause up to 1/4 of families were deaf
    Deaf citizens were treated equal
    Didn't formally educate Deaf on the isle
  138. eh Time it takes for reflected sound to reduce by 60 dB
  139. ei Plug in hearing aid and it tells you how long it was used since the last session
  140. ej RARE
    Maybe caused by mixed hearing loss
  141. ek Test softest sound
    No access to MPO
    Just PTA
    Used for CI's and BAHA's
  142. el Diagnostic Reasoning may occer ___ to meeting client
  143. em Picks up sound from all directions
    Best in quiet environments
  144. en Intonation
    Rhythm
    Stress
    Pitch
  145. eo Hard wire devices are relatively
  146. ep Transmitter and receiver need to be on same FM Channel
    Versatile
    May get interference with other radio waves
  147. eq Important acoustic cue for diphthongs
  148. er CI's debut
    Digital amplification
    This allowed hearing aids to become smaller
  149. es 1843-1912
    Sign is flourishing, everyone is learning
    Proposal for a Deaf State
    30+ Schools for the Deaf founded
  150. et Clarification of responses could not be attempted as in if the WIPI was used as an open or closed set
    Low Response Rate
  151. eu Transition in and out of vowels
    Similar to homorganic stops
  152. ev Noise is 5 dB Higher than Signal
  153. ew Used to understand the meaning of the condition to the person
    Therapists strives to understand each patients "story"
  154. ex People with hearing loss were denied rights throughout history
    NO outward sign of intelligence because they didn't speak
  155. ey Period of silence
    Release burst
    RAPID transitions in and out of adjacent sounds
    Frequency, intensity, and timing are important
  156. ez PBK
    WIPI
    NU-CHIPS
  157. fa Not medically treatable
    Site of Involvement
    Cochlea
    Auditory Nerve
  158. fb Improves understanding in a group setting
    Uses loud speakers
    Everyone benefits not just the person with a hearing loss
  159. fc Reliable everyone gets the same speaker and same words
    Use this whenever possible
  160. fd Tests are comparable to "real world" contexts
  161. fe This speech sound has the greatest intensity
  162. ff All voiced
    Minimum constriction of the VT
    Liquids and Glides
  163. fg Conductive
    Sensorineural
    Mixed
  164. fh Use gain
    Only amplify the frequencies that need amplification
  165. fi Oralist
    Opened school in Boston
  166. fj Advantages
    One piece
    Less vulnerable to rain
    Similar features to BTE
    Disadvantages
    Less powerful than BTE
    Smaller battery life
    Prone to feedback
  167. fk Speech mapping
    Goal is to have speech audible and MPO isn't exceeded
  168. fl Aided, patient is using their hearing aid
    Sound Field instead of ear phone
  169. fm Degree of Hearing Loss
    Configuration of Hearing Loss
    Symmetry of Hearing Loss
    Type of Hearing Loss
  170. fn Selecting from a limited number of options
    Doesn't require verbal response
    Easy though
    Think of a multiple choice question
  171. fo Corner vowels are anchor
    Use corner vowels to help distinct the other vowels
  172. fp Rare
    Hear high frequencies better then low frequencies
    Seen in conductive losses
  173. fq Bilateral: PTA between 25-85 dB HL
    Evidence based research supporting benefits of hearing amplification
    Person with limited amount of hearing loss
  174. fr /m/
    /a/
    /u/
    /i/
    /s/
    /sh/
  175. fs Facilitate language acquisition/habilitation
    Reduce restrictions of communication
    Provide benefit to client and communication partners
    Goal is to minimize hearing related disabilities
    Want to limit negative effects of hearing loss
  176. ft People with conductive losses
    Neural part of auditory system is intact
  177. fu Poor predictor of speech understanding
    Especially for people with hearing aids or CI
    Doesn't tell you how patient understands speech at the conversational level
    Doesn't give you insight into how the patient performs in difficult listening situations
  178. fv Hearing Assistive Technology Systems
    Technology that provides auditory information in ways that people who have a hearing loss can use
  179. fw F2 Transition to vowel
    Frequency of the most intense portion of burst
  180. fx Right Ear Air Masked
  181. fy Combination of two vowels
    More dynamic
    See a formant transition
  182. fz Legislation mandating provision of services to children with hearing loss in public setting: PL 94:142
    Deaf read at a 3rd grade level
    Some parent centered programs emerging
    More emphasis on hearing
    Emergence of Total Communication
  183. ga Feedback management
    Volume Control
    Programs
    Digital Noise Reduction
    Directional Microphones

    These depend on listeners situation they can change for different environments
  184. gb Combination of SNHL and Conductive Loss
    Outer, Middle, and Inner Ear involvement
  185. gc Rooms have a wire that emits electromagnetic signals in response to speech
    Magnetic signal picked up by telecoil in hearing aid
    No extra equipment
    Improves SNR
  186. gd Speech Intelligibility Index
