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  1. *47. What are qualities of ideal speech perception tests?
  2. *70. What recent technological advances allow individuals with hearing loss to access their hearing aids while talking on cell phones?
  3. *1. Clinical reasoning is a way of explaining...
  4. 7. Describe what the C represents for the CARE
  5. 6. Describe what the C represents for the CORE
  6. 89. What is data logging
  7. 18. The average level of conversational speech at 1 meter from the speaker is ___ dB SPL
  8. 57. What percentage of survey respondents reported never using aided speech perception testing with preschoolers?
  9. *83. What kind of measurement is used to determine the output of the hearing aid at the ear drum at various input levels
  10. 11. A person's ability to judge whether two speech stimuli are the same or different is called
  11. 58. According to the survey, what are the 3 most commonly used speech perception measures with preschoolers?
  12. *8. Persons with limited amount of hearing loss are referred to as
  13. 40. What are two general objectives for auditory training with adults?
  14. 29. List two acoustic cues for place of articulation in a stop consonant
  15. *80. Why are ITEs/CICs a bad option for young children?
  16. 67. Name two external sound sources that Direct Audio Input connect to, via hearing aids.
  17. 36. Syntactic
  18. *32. Perception of vowels is not affected in persons with severe-to-profound hearing loss.
  19. *12. Under the ICF classification system, impairment refers to problems with
  20. 62 .What is the difference between HATS and ALDs?
  21. 42. What does a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 0 dB mean? + 5 dB SNR? -5 dB SNR?
  22. 48. What does it mean to administer a speech perception measure via "live voice"?
  23. 84. What is functional gain and why is it unreliable for hearing aid verification?
  24. *4. Diagnostic reasoning may occur prior to meeting a patient/client
  25. 54. According to the Neighborhood Activation Model, words that are (high/low) in word frequency and (high/low) in neighborhood density that the best speech intelligibility. Choose the correct option in each case.
  26. *90. What variable predicted the amount of time difference between datalogging and parent report of hearing aid?
  27. 38. Situational
  28. 79. List four factors that influence the life of hearing aid batteries
  29. *24. Vowel Recognition
  30. 53. What does neighborhood density mean?
  31. *88. What was the most prevalent challenge in getting children to wear hearing aids, according to parents?
  32. 86. List the variables that were the most significant predictors of daily hearing aid use time, per parent report
  33. *3. "What are the benefits and risks to the person related to service provision and do the benefits warrant the risk?" This Is an example of
  34. 43. What response format is more challenging in speech perception measures - open or closed-set - and why?
  35. 37. Semantic
  36. 23. What are the 4 suprasegmental features of speech?
  37. 50. Name two reasons an audiologist might prefer to use live voice test administration
  38. 69. Describe how an audio loop system works
  39. 74. What are TDD? Define and spell out acronym
  40. 21. Which class of speech sounds are most important for determining the intelligibility of speech: vowels or consonants?
  41. 28. List two acoustic cues for manner of articulation in nasal consonants
  42. *52. When considering lexical factors that affect speech perception, what does word frequency mean?
  43. 85. Open-fit BTE hearing aids allow (low/mid-to-high) frequencies to be delivered via the normal pathway while (low/mid-to-high) frequencies are amplified
  44. 59. Which of these three measures is an example of an open-set test?
  45. 13. If a therapist strives to understand each patient's "story" or problem, he/she is engaging in what type of reasoning according to the ICF model?
  46. 15. Name three professionals who might provide AR services to a child with a hearing loss.
  47. 45. Which factor is more important to consider when selecting a pediatric speech perception measure, vocabulary age or chronological age?
  48. 10. What does perilingual onset refer to?
  49. *34. Correct recognition of /s/ is related to hearing sensitivity above what frequency?
  50. 22. What are the five distinction features associated with consonant production, based on Miller and Nicely's classification system?
  51. 66. FM systems can range in price from $_____ to $_____.
  52. 55. Individuals with unilateral hearing loss perform more poorly on speech perception tests when speech is directed towards the _________ ear and noise is directed towards the _______ ear.
  53. 14. As an SLP or AUD, I'm very concerned with my client's ability to have access to support services for his/her disability. In considering this problem, I'm using what type of reasoning?
  54. 31. Speech contains energy from approximately _________ to __________ Hz
  55. 77. What is the benefit of using directional microphones?
  56. 20. The greatest amount of energy in speech is found at frequencies below ____.
  57. 33. For people with hearing loss, do errors occur more often with place of articulation or manner of articulation?
  58. 76. What is the difference between an omnidirectional and directional microphone?
  59. *26. What acoustic cue occurs when a vowel precedes or follows a consonant, resulting in a change in resonance?
  60. 60. What is a major limitation of the Munoz et al. study?
  61. *2. Patient activities and participation are influenced by
  62. *46. What does it mean for a test to be ecologically valid?
  63. 56. What is a closed-set speech perception measure?
  64. 61. What are HATS? Define and spell out acronym.
  65. *64. What situation are telecoils primarily useful for?
  66. *51. What is the primary disadvantage of administering a recorded single word recognition test in quiet in a sound booth?
  67. *65. What kind of signal do FM systems operate with
  68. 78. Name the four main parts of a hearing aid.
  69. 75. How does the Telephone Relay Service work?
  70. *87. What age group had the most challenges in achieving consistent hearing aid use?
  71. 17. The frequency range of human hearing is from _________ Hz to _________ Hz
  72. 41. What are four objectives for auditory training with children?
  73. 44. What are the 6 phonemes used in the Ling six sound test?
