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22 True/False questions

  1. prevalence of otosclerosissingle most common cause of serious hearing loss in young adulthood; not seen in children
    -1 in every 5 anglo women
    -half as common in Anglo men
    -1 in 100 African american
    -hereditary (dominant gene)
    -onset in 20s early 40s

          

  2. middle ear disorders-tympanic membrane perforation
    -tympanosclerosis aka myringosclerosis
    -otitits media
    -cholesteatoma
    -otosclerosis
    -ossicular disarticulation
    -Treacher Collins syndrome

          

  3. treatment of otitis media-resolves naturally
    -antibiotics
    -pressure equalization/ventilation tubes

          

  4. type of loss bc of otitis mediaconductive hearing loss

          

  5. myringoplastyhardening of ear
    -formation of spongy bone deposits in middle ear
    -progressive, bilateral disease
    -produces impaired stapedial mobility and gradual conductive hearing loss

          

  6. tympanosclerosisaka myringosclerosis
    -Calcium deposits formed on TM (sometimes ossicles), sometimes referred to as 'scarring' of the TM
    -Typically associated with chronic otitis or trauma to the TM

          

  7. type of hearing loss in treacher collins syndrome1. autosomal dominant inheritance
    -1/2 are fresh mutations
    2. facial bone abnormalities
    -eyes
    -ears
    -underdevelped cheek bones, very small jaw
    -large mouth, w/ dental abnormalities
    -often w/ cleft palate

          

  8. ossicular disarticulaitonbenign 'pseudo tumor' arising from skin cells trapped in middle ear behind TM
    -can be acquired or congenital

          

  9. potential medical complications due to otitis media-erossion of ossicles (fluid can break ossicles and erode middle wall)
    -erosion into labyrinth (fistula)
    -erosion and exposure of facial nerve
    -mastoiditis (before advent of antibiotics)
    -cloesteatoma
    -meningitis, encephalitis

          

  10. tympanic membrane perforationaka myringosclerosis
    -Calcium deposits formed on TM (sometimes ossicles), sometimes referred to as 'scarring' of the TM
    -Typically associated with chronic otitis or trauma to the TM

          

  11. otitis media is classified according tochronic otitits media

          

  12. population at high risk for otitis media-young childrenj
    -day care/multiple children living at home
    -hispanic, native american children
    -cleft palate (greater amount of fluid passes up into eustachian tube)
    -down syndrome
    -suppressed immune system
    -second-hand smoke

          

  13. otosclerosisaka myringosclerosis
    -Calcium deposits formed on TM (sometimes ossicles), sometimes referred to as 'scarring' of the TM
    -Typically associated with chronic otitis or trauma to the TM

          

  14. treatment for otosclerosissingle most common cause of serious hearing loss in young adulthood; not seen in children
    -1 in every 5 anglo women
    -half as common in Anglo men
    -1 in 100 African american
    -hereditary (dominant gene)
    -onset in 20s early 40s

          

  15. two major causes of hearing loss in childrenconductive hearing loss

          

  16. colesteatomabenign 'pseudo tumor' arising from skin cells trapped in middle ear behind TM
    -can be acquired or congenital

          

  17. symptomes of cholesteatomadraine (with foul odor) from ear, earache
    -feeling of pressure, hearing loss
    -dizziness or facial muscle weakness

          

  18. intervention for cholesteatomacontrolling otitis media, surgery for removal and middle-ear reconstruction

          

  19. otitis mediainflamation of the middle-ear space
    -secondary infection due to a cold
    -otitis media isn't contagious, but the cold is

          

  20. cholesteatoma is associated withchronic otitits media

          

  21. treacher collins syndromesurgical (stapedectomy) or hearing aids

          

  22. type of fluid in otitis mediaconductive hearing loss