    Count the dots
  187. ge Used in private areas such as court rooms
  188. gf Normal
    Mild
    Moderate
    Moderate
    Severe
    Profound
  189. gg Clinical reasoning is a way of explaining
  190. gh First oral school in Germany
    Tactile cues while speaking
    1755
  191. gi It is what was used before newborn hearing screenings. They used a closed set due to limitations of a child's intelligibility or vocabulary skills. Items are presented with a limited number of options
  192. gj Used to understand the nature of condition
  193. gk AC differ from BC on Audiogram
    Treated with medical follow up
    Site of Hearing Loss
    Outer Ear
    Ear Drum
    Middle Ear
  194. gl Age
    Language Level
    Cognitive Ability
    Speech Intelligibility
    Primary Language
    Attention
    Time
    Length of deafness
    Visual Acuity
  195. gm C=Counseling and psychosocial (modifying personal attitude)
    A=Audibility and amplification
    R=Remediate communication activities
    E=Environmental/coordination/participation improvement
  196. gn First physician who recognize deafs could reason
    1500's
    Had a deaf son and he created a code of symbols
    Thought deaf people could be educated
  197. go Change loudness of hearing aid
    Can sync both hearing aid
  198. gp Telecoils used for this purpose
  199. gq a scale of 0-1
    1=completely audible
    Tells if hearing aid is fitted well
    Compare target SII and the SII measured
    want to be within 5 dB
  200. gr Who gives out HATS
  201. gs 40 dB HL - 70 dB HL
  202. gt Frequency and Intensity
    Sibilants a Non Sibilants
    Sibilants are more intense
  203. gu Good candidate for CI
    Only hear very intense low frequencies
  204. gv Maximum comfort level
    Want to see dynamic range
  205. gw Weakening of formant intensity
    Especially F1
    Nasal murmur
  206. gx Receiver
    Microphone
    Amplifier
    Battery
  207. gy Genetic
    May become slope or flat over time
  208. gz Options are theoretically unlimited
    Harder
    Not given possible answers
    Think short answer questions
  209. ha 20 Hz - 20,000 Hz
  210. hb Harder to recognize because they are easily confused
  211. hc Personal Communication Devices
    Group Communication Devices
    Telephone Devices
    Alerting Devices
  212. hd Speech has peaks and valleys
    Valleys get filled in by reverberation
    Creates muffled speech
  213. he Better speech skills and phoneme recognition
    Kids learn better because they have access to speech
    Larger receptive vocabulary and that helps with reading levels later on
  214. hf Nasal Murmur
    Formant Weakening
  215. hg Direct Connection from listener and ALD
    Beneficial for one on one conversations
    Cheap
  216. hh Ear Canal is blocked sound energy can't escape
    Speaker thinks they are talking louder then they actually are
  217. hi All Voiced
    VP Port opens to nasal cavity
    OC creates the nasal murmur
  218. hj Primary disadvantage of administering a recorded single word recognition test in a quiet sound booth
  219. hk Founded first American Deaf School in 1817
    Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Institution of Deaf and Dumb Persons
    Later to become the Connecticut School for the Deaf
  220. hl Device that supports communication in difficult listening situations
    Improves SNR
    Decreases Distance
    Decreases reverberation
  221. hm Right Ear Air Conduction
  222. hn Narrow constriction of articulatory tract
    Creates turbulent air flow
  223. ho Provides counciling services
    Insurance doesn't cover this
    Not really primary role see them annually/semiannually
  224. hp Vibrations for a alarm clock
    Flashing lights
    Text
  225. hq Open-set because number of alternatives in theory are unlimited
  226. hr Most common SNR
    Signal is louder then the noise
  227. hs Under the ICF classification system, impairment refers to problems with
  228. ht Computers
    MP3
    FM
    Television
  229. hu Movement of formant frequency
    You see intensity change
    Shows movement of the vocal tract
    Occurs when vowels precedes or follows a consonant
  230. hv Frequency Modulated Radio Waves
  231. hw 26-40 dB
  232. hx Left Ear Bone Masked
  233. hy Audiology existed in the private sector
    Audiologists can't dispense hearing aids
    Focus on speech and lipreading
  234. hz Advantages
    Fits wide range of hearing loss
    Room for buttons
    Longer battery life
    Good for individual with dexterity issues
    Disadvantages
    More visible
    Can be vulnerable to rain
    Two pieces
  235. ia Responsive to changes in mouth opening (tongue height)
    High =Low vowel
    Low = High Vowel
    This allows us to detect vowels
  236. ib Audiologist
    Speech-Language Pathologist
    School Personnel
  237. ic Start of formal Sign Language
    1760
    Priest
    Established first free public school for deaf in France
    Wanted to standardize sign/fingerspelling
  238. id Signal and Noise presented at the same level
  239. ie VF Vibration
  240. if Where conversation is taking place
  241. ig On average parents said their child wore hearing aids 2.6 hours longer