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15 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. The microbe must be able to metabolize and multiply in or on a host. (If it gets to our hands and we wash it off you should be good.)

    2. If 1 is met, the pathogen must be able to resist the defenses of the host sufficiently to be able to replicate to the higher numbers required to produce the disease.
  2. 2% glutaraldehyde

    soak items to be sterilized for 4-8 hrs; overnight is best
  3. a nick, cut or irritations is necessary to facilitate infection via the ear canal
  4. Anything that touches blood or body fluids should be sterilized. Cerumen is not contaminated however, it does contain blood
  5. Actual steps that will be take in your office to implement universal precautions
  6. external epithelium
  7. touching
  8. STEP 1: Cleaning- removing the gross contamination but not necessarily killing any germs.

    STEP 2: Disinfection- means that you are killing germs

    STEP 3: Sterilization- you are killing 100% of the vegetative microorganisms and their endospores. Microbes can convert to spores, which are harder to kill so the sterilization must kill these too--This would be to autoclave, or chemically kill with 2% glutaraldehyde, or heat.
  9. 1. A vehicle of transmission must be available (i.e. airborne, blood borne)

    2. Microbes must normally locate a cut, nick, or body opening for their transmissions. The mouth, nose, and eyes are particularly vulnerable because they are open membranous material.
  10. Employees who have the potential for encountering blood or other infectious substances should get Hep B - have you gotten yours? It is on your shoulders to let supervisors know
  11. Each employee is classified on the basis of their potential exposure to blood and other infectious substances. The front office staff has no classification, so you need to take care of everything. How likely are you to be exposed?
  12. Office must document the treatment that has taken place and outcome following exposure.
  13. (A written Infection Control Plan)
    -Implementation Protocols
    -Exposure Classification
    -Hepatitis B Vaccination Records
    -Post exposure records
  14. cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing
  15. Each office is to conduct annual training in infection control and document it