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313 True/False questions

  1. Without systematically monitoring equipment used for children with hearing loss including FMs, hearing aids, ALDs, the failure rate found by researchers is expected to be approximately what level?50%

          

  2. Parallel TalkIdentify and fit amplification early
    Use best practice for evaluations, verifications, fittings, etc
    Monitor HA use with data logging and consistency rating

          

  3. What do you need to be an exceptional learner3-7 years
    Subtest categories for develop awareness of the world
    Lets you know how child is developing

          

  4. Educational Consequences of HLAuditory Access
    Auditory Skills
    Speech Production Repetoire
    Language: Receptive and Expressive
    Cognitive behavioral, emotional health statues

          

  5. True/False
    Nursery rhymes, fingerplays, and children's songs can be useful to teach vocabulary as well as the rhythm in the language on a receptive level. They are also useful expressively to aid the child in developing auditory closure abilities.
    False

          

  6. What areas of language development was significantly different between screened and no screened groups according to Yoshinga-ItanoEarly Identification
    Increased Client Diversity
    CIs

          

  7. True/False
    Conversational Turn taking occurs at one year
    True

          

  8. Preparing for Tele-therapy SessionsTarget objective
    Task Selection
    Materials
    Task analysis
    Feedback/reinforcement

          

  9. Conditioned Play AudiometryParents taught to stay within 3 feet of chlid and at the child's level
    Listening sequence taught

          

  10. Additional Techniques for Language StimulationRelationship between degree of HL and level of education
    Deaf have an average 4-5 grade education

          

  11. HH Child Speech SkillsDifferent than audiologic information
    Erber's Model

          

  12. How did the authors measure the primary outcome measure (i.e., what type of test score did they use)?There is a limited number of educational audiologists in the US

          

  13. How often should a student's HA be monitored by school personnel?Unconfident

          

  14. AudiologistHearing will not be restored
    Work with all disabilities

          

  15. TroubleshootLing's 6 Sounds
    Check Batteries
    Clean
    Do this daily

          

  16. Age for Ling 6 Sound0-3 with profound SNHL

          

  17. According to IDEA How often should HA Checks be PerformedVocalization
    Production of Prosodic Patterns
    Production of Vowels/Diphthongs
    Production of Consonants varying in Manner
    Production of consonants varying in Place
    Production of consonants varying in voicing
    Production of Consonant Blends

          

  18. Administering ESPTakes one week
    Give the parent a unit to score their child
    Have expressive and receptive units

          

  19. A child is presented with an array of three objects varying in manner in initial position and asked to point to one of the objects in an auditory only condition (show me bat/cat/rat). According to Chute and Nevins, this would be called what kind of task?Demonstrate little benefit from hearing aids
    May be a good candidate for a CI
    Are variable in their developmental levels and auditory abilities

          

  20. How are Delay's in 1-3-6 AddressedProfessional priorityfor children at "benchmark" appoinments
    Education resource for professional and families
    Follow-up incase of ME issue
    Effects on mild HL or unaided HL on communication development
    Communication between professionals about where family is on EDHI timeline
    Support at risk families

          

  21. Most common reason for delay in EDHI ProcessMultiple rescreenings

          

  22. True/False
    Recent research has noted that some CI users have more difficulty accessing appropriate school services since their speech intelligibility may mask other auditory, language or learning problems.
    True

          

  23. Which of the following isn't a finding from HolteSeverity of HL affects timeliness of service delivery (Confirmation of HL, HA fitting, entry in early intervention)

          

  24. Issues that may arise during telepractice sessionsInconsistent bandwidth
    Poor AV signal
    Visual Glare or Darkness
    Signal Interference

          

  25. Children who can respond to phrases such as "see you later" or "what are you doing?" are engaging in:Sign System

          

  26. Medical ModelHearing will not be restored
    Work with all disabilities

          

  27. Feedback for clientBuilding semantic and syntactic complexity from child's utterance

          

  28. "I didn't understand what time you said. Would you mind repeating that appointment time?" This is an example of what kind of communication behavior?Assertive

          

  29. Administering Ling 6 Sounds/a/
    /s/
    /sh/
    /oo/
    /m/
    /i/

          

  30. How SLPs feel for troubleshooting according to the surveyFrequency: Intermittent and consistent
    Specificity
    Sincere/genuine

          

  31. ExpansionHearing will not be restored
    Work with all disabilities

          

  32. Behavioral TestsGold standard
    Visual Response Audiometry
    Conditioned Play Audiometry
    Conventional

          

  33. Age for IT-MAIS0-3 with profound SNHL

          

  34. A 3-4 year old child is responsive to a wide variety of sounds at approximately what sound level?Information explosion and how to judge its validity
    Want to include D/HH in GenEd Classroom
    Want to know how they communicate

          

  35. Using Figure 2 as a guide, what are the major findings from this study?Children with early confirmation of hearing loss show stable growth in the outcome measure, while children with late confirmation show a decline over time.

