Question types

Start with

Question limit

of 162 available terms

Print test

162 Multiple choice questions

  1. 65 dB SPL
  2. low response rate
  3. Hearing Loss
    Dynamic Range
    Auditory Resolution
  4. Counseling and Psychosocial
    Audibility/Impairment Management
    Remediate Communication Activity
    Environmental/Coordination Participation Involvement
  5. Poor predictor of speech understanding
    Not good at verifying hearing aids
    No insight into how they perform in average, daily listening situations (we don't walk around whispering in pure tones)
  6. language takes place in a social context - conversation at football game will usually
    be about sports
  7. communication status
  8. the difference between aided and unaided threshold measurements; only tell about the gain of the HA at very soft input levels
  9. Telephones
  10. Advancement in technology = early implantation, more inclusion, acceptance of CIs as "treatment"
  11. Speech Intelligibility Index- better measure of auditory capacity than PTA (find out about gain at different inputs)
  12. TDD user sends a message to a relay operator, who calls the landline user with the
  13. court jesters, committed to asylums, banned from churches
  14. Everyone is "born perfect", if there is no outward sign of intelligence, the deaf person is not capable of ideas or language
  15. "Oral education is superior to manual education" (US only opposers)
  16. Infants
  17. Greek = perfect language, those born deaf are "senseless and incapable of reason"
  18. 1. energy demands of the HA
    2. size of the battery,
    3. hours of HA use
    4. conservation efforts by HA user
  19. fundamental frequency
  20. PBK is the only open set
  21. True
  22. tongue forward = high F2
    tongue back = low F2
  23. Increased employment of deaf people, soldiers, manufacturing, etc. ALSO: increased population with hearing issues
  24. Everyone there "spoke" sign language-- all were equal
  25. False
  26. Considerable
  27. False
  28. True
  29. vocabulary age!
  30. False (lots of variability with live voice)
  31. The clinician's knowledge that influences therapy choices and clinical
    decision making
  32. a. Reliable
    b. Sensitive to differences between test conditions
    c. Correlates with speech perception in the real world
  33. Samuel Heineke 1755 (first oral school for the deaf) Tactile cues!
  34. a) 0 means signal and noise are the same level
    b) +5 means signal is 5 dB louder than the noise
    c) -5 means noise is 5 dB louder than the signal
  35. hard of hearing
  36. Legislation! Parent-centered programs emerging, emphasis on hearing conservation
  37. Opened school in boston, oral emphasis, focused on inventing devices
  38. When speech is directed towards the BAD ear and noise is directed towards the
    GOOD ear.
  39. Signing in classrooms forbidden, some corporal punishment, deaf teachers into retirement
  40. Focus on speechreading/lipreading and auditory training (with returning servicemen from WWII)
  41. HATs is broader term encompassing ALDs and
    alerting devices.
    ALDs help people in specific situations
  42. Omni- equally sensitive in all directions
    directional permit varying sensitivity coming from
    a given direction
  43. For intelligibility- tells us where one word ends and another starts, mark the edges of syllables, important for morphosyntax
  44. False (focus was on adults with mild-severe HL afterwards)
  45. True
  46. Charles Michel De L'Eppe/ French guy 1760 "bridging the gap" between deaf and hearing worlds through standardized system of signs/fingerspelling
  47. TRUE
  48. Consonants
  49. items are presented from a limited number
    of options
  50. Wire surrounds seating area, microphone signal is
    transmitted to the wire that is picked up by HA telecoil.
  51. General decrease in intensity, and additional resonance around 500 Hz (nasal murmur)
  52. Open set because the number of responses is theoretically unlimited
  53. timing, intensity and frequency
  54. body structure or function
  55. 2000 Hz
  56. Voicing
  57. Choices: Audiologist, SLP, teacher of the deaf/hard of hearing, psychologist, special education teacher
  58. TRUE
  59. "approximants" or "like vowels"
    /w/ and /j/ are glides
    /r/ and /l/ are liquids
  60. Poor ecological validity
  61. tongue high = low F1
    tongue low = high F1
  62. Contralateral Routing of Offside Signal - method for individuals with single sided deafness
  63. gives a report of the average number of hours of daily use (function of most HAs these days)
  64. Protection in the Torah for deaf not to be cursed by others, couldn't participate fully in Temple rituals, could not be witnesses in Court
  65. Low and mid-freq acoustic energy
    More intense than consonants
    Produced with an open vocal tract
    Longer, slower to change than consonants
  66. PLACE! Because it depends on frequency and many of those with HL cannot hear at all frequencies
  67. Sign language flourishing, proposal for a deaf state
  68. Age of the child, administration time is faster, more flexible
  69. acoustic resonance in the vocal tract
  70. Ethical Reasoning
  71. direction and duration of formant transition
    /m/ lowest in freq and shortest
    /n/ higher and longer
    /ng/ highest and longest
  72. Age of the child
  73. Opened in 1864, manual emphasis , Abe Lincoln signed the Charter
  74. False
  75. maternal education level, age, degree of hearing loss, and test site.
  76. first physician who recognized that deaf people could reason. he had a deaf son
  77. Maximize use of auditory and related cues to perceive speech and adjustment/orientation to assistive devices
  78. a. Restrictions and limitations of a health condition
    b. Personal factors
    c. Environmental factors
  79. Pure Tone Average: take the threshold (dB) at 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz
  80. words in a sentence are related to each other "put the salt in the cloud" makes sense syntactically but not semantically
  81. Improved SNR (improved SNR = improved word understanding)
  82. VERIFICATION TECHNIQUE is the primary reason
  83. capacity to detect and differentiate sound patterns
  84. Depends on age of client and setting
  85. Real Ear measures
  86. Computer Aided Speech Perception Assessment- 20 lists of monosyllabic words, allows for easy phoneme scoring. Valid, reliable, and sensitive.
  87. Comparable to real world contexts
  88. "adjectives describe nouns, not verbs"
  89. Time, frequency, and intensity
  90. Child State
  91. The first and the second formants (F1 always the lowest freq)
  92. Voicing, duration, affrication, nasality, place of articulation
  93. True
  94. Bone Anchored Hearing Aid - stimulates cochlea via bone conduction
  95. one quarter, 24%
  96. 1817** Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Lauren Clerc - first and only deaf university in the united states
  97. ITALY!
  98. $100 to $1000
  99. Deafness as a sin, transgression (due to sins of parents)
  100. Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf - text
    telephones that attach to landline telephones
  101. Source = vibrating vocal folds
    Filter = shape of the vocal tract
    Output = combination of source and filter
  102. a. Their ears are constantly growing, requiring frequent changes in earmolds
    b. Difficult to access volume control
    c. Very small, so easy to lose
  103. TIMING
  104. How often a word occurs in the language
  105. the clinician is saying the words through the mic of the audiometer, or face to face with the client
  106. occlusion
    transient/frication (burst)
  107. How the inner ear reflects frequency and timing among sound patterns (has a direct effect on performance in noisy/reverberant environments)
  108. counseling and psychosocial
  109. False
  110. False
  111. Frequency of the most intense portion of the burst and the F2 transition
  112. stops - overlap with acoustic cues of adjacent phonemes
  113. dB difference between the softest sound you can hear and loudest sound without pain
  114. movement of the formant frequency
  115. Degree, configuration, type/location
  116. relative silence
    release burst
    rapid transitions
  117. True
  118. FM, MP3, computers, televisions
  119. Pragmatic Reasoning
  120. Habilitation: pediatric auditory habilitation, parent counseling, education
    Rehabilitation: limit negative effects of hearing loss
  121. Fundamental Frequency
    Durational Cues
    Formant Transitions
  122. discrimination
  123. microphone, amplifier, receiver, battery/batteries
  124. Weakening of intensity (add a cavity = dampens)
    extra resonance (nasal murmur
  125. False
  126. Changes in amplitude over time
  127. a) Awareness of sound
    b) Gross discrimination
    c) Broad discrimination among speech patterns
    d) Finer discrimination for speech
  128. PLACE of articulation
  129. Narrative Reasoning
  130. Formant Transition
  131. Hearing Assistive Technology Systems -
    technology that provides auditory information in ways a person with hearing loss can use
  132. Deafness is acquired while learning language
  133. /sh/, /s/, /m/, /ah/, /oo/, /ee/
  134. Tongue frontness/backness
  135. Durational/timing cues
  136. HIGH word frequency
    LOW neighborhood density
  137. frequency of release burst
    frequency and direction of formant transition
  138. Bluetooth
  139. Schools of lipreading, electronic hearing aids in 1920s, more efforts of using residual hearing to aid in communication
  140. Manner- during frication there is an extended period of noise

