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132 Multiple choice questions

  1. a. Have him try a new sentence with "keep"
    b. have him try a different word at the spontaneous sentence level that starts with "k"
    c. have him try to imitate a sentence that the clinician creates "keep up the good work"
    d. drop to the word level as it is clearly too hard for him
  2. a. Engage multiple local, state and federal agencies to participate in continued funding
    b. Look at private funding sources as a means for paying for the services
    c. Have parents par for services out of pocket
    d. Train more professionals to provide services
  3. True or False
  4. a. identifying causes of communication breakdown
    b. social constraints of message formulation
    c. evaluation of the sender's responsibility in sending a message
    d. Implementation of repair strategies
  5. a. Rarely
    b. Monthly
    c. Weekly
    d. Daily
  6. a. It biases the results in favor of AVT
    b. It biases the results to make AVT look less effective
    c. Excluding "non-participatory" children should have no effects on the outcomes
  7. True or False
  8. a. self contained classroom
    b. resource room
    c. specialized facility (school for the deaf)
    d. regular classroom
  9. a. standard score
    b. percentile rank
    c. age equivalent score
    d. z score
  10. True or False
  11. True or False
  12. a. Parents have to take an active role in therapy
    b. There are fewer cancellations
    c. Sessions can be recorded, so additional family members can participate
    d. All of the above
    e. B and C only
  13. True or False
  14. a. Degree of hearing loss
    b. Aided audibility
    c. Age of implantation
    d. Amount of daily CI use
  15. True or False
  16. True or False
  17. a) many more single words since he is more than one year old
    b) different vowels and consonant strings
    c) conversational babble/jargon
    d) I would expect to hear these all at about the same time
  18. a. Hearing loss is a very low incident impairment, so its hard to find enough research participants
    b. Children in this age range won't cooperate for testing
    c. Until around the 1990s, the average age of identification of hearing loss was approximately 2 years of age
    d. It was commonly assume that children with hearing loss did not have significant delays relative to their same age peers with normal hearing
  19. Daily
  20. a. reading
    b. syntax
    c. vocabulary
    d. pragmatics
  21. a. the family wants to learn sign
    b. the child is enrolled in a strong program with an auditory emphasis
    c. the child is notably frustrated
    d. the child may not get an implant until 1.5-2 years of age
  22. True or False
  23. a. Expanding world knowledge and semantic mapping of vocabulary
    b. developing problem solving and verbal reasoning skills
    c. Improving study skills such as note-taking
    d. all of the above
    e. only a and b
  24. a. ERM
    b. IEP
    c. Preschool SIFTER
    d. all of the above
  25. Environmental
  26. True or False
  27. a. difficulty communicating with peers
    b. problems using his new interpreter at his new school
    c. peers not knowing how to use an interpreter
    d. all of the above
    e. only a and b
  28. True or False
  29. True or False
  30. a. Rarely
    b. Monthly
    c. Weekly
    d. Daily
  31. Phase IV
  32. True or False
  33. True or False
  34. a. demonstrate little benefit form hearing aids
    b. may be a good candidate for a CI
    c. are variable in their developmental levels and auditory abilities
    d. both a and b
    e. A, B and C
  35. a. 75%
    b. 50%
    c. 35%
    d. 20%
  36. Temporal recognition
    Binaural separation and integration
    Monaural with background noise
  37. High maternal education level
    EI group had access to better technology
  38. a. Train SLPs to fit FM systems, hearing aids, and cochlear implants
    b. Set aside dedicated time every week for SLPs and audiologists to communicate via Skype
    c. Encourage more audiologists to join ASHA
    d. Joint participation on students' IEP teams
  39. a. bad
    b. mommy
    c. cookie
    d. oh oh
  40. a. negative reactions from others when things are misunderstood
    b. difficulty with social nuances such as interpreting sarcasm
    c. caregivers/SLPs to work on scripting responses in social situations
    d. both a and b
    e. a, b and c
  41. Carolina
  42. True or False
  43. a. late identification with low cognition showed the poorest performance on language measures
    b. late identification with normal cognition scored higher than late identification with low cognition
    c. late identification with normal cognition scored essentially equal to early identification with low cognition
    d. early identification with normal cognition scored highest
  44. a. Conversational strategies
    b. Taking perspective
    c. World knowledge
    d. All of the above
  45. Part C IDEA
  46. True or False
  47. a. Expert
    b. Coach