          

  36. Bracken Basic Concept ScaleSmall probe containing sensitive microphone in EC
    Probe presents stimulus and microphone detects response of OHC

          

  37. Speech Production GoalsNeutralization
    Substitution
    Diphthongization
    Prolongation
    Nasalization

          

  38. Transdisciplinary ModelDifferent than audiologic information
    Erber's Model

          

  39. Introduce Repair StrategiesStandardized methodology, reporting system evaluation
    Each state can't regulate another
    Rural states vs urban states

          

  40. ASL is to natural Language as SEE is to ___Sign System

          

  41. Age for LittlEARSChildren under 2 who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

          

  42. True/False
    IDEA mandates mainstreaming in the LRE
    False

          

  43. Jason, age 16 months, has been using his hearing aids since he was 8.5 months old. Which of the following listening tasks is he most likely engaged in?Detection
    Discrimination
    Identification

          

  44. True/False
    Any degree of HL places a child at risk for poor academic performance
    True

          

  45. True/False
    "Finger to ear" cue might be useful to bring a baby's attention to an ambulance sound, or other environmental stimuli.
    False

          

  46. Factors of Auditory AccessDifferent than audiologic information
    Erber's Model

          

  47. Treatment Goals for Infants/ToddlersClinician Variables
    Child specific variables
    Situational variables

          

  48. Reasons for Delay in UNHS TestReinforcement
    Skill Critique

          

  49. True/False
    Besides conducting an ecologically valid assessment, it is important to also include observations of the child with the HL in the class setting to best gauge functional abilities
    True

          

  50. Consonant ErrorsTask organization
    Directions: Modality
    Materials
    Task targets

          

  51. "Go get your coat" was misunderstood by Johnny, age 4 who has a bilateral severe SNHL. His mother then continued: "Johnny. We're leaving and we both need a coat. Go get your coat." This is an example of:18-24 Months

          

  52. True/False
    Family-centered models of early intervention for children with hearing loss are considered best practice following identification by NBHS programs.
    False, it occurs at 6 months

          

  53. True/False
    The auditory-oral approach and the auditory-verbal approach emphasize the use of sensory aids (as needed) and the role of parents in promoting learning at home.
    False

          

  54. What % of students receives instruction in a bi-bi approach?Multiple rescreenings

          

  55. True/False
    In the SPEECH program, several key concepts are stressed including improving proximity, easing the listening burden and manipulating environmental variables to improve the S:N ratio. Another suggestion is to use slow and exaggerated speech to enhance intelligibility for the person with the hearing loss.
    False

          

  56. 2 year olds can blow bubblesFalse, They do not have the coordination or breath support

          

  57. How to Maximize LearningIncrease relative clent: clinician talk time
    Task order
    Teaching time

    Part-whole
    Whole-part

          

  58. Data Collection and managementSubtests 1-5 are School Readiness
    This score determines where you start for tests 6-10

          

  59. Auditory GoalsOngoing monitoring of equipment for functional status
    Ongoing monitoring of child's HL and other medical complications
    Discrete skill training
    Regular Assessment/Management
    Room treatment/ALD/Classroom System

          

  60. Listening Inventory for Education-Revised8 years and up with HL
    Questionnaire describes ease of listening

          

  61. Johnny is a new CI user. His audiologist has encouraged his family to play hide and seek with him and call his name from different locations in the house. This will work on WHICH auditory skill a la Erber listening hierarchy?Sign System

          

  62. OAE ProcedureAudiologist places 4-5 electrodes on infants head
    Present different levels of sound
    Electrical Activity of brain is recorded and represented as waveform
    Look at Wave 5
    Can be done with AC and BC

          

  63. Administering TACLQuestionnaire
    May look at different SSQs to see patients hearing experience over time

          

  64. True/False
    A 3 year old can build a 10 block tower
    False, Fine motor skills are not that developed yet, maybe true for a child that signs

          

  65. Causes for Delay in HA FittingDescribe the skill and why is it important for the child
    Model the skill and show parent
    Encourage parent to carry out skill in your presence for feedback
    Reinforce what parent does well
    Develop a challenge for parent using target and objectives

          

  66. What we know to be true about HL in childrenIdentify by 6 months of age:consistently outperform later identified children on measures of language severity of HL doesn't matter
    Age of enrollment in interventions is significant predictor of vocabulary and verbal reasoning at age 5
    According to Moeller before 11 months shows significant improvement in EI

          

  67. Which of the following makes it difficult to get families to follow up, after their child fails UNHSThey see their infant responding to sounds and think there isn't a problem with their hearing

          

  68. True/False
    Children with CIs should usually not use a TC approach
    False

          

  69. Segmental Speech CharacterisitcsMost important cues for acquisition and maintenance of speech patterns
    Must have accurate production
    Speed
    Economy of effort
    Flexibility

          

  70. Skill CritiqueTruthful
    Identify Errors

          

  71. Children with auditory neuropathy oftenDegree of HL
    Age of ID
    General behavior
    Overall cognition
    Attention
    Attitude

          

  72. Preparation for Content and Speaker DifferencesTechnologic issues
    Behavioral issues of the child

          

  73. According to Schow and Nerbonne, a deaf 17 year old with profound HL may have the vocabulary level of15 minute test
    Electrophysiologic measure of brainstem
    Ear Specific
    Expensive
    Patient needs to be quiet

          

  74. ENL families with CI children are challenging for CI teams in general. This is due toDifficulty understanding the medical system
    Difficulty understanding the education system for their child
    Lack of qualified personnel with awareness of cultural differences/language difference

          

  75. Why is the coaching process an integral component of the iHear ProgramWithin word/ word pauses 1.5-2 times slower

          

  76. For hearing and hearing impaired listeners, what happens to mean word recognition scores as RT increases?False, Fine motor skills are not that developed yet, maybe true for a child that signs

          

  77. Screening Instrument for Targeting Educational Risk (SIFTER)5 areas with 3 questions each
    3 years - 5 years
    Tests the child in a classroom setting

          

  78. True/False
    The OCHL study is an epidemiological study conducted from three universities that hopes to inform practices that lead to differences in outcomes for children who are deaf.
    True

          

  79. Gregg, age 11, has a profound hearing loss and voicing problems when he talks. Name one perceptual problem we might hear in Gregg's speech attempts if he has sufficient vocal fold adduction.Hypo/Hyper Nasality

