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  1. cholesteatoma is associated with
  2. ossicular disarticulaiton
  3. population at high risk for otitis media
  4. type of loss bc of otitis media
  5. type of hearing loss in treacher collins syndrome
  6. colesteatoma
  7. symptomes of cholesteatoma
  8. otitis media
  9. type of fluid in otitis media
  10. middle ear disorders
  11. two major causes of hearing loss in children
  12. treatment for otosclerosis
  13. prevalence of otosclerosis
  14. tympanic membrane perforation
  15. intervention for cholesteatoma
  16. otosclerosis
  17. treatment of otitis media
  18. potential medical complications due to otitis media
  19. myringoplasty
  20. treacher collins syndrome
  21. tympanosclerosis
  22. otitis media is classified according to
  1. a conductive hearing loss
  2. b hardening of ear
    -formation of spongy bone deposits in middle ear
    -progressive, bilateral disease
    -produces impaired stapedial mobility and gradual conductive hearing loss
  3. c separation (break) of ossicular chaing caused by trauma or disease
    -typically acquired
    -partial or complete
    -80% have erosion of incudo-stapedial joint (joining of incus and stapes)
  4. d -caused by trauma/ disease process
    -likely to cause hearing loss
    -most recover spontaneously w/in 2-3 months
    -surgical repair sometimes necessary
  5. e -serous
    -suppurative, purulent
  6. f draine (with foul odor) from ear, earache
    -feeling of pressure, hearing loss
    -dizziness or facial muscle weakness
  7. g 1. autosomal dominant inheritance
    -1/2 are fresh mutations
    2. facial bone abnormalities
    -underdevelped cheek bones, very small jaw
    -large mouth, w/ dental abnormalities
    -often w/ cleft palate
  8. h 1. conductinve (combo of atresia and missing ossicles
    2. mild to moderate severe degree
    3.flat/rising configurtation
    3. inner ear structures typically normal; sensorineural present in rare cases
  9. i inflamation of the middle-ear space
    -secondary infection due to a cold
    -otitis media isn't contagious, but the cold is
  10. j benign 'pseudo tumor' arising from skin cells trapped in middle ear behind TM
    -can be acquired or congenital
  11. k genetic, sensorineural and otitis media
  12. l surgical (stapedectomy) or hearing aids
  13. m chronic otitits media
  14. n type fluid and time course
  15. o aka myringosclerosis
    -Calcium deposits formed on TM (sometimes ossicles), sometimes referred to as 'scarring' of the TM
    -Typically associated with chronic otitis or trauma to the TM
  16. p surgical repair of TM
  17. q -young childrenj
    -day care/multiple children living at home
    -hispanic, native american children
    -cleft palate (greater amount of fluid passes up into eustachian tube)
    -down syndrome
    -suppressed immune system
    -second-hand smoke
  18. r -erossion of ossicles (fluid can break ossicles and erode middle wall)
    -erosion into labyrinth (fistula)
    -erosion and exposure of facial nerve
    -mastoiditis (before advent of antibiotics)
    -meningitis, encephalitis
  19. s -resolves naturally
    -pressure equalization/ventilation tubes
  20. t single most common cause of serious hearing loss in young adulthood; not seen in children
    -1 in every 5 anglo women
    -half as common in Anglo men
    -1 in 100 African american
    -hereditary (dominant gene)
    -onset in 20s early 40s
  21. u controlling otitis media, surgery for removal and middle-ear reconstruction
  22. v -tympanic membrane perforation
    -tympanosclerosis aka myringosclerosis
    -otitits media
    -ossicular disarticulation
    -Treacher Collins syndrome