    c. Teacher
    d. Therapist
  48. True or False
  49. True or False
  50. a. limited schema about the event or routine
    b. less access to language of parents, siblings, and caregivers
    c. fewer incidental learning opportunities
    d. all of the above
  51. a. Most of the SLPs didn't work with children with hearing loss
    b. The authors only sent surveys to a limited number of states in the US
    c. Most of the SLPs didn't have access to audiologists, so they couldn't answer the survey questions
    d. The low response rate may have resulted in an unrepresentative sample of school based SLPs
  52. True or False
  53. a. Newborn hearing screening may result in false positives
    b. Newborn hearing screening may result in false negatives
    c. Both false positives and false negatives result in children 'slipping through the cracks'
    d. Poor training on the part of the screener
  54. True or False
  55. Use
  56. True or False
  57. a. Reimbursement by insurance
    b. Possible HIPAA violations
    c. Technological issues
    d. Behavioral issues by the child
    e. C and D only
  58. True or False
  59. a. by age one
    b. by age two
    c. by age three
    d. there is no significant difference between ages 1, 2 or 3
  60. a. 1
    b. 3
    c. 5
    d. 10
  61. True or False
  62. True or False
  63. a. difficulty understand the medial system
    b. difficulty understanding the education system fro their child
    c. lack of qualified personnel with awareness of cultural differences/language difference
    d. both a and b
    e. A, B and C
  64. a. One quarter
    b. One third
    c. One half
    d. Two thirds
  65. True or False
  66. True or False
  67. Hypo or hyper nasality
  68. a. 50 dB HL
    b. 20 dB HL
    c. 10 dB HL
    d. 0 dB HL
  69. True or False
  70. a. Detection
    b. Discrimination
    c. Identification
    d. Comprehension
  71. True or False
  72. True or False
  73. a. for younger children so that this student would gain coincidence and work quickly through the numerous articulation steps that he did not reach as a younger child with limited access
    b. whatever would be most motivating for him: a 9th grader would have strong feelings about what he would wan to work on and be most motivated by what he would see as important
    c. a science worksheet hat tis due in a week: you select words that have his target speech sounds and he practice those while he completes his homework assignment
    d. talking to each of his teachers and seeing what words they feel that he needs to know for that subject area
  74. True or False
  75. 1%
  76. True or False
  77. True or False
  78. 3 months
  79. a. it is difficult to hear in background noise
    b. all implanted children, regardless of age of implantation, continue to struggle in task transitions from more structured to more spontaneous listening situations
    c. detection tasks are harder for HA users than for CI users
    d. there is more potential for overheating in incidental learning situations for CI users relative to HA users
  80. True or False
  81. True or False
  82. a. all of the children in the study were born during a time when newborn hearing screening was available to all infants in the UK
    b. only high risk infants were screened for hearing loss at he time these children int he study were born
    c. about half of the children in the study were born during periods of newborn hearing screening in the UK, and half were not, so the two groups could be compared
    d. the UK doesn't have universal newborn hearing screening
  83. a. they see their infant responding to sounds and think there isn't a problem with hearing
    b. Parents often aren't notified of newborn hearing screen results by the birth hospital
    c. There is a lack of valid and reliable test measures before a child is 6 months of age and capable of providing behavioral responses in the test booth
    d. All of the above
    c. None of the above
  84. True or False
  85. a. Vocabulary
    b. Syntax
    c. Speech production
    d. None of the above
    e. All of the above
  86. True or False
  87. a. Step 1
    b. Step 2
    c. Step 3
    d. Step 4
  88. True or False
  89. a) Action + recipient
    b) Action + object
    c) Attribute + entity
    d) Agent + action
  90. a. For the first time, children with HL
    b. Shift in labeling to "disability"
    c. birth to 5 including AR services for children and their families
    d. all of the above
  91. a. children with early confirmation of hearing loss, on average, catch up to their same age peers with normal hearing
    b. children with early confirmation of hearing loss show stable growth int he outcome meuse, while children with late confirmation show a decline over time
    c. children with early and late confirmation of hearing loss are both delayed relative to peers with normal hearing, but show the same pattern of growth of time
    d. there are no significant differences in scores between eat and late groups at either testing intervals