          

  80. Assessment CategoriesAudiological Status
    Auditory Skills
    Speech production
    language

          

  81. Increase comfort levels with HA management for SLPsGrowing body of research supporting feasibility and efficacy
    Increased Federal Funds
    Technology Advances
    False-Positive Rate is low

          

  82. Newborn hearing screening identifies hearing loss in about how many out of every 1000 newborns3

          

  83. True/False
    Most students who are identified in school-aged hearing conservation programs demonstrate sensorineural hearing loss.
    False

          

  84. Language Issues in the SchoolListen-Say-Read-Write
    Need to know how to read to succeed in life

          

  85. Conventional TestsCritical Decision: "Cost" "Benefit"
    May need to be flexible
    Non-binding
    More demand from families for oral/AVT
    Consider what works for the family
    You want FLUENCY

          

  86. True/False
    Research has shown us that significant delays in language development already exist in most children by the time they receive their CI even if they are early implantees.
    True

          

  87. True/False
    According to McConkey Robbins, cochlear implantation and its technology provide create the opportunities for meaning to be established in spoken language.
    True

          

  88. Vocal ControlVoice On/Off and High/Low
    No break in quality

          

  89. Speaking Rate of HH personWithin word/ word pauses 1.5-2 times slower

          

  90. Administering IT-MAISSubtests 1-5 are School Readiness
    This score determines where you start for tests 6-10

          

  91. Specific Skill TrainingRequest for repetition
    Rephrase
    Elaborate
    Key word
    Confirmation
    Write
    Fingerspell

          

  92. Formal AssessmentsSituational
    Direction/Format Bias
    Value
    Verbal and Nonverbal Linguistics

          

  93. True/False
    Living with a spouse or family member with hearing loss can be stressful. Sometimes this is caused by increase noise in the home or increased vocal effort on the part of the partner. There may also be a sense of social isolation.
    False

          

  94. Johnnie is working on his speech production skills. He practiced saying "key", then moved to "keep", then was successful on the phrase "I keep it". His clinician then had him make up a sentence with the word "keep". He responded with: "Keep. I have keep". As his SLP, a good next step on the ladder of speech training skills would be:Attribute + Entity

          

  95. Environmental listening adjustmentHarder for children to anticipate than adults
    Adults may be hesitant to draw attention to themselves

          

  96. True/False
    To help a child learn how to report a malfunction in his CI, it is important to train him/her to respond to silence as an important concept.
    True

          

  97. Types of AssessmentsFormal
    Informal
    Dynamic
    Curriculum Based

          

  98. You are working with a newly implanted 14-year-old 9th grade student. He has been deaf since birth. When you are selecting therapy materials to work on speech production tasks, you decide that the best materials would be:A science worksheet that is due in a week: you select words that have his target speech sounds and he practices those while he completes his homework assignment.

          

  99. Language GoalsVoice/Voiceless confusion
    Omission
    Substitution
    Distortion
    Manner

          

  100. Multidisciplinary TeamTeam coordinator/Case manager
    Parent/Child
    Audiologist
    SLP
    Teacher for Deaf/Hard of Hearing
    Classroom Teacher
    Psychologist
    Social Worker
    PT
    OT

          

  101. Developing AR GoalsOngoing monitoring of equipment for functional status
    Ongoing monitoring of child's HL and other medical complications
    Discrete skill training
    Regular Assessment/Management
    Room treatment/ALD/Classroom System

          

  102. One problem with newborn hearing screening not identifying children with true hearing losses may be:UNHS
    98% of children born in US get this, other 2% are home births
    Before this HL was diagnosed between 2-5
    At the beginning it wasn't thought of as cost effective

          

  103. Limitations of Fulcher StudyWhere the child is compared to milestones

          

  104. True/False
    An infants first smile occurs during 6 weeks when others talk to it
    True

          

  105. Ling Six SoundsDevelop listening skills
    Practice developing a conditioned response

          

  106. Treatment VariablesRoom acoustics
    Noise levels
    Distractors
    Time of service delivery

          

  107. Pre-Assessment of Children with HLKey assumed knowledge: ND acquisition information relative to: Auditory status and abilities
    Amplification type
    Speech Development
    Receptive and Expressive Language

          

  108. Understanding Basic Communication ProcessUsed to prepare for communication interactoin
    "Could you face me"

          

  109. Receptive Repair StrategiesRequest for repetition
    Rephrase
    Elaborate
    Key word
    Confirmation
    Write
    Fingerspell

          

  110. Communication OptionsTask organization
    Directions: Modality
    Materials
    Task targets

          

  111. AssessmentStress
    Intonation
    Voice Quality

          

  112. Breath controlPoor breathing patterns, fewer syllables per breath, breathy voice

          

  113. SuprasegmentalDescribe while you are doing and seeing it

          

  114. Limitations of TeletherapyProvides access to qualified providers
    Decrease trvel constraints
    Birth-3 services should be provided at home
    Reduces number of cancellations
    Increase of family centered coaching

          

  115. True/False
    In discussing how best to educate children with hearing loss, Matkin and Montgomery argue against utilization of a "failure based" model. In such a model, students are placed in a regular education program initially and then moved to a more restricted special education classroom when success is not realized.
    True

          

  116. Age for PEACH0-3 with profound SNHL

          

  117. Age for SKIHIAges 0-5

          

  118. Lily, age 8, has a severe hearing loss. She has a lot of difficulty interpreting the reactions when people do not understand her speech. Lily might benefit from training at which step of the Elfenbein model?Step 2

