99 Matching questions
- Maximum intensity limit is _____ for bone conduction
- Word Recognition testing Material
- threshold unit for audiogram
- what kind of response is required for a hearing threshold?
- minimum hearing level (dB HL) at which an individual can just detect the presence of speech material.
- Hearing Threshold
- Responses needed for pure tone threshold
- Pure Tone Threshold Measurement Procedure
- Air Conduction measurement
- Acoustic immittance audiometry includes...
- The SDT is used when..
- youcan present the Word Recognition Testing Level at a high intensity for...
- humans are not equally sensitive to all...
- maximum % score
- for an adult with hearing loss with relatively flat configuration, what is the optimal presentation level?
- Pure Tone Frequency Sequence:
- REPRESENTS SENSITIVITY OF THE SENSORINEURAL SYSTEM
- y-axis of audiogram
- questionnaire completed by adult patients that assesses their perception of their level of communication difficulty related to hearing
- sloping configuration may require ____ dB SL for optimal speech recognition
- The SRT can be used as...
- Hearing Loss Configuration
- Conventional Speech Audiometry includes...
- SRT correspondence to Pure Tone results
- Test interoctaves If the Test-retest reliability for Pure Tone Frequency Sequence is over...
- range of HHI score for severe handicap; hearing aid needed
- Abnormal PI
- the audiometer should have electronic calibration how often?
- part of the audiological evaluation that describes the impact of hearing loss on daily function?
- passes through entire auditory system
- Speech Audiometry includes...
- What is an example of a Functional Assessment?
- Spondaic Words
- Presentation level for Word Recognition Testing for liesteners withs sloping hearing loss
- Speech threshold measurements
- suprathreshold performance/Word recognition measures...
- passes through entire auditory EXCEPT for outer and middle ear
- what is the mode of presentation for SRT?
- x-axis of audiogram
- range of HHI score for mild-mod. handicap/hearing aid possibly needed
- SRT Familiarization Procedure
- responses needed for SRT Threshold
- Material for SDT
- Normal PI (performance-intensity function)
- ANT (average normal threshold) is the reference point because...
- Threshold Measurement Familiarization
- what is the very first step of Threshold Measurement Familiarization
- Scoring for HHI
- Procedure for SDT
- Mixed Hearing Loss
- SRT Material
- one frequency of vibration
- If the earphones are too loose...
- range of HHI score for no handicap/no hearing aid necessary
- if the SRT is much worse than the PTA...
- if there is a response after first presenting the pure tone at 30 dB HL...
- Speech Recognition Threshold
- after threshold determination...
- Factors that Influence Threshold
- Humans are MOST sensitive to frequencies between
- Threshold that reflects the integrity of the total peripheral auditory mechanism
- Conductive Loss
- Threshold Determination
- TWO QUESTIONS FOR DETERMINING TYPE OF LOSS
- If standing waves are present because of earphone placement...
- Method of obtaining SRT
- The audiometer should be have Biological Calibration how often?
- Clinical decisions in the word recognition testing
- If a person's Air conduction thresholds are normal in both ears, bone conduction is usually...
- Octave intervals
- What mode of presentatin is preferred for Word Recognition Testing?
- **Pure Tone Average
- Response required for Word Recognition Testing?
- Speech Audiometry definition
- Presentation level for Word Recognition Testing for listeners with normal or flat hearing losses?
- Modifications for SRT Threshold Determination
- Closed set material
- Frequencies tested for bone conduction
- dB SL
- records hearing thresholds
- Determining Degree of hearing loss
- thresholds are measured for...
- recognition task where the listener selects the test item from a closed set of choices
- Sensorineural Loss
- Air-bone gaps=
- Suprathreshold speech recognition gives you the...
- Conductive system
- Response Required for Speech Recognition Threshold
- Test-retest reliability for Pure Tone Frequency Sequence should be within...
- if there is no response at 30 dB HL during Threshold Measurement Familiarization, you...
- if there is still no response at 50 dB HL, you...
- threshold that is not ear-specific unless masking is used
- if the SRT is much better than the PTA...
- Open set material
- Procedure of Speech Recognition Testing
- Word Recognition testing
- SRT Threshold Determination Procedure
- Sensorineural system
- a Recorded speech
-greater reliablilty, standardization, comparison btwn listenrs
- b Speech Recognition Threshold
Suprathreshold speech recognition
- c behavioral response
- d no choices provided, identification required
- e air conduction
- f inner ear, auditory nerve and auditory cortex; determined by bone conduction
- g 40 dB
-will result in optimal word recognition performance
- h 1000, 2000, 4000, 500, 250 Hz
(different from air conduction)
- i 0-20
- j Speech Detection Threshold
Speech Recognition Threshold
- k testing that the vocab used is familiar to the client.
determine that client's responses are recognizable to the clinician.
- l usually MLV (monitored live voice)
--b/c of it's flexibility
can be recorded
--standardized speaker, material and presentation level
--recorded speech is inflexible; can't vary the rate of presentation or the test words.