  92. a. Assessments conducted with the child
    b. Related services this child might qualify for
    c. Transition planning
    d. All of the above
  93. a. FM systems
    b. Cochlear implants
    c. Hearing aids
    d. Induction loops
  94. a. Early identified children with additional disabilities had language outcomes that were similar to late identified children with no disabilities
    b. Late identified children with no additional disabilities outperformed early identified children with additional disabilities
    c. Early identified children with additional disabilities showed significant;y poorer non verbal IQ scores relative to their verbal IQ scores
    d. Late identified children with no additional disabilities showed no difference in verbal and non verbal IQ
  95. a. 1 month - all children screened for hearing loss
    b. 3 months - al children who fail NHS have hearing loss confirmed through diagnostic testing
    c. 6 months - children with confirmed hearing loss enter early intervention
  96. a. elaborating
    b. rephrasing
    c. simplifying
    d. using a key word
  97. True or False
  98. a. usage of 2-3 words without tense and number
    b. utilization of a pointing gesture
    c. increase usage of prominent intonational patterns by family members, teachers, and caregivers
    d. both a and b
    e. all of the above
  99. True or False
  100. True or False
  101. Mean word recognition decreases
  102. True or False
  103. a. Cost
    b. Security of the internet connection
    c. Relatively stable audio and visual signals
    d. A and B only
    e. A and C only
  104. a. rarely is academica functioning impaired with unilateral or mild hearing loss
    b. 20%
    c. 30-40%
    d. approximately 50%
  105. a. looking for changes in heavers and adjusting to meet the child's needs
    b. giving additional meaningful opportunities to develop language in a natural context
    c. Providing opportunities to embed rich language and auditory experiences into routines
    d. all of the above
  106. a. the audiology clinical doctorate (AuD) has minimized opportunities for collaboration between the professions
    b. There is a limited number of educational audiologists in the US
    c. Audiologists and SLPs have a difficult time agreeing on best practices for children with hearing loss
    d. ASHA's scope of practice discourages SLPs and audiologists from cross-training in the respective fields
  107. True or False
  108. What is working well
  109. Inconsistent bandwidth, poor AV signal, visual glare or darkness, signal interference with other technologies
  110. True or False
  111. True or False
  112. a. It was an advantaged sample of children
    b. It was a disadvantaged sample of children
    c. It represents the typical socioeconomic status of children in first world countries
    d. Maternal education level does not matter when considering outcomes of children with hearing loss
  113. Early identification, increased client diversity, CIs
  114. a. listening routines
    b. analytic auditory training tasks
    c. open-set comprehension tasks
    d. closed-set identification
  115. True or False
  116. Detection/localization
  117. UNHS
    EHDI
    ABR
    OAE
  118. 6 months
  119. a. they produce a greater proportion of visible sounds
    b. their canonical babbling is delayed in frequency and diversity
    c. they show significant difference interior development of place of articulation of consonants
    d. all of the above
  120. a. below 3rd grade
    b. 3rd to 5th grade
    c. 5th to 7th grade
    d. above 7th grade
  121. a. birth, 6 months
    b. 3 months, 6 months
    c. 6 months 9 months
    d. birth, 3 months
  122. True or False
  123. a. modeled
    b. passsive
    c. agressive
    d. assertive
  124. a. Pattern perception
    b. segmental identification
    c. discrimination
    d. comprehension
  125. A. none of the independent variables predicted age at entry into early intervention
    b. Higher SES is associated with younger ages at confirmation and HA fitting
    c. Severity of hearing loss affects timeliness of serve delivers (confirmation of hearing loss hearing aid fitting, entry into early intervention)
    d. 100% of research participants failed the newborn hearing screen
  126. 70 dB
  127. sign system
  128. True or False
  129. ...
  130. a. Otitis media with effusion
    b. Multiple rescreenings
    c. Delays in getting appointments
    d. Distance to audiologist who could perform a diagnostic ABR
  131. a. Detection
    b. Discrimination
    c. Identification
    d. all of the above
  132. a. Because IDEA mandates that all children on an IFSP or an IEP receive family centered intervention
    b. The coaching process encourages parents to be more involved in intervention, which has a positive impact on the child's language development
    c. Using a coaching model is the most cost effective means of providing intervention
    d. The coaching model encourages SLPs to take the role of the expert, which parents are generally more comfortable with