  1. a True or False
  2. b a. Real ear
    b. Functional gain
    c. Manufacturer's specifications
    d. Speech perception tests
  3. c 24%
  4. d computers and TVs
  5. e CORE: communication status
  6. f a. Formant transition
    b. Voicing
    c. Nasality
    d. Formant frequency
  7. g a. Their ears are constantly growing, requiring frequent changes in earmolds
    b. Difficult to access volume control
    c. Very small, so easy to lose
    d. All of the above
  8. h Number of words that can be created by adding, subtracting, or substituting a phoneme within a target word or number of phonetically similar words
  9. i low/mid to high
  10. j deafness acquired while learning language
  11. k a. Amplitude modulated radio waves
    b. Frequency modulated radio waves
    c. Infrared waves
    d. Ultrasonic waves
  12. l Age of the child, flexibility
  13. m bad/good
  14. n a. Is better for familiar than unfamiliar speakers
    b. Depends on knowing how a speaker produces the point vowels
    c. Is more accurate for vowels in context than for vowels in isolation
    d. Is based on the absolute formant frequency of the vowel in a CVC context
  15. o High/Low
  16. p Wire surrounds seating area, microphone signal is transmitted to the wire that is picked up by HA telecoil.
  17. q vocab age
  18. r a. Radio
    b. Football games
    c. Telephone
    d. Car
  19. s a. Consistent across examiners and test conditions
    b. Comparable to "real world" contexts
    c. Environmentally friendly
    d. Age appropriate
  20. t a) Awareness of sound
    b) Gross discrimination
    c) Broad discrimination among speech patterns
    d) Finer discrimination for speech
  21. u telecommunication devices for the deaf, text telephones that attach to landline telephones.
  22. v True or false
  23. w Pragmatic
  24. x a. maternal education level
    b. Test site
    c. degree of hearing loss
    d. age of the child
  25. y Place
  26. z omni sensitive to sound coming from all directions, directional permit varying sensitivity coming from a given direction
  27. aa 20 to 20,000
  28. ab aided and unaided threshold measurements; only tell about the gain of the HA at very soft input levels
  29. ac CARE: counseling and psychosocial
  30. ad a. hearing impaired
    b. DEAF
    c. hard of hearing
    d. deaf
  31. ae energy demands of the HA, size of the battery, hours of HA use, and conservation efforts by HA user
  32. af HATs is broader term encompassing ALDs and alerting devices. ALDs help people in specific situations
  33. ag a. Bluetooth
    b. Wifi
    c. Facetime
    d. Skype
  34. ah items are presented from a limited number of options
  35. ai PBK, WIP, NUCHIPS
  36. aj 1000 Hz
  37. ak a. Restrictions and limitations of a health condition
    b. Personal factors
    c. Environmental factors
    d. All of the above
  38. al TDD user sends a message to a relay operator, who calls the landline user with the message
  39. am a) 500 Hz
    b) 1000 Hz
    c) 2000 Hz
    d) 4000 Hz
  40. an a. Scientific reasoning
    b. Narrative reasoning
    c. Pragmatic reasoning
    d. Ethical reasoning
  41. ao low response rate
  42. ap Narrative reasoning
  43. aq words in a sense are related to each other
  44. ar voicing, nasality, affrication, duration, place of articulation
  45. as a. Infants
    b. Preschoolers
    c. 5-6 year olds
    d. 7-8 year olds
  46. at 65
  47. au 100 to 1000
  48. av a. Patient preferences regarding therapy
    b. The best available evidence for therapy effectiveness
    c. The clinician's knowledge that influences therapy choices and clinical decision making
    d. The state of an individual's health.
  49. aw a. Reliable
    b. Sensitive to differences between test conditions
    c. Correlates with speech perception in the real world
    d. All of the above
  50. ax the clinician is saying the words through the mic of the audiometer, or face to face with the client
  51. ay microphone, amplifier, receiver, batteries
  52. az Frequency of the most intense portion of the burst and the F2 transition
  53. ba consonants
  54. bb a. environmental factors
    b. activity levels
    c. body structure or function
    d. personal issues
    e. all of the above
  55. bc a. Poor ecological validity
    b. Challenging to maintain the patient's attention
    c. Poor sensitivity
    d. Poor specificity
  56. bd general decrease in intensity and additional resonance around 500 Hz
  57. be intonation, rhythm, stress and pitch
  58. bf PBK
  59. bg a) 0 means signal and noise are the same level
    b) +5 means signal is 5 dB louder than the noise
    c) -5 means noise is 5 dB louder than the signal
  60. bh maternal education level, age, degree of hearing loss, and test site
  61. bi a. Pitch properties of the word
    b. How often a word occurs in the language
    c. How many phonetically similar neighbors are activated
    d. Audibility of the word
  62. bj language takes place in a social context
  63. bk discrimination
  64. bl Hearing Assistive Technology Systems - technology that provides auditory information in ways a person with hearing loss can use
  65. bm improved SNR
  66. bn audiologist, speech/language pathologist, teacher of the deaf
  67. bo a) Maximize use of auditory and related cues to perceive speech
    b) Adjustment/orientation to assistive devices
  68. bp 50 to 10000
  69. bq adjectives describe nouns not verbs
  70. br sh, s, m, ah, oo, ee
  71. bs a. Breaks in routine
    b. Loud events
    c. child state
    d. equipment issues
  72. bt open set because number of alternatives is theoretically unlimited
  73. bu gives a report of the average number of hours of daily use