          

  119. Receiver's ResponsibilityClosed Set
    Small Set
    Linguistic Complexity
    Acousticaly Dissimilar
    High Context
    Structured
    Positive SNR

          

  120. Documentation for School Age HabilitationCreate listening environment
    Select instructional material

          

  121. Situational VariablesWhere the child is compared to milestones

          

  122. Informal AssessmentFormal
    Informal
    Dynamic
    Curriculum Based

          

  123. True/False
    Majority of children in Holte et al met all 1-3-6 guidelines for kids who fail the UNHS
    False, Fine motor skills are not that developed yet, maybe true for a child that signs

          

  124. How can providers Collaborate to Optimize Outcomes for Children who are hard of HearingIdentify by 6 months of age:consistently outperform later identified children on measures of language severity of HL doesn't matter
    Age of enrollment in interventions is significant predictor of vocabulary and verbal reasoning at age 5
    According to Moeller before 11 months shows significant improvement in EI

          

  125. Which of the following is TRUE regarding children with hearing impairment's early vocalizations?Identify by 6 months of age:consistently outperform later identified children on measures of language severity of HL doesn't matter
    Age of enrollment in interventions is significant predictor of vocabulary and verbal reasoning at age 5
    According to Moeller before 11 months shows significant improvement in EI

          

  126. Child Specific VariablesDegree of HL
    Age of ID
    General behavior
    Overall cognition
    Attention
    Attitude

          

  127. Administering SSQQuestionnaire
    May look at different SSQs to see patients hearing experience over time

          

  128. Arguments Against UNHSClinician Variables
    Child specific variables
    Situational variables

          

  129. Purpose of Communication Strategies TrainingSpecific training aimed at helping the person with HL to successfully utilize anticipatory and repair strategies to facilitate improved communication

          

  130. According to your text, by 2005, nearly 50% of students with hearing loss in K- post high school settings are educated primarily in what setting?Regular Classroom

          

  131. Administering Carolina Picture Vocabulary Test"Point to XXX"
    The child points to one of four pictures

          

  132. Daniel, age 8, is a new second grader at Wendell Elementary and has a bilateral severe SNHL. His teacher needs instruction on how to use his FM system and consistently use preferential seating to maximize his functioning. Relative to the components of the CORE model, which aspect will you as the SLP or audiologist be focusing on?Taking Perspective

          

  133. Learning by overhearing others (incidental learning) is a behavior that falls under which Phase of the Cole and Flexer model?UNHS
    98% of children born in US get this, other 2% are home births
    Before this HL was diagnosed between 2-5
    At the beginning it wasn't thought of as cost effective

          

  134. Sender's ResponsibilityNot the best
    Not cost effective
    Forced audiologists to identify the problem with identifying HL at birth and how to improve UNHS

          

  135. Age for Ertmer's Open and Closed Set18-24 Months

          

  136. Social/Classroom UsageHow is it used in context

          

  137. RepetitionDescribe objects

          

  138. As of 2003 why was there little prospective research on outcomes of infants and toddlers with HLThere is a limited number of educational audiologists in the US

          

  139. Auditory Brainstem Response (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response)Technologic issues
    Behavioral issues of the child

          

  140. A landmark study on language acquisition on preschoolers with hearing loss revealed which of the following as a surprise finding?Late identification with normal cognition scored essentially equal to early identification with low cognition.

          

  141. True/False
    5 year olds know their letters and are beginning to "read"
    False

          

  142. The reason that early intervention services occur most frequently in the home or in a natural context is related to interpretation of what federal law?Inconsistent bandwidth
    Poor AV signal
    Visual Glare or Darkness
    Signal Interference

          

  143. Modality Issues0-6 months
    OAE
    ABR (BAER)
    Baby can lie there and do nothing

          

  144. True/False
    Carney showed in her research that the average speech intelligibility of children whose hearing loss falls in the severe to profound range can range from 0-100% but averages only 20%. Recent research (Chin and Kaiser, 2000) revealed that children with cochlear implants who are given the GFTA perform within normal limits when compared to hearing peers.
    True

          

  145. True/False
    Speech intelligibility is directly related to degree of hearing loss, and the greatest variability occurs for children whose hearing loss is at or exceeds 75 dB HL.
    True

          

  146. SLPs Roleabout 18-24 months
    No mans land
    Kid to mature by VRA but to immature for CPA

          

  147. Self TalkRepeating what child says with pronunciation revisions as neccessary

          

  148. Universal Newborn Hearing ScreeningUNHS
    98% of children born in US get this, other 2% are home births
    Before this HL was diagnosed between 2-5
    At the beginning it wasn't thought of as cost effective

          

  149. Fluency and DevelopmentSituational
    Direction/Format Bias
    Value
    Verbal and Nonverbal Linguistics

          

  150. Legislation/Mandates for Infant and Toddler HabilitationTrack behavioral change
    Monitor usage of HA/CI
    Relate to academic progress
    Adjust goals based on data obtained

          

  151. Joint referencing is developed at approximately age 36-24 Months
    Behavioral Tests, kid turns their head to auditory stimulus
    20-30 minutes
    Assesses auditory perception
    Via speakers better ear responds
    Need motor skills to turn head

          

  152. Task AnalysisWhat you do during/after to fix the communication interaction

          

  153. Administering LittlEARSQuestionnaire by answering 35 yes/no questions

          

  154. Risk Factors of Congenital HLFamily History of HL
    In utero Infection
    Craneofacial Anomalies
    Low birth weight
    Hyperbilirebinemia
    Ototoxic medicine
    Meningities
    Low ApGAR scores
    Ventilator
    Syndromes
    Extended NICU stay of greater than 5 days
    Chemo
    Fungal Infection

