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102 True/False questions

  1. DyspneaShortness of breath at rest or with mild exertion

          

  2. Theory of planned behavoirproper body alignment and posture

          

  3. medialfarther from any reference point

          

  4. Absolute contraindications for exercise testingshould not perform exercise tests until conditions are stabilized

          

  5. Initial Client Contactdiarthrosis joint (ball+socket,pivot, saddle, hinge,plane, ellipsoidal)

          

  6. diarthrosisfreely movable joint

          

  7. Risk Factor obesityBMI > 30kg.m
    waist girth >102cm for men
    waist girth > 88cm for women

          

  8. synarthrosisstrong slightly movable joints (pubic symphysis)

          

  9. warm upaway from the midline of the body

          

  10. ATP+PCrstrength-power (golf swing, throwing)

          

  11. bilateralboth sides

          

  12. IschemiaPain, discomfort in the chest, neck, jaw, arms, or other areas

          

  13. anteriorback of the body;dorsal

          

  14. ipsilateralboth sides

          

  15. proximalclose to any reference point

          

  16. lateralaway from the midline of the body

          

  17. Skeletal systemconsists of cartilage, periosteum, bone (osseous) tissue

          

  18. WHR (wasit to hip ratio)area of supporting surface of an object such as the feet standing

          

  19. hypertrophywasting away or loss of muscle

          

  20. supinetoward the midline of the body

          

  21. ATP+PCr+lactid acidincreased cell production in a normal tissue

          

  22. Risk Factor SmokingMen >45
    Women >55

          

  23. isomectric (static)no change in muscle length (squat hold)

          

  24. Transtheoretical ModelPrecontemplation
    Contemplation
    Preparation
    Action
    Maintenance

          

  25. Risk Factor hypertention (high BP)MI, Coronary revascularization, sudden death before 55 yr in father or other male first-degree relative, or before 65 yr old in mother or other female first degree relative

          

  26. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspneaconsists of cartilage, periosteum, bone (osseous) tissue

          

  27. concentricmuscle lengthening

          

  28. Appendicular Skeletonlocated close to or on the body surface

          

  29. Syncopelying face down

          

  30. suture jointfirbous joint found in the skull

          

  31. unilateralaway from the midline of the body

          

  32. Relative Contraindications for exercise testingtested only after careful evaluation of risk/benft ratio

          

  33. Acute BP responsefirbous joint found in the skull

          

  34. recommended fitness assessmentsHR
    BP
    Body Comp
    CV assessment
    Muscular Fitness
    Flexibility

          

  35. stabilitylying face up

          

  36. line of gravitylocation of a theoretical point that can be used to represent the total weight of an object

          

  37. BMIstrength-power (golf swing, throwing)

          

  38. test terminationback of the body;dorsal

          

  39. intermittent claudicationpain that occurs in a muscle with inadequate blood supply that is stressed by exercise

          

  40. Chronic BP responseresting SBP and DBP may decrease; lower BP at fixed submaximal work rate

          

  41. Components for exercise training sessionincreases functional capacity and relief of CAD
    increase in aerobic capacity
    reduce myocardial demands at rest/exercise
    HR decreased at rest
    SBP/DBP decrease

          

  42. cool downallows HR, BP, and respiration rate to shift downward and back toward resting levels

          

  43. inferioraway from the midline of the body

          

  44. Risk Factor sedentary lifestlyenot participating in at least 30 min of moderate intensity physical activity on at least 3 days a week for at least 3 months

          

  45. Classification of Risks>3 high
    < or equal to - 2 moderate
    <2

          

  46. skinfoldshighly regarded
    technician training important
    many sites SEE about 3-4%

          

  47. hyperplasiaimmoveable joint

          

  48. locations for Measurement of HRHDL >60mg/dl

          

  49. WHR sitesAbdomen
    Arm
    Buttocks/Hips
    Calf
    forearm
    hips/thigh
    mid-thigh
    waist

          

  50. deepbelow the surface

          

  51. amphiarthosissideways S/C shape curve spine

          

  52. Social Cognitive Theorypeople do not learn new behaviors solely by trying them and either succeeding or failing, but rather, the survival of humanity is dependent upon the replication of the actions of others

          

  53. center of gravityfront of the body; ventral

          

  54. base of supportarea of supporting surface of an object such as the feet standing

          

  55. Lordosissideways S/C shape curve spine

          

  56. tachycardiaPain, discomfort in the chest, neck, jaw, arms, or other areas

          