    and the F2 transition
  141. 50 and 10,000 Hz
  142. Vowel recognition is more accurate in context rather than isolation
  143. Intensity (dB) over frequency (Hz)
  144. COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION! Digital amplification, more prominent emergence of Deaf community
  145. NAL is for adults and DSL (desired sensation level) is for kids. Used for determining HA gain.
  146. False
  147. Frequency Modulated radio waves (hence FM)
  149. Number of words that can be created by adding, subtracting, or substituting a phoneme
    within a target word or number of phonetically similar words

    Ex: "Bat" can change to "bad" or "cat" or "hat"
  150. True
  151. 20 to 20,000 Hz
  152. Recognition for early identification, cumbersome equipment, minimal parent involvement, ASL proclaimed as true language
  153. Formant transitions
    Semivowel transitions
    Freq changes in F2 for /w/ and /j/
    Freq changes in F3 for /r/ and /l/
  154. National Association of the Deaf -- formed in response to Milan Resolution
  155. Intonation, rhythm, pitch, stress
  156. Communication Status
    Overall Participation Variables
    Related Personal Factors
    Environmental Factors
  157. Voicing, manner (how is sound constricted), and place of articulation
  158. Below 1000 Hz
  159. Tongue Height
  160. True
  162. allow LOW via normal pathway /
    mid-high freqs are amplified