          

  155. Paradise's View on UNHSNot the best
    Not cost effective
    Forced audiologists to identify the problem with identifying HL at birth and how to improve UNHS

          

  156. Age for SSQEqual n word, inappropriate stress consider physical componants

          

  157. Practice Using Communication StrategiesUnderstanding Basic Communication Process
    Understanding Communication Breakdown
    Message Formulation
    Introduce Repair Strategies
    Practice Using Communication Strategies

          

  158. Expressive RepairScaffolding Strategies for receptive and expressive
    Color-coding
    Temporal
    Story-mapping

          

  159. What was a limitation in the McCormick et al. StudyUsed to prepare for communication interactoin
    "Could you face me"

          

  160. Welcome to HollandInformation to be transmitted
    Evaluation of the receiver's position
    Evaluation of the sender's ability
    Environmental constraints
    Social constraints

          

  161. Looking at maternal education level data in Table 2 of Fulcher, what generalization can you make about this particular sample of children with HLIt was an advantaged sample of children

          

  162. Biases in AssessmentSituational
    Direction/Format Bias
    Value
    Verbal and Nonverbal Linguistics

          

  163. True/False
    Functional assessment measures are sometimes used to validate as well as document listening performance in varied conditions including natural listening environments (e.g. classroom)
    True

          

  164. More Complex Auditory VariablesClinician Variables
    Child specific variables
    Situational variables

          

  165. What does the news commentator model reported by Moeller and Condon provides objective descriptions of children's behavior during observed parent interactions. What does this strategy help parents learn?What is working well

          

  166. Auditory Issues in SchoolsResidual Hearing and thresholds
    Room acoustics
    FM Systems
    More comprehension, does child understand

          

  167. Jacob, age 3, has a mild sloping to moderately severe bilateral SN hearing loss. We might anticipate he would have trouble producing which of the following words?Cookie

          

  168. OCHL and 1-3-632% met all benchmarks on time
    Lowest area was 3 months where only 70% met that benchmark

          

  169. Looking at the whole childPrevalence of additoinal disabilities with HL
    No additional disability=60.1%
    Intelectual Disability=9.8%
    Learning disability=10.7%
    ADHD=6.6%
    Vision Impairment=3.9%
    Emotional Disability=1/7%

          

  170. Specific Repair StrategiesRequest for repetition
    Rephrase
    Elaborate
    Key word
    Confirmation
    Write
    Fingerspell

          

  171. Message FormulationReinforcement
    Skill Critique

          

  172. Gregg, age 11, has a profound hearing loss and voicing problems when he talks. Name one perceptual problem we might hear in Gregg's speech attempts if he has insufficient vocal fold adduction.Breathiness

          

  173. Preschool children with hearing loss often struggle with mapping language into everyday routines. This can be due toLimited schema about the event or routine
    Less access to language of parents, siblings, and caregivers
    Fewer incidental learning opportunities

          

  174. True/False
    Often when new communication strategies programs begin, the leader of the program typically sets up the "rules" for the group. The primary reason is to ensure a safe environment for sharing feelings, concerns and solutions for the group members.
    True

          

  175. Administering PEACHSubtests 1-5 are School Readiness
    This score determines where you start for tests 6-10

          

  176. True/False
    In the Emergent Curriculum used in many preschools, developmentally appropriate units in the curriculum are targeted based on the interests and learning needs of the child, rather than commonly used themes.
    True

          

  177. What is a feasible option in improving collaboration between SLPs and AuDs according to McKormik et alDefinitions and examples
    Causes of communication breakdown
    Ways people signal confusion

          

  178. StressEqual n word, inappropriate stress consider physical componants

          

  179. Limitations of TeleinterventionTechnologic issues
    Behavioral issues of the child

          

  180. First steps and words occur at 9 monthsFalse, occur typically at 12 months

          

  181. Administering Bracken"Show me XXX"
    Child points and record response

          

  182. LI children with HLSlow mappers

          

  183. Challenges in ScreeningStandardized methodology, reporting system evaluation
    Each state can't regulate another
    Rural states vs urban states

          

  184. Normal Developmental ModelWhere does the child fall with Normal Hearing child at the same age

          

  185. Speech ProductionRespiration
    Resonance
    Phonation
    Articulation

          

  186. Children in the Fulcher study who failed to attend therapy or didn't wear aids were excluded. What did the exclusion have with determining effects of auditory verbal therapy on language outcomesTheir canonical babbling is delayed in frequency and diversity

          

  187. RepairWhat you do during/after to fix the communication interaction

          

  188. What is TelepracticeProvision of a professional service over geographical distances by means of modern technology
    Skype like service
    Skype is NOT HIPAA complient

          

  189. Stedler-Brown reports that one of the challenges in implementing telepractice is that it is difficult to continue providing the services are initial grant funding runs out, what does she suggest as a way to sustain telepractice serviceFalse

          

  190. Example of a non-malleable factorAge of identification
    Age of amplification/implantation
    Device Type
    Use
    Auditory Experience

          

  191. Which of the following are common intervention areas for SLPs working with children with HL in the school setting?Severity of HL affects timeliness of service delivery (Confirmation of HL, HA fitting, entry in early intervention)

          

  192. True/False
    In a bi-bi second language approach, English is developed as a second language via the written form and access to individuals with fluency in ASL in the DEAF culture is important.
    True

          

  193. Birth-3 Early Childhood Education ProgramsShift parent guidance rather than direct intervention with infants
    Family Goals (Parent devised)
    Formal methods