- m performance decreases with increasing intensity of speech... AKA ROLLOVER**
- n lowest intensity level at which the listener can detect a sound
- o calibration of the audiometer
- p a technique designed to assess a person's ability to hear and understand speech
- q Word Recognition Score; WRS
- r ...
- s flat
- t is over 20 dB or greater difference between thresholds at adjacent octave intervals (ex: 750, 1500)
- u higher
- v suprathreshold performance
- w Bone conduction normal (under 20 dB HL)
Air-bone gaps present (greater than 10 dB HL)
- x SRT
- y Threshold measurement for speech.
suprathreshold speech recognition.
- z it is in dB SPL, and is set to 0 dB HL
- aa intervals of pure tones that stimulate specific places in the cochlea
-250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 8000
- ab BC abnormal; greater than 15 dB HL
no air bone-gaps; AC and BC thresholds approximately the same at all test frequencies.
- ac 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000, 8000, retest 1000 (first ear only), 500, and 250 Hz
- ad daily
- ae Speech Detection Threshold (SDT)
- af there's an increase in high-frequency thresholds
- ag similar to pure-tone threshold method; down 10 up 5.
Need THREE correct responses at the same level; count both descending and ascending responses (b/c recognition required)
(for pure-tone, only need two responses in the ascending direction only)
- ah SRT should be within + or - 10 dB of the Pure Tone Average
- ai Hearing Handicap Inventory (HHI)
- aj bone conduction
- ak Bone conduction
(b/c vibration of the skull reaches both cochleas)
- al Hearing Handicap Inventory
- am Instruct the patient
test right ear OR better ear first
begin at 1000 Hz
present each tone for 1 second and vary timing between tones
- an Greater SL needed
- ao bone conduction thresholds
- ap move on to threshold determination (down 10 up 5)
- aq three in either ascending or descending directions
- ar ability to identify speech material at intensity levels above the threshold.
- as outer and middle ear, determined by air conduction
- at AC-BC
- au lower than air conduction
- av spondaic words; at least 20
- aw 22-60
- ax multiple choice
- ay should be noed; children's spondees, selected spondees
- az Bone conduction abnormal (>15 dB HL)
Air-Bone Gaps present (>10 dB HL)
- ba usually presented via monitored live voice.
Use procedure similar to pure tones.
Ascending procedure may also be used.
- bb mode of presentation (MLV v. recorded speech)
- bc frequencies (pitches of sound)
- bd -present words at 50 dB HL (or clearly audible level)
-have client respond to every word
-eliminate problem words
- be pure tone
- bf different pure-tone stimuli transmitted through earphones one ear at a time
can also be conducted in the sound field
- bg Identification of the word
pointing to picture or object,
signing or writing the response
- bh 1000 and 4000 Hz
- bi FREQUENCIES from 125 to 8000 Hz
--low to high PITCH
- bj two in the ascending direction
- bk tympanometry
acoustic reflex thresholds
- bl pure tones
- bm present the pure tone at 30 dB HL
- bn familiarization then threshold determination
- bo 62-100
- bp not important because recognition is not required.
- bq you repeat the familiarization and threshold determination processes at different frequencies
- br at least 40 dB SL above the PTA or SRT
- bs two-sylable words with equal emphasis on each syllable. common vocab, sound be able to understand and respond to each spondee.
- bt describe as the best to worst threshold.
- bu when you have a client who can't perform the SRT.
-clients whose word recognition is so poor that speech is heard but not understood
-young client's who can't respond by pointing to pictures or writing a response
- bv suprathreshold performance/Word recognition
- bw INTENSITY of sound from -10 to 120 db HL
--LOUDNESS. soft to loud
- bx 13 emotional questions and 12 social questions
0 for no
2 for sometimes
4 for yes
- by yearly (at least)
- bz increasing performance (% correct) with increasng intensity of speech until plateau
- ca Functional Assessment
- cb increase the level by 20 dB (to 50 dB HL)
- cc there's an increase in low-frequency thresholds
- cd decrease level by 10 when there is a response; increase level by 5 when there is no response ;
until there are 2 responses in the ascending direction only.
- ce 1) Is bone conduction abnormal (>15)?
----if yes, sensorineural
2) Are there air-bone gaps present (gaps >10)?
----if yes, conductive
- cf the listener may be exaggerating hearing loss
- cg client may have very poor word recognition ability
- ch dB HL
- ci a reference point to determine optimal presentation level for suprathreshold word recognition testing
- cj not tested
- ck increase the level by 10 dB until there is a response
- cl Air conduction threshold
- cm sensation level
40 dB ABOVE the speech threshold
- cn list of monosyllabic words that are phonetically balanced.
Typically open set material
- co SRT
minimum hearing level for speech at which an individual can identify simple speech materials approximately 50% of the time
- cp + or - 5 dB
- cq audiogram
- cr Calculation of the average (mean) loss of hearing for the pure tone thresholds at 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz.
- cs finding a starting intensity level
- ct Oral- repitition of word
can be written or point to pictures
- cu screening for retrocochlear pathology