  57. Risk Factor Family HistoryMI, Coronary revascularization, sudden death before 55 yr in father or other male first-degree relative, or before 65 yr old in mother or other female first degree relative

          

  58. scoliosisabnormal round upper back

          

  59. isokineticmuscle resistance throughout the range of motion by controlling speed of movement (leg extension)

          

  60. synovial jointdiarthrosis joint (ball+socket,pivot, saddle, hinge,plane, ellipsoidal)

          

  61. hyaline cartilainouscartilaginous that permits bone growth and typically fuse

          

  62. ETC Oxidative PhosphorylationSkull
    Hyoid
    Vertebral column
    sternum
    ribs

          

  63. Benefits of resistance trainingincreases functional capacity and relief of CAD
    increase in aerobic capacity
    reduce myocardial demands at rest/exercise
    HR decreased at rest
    SBP/DBP decrease

          

  64. Social Ecological Modelmodel that considers the impact of and connections between individuals and their environments

          

  65. kymphosisabnormal round upper back

          

  66. CV benefits of exerciseimprovement in CV and respiratory function
    decreased risk from premature death
    increased health benefits

          

  67. Ankle edemafront of the body; ventral

          

  68. static (isometric) resistance trainingmuscle maintains constant length, no joint change in joint position

          

  69. physiological basis for improvements in muscular strength/enduranceadaptations to muscle fibers, contractile proteins, aerobic enzyme systems, capillary supply, and nervous system

          

  70. Likert-type chartincrease in muscular size

          

  71. contralateralon the same side

          

  72. varusdistal segment of joint deviates medially

          

  73. atrophywasting away or loss of muscle

          

  74. eccentrictoward the head; higher (cephalic)

          

  75. valgusdistal segment of joint deviates laterally

          

  76. gomphosissideways S/C shape curve spine

          

  77. pronelying face down

          

  78. Postural changes BPS - specific goals - precise
    M - measurable goals - quantifiable
    A - attainable - indicate what needs to be done
    R - realistic - achievable goals
    T - timely - reasonable time

          

  79. Benefits of CV traininglocation of a theoretical point that can be used to represent the total weight of an object

          

  80. Axial Skeletonupper/lower limbs + girdles

          

  81. dynamic (isotonic) resistance trainingmovement of a joint changes, muscle shortens

          

  82. sydesmosis jointabnormal round upper back

          

  83. superiortoward the head; higher (cephalic)

          

  84. balanceability to maintain a position for a given period of time without moving

          

  85. isotonicmuscle contraction which exerts constant tension (bicep curl)

          

  86. Components of ConsultationTraining client agreement - business expectations
    PAR-Q - physical activity readiness question form

          

  87. SMART goalsS - specific goals - precise
    M - measurable goals - quantifiable
    A - attainable - indicate what needs to be done
    R - realistic - achievable goals
    T - timely - reasonable time

          

  88. Health Belief Theorytheorizes that an individuals beliefs about whether or not she or he is susceptible to disease, and her or his perceptions of the benefits of trying to avoid it, influence her or his readiness to act if they

          

  89. Basic Components of health-related physical fitnessWarm-up 5-10 min low to mod intensity
    Conditioning 20-60 min of aerobic/resistance/neuromotor/sports activities
    Cool-down 5-10 min of low to mod intensity
    Flexibility at least 10 min of stretching after warm-up/cool-down

          

  90. Risk Factor dislipidemiaMen >45
    Women >55

          

  91. symphysesstrong slightly movable joints (pubic symphysis)

          

  92. ATPstrength-power (golf swing, throwing)

          

  93. Risk Factor prediabetesfasting glucose > 100mg/dl <125mg/dl
    imparied glucose tolerance > 140mg/dl - <199mg/dl

          

  94. bioelectrical impedancefairly accurate
    many pretest conditions need to be met

          

  95. Negative Risk FactorMen >45
    Women >55

          

  96. Sites for skinfold testabdomen
    triceps
    biceps
    subscapular
    mid axillary
    chest
    medial calf
    thigh
    suprailliac

          

  97. Risk Factor AgeMen >45
    Women >55

          

  98. superficiallocated close to or on the body surface

          

  99. posteriortoward the head; higher (cephalic)

          

  100. distaltoward the midline of the body

          

  101. postexercise proceduresfatigue, predetermined end point, general indications

          

  102. abnormal signs/symptomsrecognizing signs/symptoms and injuries
    stop training session and refer to physician