          

  194. Joey, aged 8 has a profound bilateral SNHL and communicates via TC with some speech approximations. He is transferring to your neighborhood school where he will be the only child who signs in his school of 350 children. What problem(s) might you assume Joey might have?Difficulty communicating with peers
    Problems using his new interpreter at his new school
    Peers not knowing how to use an interpreter

          

  195. True/False
    The clinic I work in uses role-playing to develop specific communication skills. This is an example of real-world practice.
    False

          

  196. What are factors that have significantly changed the speech and language outcomes for children with hearing loss.Daily

          

  197. Anticipatory Communication StrategiesUsed to prepare for communication interactoin
    "Could you face me"

          

  198. Jamal is a 15 month old with newly diagnosed severe to profound bilateral SNHL. You just saw him for an audiological appointment. During the evaluation, you heard him verbally producing: "ee", "uh oh", and "baba" for mama. You might expect him in a few months to produce which of the following first?Different vowels and consonant strings
    Conversational babble/jargon

          

  199. Communication Strategies ModelCan be in message reception or message production

          

  200. True/False
    Children who do not bond to their implants within a short time following stimulation run the risk of having less robust progress and communication progress and are at risk for becoming non-implant users.
    False

          

  201. Vowel Production ErrorsRespiration
    Resonance
    Phonation
    Articulation

          

  202. True/False
    Research has demonstrated that children with hearing loss who are implanted before five years of age have the potential for age-appropriate English language abilities.
    True

          

  203. Hallmark behaviors of preinflected stage includeProvides access to qualified providers
    Decrease trvel constraints
    Birth-3 services should be provided at home
    Reduces number of cancellations
    Increase of family centered coaching

          

  204. Administering Ertmer's Open and Closed Set18-24 Months

          

  205. Part-WholeEarth->Planets->Solar System

          

  206. Assumptions of AssessmentsFormal
    Informal
    Dynamic
    Curriculum Based

          

  207. Suprasegmental Speech CharacteristicsRequest for repetition
    Rephrase
    Elaborate
    Key word
    Confirmation
    Write
    Fingerspell

          

  208. True/False
    Hearing loss does not impact educational outcomes in children with mild hearing loss.
    False

          

  209. If an SLP or audiologist is using adaptive strategies with a child, he/she might engage in which of the following behaviors:Looking for changes in behaviors and adjusting to meet the child's needs

          

  210. Typical Noise Level in an Open Classroom Average how many dB?Sign System

          

  211. Story RetellScaffolding Strategies for receptive and expressive
    Color-coding
    Temporal
    Story-mapping

          

  212. Initial Diagnosis of ChildNot easy to test/quantify infants
    Reacquires multiple testing and evaluations
    Consistency in response is important
    need to think of time of test is it normally feeding/nap time for child

          

  213. True/False
    According to Tye-Murray, when conceptualizing the stages of communication strategies, it is important to move simultaneously through the three steps: formal instruction, guided learning, and real-world practice.
    False

          

  214. Parent Skill TrainingClearly defined behavioral objectives specific to skill or sub-skill being learned
    Instructional level
    Instructional modality
    Plan-do-review

          

  215. True/False
    4 year olds can cut shapes with scissors
    False, They do not have the coordination or breath support

          

  216. CoarticulationVoice On/Off and High/Low
    No break in quality

          

  217. Increase in TelepracticeSituational
    Direction/Format Bias
    Value
    Verbal and Nonverbal Linguistics

          

  218. By what age does a typically developing child with normal hearing learn to discriminate the sounds of their native language?6 months

          

  219. True/False
    A 3 year old can catch a ball with their arm out straight
    True

          

  220. True/False
    When testing children with hearing loss, SLPs often have to supplement language testing with measures standardized on children with normal hearing.
    False

          

  221. Federal law requires an IFSP for infants and toddlers with disabilities. If you were working with a baby with hearing loss, which of the following information might be provided on the IFSP?Assessments conducted with the child
    Related services this child might qualify for
    Transition Planning

          

  222. Josie, age 23 months, is beginning to combine words. She primarily uses phrases such as "big cookie" and "silly doggie" in her interactions at home. What type of semantic syntactic word classes has Josie mastered?False, it is developed earlier in ND children

          

  223. Yardstick StrategyParents taught to stay within 3 feet of chlid and at the child's level
    Listening sequence taught

          

  224. True/False
    Advantages gained by early identified only occur in children who are exposed to an auditory-oral intervention approach
    True

          

  225. What was the primary advantage of using Skype for telepractice services for the Sound Beginnings Program in UtahWhat is working well

          

  226. Whole PartWhat you do during/after to fix the communication interaction

          

  227. Libby, age 6, communicates via TC. Her mom wants you to assess Libby's receptive sign vocabulary. You decide to use which formal measure?Necessitate support for children with HL
    LRE
    FAPE
    IFSP
    IEP

          

  228. Which Type of Equipment were SLPs Least Confident TroubleshootingSeverity of HL affects timeliness of service delivery (Confirmation of HL, HA fitting, entry in early intervention)

          

  229. When researchers evaluate better outcomes of communication skills in comparison to age of implantation, there is substantial report in more recent studies for and better outcomes associated with implants by what age?By age two

          

  230. 6 month old can anticipate the language and can respond appropriatlyFamily Interview
    Audiology Service provider Survey
    Services and Provider Survey

          

  231. Emily Perl KingsleyQuestionnaire for child's behaviors
    Have areas that focus on quiet and loud environments

          

  232. If I were trying to ascertain a child's functioning in his preschool classroom and wanted to get teachers' input, I would consider giving thePreschool SIFTER

          

  233. Speech Assessment FrameworkAlways bear in mind developmental expectations for speech as well as auditory perceptual abilities: Compare CI vs HA
    Think of Speech Production

          

  234. Treatment variables for School Age HabilitationWhat are the goals of therapy
    Sufficient information to develop reasonable goals
    Am I using EBP in my treatment protocol

          

  235. Clinician ControlsVoice On/Off and High/Low
    No break in quality

          

  236. True/False
    Robbins includes an auditory-visual continuum for language learning in her discussion of educational challenges for students with CIs. According to Robbins, if a child has access to usage of a CI, even if the child's educational environment does not focus on listening and speaking, the child will make good usage of his new auditory cues.
    True

          

  237. Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language (TACL)Age of identification
    Age of amplification/implantation
    Device Type
    Use
    Auditory Experience

          

  238. True/False
    Formal testing of children with implants helps to clarify performance in communication particularly on more subtle, higher level linguistic tasks required for complex conversation.
    True

          

  239. True/False
    Mothers speak more slowly to their infants (motherese) because babies have shorter temporal resolution than older children and adults
    False

          

  240. The goal of the article was to determine if there was a long-term benefit to newborn hearing screening for high-school aged children with hearing loss. How were the authors able to determine if newborn hearing screening was beneficial?Part C of the IDEA

          

  241. EHDI vs Non-EHDIDevelop listening skills
    Practice developing a conditioned response

          

  242. Severe to Profound HL Speech CharacteristicsStress
    Speaking Rate
    Coarticulation
    Breath Control
    Voice Quality

          

  243. Carolina Picture Vocabulary TestDeaf children
    Tests receptive sign vocabulary

          

  244. According to the Authors what is a Reason for limited collaboration between SLPs and AuDsQuestions
    Time Talk
    Violation of Routine
    Hide an Object
    Read

          

  245. Order of Speech ControlVocalization
    Production of Prosodic Patterns
    Production of Vowels/Diphthongs
    Production of Consonants varying in Manner
    Production of consonants varying in Place
    Production of consonants varying in voicing
    Production of Consonant Blends

          

  246. Assessment for School AgeAudiological Status
    Auditory Skills
    Speech production
    language

          

  247. Josie, who has a severe to profound bilateral HL, has been aided since age 3. She has language-learning problems secondary to her HL. When reading Romeo and Juliet and writing an essay for her class assignment from Juliet's point of view, Josie is struggling. IF we think of the language requirements for this specific task, which of the following is probably the main area might Josie realistically be challenged by?Specific training programs
    Continue education in uncomfortable areas
    Ask Audiologist

          

  248. Audiological StatusVerification of HL: Is there a change in the audiogram
    Equipment: Major or minor changes

          

  249. For a young baby, according to Easterbrooks and Estes, the main brain task that is important is:Mean word recognition decreases

          

  250. EHPI 1-3-61 month of age have hearing screening
    3 months of age have HL confirmed
    6 months of age begin early intervention

    Between 3-6 months have HA fitted

          

  251. True/False
    It is important to teach children with hearing loss to advocate for their hearing needs as well as inform their teachers/support personnel and sometimes classmates about their hearing loss
    True

          

  252. ASHA in defining CAPD, suggested that three key auditory areas be assessed. Name the areasTrue

          

  253. Otoacoustic EmmisionsRepeating what child says with pronunciation revisions as neccessary

          

  254. JCIH guidelines has the intended goal of 1) identification of hearing loss and 2) initiation of services by what ages?3 months, 6 months

          

  255. Being able to interpret as well as signal subtle emotional cues with your voice is sometimes difficult for children with hearing loss. This can lead to:Daily

          

  256. Professional Development with OCHLWhere does the child fall with Normal Hearing child at the same age

          

  257. Indirect Langauge Stimulation TechniquesSelf talk
    Parallel Talk
    Description
    Repetition
    Expansion

          

  258. Causes for Delay of HL ConfirmationMultiple ABRs
    Recurrent middle ear infections
    ABR was near normal

          

  259. Age for ESP3-12 years who are profoundly hearing impaired

          

  260. True/False
    Data logging is very useful for determining the amount of usage for a CI during school day hours
    False, it occurs at 6 months

          

  261. How to reinforce behaviorsFrequency: Intermittent and consistent
    Specificity
    Sincere/genuine

          

  262. Audiology GoalsOngoing monitoring of equipment for functional status
    Ongoing monitoring of child's HL and other medical complications
    Discrete skill training
    Regular Assessment/Management
    Room treatment/ALD/Classroom System

          

  263. Easier Auditory VariablesChildren under 2 who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

          

  264. Black HoleEqual n word, inappropriate stress consider physical componants

          

  265. Teaching SpeechTraditional models followed acquisition in normally hearing children
    Isolation--Syllable---Word---Sentence
    Now we want to focus on intelligibility in context

          

  266. Which of the following is not correct relative to usage of CIs for children?All implanted children, regardless of age of implantation, continue to struggle in task transitions from more structured to more spontaneous listening situations

          

  267. Benefits of TeletherapyParents take an active role in therapy
    Fewer cancelations
    Sessions can be recorded for other family member use

          

  268. Listening SequenceSound Presented
    Attention getting Strategy
    Alerting
    Imitate Sound
    Take child to source
    Repeat sequence

          

  269. True/False
    For SLPs working with school aged children with HL, discrete skill training should always be a focus of intervention even if it does not directly relate to the curriculum established or classroom functioning
    False

          

  270. Administering LIFE-RSelf-Administered
    Clinician may read the questions if child is illiterate

          

  271. Rory, Abby and Simon all third graders with cochlear implants, are working in group therapy together. They are learning social conventions for phone usage in a role-playing situation. They are most likely working onSpecific training programs
    Continue education in uncomfortable areas
    Ask Audiologist

          

  272. Facilitative Communication StrategiesUsed to prepare for communication interactoin
    "Could you face me"

          

  273. Maximize Speech ProductionMost important cues for acquisition and maintenance of speech patterns
    Must have accurate production
    Speed
    Economy of effort
    Flexibility

          

  274. OAE vs ABREarth->Planets->Solar System

          

  275. Increase in UNHS is Due ToSound Presented
    Attention getting Strategy
    Alerting
    Imitate Sound
    Take child to source
    Repeat sequence

          

  276. Pre-Assessment ABCsAuditory Access
    Auditory Skills
    Speech Production Repetoire
    Language: Receptive and Expressive
    Cognitive behavioral, emotional health statues

          

  277. What is the recommended interval for assessing hearing in children aged birth to three years?Use

          

  278. Some hearing loss issues for school-age children are more complicated to manage. One example is children with milder losses and those with chronic conductive losses. Problems with speech, language, academic and other social/educational functioning have been reported in what percentage of these mild bilateral or unilateral hearing loss children?30%-40%

          

  279. SegmentalConsonants and Vowels

          

  280. In the section on cognition and language, the authors describe a seminal study by Yoshinaga what was the primary findingLow response rate may have resulted in an unrepresentative sample of school based SLPs

          

  281. Collaborative Strategies to support HA useParents taught to stay within 3 feet of chlid and at the child's level
    Listening sequence taught

          

  282. Voice Qualityabout 18-24 months
    No mans land
    Kid to mature by VRA but to immature for CPA

          

  283. Auditory SkillsAges 0-5

          

  284. Visual Reinforcement AudiometryWhere the child is compared to milestones

          

  285. True/False
    In counseling families of children with hearing loss, it is important to stress that early identification of hearing loss will typically yield outcomes in the normal range for their children.
    False

          

  286. True/False
    If I was using Mahoney's relationship-focused intervention, I would encourage a family to engage with their young child in natural contexts in a very responsive manner.
    False

          

  287. Utah Sound Beginnings Model for telepractice, one goal is that the service provider is theCoach for the family during the intervention session

          

  288. Administering SKIHISubtests 1-5 are School Readiness
    This score determines where you start for tests 6-10

          

  289. What percentage of SLPs do not have access to educational audiologistsMultiple rescreenings

          

  290. Importance of Early IdentificationMost common birth condition affecting development
    3 in 1000 births
    93% of children with HL are born into hearing families

          

  291. True/False
    Deaf mentoring for families who choose a bi-bi program for their child's communication has been shown to reveal greater language gains, yield higher overall vocabulary, and yield even better English syntax than controls who did not receive this programming.
    False

          

  292. What was the primary outcome measure (i.e., dependent variable) in the study?Reading

          

  293. True/False
    Cochlear implants may provide cognitive, environmental, and social value to children with profound hearing loss and additional disabilities.
    False, Fine motor skills are not that developed yet, maybe true for a child that signs

          

  294. Establishing Therapy PlanTarget objective
    Task Selection
    Materials
    Task analysis
    Feedback/reinforcement

          

  295. Educating ParentsAudiologic Status
    Auditory Ability
    Speech Production
    Receptive and Expressive Language

          

  296. Outcomes of Children with Hearing LossOCHL
    Want to know about services provided to children who are hard of hearing
    Only had this one disability

          

  297. Objective Tests0-6 months
    OAE
    ABR (BAER)
    Baby can lie there and do nothing

          

  298. Benefits of TeleinterventionParents take an active role in therapy
    Fewer cancelations
    Sessions can be recorded for other family member use

          

  299. Educational ModelWhere the child is compared to milestones

          

  300. Early InterventionShift parent guidance rather than direct intervention with infants
    Family Goals (Parent devised)
    Formal methods

          

  301. In the survey, what was the most frequent response for how often SLPs performed HA listening checks for clientsDaily

          

  302. True/False
    Incidental learning is critical for generalizaiton and has greatest importance for school-aged children
    True

          

  303. Understanding Communication BreakdownInformation to be transmitted
    Evaluation of the receiver's position
    Evaluation of the sender's ability
    Environmental constraints
    Social constraints

          

  304. Erber's ModelHearing will not be restored
    Work with all disabilities

          

  305. Many parents elect to use sign as a "stop-gap" measure before implantation. Robbins suggests that this is a good recommendation except in the following condition:The child is enrolled in a strong program with an auditory emphasis

          

  306. ABR ProcedureAdults
    Children's version is available

          

  307. DescriptionRepeating what child says with pronunciation revisions as neccessary

          

  308. Discrepancy modelDescribe objects

          

  309. PL 99:457 Education of Handicapped Act mandated service to include...Birth to 5 including AR services for children and their families

          

  310. True/False
    Results suggested that early-identified children with severe HL outperformed late-identified children with mild HL
    False

          

  311. Communication FailureCan be in message reception or message production

          

  312. True/False
    For communication strategies training with frequent communication partners, Tye-Murray might suggest using shorter, less syntactically complex sentences to enhance the message.
    True

          

  313. As social demands increase for students in elementary school, they have increased experience learning to shift their manner of conversations dependent on the communication partner. If we refer to the 1979 Bloom and Lahey model of language, which area is the most related to?Usage of 2-3 words without tense and number
    Utilization of a pointing gesture
    Increase usage of prominent intonational pattens by family members, teachers, and care givers